Portugal electricity production 1980-2019

Energy in Portugal describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Portugal. Energy policy of Portugal will describe the politics of Portugal related to energy more in detail. Electricity sector in Portugal is the main article of electricity in Portugal.

In 2000, 85% of energy was imported. In 2021 the last coal fired power station closed and renewable energy was expanded to fill the gap. A target of being carbon neutral by 2050 has been set.

Energy statistics

2020 energy statistics[1]
Production capacities for electricity
(billion kWh)
Type Amount
Fossil fuel 76.40
Hydro 51.92
Wind power 45.65
Biomass 15.08
Solar 6.27
Geothermal 0.78
Total 196.10
(billion kWh)
Category Amount
Consumption 48.41
Production 52.22
Import 7.55
Export 6.10
Natural Gas
(billion m3)
Consumption 5.94
Import 6.09
Crude Oil
(barrels per day)
Consumption 90,920,000
Production 2,920,000
Import 93,220,000

CO2 emissions:
38.97 million tons

Energy plans

Portugal aims to be climate neutral by 2050 and to cover 80% of its electricity consumption with renewables by 2030.[2]

Portugal has also developed a hydrogen strategy to decrease natural gas imports and reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

Energy sources

Fossil fuels


Sines power plant (hard coal) started operation in 1985–1989 in Portugal. According to WWF its CO2 emissions were among the top dirty ones in Portugal in 2007.[3] That coal power plant went offline in January 2021, with the one remaining coal power plant in the country, closing at 7h15 on the 19th of November 2021.[4] [5]

Natural gas

Maghreb–Europe Gas Pipeline (MEG) is a natural gas pipeline, from Algeria through Morocco to Andalusia, Spain.

Portugal has the Sines LNG import terminal to facilitate gas imports. There are three LNG storage tanks with a total capacity of 390,000 cbm and a regasification capacity of 5.6 mtpa.[6] In 2021 Portugal imported 2.8 billion cubic meters of LNG from Nigeria, being almost 50% of the country's gas imports for the year.[7]

Renewable energy

Portugal's renewable electricity production from 1980 until 2019
Years in which the last three renewable power levels achieved
Achievement Year Achievement Year Achievement Year
20% 2006 25% 2010 30% 2020[1]

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources.

Energy from renewable sources has been increasing in Portugal since 2000 and has been given a boost with the 2030 renewable energy target.

Solar power

Main article: Solar power in Portugal

Portugal has supported and increased the solar electricity (Photovoltaic power) and solar thermal energy (solar heating) during 2006–2010. Portugal was 9th in solar heating in the EU and 8th in solar power based on total volume in 2010.

The largest solar farm in Europe is being built in Santiago do Cacém near Sines, creating up to 2,500 jobs, mostly local, it will be completed in 2025 and have a generating capacity of 1.2 GW.[8]

Wind power

Main article: Wind power in Portugal

Wind energy capacity in Portugal is over 5,000 MW from onshore wind farms. In 2023, plans for the first floating offshore wind farm were announced.[9]


Biomass provides around 8% of electricity generation capacity.

Hydro power

Portugal has also been using water power to generate power for the country. In the 2010s, a local company, Wave Roller installed many devices along the coast to make use of the water power.[10]

In 2021, 36% of Portugal’s total installed power generation capacity and 23% of total power generation came from hydro power.[11]

Drought can seriously reduce hydro energy generation in the summer months.

Nuclear power

Main article: Nuclear energy in Portugal

Portugal does not produce any electricity from nuclear sources.[12]


The sustainable strategy has been a shift from individual to collective transport within the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (Metro Lisbon (ML), collective buses, Companhia Carris de ferro de Lisboa).

Global warming

Main article: Climate change in Portugal

CO2 emissions in 2009 (million tonnes)[13][14]
CO2 People (million)
Chile 66 16.8
Belarus 61 9.7
Syria 57 21.2
Turkmenistan 57 5.0
Portugal 57 10.6
Bangladesh 55 160.0
Libya 55 6.3
Serbia 52 7.4
Finland 52 5.3

According to Energy Information Administration the CO2 emissions from energy consumption of Portugal were in 2009 56.5 Mt, slightly over Bangladesh with 160 million people and Finland with 5.3 million people.[15] The emissions per capita were (tonnes): Portugal 5.58, India 1.38, China 5.83, Europe 7.14, Russia 11.23, North America 14.19, Singapore 34.59 and United Arab Emirates 40.31.[16]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Energy consumption in Portugal". 2020.
  2. ^ "Photovoltaikmarkt in Portugal wächst rasant". Erneuerbare Energien. 26 July 2019. Retrieved 14 April 2021.
  3. ^ Dirty Thirty WWF 2007
  4. ^ "EDP shutters Sines power plant in Portugal, country to be coal-free by November". Institute for Energy Economics & Financial Analysis. 2021-01-15. Retrieved 2021-05-22.
  5. ^ "Acabou a produção de eletricidade a partir do carvão em Portugal". Expresso (in European Portuguese). 2021-11-20. Retrieved 2021-11-21.
  6. ^ "Portugal's Sines LNG import terminal hits delivery record in 2022". 16 January 2023.
  7. ^ "Portugal says could face shortage if Nigeria does not deliver all LNG due". 19 September 2022.
  8. ^ "Europe's largest solar power project is underway in Portugal". 6 February 2023.
  9. ^ "IberBlue Wind announces the first project in Portugal for floating offshore wind farm of 990 MW". 17 February 2023.
  10. ^ "Portugal takes a step closer to commercial wave energy – AW-Energy Oy".
  11. ^ "Hydropower capacity in Portugal and major projects". 20 June 2023.
  12. ^ "IAEA Mission Says Portugal Committed to the Safe Management of Radioactive Waste, Sees Areas for Improvement". 26 May 2023.
  13. ^ "CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion". Iea.org. Archived from the original (XLS) on 2011-10-21. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
  14. ^ "IEA Key World Energy Statistics" (PDF). Iea.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-27. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 2011, October, population in the end tables
  15. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions data by country: China speeds ahead of the rest". The Guardian. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2016-11-06.
  16. ^ "World carbon dioxide emissions country data co2". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-11-06.