Portal topics
Activities
Culture
Geography
Health
History
Mathematics
Nature
People
Philosophy
Religion
Society
Technology
Random portal

The Geography Portal

Physical map of Earth
Physical map of Earth

Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be.

Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography is concerned with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Physical geography is concerned with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.

The four historical traditions in geographical research are spatial analyses of natural and the human phenomena, area studies of places and regions, studies of human-land relationships, and the Earth sciences. Geography has been called "the world discipline" and "the bridge between the human and the physical sciences". (Full article...)

Refresh with new selections below (purge)

Featured article

Featured articles are displayed here, which represent some of the best content on English Wikipedia.

  • The pyramids of Giza are among the most recognizable symbols of ancient Egypt civilization.
    The pyramids of Giza are among the most recognizable symbols of ancient Egypt civilization.
  • Torpedo Boat No. 38 (ex-Kranich) underway
    Torpedo Boat No. 38 (ex-Kranich) underway
  • Core Western Ganga Territory
    Core Western Ganga Territory
  • 1899 lithograph of SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm
    1899 lithograph of SMS Kurfürst Friedrich Wilhelm
  • A Prussian infantry advance during the Battle of Hohenfriedberg, as depicted by Carl Röchling
    A Prussian infantry advance during the Battle of Hohenfriedberg, as depicted by Carl Röchling
  • Emperor Dom Pedro I at age 35, 1834
    Emperor Dom Pedro I at age 35, 1834
  • Ice core sample taken from drill
    Ice core sample taken from drill

In this month

More anniversaries...

Related portals

Get involved

For editor resources and to collaborate with other editors on improving Wikipedia's Geography-related articles, visit WikiProject Geography.


Here are some tasks awaiting attention:

Vital article

Vital articles to understand Geography.

Asia (/ˈʒə, ˈʃə/ (About this soundlisten)) is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern and Northern Hemispheres. It shares the continental landmass of Eurasia with the continent of Europe and the continental landmass of Afro-Eurasia with both Europe and Africa. Asia covers an area of 44,579,000 square kilometres (17,212,000 sq mi), about 30% of Earth's total land area and 8.7% of the Earth's total surface area. The continent, which has long been home to the majority of the human population, was the site of many of the first civilizations. Its 4.5 billion people () constitute roughly 60% of the world's population. (Full article...)
Other vital articles

Selected pictures

Featured biography

Featured biography articles in geography

One of Molyneux's celestial globes, which is displayed in Middle Temple Library – from the frontispiece of the Hakluyt Society's 1889 reprint of A Learned Treatise of Globes, both Cœlestiall and Terrestriall, one of the English editions of Robert Hues' Latin work Tractatus de Globis (1594)
One of Molyneux's celestial globes, which is displayed in Middle Temple Library – from the frontispiece of the Hakluyt Society's 1889 reprint of A Learned Treatise of Globes, both Cœlestiall and Terrestriall, one of the English editions of Robert Hues' Latin work Tractatus de Globis (1594)

Emery Molyneux (/ˈɛməri ˈmɒlɪn/ EM-ər-ee MOL-in-oh; died June 1598) was an English Elizabethan maker of globes, mathematical instruments and ordnance. His terrestrial and celestial globes, first published in 1592, were the first to be made in England and the first to be made by an Englishman.

Molyneux was known as a mathematician and maker of mathematical instruments such as compasses and hourglasses. He became acquainted with many prominent men of the day, including the writer Richard Hakluyt and the mathematicians Robert Hues and Edward Wright. He also knew the explorers Thomas Cavendish, Francis Drake, Walter Raleigh and John Davis. Davis probably introduced Molyneux to his own patron, the London merchant William Sanderson, who largely financed the construction of the globes. When completed, the globes were presented to Elizabeth I. Larger globes were acquired by royalty, noblemen and academic institutions, while smaller ones were purchased as practical navigation aids for sailors and students. The globes were the first to be made in such a way that they were unaffected by the humidity at sea, and they came into general use on ships. (Full article...)
More featured biographies

Did you know...

Did you know it about Geography?

Places around you

You can read about interesting Wikipedia articles about places around you.

Special:Nearby

Top 10 WikiProject Geography Popular articles of the month

This following Geography-related articles is a most visited articles of WikiProject Geography, See complete list at Wikipedia:WikiProject Geography/Popular pages.

Featured pictures

Click to enlarge and view description.

Main articles

Categories

Select [►] to view subcategories.

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Portals