Central Italy
Italia centrale
Map of Italy, highlighting Central Italy
 • Total58,052 km2 (22,414 sq mi)
 • Estimate 
(2016 est.)
 – Official languageItalian
 – Other common languages

Central Italy (Italian: Italia centrale or just Centro) is one of the five official statistical regions of Italy used by the National Institute of Statistics (ISTAT), a first-level NUTS region, and a European Parliament constituency.


Central Italy encompasses four of the country's 20 regions:

The southernmost and easternmost parts of Lazio (Sora, Cassino, Gaeta, Cittaducale, Formia, and Amatrice districts) are often included in Southern Italy (the so-called Mezzogiorno) for cultural and historical reasons, since they were once part of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and southern Italian dialects are spoken.

As a geographical region, however, central Italy may also include the regions of Abruzzo and Molise,[2][3][4] which are otherwise considered part of Southern Italy for socio-cultural, linguistic and historical reasons.


Marches, Tuscany, and Umbria – together with Emilia-Romagna – are considered to be the most left-leaning regions in Italy, and together are also referred to as the "Red Belt".[5][6][7][8]

Lazio, except for Rome, is more politically conservative, a trait which it shares with both Northern and Southern Italy.[citation needed]


The gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 380.9 billion euros in 2018, accounting for 21.6% of Italy's economic output. The GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 31,500 euros, or 105% of the EU27 average the same year.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". www.demo.istat.it.
  2. ^ Source: Touring Club Italiano (TCI), "Atlante stradale d'Italia". 1999–2000 TCI Atlas. ISBN 88-365-1115-5 (Northern Italy volume) – ISBN 88-365-1116-3 (Central Italy volume) – ISBN 88-365-1117-1 (Southern Italy volume)
  3. ^ Source: De Agostini, "Atlante Geografico Metodico". ISBN 88-415-6753-8
  4. ^ Source: Enciclopedia Italiana "Treccani"
  5. ^ "'Italians first': how the populist right became Italy's dominant force". The Guardian. 1 December 2018.
  6. ^ Roy Palmer Domenico (2002). The Regions of Italy: A Reference Guide to History and Culture. p. 313. ISBN 9780313307331.
  7. ^ "Italy's EU election results by region: Who won where?". The Local. 27 May 2019.
  8. ^ Publications, Europa Europa (2002). Western Europe 2003. p. 362. ISBN 9781857431520.
  9. ^ "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
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Coordinates: 42°18′35″N 13°14′58″E / 42.3097°N 13.2494°E / 42.3097; 13.2494