Ashuradeh Island at the LandSat-5 satellite image (01-Apr-1995, Caspian Sea waters high level)
Ashuradeh is located in Caspian Sea
Coordinates36°54′21″N 53°58′52″E / 36.90583°N 53.98111°E / 36.90583; 53.98111

Ashūradeh (Persian: آشوراده), or Ashur Ada, besides Esmaeilsay and Akaz islands is one of the islands of the Iranian coast of the Caspian Sea (Gorgan Bay).[1] Ashuradeh's surface is 800 hectares (2,000 acres). It is located on the eastern end of the Miankaleh peninsula in the county of Behshahr of Māzandarān Province of Iran, 3 kilometers (1.9 mi) from Bandar Torkaman and 23 kilometers (14 mi) from Gorgan.[2]

The island can be reached via Bandar Torkaman. Over 40% of Iran's caviar is produced near Ashūradeh Island.[3]


Iranian Muslim Turkmen from Ashuradeh

Ashuradeh was inhabited by 300 families, but the village is now deserted. The island was occupied by Russian forces in 1837, despite protests from Persia.[4] Following the occupation, the Russian Army maintained a military post on the island for a few decades until 1921.[5]


  1. ^ "Akaz Island".
  2. ^ "Ashooradeh Island". Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  3. ^ Caviar in Iran[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Rezun, Miron (1981). The Soviet Union and Iran : Soviet policy in Iran from the beginnings of the Pahlavi Dynasty until the Soviet invasion in 1941. Alphen aan den Rijn: Sijthoff & Noordhoff International. p. 6. ISBN 90-286-2621-2. OCLC 7925812.
  5. ^ Colonel Stebnitzky's Report on His Journey in 1872