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( Italy Italian: Italia [iˈtaːlja] (), officially the ) listen Italian Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italiana ), is a country located in the middle of the [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna] Mediterranean Sea, in Southern Europe; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region. Italy is also considered part of Western Europe. A unitary parliamentary republic with Rome as its capital and largest city, the country covers a total area of 301,230 km 2 (116,310 sq mi) and shares land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union.
Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and
the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and culture, such as the Italic peoples, the Etruscans, the Celts and the Ligures, the Greeks, the Phoenicians, and the Carthaginians. The Latins formed the Roman Kingdom in the 8th century BC, which eventually became a republic with a government of the Senate and the People. The Roman Republic initially conquered and assimilated its neighbours on the Italian peninsula, eventually expanding and conquering parts of Europe, North Africa and Asia. By the first century BC, the Roman Empire emerged as the dominant power in the Mediterranean Basin and became a leading cultural, political and religious centre, inaugurating the Pax Romana, a period of more than 200 years during which Italy's law, technology, economy, art, and literature developed. ( )
Selected article -
20th-century photograph of the Palazzo Pitti, then still known as
La Residenza Reale
following the residency of
King Victor Emmanuel II
between 1865 and 1871, when Florence was the capital of Italy.
( Palazzo Pitti Italian pronunciation: ), in English sometimes called the [paˈlattso ˈpitti] Pitti Palace, is a vast, mainly Renaissance, palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker.
The palace was bought by the
in 1549 and became the chief residence of the ruling families of the
Grand Duchy of Tuscany
. It grew as a great treasure house as later generations amassed paintings, plates, jewelry and luxurious possessions. (
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The following are images from various Italy-related articles on Wikipedia.
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers. Portrait by
is the first Italian woman in space. She holds the record for the longest uninterrupted spaceflight by a European astronaut (199 days, 16 hours). (from
Culture of Italy
Pinocchio Disney film is based on
, originally known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. (from
Culture of Italy
Folkloristic reconstruction of the
A wooden puppet depicting the
Palazzo della Carovana, the current seat of the
comes from the Italian
which means "to express," and refers to the process by which hot water is forced under pressure through ground coffee. (from
Culture of Italy