The Austria Portal
Topographical map of Austria
, officially the
Republic of Austria
, is a
country in the southern part of
, situated at
. It is a
, one of which is the capital
, the largest city and state by population. The country is bordered by
to the northwest, the
to the north,
to the northeast,
to the east,
to the south, and
to the west. It occupies an area of 83,879 km
(32,386 sq mi) and has
of 9 million people.
Austria emerged from the remnants of the
Eastern and Hungarian March at the end of the first millennium. Originally a margraviate of Bavaria, it later developed into a duchy of the Holy Roman Empire in 1156, and then an archduchy in 1453. As of the 16th century, Vienna began serving as the administrative imperial capital and Austria thus became the heartland of the House of Habsburg. Following the Empire's dissolution in 1806, Austria established its own empire, which became a great power and the dominant member of the German Confederation. The Austrian Empire's defeat in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 led to the end of the Confederation and paved the way for the establishment of Austria-Hungary a year later.
assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914, Emperor Franz Joseph declared war on Serbia, which ultimately escalated into World War I. The Empire's defeat and subsequent collapse led to the proclamation of the Republic of German-Austria in 1918 and later the First Austrian Republic in 1919. During the interwar period, anti-parliamentarian sentiments culminated in the formation of an Austrofascist dictatorship under Engelbert Dollfuss in 1934. A year before the outbreak of World War II, Austria was annexed into Nazi Germany by Adolf Hitler, and it became a sub-national division. Following its liberation in 1945 and an extended period of Allied occupation, the country regained its sovereignty and declared its perpetual neutrality in 1955.
Austria is a
parliamentary representative democracy
with a popularly elected
as head of state and a
as head of government and chief executive. Major
. Austria is consistently listed as one of the
richest countries in the world
per capita, one of the countries with the
highest standard of living
, and was ranked 18th in the world for its
Human Development Index
in 2020. (
Entries here consist of Good and Featured articles, which meet a core set of high editorial standards.
Marshal Mortier at the battle of Durenstein in 1805, Auguste Sandoz
August Meyszner wearing the rank
of SS-Oberführer in 1938
Henry in full regalia (depicted in the 11th-century
Evangelion of Saint Emmeram's Abbey)
Der Überfall bei Hochkirch am 14. Oktober 1758, Hyacinthe de la Pegna
Taking one of the redoubts of Kehl by throwing rocks, 24 June 1796, Frédéric Regamey
Topographic map of the battle
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Bertha von Suttner (1906)
Baroness (9 June 1843 – 21 June 1914) was a novelist, radical (organizational) Bertha von Suttner pacifist, and the first woman to be a Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
Suttner became a leading figure in the peace movement with the publication of her novel,
Die Waffen nieder! ("Lay Down Your Arms!") in 1889 and founded an Austrian pacifist organization in 1891. She gained international repute as editor of the international pacifist journal Die Waffen nieder!, named after her book, from 1892 to 1899. Her pacifism was influenced by the writings of Henry Thomas Buckle, Herbert Spencer, and Charles Darwin. Though her personal contact with Alfred Nobel had been brief, she corresponded with him until his death in 1896, and it is believed that she was a major influence in his decision to include a peace prize among those prizes provided in his will, which she won in 1905.
Did you know (auto-generated) General images
The following are images from various Austria-related articles on Wikipedia.
An overflow crowd watches the simultaneous outdoor broadcast of a performance in National Concert Hall by the
Salzburger Nockerln (from
Seasonal migration to pasture (from
Austria3 - from left: Georg Danzer, Rainhard Fendrich, Wolfgang Ambros. (from
View of one of the main stairs (
Golden Hall, from which the Vienna New Year's concert is broadcast (from
Prix Ars Electronica 2012,
Bilingual German-Hungarian sign in Oberwart, Burgenland. (from
Wiener Sängerknaben (Vienna Boys' Chorus) during a concert at the Wiener Musikverein (from
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