The United States of America
is a federal republic
of 50 states
, a capital district
, and a number of other territories. It is located mostly in central North America
. The U.S. has three land borders, two with Canada
and one with Mexico
, and is otherwise bounded by the Pacific Ocean
, the Bering Sea
, the Arctic Ocean
and the Atlantic Ocean
. Of the 50 states, only Alaska
are not contiguous with any other state. The U.S. also has a collection of districts, territories, and possessions
around the world. Each state has a high level of local autonomy according to the system of federalism. The U.S. traces its national origin to the declaration
by 13 British
colonies in 1776
that they were free and independent states. They were recognized as such by the Treaty of Paris
in 1783. Since then, the nation has grown to become a global superpower
and exerts a high level of economic, political, military, and cultural influence.
This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia.
Detail of a 1795 map, overlaid with Arnold's expedition route:
*C: Fort Western
*D: Fort Halifax
*E: Great Carrying Place
*F: Height of land
*G: Lake Mégantic
This map does not accurately represent the area around the height of land and Lake Mégantic.
Nuclear reactors line the riverbank at the Hanford Site along the Columbia River
in January 1960. The N Reactor
is in the foreground, with the twin KE and KW Reactors in the immediate background. The historic B Reactor
, the world's first plutonium
production reactor, is visible in the distance.
Intersection of Routes 11
in the center of town
The Shawshank Redemption
is a 1994 American drama film
written and directed by Frank Darabont
, based on the 1982 Stephen King
novella Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption
. It tells the story of banker Andy Dufresne (Tim Robbins
), who is sentenced to life in Shawshank State Penitentiary for the murders of his wife and her lover, despite his claims of innocence. Over the following two decades, he befriends a fellow prisoner, contraband smuggler Ellis "Red" Redding (Morgan Freeman
), and becomes instrumental in a money-laundering operation led by the prison warden
Samuel Norton (Bob Gunton
). William Sadler
, Clancy Brown
, Gil Bellows
, and James Whitmore
appear in supporting roles.
Darabont purchased the film rights to King's story in 1987, but development did not begin until five years later, when he wrote the script over an eight-week period. Two weeks after submitting his script to Castle Rock Entertainment
, Darabont secured a $25 million budget to produce The Shawshank Redemption
, which started pre-production in January 1993. While the film is set in Maine, principal photography
took place from June to August 1993 almost entirely in Mansfield, Ohio
, with the Ohio State Reformatory
serving as the eponymous penitentiary. The project attracted many stars of the time for the role of Andy, including Tom Hanks
, Tom Cruise
, and Kevin Costner
. Thomas Newman
provided the film's score. (Full article...
Atlantis: The Lost Empire
is a 2001 American animated science-fantasy action
created by Walt Disney Feature Animation
, marking the 41st entry in Disney's animated features canon
and its first science-fiction film
. Written by Tab Murphy
, directed by Gary Trousdale
and Kirk Wise
, and produced by Don Hahn
, the film features an ensemble cast with the voices of Michael J. Fox
, Cree Summer
, James Garner
, Leonard Nimoy
, Don Novello
, Phil Morris
, Claudia Christian
, Jacqueline Obradors
, Jim Varney
(in his final role), Florence Stanley
, John Mahoney
, David Ogden Stiers
and Corey Burton
. Set in 1914, the film tells the story of a young man who gains possession of a sacred book, which he believes will guide him and a crew of mercenaries to the lost city of Atlantis
Development of the film began after production had finished on The Hunchback of Notre Dame
(1996). Instead of another musical
, the production team decided to do an action-adventure film inspired by the works of Jules Verne
was notable for adopting the distinctive visual style of comic book creator Mike Mignola
. The film made greater use of computer-generated imagery
(CGI) than any of Disney's previous traditionally animated
features, and it remains one of the few to have been shot in anamorphic format
. Linguist Marc Okrand constructed
an Atlantean language
specifically for use in Atlantis
. James Newton Howard
provided the film's score. The film was released at a time when audience interest in animated films was shifting away from hand-drawn animation toward films with full CGI. (Full article...
Juan Davis Bradburn
(born John Davis Bradburn
; 1787 – April 20, 1842) was a brigadier general
in the Mexican Army. His actions as commandant of the garrison at Anahuac
in Mexican Texas
in 1831 and 1832 led to the events known as the Anahuac Disturbances
Born and raised in the United States, Bradburn's first career was as a merchant and slave trader. He likely first entered Mexico in 1812 as part of the Gutiérrez–Magee Expedition
fighting Spanish control of Texas. When the expedition was quashed, Bradburn moved to Louisiana, where he served in the Louisiana militia during the Battle of New Orleans
. After his discharge, Bradburn spent several years fighting for Mexican independence. After Spain relinquished its hold on Mexico in 1821, Bradburn became an officer in the new Mexican Army, in which he served as a courier for Emperor Agustín de Iturbide
. (Full article...
Kolob Canyons from the end of Kolob Canyons Road. Stream erosion has incised the Kolob Plateau to form canyons that expose the red-orange colored Navajo Sandstone and other formations.
Blackwater Fire at approximately 3:45 pm on August 21, 1937
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Sylvanus Griswold Morley
(June 7, 1883 – September 2, 1948) was an American archaeologist
, and Mayanist
scholar who made significant contributions toward the study of the pre-Columbian Maya civilization
in the early 20th century.
Morley made extensive excavations of the Maya site of Chichen Itza that he directed on behalf of the Carnegie Institution. He also published several large compilations and treatises on Maya hieroglyphic writing, and wrote popular accounts on the Maya for a general audience.
To his contemporaries, "Vay" Morley was one of the leading Mesoamerican archaeologists of his day. Although more recent developments in the field have resulted in a re-evaluation of his theories and works, his publications, particularly on calendric inscriptions, are still cited. In his role as director of various projects sponsored by the Carnegie Institution, he oversaw and encouraged many others who later established notable careers in their own right. His commitment and enthusiasm for Maya studies helped inspire the necessary sponsorship for projects that would ultimately reveal much about ancient Maya civilization.
Morley also conducted espionage in Mexico on behalf of the United States during World War I, but the scope of those activities only came to light well after his death. His archaeological field work in Mexico and Central America provided suitable cover for investigating German activities and anti-American activity at the behest of the United States' Office of Naval Intelligence. (Full article...)
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The Battle of Malvern Hill
was fought on July 1, 1862, between the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia
and the Union Army of the Potomac
. It was the final battle of the Seven Days Battles
during the American Civil War
, taking place on Malvern Hill
near the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia
. Including inactive reserves, more than fifty thousand soldiers from each side took part, using more than two hundred pieces of artillery and three warships. The battle resulted in a tactical victory for the Union side, but the Confederates claimed a strategic victory as the Union failed to go on to capture Richmond.
This is a map of the night's march undertaken by the Union forces after the battle.
A 1935 photo of a family of migrant workers
, United States, during the Great Depression
. In the United States, the term "migrant worker" is commonly used to describe low-wage workers performing manual labor
in the agriculture
field. During the Great Depression, Okies
who fled the Dust Bowl
were a significant source of temporary farm labor. Outside the U.S., the modern definition of the term by the United Nations
includes anyone working outside of their home country.
John Quincy Adams
(1767–1848) was an American statesman who served as a diplomat, minister and ambassador to foreign nations, and treaty negotiator, United States Senator
, and the sixth President of the United States
from 1825 to 1829. Involved in negotiating the treaties of Ghent
, and Adams–Onís
, Adams has been called one of the United States' greatest diplomats and secretaries of state. As president, he sought to modernize the American economy
and promote education, paying off much of the national debt
despite being stymied by a Congress controlled by opponents and lacking patronage networks. Historians have generally ranked
him as an above-average president.
Selected culture biography
(born March 27, 1970 or 1969; sources vary) is an American R&B
, record producer
and actress. She made her recording debut, in 1990, under the guidance of Columbia Records
executive Tommy Mottola
, and became the first recording artist to have her first five singles top the U.S. Billboard Hot 100
chart. Following her marriage to Mottola, in 1993, a series of hit records established her position as Columbia Records' highest-selling act.
In a career spanning over two decades, Carey has sold more than 200 million albums, singles and videos worldwide, according to Island Def Jam, which makes her one of the world's best-selling music artists. Carey was cited as the world’s best-selling recording artist of the 1990s at the 1998 World Music Awards and was also named the best-selling female artist of the millennium by the same award-giving body in 2000. According to the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), she is the third-best-selling female artist, with shipments of 63 million albums. In 2008, Carey earned her eighteenth number one single on the Hot 100, the most by any solo artist. Aside from her commercial accomplishments, she has earned five Grammy Awards and is known for her five-octave vocal range, power, melismatic style and use of the whistle register.
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is the capital of the United States
founded on July 16, 1790. The U.S. Constitution
allows for the creation of a special district to serve as the permanent national capital. The District is therefore not a part of any U.S. state
and is instead directly overseen by the federal government
. Within the District, a new capital city was founded in 1791 and named in honor of George Washington
The centers of all three branches of the U.S. federal government are located in the District, as are many of the nation's monuments and museums.
Washington, D.C., is governed by a mayor and a 13-member city council. However, the United States Congress has supreme authority over the city and may overturn local laws. Residents of the District therefore have less self-governance than residents of the states.
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This great Nation will endure as it has endured, will revive and will prosper. So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself.
— Franklin D. Roosevelt, Inaugural address, March 4, 1933
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Anniversaries for February 3
Oysters Rockefeller consists of oysters on the half-shell that have been topped with a rich sauce of butter, parsley and other green herbs, and bread crumbs, then baked or broiled. Lemon wedges are the typical garnish. (Full article...)