Welcome to the Portugal portal

Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, overlooking the Tagus river
Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, overlooking the Tagus river

Flag of Portugal
Flag of Portugal
Location of Portugal in Europe
Location of Portugal in Europe

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]), is a country whose mainland is located on the Iberian Peninsula of Southwestern Europe, and whose territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. It features the westernmost point in mainland Europe, and its Iberian portion is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain, the sole country to have a land border with Portugal. Its two archipelagos form two autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Lisbon is the capital and largest city.

Portugal is the oldest continuously existing nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. It was inhabited by pre-Celtic and Celtic peoples, visited by Phoenicians, Carthaginians and Ancient Greek traders, and was ruled by the Romans, who were followed by the invasions of the Suebi and Visigothic Germanic peoples. After the invasion of the Iberian Peninsula by the Moors, most of its territory was part of Al-Andalus. Portugal as a country was established during the early Christian Reconquista. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede (1128). The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique (1139), and independence from León was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime and commercial empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration with the discovery of what would become Brazil (1500). During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castile, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. By the 18th century however, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil (1822), led to a marked decay on Portugal's prior opulence. This was followed by the civil war between liberal constitutionalists and conservative absolutists over royal succession which lasted from 1828 to 1834. (Full article...)

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The smooth surfaces of the castle of Evoramonte visible on the approach to the structure
The smooth surfaces of the castle of Evoramonte visible on the approach to the structure
The Castle of Evoramonte, alternately spelled Évora Monte or Évoramonte, (Portuguese: Castelo de Évora Monte/Castelo de Evoramonte) is a Portuguese castle in the civil parish of Evoramonte, municipality of Estremoz in the former district of Évora. Initiated in 1160, in the Gothic period, it was enlarged in later centuries in the Manueline style. It was at this site that the Concession of Evoramonte (or the Convention of Evoramonte) on was signed on 26 May 1834, that ended Liberal Wars between the Liberal forces of Queen Maria II of Portugal (under the regency of her father Peter VI of Portugal) and Absolutist armies of Miguel of Portugal. Since 1910, it has been listed as a Portuguese National monument. (Full article...)

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This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia.

Male
Male

The Madeira firecrest, Madeira kinglet, or Madeiracrest (Regulus madeirensis) is a very small passerine bird endemic to the island of Madeira. It is a member of the kinglet family. Before it was recognised as a separate species in 2003, it was classified as a subspecies of the common firecrest. It differs in appearance and vocalisations from its relative, and genetic analysis has confirmed it as a different species. The Madeiran bird has green upperparts, whitish underparts and two white wingbars, and a distinctive head pattern with a black eye stripe, short white supercilium, and a crest that is mainly orange in the male and yellow in the female.

The female Madeira firecrest builds a spherical nest from cobwebs, moss and small twigs, and she incubates the eggs and broods the chicks on her own. Both parents feed the young. This species forages for insects and other small invertebrates in tree heath, laurisilva and other woodland. It is common within its restricted range, and is not considered to be threatened. (Full article...)

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The following are images from various Portugal-related articles on Wikipedia.

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"Fame, for me, is that thing that allows me to multiply number of my friends"

A fama para mim é aquilo que me permite multiplicar o número de amigos.
Carlos Paredes, Portuguese guitar player

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This is a Good article, an article that meets a core set of high editorial standards.

Benfica European cups in Museu Cosme Damião (cropped).JPG

Sport Lisboa e Benfica is a Portuguese professional football club based in Lisbon whose involvement in European competition dates back to the 1950s. As champions of Portugal, Benfica were supposed to participate in the inaugural edition of the European Cup in 1955, but they were not invited by the organizers. Two years later, they made their European debut against Sevilla in the European Cup, on 19 September 1957.

Benfica won their first European title in 1961, defeating Barcelona to win the European Cup, and successfully retained the title in the following year after defeating Real Madrid. After that, they appeared in five more finals (1963, 1965, 1968, 1988 and 1990) but did not reconquer the title. These consecutive final losses have been attributed to an alleged curse (now broken) by Hungarian manager Béla Guttmann. Benfica has also reached three UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League finals (1983, 2013 and 2014). (Full article...)

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Saramago in January 2008
Saramago in January 2008

José de Sousa Saramago, GColSE ComSE GColCa (Portuguese: [ʒuˈzɛ ðɨ ˈso(w).zɐ sɐɾɐˈmaɣu]; 16 November 1922 – 18 June 2010), was a Portuguese writer and recipient of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Literature for his "parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony [with which he] continually enables us once again to apprehend an elusory reality." His works, some of which can be seen as allegories, commonly present subversive perspectives on historic events, emphasizing the theopoetic human factor. In 2003 Harold Bloom described Saramago as "the most gifted novelist alive in the world today" and in 2010 said he considers Saramago to be "a permanent part of the Western canon", while James Wood praises "the distinctive tone to his fiction because he narrates his novels as if he were someone both wise and ignorant."

More than two million copies of Saramago's books have been sold in Portugal alone and his work has been translated into 25 languages. A proponent of libertarian communism, Saramago criticized institutions such as the Catholic Church, the European Union and the International Monetary Fund. An atheist, he defended love as an instrument to improve the human condition. In 1992, the Government of Portugal under Prime Minister Aníbal Cavaco Silva ordered the removal of one of his works, The Gospel According to Jesus Christ, from the Aristeion Prize's shortlist, claiming the work was religiously offensive. Disheartened by this political censorship of his work, Saramago went into exile on the Spanish island of Lanzarote, where he lived alongside his Spanish wife Pilar del Río until his death in 2010. (Full article...)

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Mosteiro dos Geronimos 2.JPG
The Hieronymites Monastery (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos).

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Featured pictures

  • Alcobaça October 2021-1
    Alcobaça October 2021-1
  • Anémona de mar común (Anemonia viridis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 07
    Anémona de mar común (Anemonia viridis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 07
  • Argiope July 2012-3
    Argiope July 2012-3
  • Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
    Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
  • Batalha September 2021-2
    Batalha September 2021-2
  • Campilhas March 2015-1a
    Campilhas March 2015-1a
  • CastleSaintGeorge
    CastleSaintGeorge
  • Dragonfly Porto Covo August 2021-4
    Dragonfly Porto Covo August 2021-4
  • Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
    Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
  • Espirógrafo (Bispira volutacornis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 43
    Espirógrafo (Bispira volutacornis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 43
  • Espirógrafo (Sabella spallanzanii), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 70
    Espirógrafo (Sabella spallanzanii), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 70
  • Estrella roja del Mediterráneo (Echinaster sepositus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-31, DD 79
    Estrella roja del Mediterráneo (Echinaster sepositus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-31, DD 79
  • Gusano de fuego (Hermodice carunculata), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 45
    Gusano de fuego (Hermodice carunculata), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 45
  • Iberian Peninsula antique map
    Iberian Peninsula antique map
  • Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
    Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
  • Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
    Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
  • LuzLissabon
    LuzLissabon
  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
  • Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
    Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
  • POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
    POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
  • Pez ballesta (Balistes capriscus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 24
    Pez ballesta (Balistes capriscus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 24
  • Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
    Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
  • Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
    Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
  • Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
    Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
  • Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
    Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
  • Salmonete de fango (Mullus barbatus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 59
    Salmonete de fango (Mullus barbatus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 59
  • Sepia común (Sepia officinalis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 62
    Sepia común (Sepia officinalis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 62
  • Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
    Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
  • Sunset 2007-1
    Sunset 2007-1
  • Torre Belém April 2009-4a
    Torre Belém April 2009-4a

Former featured portals

In the News articles

Main page featured articles

Picture of the day pictures

  • Argiope July 2012-3
    Argiope July 2012-3
  • Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
    Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
  • Campilhas March 2015-1a
    Campilhas March 2015-1a
  • CastleSaintGeorge
    CastleSaintGeorge
  • Iberian Peninsula antique map
    Iberian Peninsula antique map
  • Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
    Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
  • Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
    Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
  • LuzLissabon
    LuzLissabon
  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
  • Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
    Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
  • POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
    POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
  • Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
    Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
  • Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
    Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
  • Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
    Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
  • Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
    Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
  • Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
    Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
  • Sunset 2007-1
    Sunset 2007-1
  • Torre Belém April 2009-4a
    Torre Belém April 2009-4a

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