The Austria Portal
Topographical map of Austria
, officially the
Republic of Austria
, is a country in the southern part of
. It is a
, one of which is the capital
, the largest city and state by population. The country is bordered by
to the northwest, the
to the north,
to the northeast,
to the east,
to the south, and
to the west. It occupies a
area of 83,879 km
(32,386 sq mi) and has
of 9 million people.
Austria emerged from the remnants of the
Eastern and Hungarian March at the end of the first millennium. Originally a margraviate of Bavaria, it later developed into a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire in 1156, and then an archduchy in 1453. As of the 16th century, Vienna began serving as the administrative imperial capital and Austria thus became the heartland of the House of Habsburg. Following the Empire's dissolution in 1806, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the dominant member of the German Confederation. The Austrian Empire's defeat in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 lead to the end of the Confederation and paved the way for the establishment of Austria-Hungary a year later.
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, Emperor Franz Joseph declared war on Serbia, which ultimately escalated into World War I. The Empire's defeat and subsequent collapse led to the proclamation of the Republic of German-Austria in 1918 and later the First Austrian Republic in 1919. During the interwar period, anti-parliamentarian sentiments culminated in the formation of an Austrofascist dictatorship under Engelbert Dollfuss in 1934. A year before the outbreak of World War II, Austria was annexed into Nazi Germany by Adolf Hitler, and it became a sub-national division. Following its liberation in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, the country regained its sovereignty and declared its perpetual neutrality in 1955.
Austria is a
parliamentary representative democracy
with a popularly elected
as head of state and a
as head of government and chief executive. Major
. Austria is consistently listed as one of the
richest countries in the world
by GDP per capita, one of the countries with the
highest standard of living
, and was ranked 18th in the world for its
Human Development Index
in 2020. (
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Present-day view of the battlefield
Henry in full regalia (depicted in the 11th-century
Evangelion of Saint Emmeram's Abbey)
A Haflinger mare and foal
The Central European borders of Brandenburg–Prussia (blue-green) and the Habsburg Monarchy (red) in 1756, after Prussia's seizure of Silesia in the
First Silesian War
August Meyszner wearing the rank
of SS-Oberführer in 1938
Battle of Rossbach, unknown artist
Johann, Count von Klenau, 1801.
Topographic map of the battle
Miniature depicting Matilda,
Selected article - Selected picture -
Rathaus (City Hall) in
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Related portals Selected biography -
Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach (1873)
Baroness (September 13, 1830 - March 12, 1916) was a Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach writer. Noted for her excellent psychological novels, she is regarded—together with Ferdinand von Saar—as one of the most important German-language writers of the latter portion of the 19th century.
After 1880 she had her
story Lotti die Uhrmacherin (Lotte the Watchmaker) published. In 1887 her novel Das Gemeindekind, became one of great importance in literature.
All her life she fought against the "normal" thoughts of their time. She did not write to make a living, but out of conviction and inspiration. Her intention was to convey moral behaviour and
Starting in 1890 did she find her own dramatic style of writing. Her 1888 work
Ohne Liebe (Without Love) and 1895 Am Ende (In the end) achieved great success. In 1898 she was awarded the highest Austrian civilian medal, the Honorary Cross for Art and Literature. In 1900 she became the first female honorary doctor of the University of Vienna.
After 1899 she made several trips to
Italy and in 1906 published her memoir. She is credited with the famous aphorism "even a stopped clock is right twice a day."
Did you know (auto-generated) General images
The following are images from various Austria-related articles on Wikipedia.
Salzburger Nockerln (from
An overflow crowd watches the simultaneous outdoor broadcast of a performance in National Concert Hall by the
Bilingual German-Hungarian sign in Oberwart, Burgenland. (from
Seasonal migration to pasture (from
Golden Hall, from which the Vienna New Year's concert is broadcast (from
Prix Ars Electronica 2012,
Austria3 - from left: Georg Danzer, Rainhard Fendrich, Wolfgang Ambros. (from
Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys' Chorus) during a concert at the Wiener Musikverein (from
View of one of the main stairs (
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