Welcome to the Portugal portal

Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, overlooking the Tagus river
Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, overlooking the Tagus river

Flag of Portugal
Flag of Portugal
Location of Portugal in Europe
Location of Portugal in Europe

Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (Portuguese: República Portuguesa [ʁɛˈpuβlikɐ puɾtuˈɣezɐ]), is a country whose mainland is located on the Iberian Peninsula of Southwestern Europe, and whose territory also includes the Atlantic archipelagos of the Azores and Madeira. It features the westernmost point in continental Europe, and its Iberian portion is bordered to the west and south by the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and east by Spain, the sole country to have a land border with Portugal. Its two archipelagos form two autonomous regions with their own regional governments. Lisbon is the capital and largest city.

Portugal is the oldest continuously existing nation state on the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times. It was inhabited by pre-Celtic and Celtic peoples who had contact with Phoenicians and Ancient Greek traders, it was ruled by the Romans, followed by the invasions of the Suebi and Visigothic Germanic peoples, in turn followed by the Moors who eventually were expelled. Portugal as a country was established during the early Christian Reconquista. Founded in 868, the County of Portugal gained prominence after the Battle of São Mamede (1128). The Kingdom of Portugal was later proclaimed following the Battle of Ourique (1139), and independence from León was recognized by the Treaty of Zamora (1143).

In the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal established the first global maritime and commercial empire, becoming one of the world's major economic, political and military powers. During this period, today referred to as the Age of Discovery, Portuguese explorers pioneered maritime exploration with the discovery of what would become Brazil (1500). During this time Portugal monopolized the spice trade, divided the world into hemispheres of dominion with Castile, and the empire expanded with military campaigns in Asia. By the 18th century however, events such as the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, the country's occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil (1822) led to a marked decay of Portugal's prior opulence. This was followed by the civil war between liberal constitutionalists and conservative absolutists over royal succession, which lasted from 1828 to 1834. (Full article...)

Selected article - show another

Treaty of Tordesillas.jpg

The Treaty of Tordesillas, signed in Tordesillas, Spain on 7 June 1494, and authenticated in Setúbal, Portugal, divided the newly discovered lands outside Europe between the Portuguese Empire and the Spanish Empire (Crown of Castile), along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands, off the west coast of Africa. That line of demarcation was about halfway between the Cape Verde islands (already Portuguese) and the islands entered by Christopher Columbus on his first voyage (claimed for Castile and León), named in the treaty as Cipangu and Antillia (Cuba and Hispaniola).

The lands to the east would belong to Portugal and the lands to the west to Castile, modifying an earlier division proposed by Pope Alexander VI. The treaty was signed by Spain, 2 July 1494, and by Portugal, 5 September 1494. The other side of the world was divided a few decades later by the Treaty of Zaragoza, signed on 22 April 1529, which specified the antimeridian to the line of demarcation specified in the Treaty of Tordesillas. Originals of both treaties are kept at the General Archive of the Indies in Spain and at the Torre do Tombo National Archive in Portugal. (Full article...)

Cscr-featured.png
Featured article - show another

This is a Featured article, which represents some of the best content on English Wikipedia.

Navegador Pedro Álvares Cabral ASSINATURA em 1515.png

Pedro Álvares Cabral (European Portuguese: [ˈpeðɾu ˈaɫvɐr(ɨ)ʃ kɐˈβɾaɫ] or Brazilian Portuguese: [ˈpedɾu ˈawvɐɾis kaˈbɾaw]; born Pedro Álvares de Gouveia; c. 1467 or 1468 – c. 1520) was a Portuguese nobleman, military commander, navigator and explorer regarded as the European discoverer of Brazil. He was the first human in history to ever be in 4 continents, uniting all of them in his famous voyage of 1500, where he also conducted the first substantial exploration of the northeast coast of South America and claimed it for Portugal. While details of Cabral's early life remain unclear, it is known that he came from a minor noble family and received a good education. He was appointed to head an expedition to India in 1500, following Vasco da Gama's newly-opened route around Africa. The undertaking had the aim of returning with valuable spices and of establishing trade relations in India—bypassing the monopoly on the spice trade then in the hands of Arab, Turkish and Italian merchants. Although the previous expedition of Vasco da Gama to India, on its sea route, had recorded signs of land west of the southern Atlantic Ocean (in 1497), Cabral led the first known expedition to have touched four continents: Europe, Africa, America, and Asia.

His fleet of 13 ships sailed far into the western Atlantic Ocean, perhaps intentionally, and made landfall (April 1500) on what he initially assumed to be a large island. As the new land was within the Portuguese sphere according to the 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas, Cabral claimed it for the Portuguese Crown. He explored the coast, realizing that the large land mass was probably a continent, and dispatched a ship to notify King Manuel I of the new territory. The continent was South America, and the land he had claimed for Portugal later came to be known as Brazil. The fleet reprovisioned and then turned eastward to resume the journey to India. (Full article...)

General images

The following are images from various Portugal-related articles on Wikipedia.

Selected quote - show another

"We gave the Brazilians, the land, people and language, and we are the ones with an accent?!"
Raúl Solnado, actor and comedian

Selected Biography - show another

Ferdinand Magellan, in a 16th or 17th century anonymous portrait
Ferdinand Magellan, in a 16th or 17th century anonymous portrait

Ferdinand Magellan (/məˈɡɛlən/ or /məˈɛlən/; Portuguese: Fernão de Magalhães, IPA: [fɨɾˈnɐ̃w dɨ mɐɣɐˈʎɐ̃jʃ]; Spanish: Fernando de Magallanes, IPA: [feɾˈnando ðe maɣaˈʎanes]; 4 February 1480 – 27 April 1521) was a Portuguese explorer and a subject of the Hispanic Monarchy from 1518. He is best known for having planned and led the 1519 Spanish expedition to the East Indies across the Pacific Ocean to open a maritime trade route, during which he discovered the interoceanic passage bearing thereafter his name and achieved the first European navigation from the Atlantic to Asia.

During this voyage, Magellan was killed in the Battle of Mactan in 1521 in the present-day Philippines, after running into resistance by the indigenous population led by Lapulapu, who consequently became a Philippines national symbol of resistance to colonialism. After Magellan's death, Juan Sebastián Elcano took the lead of the expedition, and with its few other surviving members, in one of the two remaining ships, completed the first circumnavigation of the Earth when they returned to Spain in 1522. (Full article...)

Selected picture - show another

Js-municiamento f-84.jpg
A Portguguese F-84 being loaded with amunition in the 60's, at the Luanda Air Base, during the Portuguese Colonial War

Portugal topics

Portugal lists

Subcategories

Recognized content

Featured articles

Former featured articles

Featured lists

Former featured lists

Good articles

Former good articles

Did you know? articles

Featured pictures

  • Alcobaça October 2021-1
    Alcobaça October 2021-1
  • Anémona de mar común (Anemonia viridis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 07
    Anémona de mar común (Anemonia viridis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 07
  • Argiope July 2012-3
    Argiope July 2012-3
  • Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
    Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
  • Batalha September 2021-2
    Batalha September 2021-2
  • Campilhas March 2015-1a
    Campilhas March 2015-1a
  • CastleSaintGeorge
    CastleSaintGeorge
  • Dragonfly Porto Covo August 2021-4
    Dragonfly Porto Covo August 2021-4
  • Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
    Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
  • Espirógrafo (Bispira volutacornis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 43
    Espirógrafo (Bispira volutacornis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 43
  • Espirógrafo (Sabella spallanzanii), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 70
    Espirógrafo (Sabella spallanzanii), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 70
  • Estrella roja del Mediterráneo (Echinaster sepositus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-31, DD 79
    Estrella roja del Mediterráneo (Echinaster sepositus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-31, DD 79
  • Gusano de fuego (Hermodice carunculata), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 45
    Gusano de fuego (Hermodice carunculata), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 45
  • Iberian Peninsula antique map
    Iberian Peninsula antique map
  • Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
    Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
  • Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
    Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
  • LuzLissabon
    LuzLissabon
  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
  • Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
    Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
  • POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
    POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
  • Pez ballesta (Balistes capriscus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 24
    Pez ballesta (Balistes capriscus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-23, DD 24
  • Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
    Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
  • Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
    Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
  • Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
    Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
  • Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
    Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
  • Salmonete de fango (Mullus barbatus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 59
    Salmonete de fango (Mullus barbatus), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 59
  • Sepia común (Sepia officinalis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 62
    Sepia común (Sepia officinalis), Parque natural de la Arrábida, Portugal, 2020-07-21, DD 62
  • Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
    Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
  • Sunset 2007-1
    Sunset 2007-1
  • Torre Belém April 2009-4a
    Torre Belém April 2009-4a

Former featured portals

In the News articles

Main page featured articles

Picture of the day pictures

  • Argiope July 2012-3
    Argiope July 2012-3
  • Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
    Azulejos Parque Eduardo VII-2
  • Campilhas March 2015-1a
    Campilhas March 2015-1a
  • CastleSaintGeorge
    CastleSaintGeorge
  • Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
    Erizo de mar violáceo (Sphaerechinus granularis), Madeira, Portugal, 2019-05-31, DD 40
  • Iberian Peninsula antique map
    Iberian Peninsula antique map
  • Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
    Iglesia de San Ildefonso, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 01
  • Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
    Lang's short tail blue (Leptotes pirithous) male underside
  • LuzLissabon
    LuzLissabon
  • Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
    Maria I, Queen of Portugal - Giuseppe Troni, atribuído (Turim, 1739-Lisboa, 1810) - Google Cultural Institute
  • Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
    Maria Isabel of Portugal in front of the Prado in 1829 by Bernardo López y piquer
  • POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
    POR-4-Imperial Treasury-2400 Reis (1798-99)
  • Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
    Porto Covo pano April 2009-4
  • Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
    Porto3flat-cc-contr-oliv1002 edit2
  • Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
    Portugal 1729 8 Escudos
  • Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
    Puente Don Luis I, Oporto, Portugal, 2012-05-09, DD 13
  • Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
    Sintra Portugal Palácio da Pena-01
  • Sunset 2007-1
    Sunset 2007-1
  • Torre Belém April 2009-4a
    Torre Belém April 2009-4a

Featured topics

New articles

This list was generated from these rules. Questions and feedback are always welcome! The search is being run daily with the most recent ~14 days of results. Note: Some articles may not be relevant to this project.

Rules | Match log | Results page (for watching) | Last updated: 2022-09-12 22:30 (UTC)

Note: The list display can now be customized by each user. See List display personalization for details.














(({1))}

Things you can do


Here are some tasks awaiting attention:

Related Portals

Related WikiProjects

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Discover Wikipedia using portals

Purge server cache