One of the stamps for the 1925 Paris International Decorative Arts Exposition denominated 75 centimes

Art Deco stamps are postage stamps designed in the Art Deco style, which was a popular international design style in the 1920s through the 1930s. The style is marked by the use of "geometric motifs, curvilinear forms, sharply defined outlines, often bold colors",[1] and a fascination with machinery and modernity.[2] This style strongly influenced contemporary architecture, furniture, industrial design, books and posters. Art Deco was named for after 1925 exhibit in Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes (International Exposition of Modern Industrial and Decorative Arts). to which the American Topical Association has devoted a lengthy video. [3] The exhibit lasted from April to October 1925 and displayed numerous objects in the new style. Examples of the style, however, are also found in the early twenties.

The Art Deco style also influenced postage stamp design in a number of countries in the twenties and thirties.[4] One of the focuses of art deco was transportation and machines, particularly airplanes, and airmail stamps of the period often were designed in this style. Stamps from some countries showed strong art deco influence, while in others it was absent or barely noticeable. The countries whose stamp designs were most influenced by art deco include a number of European countries,[5] such as France and the Netherlands, as well as several Latin American countries, particularly Mexico, Brazil and Chile. Stamps of the United States and Great Britain, in contrast, followed traditional design and showed little influence of this new style.

Collecting of Art Deco stamps

"Topical or thematic Stamp Collecting" is "the collecting of postage stamps relating to a particular subject or concept." Art Deco stamps have been recognized as one such theme of collecting to which the American Topical Association has devoted a lengthy video. [6]

Notable Art Deco stamps

The Art Deco style originally developed in Europe and the earliest Art Deco stamps are from European countries in the 1920s. The style was used in some Latin American countries beginning in the mid-1930s, but never really spread to the United States, whose stamp designs remained traditional and conservative. Notable Art Deco stamps of this period include the following, some of which are small masterpieces of this style:

Europe

Germany 1925, "Traffic wheel"

Latin America

The Art Deco style was popular with several Latin American countries, particularly Mexico, Chile and Brazil.

1934 Chile airmail stamp

United States

1939 Trylon and Perisphere at New York World's Fair stamp

The 1939 stamp depicting the Trylon and Perisphere, the centerpiece and symbol of the 1939 New York World's Fair. Although the Trylon and Perisphere itself is an iconic Art Deco image, the lettering and numbers on the stamp were done in a traditional, not Art Deco, font. With the exceptions of this and the 1942 "Win the War" stamp,[22] United States stamps showed little or no Art Deco influence until 1998 when the Postal Service issued a stamp in a strong Art Deco depicting Ayn Rand (see Postage stamps and postal history of the United States).[23]

Revival

The Art Deco style has been revived on stamps. In 1998, the United States issued a stamp honoring Ayn Rand in a distinct Art Deco style.[23] In 2001, it issued two definitive stamps illustrated by Nancy Stahl depicting an Art Deco eagle on a mailbox.[24] In 2003, it issued the stamp titled Wisdom, illustrated by Nancy Stahl, honoring Rockefeller Center.[25] Art Deco architecture stamps were revived with New Zealand issuing a set in 1999.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Dictionary.com, from the Random House Unabridged Dictionary 2006.
  2. ^ Bevis Hillier, The World of Art Deco, New York (1971), pp. 33-36.
  3. ^ Tom Broadhead, Art Deco! The 1925 Paris Exposition, presented February 6, 2021, see link here
  4. ^ a b "Art Deco". Art History on Stamps. Ann Mette Heindorff. Archived from the original on 2008-02-07. Retrieved 2009-03-22.
  5. ^ Oxford Art Online, entry for "Postage Stamps".
  6. ^ See link here
  7. ^ Scott catalogue, France nos. 220-225.
  8. ^ The Paris Exposition Coloniale Internationale of 1931
  9. ^ See link to video here
  10. ^ Groten, Arthur H., M.D., “The Paraphilately Page - Art Deco and the 1925 Paris Exposition,” American Stamp Dealer & Collector, no. 88 (Mar 2015), pp. 55-57.
  11. ^ “Des Timbres Art Deco,” L'Echo de la Timbrologie, no. 1624 (Oct. 1990) (in French).
  12. ^ THE EXPOSITION COLONIALE INTERNATIONALE DE PARIS, 1931 by Arthur Chandler
  13. ^ Scott catalogue, France nos. 258-262.
  14. ^ Scott catalogue, Germany nos. 345-346.
  15. ^ Brochure for the "Deutsche Verkehrausstellung München 1925."
  16. ^ "The story behind the triangular airmail. Stamps from the Netherlands: The 1933 Special Flights airmail stamp". Various stamp information. Jan-Simon's Stamppages. Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2009-03-21.
  17. ^ Scott catalogue Mexico, nos. C65-73.
  18. ^ Scott catalogue Mexico, nos. 764-766, C100-C102, C111-116, C126-C128.
  19. ^ Ramón Valdiosera Berman, Francisco Eppens: El Hombre, Su Arte y Su Tiempo, Mexico (1988), p. 42.
  20. ^ Scott catalogue Chile, nos. C30-C50.
  21. ^ Scott catalogue Brazil, nos. 372-73, 387-90.
  22. ^ Trotter, Gordon T. (2009-02-20). "Win The War Issue". Arago: People, Postage & The Post (Philately). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian National Postal Museum. Retrieved 2018-05-19.
  23. ^ a b (1) Scott Specialized United States, (2006) no. 3308, p. 248
    (2) "1999 Literary Arts Series: Ayn Rand Issue". Arago: People, Postage & The Post (Philately). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian National Postal Museum. Retrieved 2018-05-19.
    (3) Manta, Victor (2012-03-23). "Ayn Rand: The Stamp Collector". Art on Stamps. Retrieved 2018-05-19. About the designer of the stamp ... Nicholas Gaetano's art-deco designs have appeared on the covers of recent editions of Ayn Rand's novels. ... In an e-mail, Nick wrote to the author of this site that the design of the Ayn Rand stamp was influenced by art deco. The design was conceived in the 90's, so it represents a continuation of his ideas of that period, with some elements of movie poster design also involved.
  24. ^ Scott Specialized United States, (2006) nos. 3471, 3471A, p. 258
  25. ^ Scott Specialized United States, (2006) no. 3766.

Sources

Outside references