IBA official cocktail
Base spirit
ServedStraight up: chilled, without ice
Standard garnishmaraschino cherry
Standard drinkware
Cocktail glass
IBA specified
PreparationAdd all ingredients into a cocktail shaker. Shake with cracked ice and strain into a chilled cocktail glass.
Commonly servedAll day
Some recipes include crème de violette or Creme Yvette. † Aviation recipe at International Bartenders Association

The aviation is a cocktail made with gin, maraschino liqueur, crème de violette and lemon juice. Some recipes omit the crème de violette. It is served straight up, in a cocktail glass.


The aviation was created by Hugo Ensslin, head bartender at the Hotel Wallick in New York, in the early twentieth century.[1] The first published recipe appeared in Ensslin's 1916 Recipes for Mixed Drinks. Ensslin's recipe called for two thirds El Bart gin, one third lemon juice, 2 dashes maraschino liqueur, and 2 dashes crème de violette.[2]

Harry Craddock's influential Savoy Cocktail Book (1930) omitted the crème de violette, calling for a mixture of two thirds dry gin, one third lemon juice and two dashes of maraschino.[3] Many later bartenders have followed Craddock's lead, leaving out the difficult-to-find violet liqueur.[4]

Creme Yvette, a violet liqueur made with additional spices, is sometimes substituted for crème de violette.[5]

Related cocktails

See also

 Drink portal icon Liquor portal


  1. ^ Hess, Robert. "Aviation". Drinkboy.com. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2011.
  2. ^ Ensslin, Hugo (2009) [1917]. Recipes for Mixed Drinks. Mud Puddle Books Inc. p. 7. ISBN 978-1-60311-190-4.
  3. ^ a b Craddock, Harry (1930). The Savoy Cocktail Book. London: Constable & Co. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-62654-0644.
  4. ^ Regan, Gary (2003). The Joy of Mixology. New York: Clarkson Potter/Publishers. p. 209. ISBN 0-609-60884-3.
  5. ^ "Spirits: We Want Creme Yvette!". The Washington Post. 7 October 2009. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  6. ^ "Blue Moon Cocktail". The Washington Post. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
  7. ^ Regan, Gary (28 September 2007). "The Cocktailian: Creme de violette lifts Aviation to the moon". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 4 April 2011.
  8. ^ "Takumi's Aviation". Gary Regan. 26 April 2017. Retrieved 9 February 2022.