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Flag of Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh

Emblem of Bangladesh
Emblem of Bangladesh
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Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ [ˈbaŋlaˌdeʃ] ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. It is the eighth-most populous country in the world and is among the most densely populated countries with a population of nearly 170 million in an area of 148,460 square kilometres (57,320 sq mi). Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the north, west, and east, and Myanmar to the southeast. To the south, it has a coastline along the Bay of Bengal. It is narrowly separated from Bhutan and Nepal by the Siliguri Corridor, and from China by the mountainous Indian state of Sikkim in the north. Dhaka, the capital and largest city, is the nation's political, financial, and cultural centre. Chittagong, the second-largest city, is the busiest port on the Bay of Bengal. Khulna, Rajshahi and Sylhet are other major cities. The official language of Bangladesh is Bengali.

A middle power in the Indo-Pacific, Bangladesh is home to the sixth-most spoken language in the world, the third-largest Muslim-majority population in the world, and the second-largest economy in South Asia. It maintains the third-largest military in the region and is the largest contributor of personnel to UN peacekeeping operations. Bangladesh is a unitary parliamentary republic based on the Westminster system. Bengalis make up 99% of the total population. The country consists of eight divisions, 64 districts and 495 subdistricts, as well as the world's largest mangrove forest. It hosts one of the largest refugee populations in the world due to the Rohingya genocide. (Full article...)

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Bangladesh News

9 February 2024 – Myanmar civil war
At least 340 members of Myanmar's Border Guard Police flee into neighboring Bangladesh and are disarmed and detained by Border Guard Bangladesh in the past week amid continued fighting against the Arakan Army. (ABC News)
7 January 2024 –
A fire in the Kutupalong refugee camp in Bangladesh destroys hundreds of shelters and facilities and displaces nearly 7,000 Rohingya refugees. (Dhaka Tribune) (The Washington Post)
7 January 2024 – 2024 Bangladeshi general election
Citizens of Bangladesh vote in a general election with opposition parties boycotting the election. (Al Jazeera)
1 January 2024 –
Bangladeshi economist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Muhammad Yunus and three people that worked at his company Grameen Telecom are sentenced to six months in prison for violating Bangladesh's labor laws. (Al Jazeera)
12 December 2023 – 2021–2023 inflation
The IMF approves a $681 million disbursement for Bangladesh, the second portion of a $4.7 billion loan package. (EFE)

Where in Bangladesh...

Sitakunda is most noted for its numerous religious shrines, of Islamic, Hindu and Buddhist denominations. It also happens to be the center of world's largest remaining ship breaking industry. Do you know where in Bangladesh is Sitakunda?

Sitakunda is an Upazila under Chittagong District in the Division of Chittagong, Bangladesh. It is located on the south-eastern part of the country on the shore of the Bay of Bengal.

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  • ... that Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, the first president of Bangladesh, had an appearance in the 1974 film Sangram?
  • ... that many fans of Ayub Bachchu's Bangladeshi rock watched the film Loot Toraj in theaters just to hear the love song "Ananta Prem Tumi Dao Aamake"?
  • ... that the Maizbhandari order of Sufism in Bangladesh is each year host to reportedly the fifth-largest gathering of Muslims in the world?
  • ... that future Bangladeshi prime minister Tajuddin Ahmad earned a degree in law after taking his law examination in prison?
  • ... that television production companies working in Bhadun, Bangladesh, can hire a local woman as an extra for ৳500 (US$5.30) per day?
  • ... that Raihan Rafi, the writer and director of the 2021 Bangladeshi film Janowar, interviewed the alleged perpetrators of the quadruple murder on which it is based?

Selected biography

Mujibur Rahman
Mujibur Rahman

Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবর রহমান; March 17, 1920 – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (Bengali: শেখ মুজিবুর রহমান Shekh Mujibur Rôhman; March 17, 1920 – August 15, 1975) was a Bengali political leader in East Pakistan and the founding leader of Bangladesh. He headed the Awami League, served as the first President of Bangladesh and later became its Prime Minister. He is popularly referred to as Sheikh Mujib, and with the honorary title of Bangabandhu (বঙ্গবন্ধু Bôngobondhu, "Friend of Bengal"). His eldest daughter Sheikh Hasina Wajed is the present leader of the Awami League and a former prime minister of Bangladesh.

A student political leader, Mujib rose in East Pakistani politics and within the ranks of the Awami League as a charismatic and forceful orator. An advocate of socialism, Mujib became popular for his leadership against the ethnic and institutional discrimination of Bengalis. He demanded increased provincial autonomy, and became a fierce opponent of the military rule of Ayub Khan. At the heightening of sectional tensions, Mujib outlined a 6-point autonomy plan, which was seen as separatism in West Pakistan. He was tried in 1968 for allegedly conspiring with the Indian government but was not found guilty. Despite leading his party to a major victory in the 1970 elections, Mujib was not invited to form the government.

After talks broke down with President Yahya Khan and West Pakistani politician Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Mujib was arrested and a guerrilla war erupted between government forces and Bengali nationalists aided by India. An all out war between the Pakistan Army and Bangladesh-India Joint Forces led to the establishment of Bangladesh, and after his release Mujib assumed office as a provisional president, and later prime minister. Even as a constitution was adopted, proclaiming socialism and a secular democracy, Mujib struggled to address the challenges of intense poverty and unemployment, coupled with rampant corruption. Amidst rising popular agitation, he banned other political parties and declared himself president for life in 1975. After only seven months, Mujib was assassinated along with his family by a group of army officers. (more...)

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