Portal topics
Activities
Culture
Geography
Health
History
Mathematics
Nature
People
Philosophy
Religion
Society
Technology
Random portal

Introduction

Flag of Europe.svg
  Welcome to the European Union Portal!

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states that are located primarily in Europe. The union has a total area of 4,233,255.3 km2 (1,634,469.0 sq mi) and an estimated total population of about 447 million. An internal single market has been established through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where the states have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market; enact legislation in justice and home affairs; and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. Passport controls have been abolished for travel within the Schengen Area. The eurozone is a monetary union established in 1999, coming into full force in 2002, that is composed of the 19 EU member states that use the euro currency. The EU has often been described as a sui generis political entity (without precedent or comparison) with the characteristics of either a federation or confederation.

The union and EU citizenship were established when the Maastricht Treaty came into force in 1993. The EU traces its origins to the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), established, respectively, by the 1951 Treaty of Paris and 1957 Treaty of Rome. The original member states of what came to be known as the European Communities were the Inner Six: Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and West Germany. The communities and their successors have grown in size by the accession of 21 new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to their remit. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009. In 2020, the United Kingdom became the only member state to leave the EU. Before this, four territories of current member states had left the EU or its forerunners. There are several other countries that are negotiating to join the European Union. (Full article...)

Selected article

Tratado de Lisboa 13 12 2007 (081).jpg

The Treaty of Lisbon or Lisbon Treaty (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement which amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU). The Lisbon Treaty was signed by the EU member states on 13 December 2007, and entered into force on 1 December 2009. It amends the Maastricht Treaty (also known as the Treaty on European Union) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC; also known as the Treaty of Rome). In this process, the Rome Treaty was renamed to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).

Prominent changes included the move from unanimity to qualified majority voting in several policy areas in the Council of Ministers, a change in calculating such a majority to a new double majority, a more powerful European Parliament forming a bicameral legislature alongside the Council of ministers under the ordinary legislative procedure, a consolidated legal personality for the EU and the creation of a long-term President of the European Council and a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. The Treaty also made the Union's bill of rights, the Charter of Fundamental Rights, legally binding.

Selected picture

Alone in the unspoilt wilderness (Unsplash).jpg

Photo credit: David Marcu
Ciucaș Peak in Romania

Did you know?

...that Monaco, San Marino, and Vatican City all mint their own euro coins, with their own national symbols on the back, despite not being EU members?

...that Slovenia joined the Euro on January 1, 2007?

Selected city

Prague

Prague is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. Situated on the Vltava river in central Bohemia, it is home to approximately 1.2 million people. Since 1992, the historic center of Prague has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. According to Guinness World Records, Prague Castle is the largest ancient castle in the world.

The land where Prague was to be built has been settled since the Paleolithic Age. Several thousands of years ago, there were trade routes connecting southern parts of Europe to northern Europe which passed through this area, following the course of the river. From around 500 BC the Celtic tribe known as the Boii, were the first known inhabitants of this region known by name. The Boii named the region Bohemia and the river Vltava. In between the 6th and 9th centuries AD the Germanic tribe Marcomanni migrated to Bohemia and other Germanic tribes followed during the 5th century AD, but in the 6th century their elites and majority of inhabitants moved to the Danubian area which enabled a Slavic tribe invading from the West, to settle this area. The Czech Slavic tribe came to Bohemia in the 6th century and Forefather Czech became the founder of the Czech nation.

General images

The following are images from various European Union-related articles on Wikipedia.

Topics

Featured content

Featured articles

Cscr-featured.svg
 Members by political system
Cscr-featured.svg
 European Parliament
Cscr-featured.svg
 European Commission

Featured lists

Cscr-featured.svg
 List of European Union member states by political system
Cscr-featured.svg
 Sakharov Prize

Featured content

Cscr-featured.svg
 European Union Portal

Good articles

Categories

Category puzzle
Select [►] to view subcategories

Related portals

AT BE BG CY CZ DE DK EE EL ES FI FR HR HU IE IT LT LU LV MT NL PL PT RO SE SI SK
EU Member States' CoA Series- Austria.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Belgium.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Bulgaria.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Cyprus.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Czech Republic.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Germany.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Denmark.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Estonia.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Greece.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Spain.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Finland.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- France.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Croatia.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Hungary.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Ireland.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Italy.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Lithuania.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Luxembourg.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Latvia.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Malta.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Netherlands.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Poland.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Portugal.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Romania.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Sweden.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Slovenia.svg EU Member States' CoA Series- Slovakia.svg

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Discover Wikipedia using portals