The Countries Portal

Map showing countries with full recognition and some UN non-member states; some disputed territories are not shown.
Map showing countries with full recognition and some UN non-member states; some disputed territories are not shown.

A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity . It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship.

A country may be an independent sovereign state or part of a larger state, as a non-sovereign or formerly sovereign political division, a physical territory with a government, or a geographic region associated with sets of previously independent or differently associated peoples with distinct political characteristics. It is not inherently sovereign.

Countries can refer both to sovereign states and to other political entities, while other times it can refer only to states. For example, the CIA World Factbook uses the word in its "Country name" field to refer to "a wide variety of dependencies, areas of special sovereignty, uninhabited islands, and other entities in addition to the traditional countries or independent states".

The largest country in the world by geographical area is Russia, while the most populous is China, followed by India, the United States, and Indonesia. The newest United Nations (UN) member is South Sudan. Admission of new members requires the approval of the General Assembly; since 1991, UN membership has been reserved to sovereign states.[citation needed] Microstates are sovereign countries having a very small population or very small land area, usually both; examples of microstates include the Vatican City, Monaco and San Marino. (Full article...)

Recognized articles - show another

Entries here consist of Good and Featured articles, which meet a core set of high editorial standards.

England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east and the English Channel to the south. The country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain, which lies in the North Atlantic, and includes over 100 smaller islands, such as the Isles of Scilly and the Isle of Wight.

The area now called England was first inhabited by modern humans during the Upper Paleolithic period, but takes its name from the Angles, a Germanic tribe deriving its name from the Anglia peninsula, who settled during the 5th and 6th centuries. England became a unified state in the 10th century and has had a significant cultural and legal impact on the wider world since the Age of Discovery, which began during the 15th century. The English language, the Anglican Church, and English law—the basis for the common law legal systems of many other countries around the world—developed in England, and the country's parliamentary system of government has been widely adopted by other nations. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the world's first industrialised nation. (Full article...)

Selected articles to understand countries - show another

Borders are geographic boundaries, imposed either by geographic features such as oceans, or by arbitrary groupings of political entities such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities. Borders are established through warfare, colonization, or simple symbiotic agreements between the political entities that reside in those areas; the creation of these agreements is called boundary delimitation.

Some borders—such as most states' internal administrative borders, or inter-state borders within the Schengen Area—are open and completely unguarded. Most external borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled. (Full article...)
List of selected articles to understand countries

General images - load new batch

The following are images from various country-related articles on Wikipedia.
  • Image 1.mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  African land part of Egypt  Asian land part of Egypt  The rest of Africa  The rest of Asia (from List of transcontinental countries)
      African land part of Egypt
      Asian land part of Egypt
      The rest of Africa
      The rest of Asia
    (from List of transcontinental countries)
  • Image 2World regions by total wealth (in trillions USD), 2018 (from Developing country)
    World regions by total wealth (in trillions USD), 2018 (from Developing country)
  • Image 3A map of transcontinental countries, and countries that control territory in more than one continent.  Contiguous transcontinental countries.  Non-contiguous transcontinental countries.  Countries that may be considered transcontinental, depending on the legal status of their claims or the definition of continental boundaries used. (from List of transcontinental countries)
    A map of transcontinental countries, and countries that control territory in more than one continent.
      Contiguous transcontinental countries.
      Non-contiguous transcontinental countries.
      Countries that may be considered transcontinental, depending on the legal status of their claims or the definition of continental boundaries used.
    (from List of transcontinental countries)
  • Image 4Landlocked countries: 42 landlocked (green), 2 doubly landlocked (purple) (from Landlocked country)
    Landlocked countries: 42 landlocked (green), 2 doubly landlocked (purple) (from Landlocked country)
  • Image 5Percentage of women older than 14 who have experienced violence by an intimate partner (from Developing country)
    Percentage of women older than 14 who have experienced violence by an intimate partner (from Developing country)
  • Image 6Plastic pollution in Ghana (from Developing country)
    Plastic pollution in Ghana (from Developing country)
  • Image 7A map of World Bank high-income economies in 2019; high-income economies are indicated in blue, while former high-income economies are shown in teal.
    A map of World Bank high-income economies in 2019; high-income economies are indicated in blue, while former high-income economies are shown in teal.
  • Image 8  Least developed economies according to ECOSOC  Least developed economies out of scope of the ECOSOC  Graduated to developing economy (from Developing country)
      Least developed economies according to ECOSOC
      Least developed economies out of scope of the ECOSOC
      Graduated to developing economy


    (from Developing country)
  • Image 9Map of countries and territories by fertility rate as of 2020 (from Developing country)
    Map of countries and territories by fertility rate as of 2020 (from Developing country)
  • Image 10Conventions used for the boundary between Europe and Asia during the 18th and 19th centuries. The red line shows the most common modern convention, in use since c. 1850.  Europe  Asia  historically placed in either continent (from List of transcontinental countries)
    Conventions used for the boundary between Europe and Asia during the 18th and 19th centuries. The red line shows the most common modern convention, in use since c. 1850.
      Europe
      Asia
      historically placed in either continent
    (from List of transcontinental countries)
  • Image 11Average global temperatures from 2010 to 2019 compared to a baseline average from 1951 to 1978. Source: NASA. (from Developing country)
    Average global temperatures from 2010 to 2019 compared to a baseline average from 1951 to 1978. Source: NASA. (from Developing country)
  • Image 12Percentage of population suffering from hunger, World Food Programme, 2020.  < 2,5%  < 5,0%  5,0–14,9%  15,0–24,9%  25,0–34,9%  > 35,0%  No data (from Developing country)
    Percentage of population suffering from hunger, World Food Programme, 2020.
      < 2,5%
      < 5,0%
      5,0–14,9%
      15,0–24,9%
      25,0–34,9%
      > 35,0%
      No data
    (from Developing country)
  • Image 13Countries by 2019 GDP (nominal) per capita  (from Developing country)
    Countries by 2019 GDP (nominal) per capita (from Developing country)
  • Image 14Solar cookers use sunlight as energy source for outdoor cooking. (from Developing country)
    Solar cookers use sunlight as energy source for outdoor cooking. (from Developing country)
  • Image 15Factory in China at Yangtze River (from Developing country)
    Factory in China at Yangtze River (from Developing country)
  • Image 16Flags of the United Nations member and non-member observer states in front of the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland (from List of sovereign states)
    Flags of the United Nations member and non-member observer states in front of the Palace of Nations in Geneva, Switzerland (from List of sovereign states)
  • Image 18Map of the Darién Gap at the border between Colombia and Panama (from List of transcontinental countries)
    Map of the Darién Gap at the border between Colombia and Panama (from List of transcontinental countries)
  • Image 19Newly industrialized countries . (from Developing country)
    Newly industrialized countries . (from Developing country)
  • Image 20A formation of human chain at India Gate by the women from different walks of life at the launch of a National Campaign on prevention of violence against women, in New Delhi on October 02, 2009 (from Developing country)
    A formation of human chain at India Gate by the women from different walks of life at the launch of a National Campaign on prevention of violence against women, in New Delhi on October 02, 2009 (from Developing country)

Countries of the world - show another

Remaining countries not listed in the Recognized articles section at left are displayed here.

Fiji (/ˈfi/ (About this soundlisten) FEE-jee; Fijian: Viti, [ˈβitʃi]; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी, Fijī), officially the Republic of Fiji, is an island country in Melanesia, part of Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean. It lies about 1,100 nautical miles (2,000 km; 1,300 mi) northeast of New Zealand. Fiji consists of an archipelago of more than 330 islands—of which about 110 are permanently inhabited—and more than 500 islets, amounting to a total land area of about 18,300 square kilometres (7,100 sq mi). The most outlying island group is Ono-i-Lau. About 87% of the total population of 883,483 live on the two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu. About three-quarters of Fijians live on Viti Levu's coasts: either in the capital city of Suva; or in smaller urban centres such as Nadi—where tourism is the major local industry; or in Lautoka, where the sugar-cane industry is dominant. The interior of Viti Levu is sparsely inhabited because of its terrain.

The majority of Fiji's islands were formed by volcanic activity starting around 150 million years ago. Some geothermal activity still occurs today on the islands of Vanua Levu and Taveuni. The geothermal systems on Viti Levu are non-volcanic in origin and have low-temperature surface discharges (of between roughly 35 and 60 degrees Celsius). (Full article...)
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