Axis, Alabama
Location in Mobile County, Alabama
Location in Mobile County, Alabama
Axis is located in Alabama
Axis is located in the United States
Coordinates: 30°55′47″N 88°1′37″W / 30.92972°N 88.02694°W / 30.92972; -88.02694
CountryUnited States
 • Total3.50 sq mi (9.08 km2)
 • Land3.50 sq mi (9.05 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
39 ft (12 m)
 • Total561
 • Density160.52/sq mi (61.98/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code251
FIPS code01-03508
Congressman Jerry Carl visiting SSAB in Axis

Axis is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Mobile County, Alabama, United States.[3] As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 561,[2] down from 757 at the 2010 census. It has a post office with the 36505 ZIP code. The community has one site listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage, the Kirk House.[4]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the 2010 census, Axis had a population of 757.[6] The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 66.8% white, 26.9% black or African American, 3.2% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from some other race, 2.6% from two or more races and 0.9% Hispanic or Latino from any race.[7]


Axis is located in northeastern Mobile County at 30°55′48″N 88°01′38″W / 30.92990°N 88.02722°W / 30.92990; -88.02722 and has an elevation of 39 feet (12 m).[3] It is bordered to the south by the city of Creola. U.S. Route 43 runs through the west side of the community, leading south 17 miles (27 km) to downtown Mobile and north 11 miles (18 km) to Mount Vernon.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Axis CDP has an area of 3.5 square miles (9.1 km2), of which 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2), or 0.29%, are water.[1]


Mobile County Public School System operates public schools.[8] Students are zoned to North Mobile County K-8 School, previously North Mobile County Middle School;[9][10] and Citronelle High School in Citronelle.[11][12]

On September 7, 2010, North Mobile County Middle School opened, replacing the role of Adams Middle School in Saraland, because residents outside of Saraland are no longer zoned to Adams Middle.[13] North Mobile County middle had been built on a "16th section", a piece of land allotted to each school district under an Alabama law stating that for each sixteen portions of land in a county, the school district will take one portion of land. Some City of Satsuma residents disliked North Mobile County Middle's distance and remoteness from Satsuma, prompting them to call for a separate school district. The Mobile County government built the school outside of the Satsuma city limits so the city government would be unable to possess the school if it opted to secede.[14]

Prior to the split of Satsuma from the Mobile County system, Axis was zoned to Satsuma High School. In 2011 Renee Busbee of the Mobile Press-Register said that residents of Axis may be rezoned to Blount, Citronelle, and/or Vigor high schools.[15]

Viscose plant

Carbon disulfide emissions of Courtaulds' Axis viscose plant
Year Emissions
1952 Plant began operations around this time
1986 30,000,000 pounds
1991 42,454,520 pounds into the air,

43,105 pounds into surface water, and 430,000 pounds into the land

1992 45,000,000 pounds into the air
1994 45,500,000 pounds
1997 just under 40,000,000 pounds

Courtaulds manufactured viscose rayon in a plant near Axis from about 1952. The plant emitted carbon disulfide (CS2). In 1991, the EPA found the carbon disulfide emissions of the Axis plant to be more than double the total discharge of Alabama's nine other carbon-disulfide-emitting plants put together. The 1990 amendments to the United States' Clean Air Act required emissions reductions. In 1992, the plant recovered less than 10% of the carbon disulfide it used. In 1993–1997, the plant was upgraded in a manner that increased the reuse efficiency of carbon sulfide to 50-55%. The carbon-bed technology which had been used in the parent company's European operations for 30 years would have reduced emissions by 90%, but would not have improved revenue by decreasing carbon disulfide demand, so improved spinning machines were bought instead. No other efforts were made to reduce emissions. Courtalds did not monitor carbon disulfide concentrations in its stacks or in air around the factory.[16]


  1. ^ a b "2021 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Axis CDP, Alabama: 2020 DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 21, 2022.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Axis, Alabama
  4. ^ "Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks & Heritage". Alabama Historical Commission. June 4, 2009. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  7. ^ 2010 population by race or Hispanic or Latino origin by place in Alabama from the US Census
  8. ^ "2010 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Axis CDP, AL." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on November 27, 2018.
  9. ^ "North Mobile Middle Attendance Zone[permanent dead link]." Mobile County Public School System. Retrieved on November 27, 2018.
  10. ^ "Welcome to North Mobile County Middle School Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine." North Mobile County Middle School. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "The North Mobile County Middle School serves students living outside the Saraland City Limits and includes students from Satsuma, Creola, Axis, and Prichard. We will be located at the current Lee Intermediate Building and will be located here until a new facility is completed on Salco Road."
  11. ^ "Citronelle High School Attendance Zone Archived 2021-07-25 at the Wayback Machine." Mobile County Public School System. Retrieved on November 27, 2018.
  12. ^ Philips, Rena Havner. "Satsuma sets tuition for out-of-city students at $650." April 29, 2012. Retrieved on July 29, 2016. "Officials in Satsuma, which is forming its own school system in August, are hoping to attract residents of Creola and Axis." and "The Mobile County school district is converting North Mobile County Middle on Salco Road in Axis into a kindergarten through eighth-grade campus. But students in that area who now attend Satsuma High School are being officially zoned to Citronelle High School, 20 miles away."
  13. ^ Phillips, Rena Havner. "Video: North Mobile County Middle School opens its doors in Axis." Mobile Press-Register. Tuesday September 7, 2010. Retrieved on October 22, 2010. "North Mobile County Middle School students 6th grader Derrick Boykin, 12, and 7th grader Amanda Daniels, 12, walk down a sidewalk on the first day of classes at the school Tuesday, Sept. 7, 2010. The newly completed $14 million school was built to accommodate students displaced by Saraland's split from the Mobile County system. "
  14. ^ Havner, Rena. "School distance key issue in proposed Satsuma split from Mobile public schools." January 24, 2011. Retrieved on June 14, 2016.
  15. ^ Busbee, Renee. "Parents upset that children may not be able to attend Satsuma High School." Mobile Press-Register. Saturday May 21, 2011. Retrieved on November 17, 2012.
  16. ^ Supreme Court of Alabama. COURTAULDS FIBERS, INC. v. Horace L. LONG, Jr., et al.
    Horace L. Long, Jr., et al. v. Courtaulds Fibers, Inc.
    1971996 and 1972028.
    Decided: September 15, 2000