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Council of Ministers
Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri
Italian government logo.svg
Logo of the Italian Government
Overview
Established23 March 1861; 161 years ago (1861-03-23) (Kingdom of Italy)
14 July 1946; 76 years ago (1946-07-14) (Italian Republic)
StateItaly
LeaderPresident of the Council
Appointed byPresident of the Republic
Responsible toItalian Parliament
HeadquartersPalazzo Chigi
WebsiteOfficial website

The Council of Ministers (Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri, CdM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy. It comprises the President of the Council (the Prime Minister of Italy), all the ministers, and the undersecretary to the President of the council. Deputy ministers (Italian: viceministri) and junior ministers (Italian: sottosegretari) are part of the government, but are not members of the Council of Ministers.

History

The Council of Ministers' origins date to the production of the Albertine Statute by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1848. The Statute, which subsequently became the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, did not envision collegial meetings of individual ministers, but simply the existence of ministers as heads of their ministries, responsible for their operations. The Council of Ministers subsequently developed as a constitutional convention and the office of the President of the Council emerged from the need to co-ordinate the activities of the individual ministers.[citation needed]

Formation

Appointment

The Office of the Council of Ministers is regulated by the Constitution and consists of:

All powers of the Council of Ministers rest in the hands of the President of the Republic until the ministers assume their offices.

Oath

After the President of the Republic signs the appointment decrees, but before being able to exercise their functions, the Prime Minister and the Ministers must take an oath of office according to the formula laid out in Article 1.3 of Law n. 400/1988. The oath expresses the necessity of trust which is incumbent on all citizens, but especially on those holding public office (according to Article 54 of the Constitution).

Recall

According to Article 94 of the Constitution, Government can have its confidence (or trust) revoked. The motion of no-confidence must be signed by at least one-tenth of the members of the House, and cannot be discussed for at least three days following proposal. Once discussed, it must be voted through nominal appeal. While the recall of single ministers is not explicitly regulated, procedural practice allows for an individual motion of no-confidence: the first such case was Filippo Mancuso in 1995.[1]

Functions

The functions of the Council of Ministers are disciplined by the Constitution (article 92–96)[2] and by Law n. 400 of 23 August 1988.[3]

Relationship with other parts of the political system

The Council of Ministers within a Parliamentary form of Government (e.g., Italy) is the principal holder of executive power – that is, the power to put a decision of the Italian political process into effect (i.e., execute it).

The members of the Council of Ministers, even if they leave their positions, are subject to the jurisdiction of the courts for activities committed in their official capacity only with the authorization of one of the chambers of the Parliament (art. 96 of the Constitution).[4]

Powers

As the main organ of the executive power, the primary role of the Council of Ministers is the actualization of a given national policy. The Constitution provides it with the following means for doing this:

Tasks of the President of the Council and of the Ministers

List of current Italian Ministers

Main article: Draghi Cabinet

The current Italian government is led by Mario Draghi. As of February 2021, the government has 23 Ministers, of whom nine are without portfolio.[5]

Office Portrait Name Term of office Party
Prime Minister
Mario Draghi 2021 cropped.jpg
Mario Draghi 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
Undersecretaries
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Luigi Di Maio 2019 Official.jpg
Luigi Di Maio 13 February 2021 – present Together for the Future
Deputy Minister
Undersecretaries
Minister of the Interior
Luciana Lamorgese crop.jpg
Luciana Lamorgese 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Justice
Marta Cartabia (cropped).jpg
Marta Cartabia 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Undersecretaries
  • Anna Macina (M5S)
  • Francesco Paolo Sisto (FI)
Minister of Defence
Lorenzo Guerini 2019 Official.jpg
Lorenzo Guerini 13 February 2021 – present Democratic Party
Undersecretaries
  • Giorgio Mulè (FI)
  • Stefania Pucciarelli (Lega)
Minister of Economy and Finance
Daniele Franco 2021 (cropped).jpg
Daniele Franco 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Deputy Minister
Undersecretaries
  • Claudio Durigon (Lega)
  • Maria Cecilia Guerra (Art.1)
  • Alessandra Sartore (PD)
Minister of Economic Development
Giancarlo Giorgetti Quirinale 2018.png
Giancarlo Giorgetti 13 February 2021 – present League
Deputy Ministers
  • Gilberto Pichetto Fratin (FI)
  • Alessandra Todde (M5S)
Undersecretary
Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies
Stefano Patuanelli 2019.jpg
Stefano Patuanelli 13 February 2021 – present Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries
Minister of the Environment
also Minister for the Ecological Transition
Roberto Cingolani - Festival Economia 2018.jpg
Roberto Cingolani 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport
Enrico Giovannini cropped.jpg
Enrico Giovannini 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Deputy Ministers
Undersecretary
  • Giancarlo Cancelleri (M5S)
Minister of Labour and Social Policies
Andrea Orlando 2021 (cropped).jpg
Andrea Orlando 13 February 2021 – present Democratic Party
Undersecretaries
Minister of Public Education
Patrizio Bianchi 2018.jpg
Patrizio Bianchi 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Undersecretaries
Minister of University and Research Maria Cristina Messa 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Minister of Culture
Dario Franceschini 2019.jpg
Dario Franceschini 13 February 2021 – present Democratic Party
Undersecretary
Minister of Health
Roberto Speranza 2020.jpg
Roberto Speranza 13 February 2021 – present Article One
Undersecretaries
Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Federico D
Federico D'Incà 13 February 2021 – present Five Star Movement
Undersecretaries
Minister of Public Administration
(without portfolio)
Renato Brunetta 2018 (cropped).jpg
Renato Brunetta 13 February 2021 – present Forza Italia
Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies
(without portfolio)
Mariastella Gelmini 2021 (cropped).jpg
Mariastella Gelmini 13 February 2021 – present Forza Italia
Minister for the South and Territorial Cohesion
(without portfolio)
Mara Carfagna 2021 (cropped).jpg
Mara Carfagna 13 February 2021 – present Forza Italia
Undersecretary
  • Dalila Nesci (M5S)
Minister for Family and Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Elena Bonetti cropped.jpg
Elena Bonetti 13 February 2021 – present Italia Viva
Minister for Youth Policies
(without portfolio)
Fabiana Dadone.jpg
Fabiana Dadone 13 February 2021 – present Five Star Movement
Minister for Technological Innovation and Digital Transition
(without portfolio)
Vittorio Colao 2015 (cropped).jpg
Vittorio Colao 13 February 2021 – present Independent
Undersecretary
  • Assuntela Messina (PD)
Minister of Tourism
(without portfolio)
Massimo Garavaglia daticamera 2018.jpg
Massimo Garavaglia 13 February 2021 – present League
Minister for Disabilities
(without portfolio)
Erika Stefani (cropped).jpg
Erika Stefani 13 February 2021 – present League

Possible current additional members

The Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute have the right to participate in sessions of the Council of Ministers in matters relevant to them are discussed (distinct from general issues common to all the regions). The Presidents of Sardinia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Aosta Valley, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol have only a consultative vote, while the President of Sicily has a full vote and the rank of a minister.[6]

Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute
Member Title
Nello Musumeci stampa estera.jpg
Nello Musumeci President of Sicily
Christian Solinas datisenato 2018 crop.jpg
Christian Solinas President of Sardinia
Erik Lavevaz (cropped).jpg
Erik Lavévaz President of the Aosta Valley
Massimiliano Fedriga daticamera 2018.jpg
Massimiliano Fedriga President of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Arno Kompatscher.jpg
Arno Kompatscher President of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

References

  1. ^ "Ministri del governo: nomina e revoca, la prassi in Italia". OpenBlog (in Italian). 4 April 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  2. ^ Article 92 and following
  3. ^ "Governo Italiano – La normativa della PCM". presidenza.governo.it. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  4. ^ Article 96, Constitution
  5. ^ "I Ministri del Governo Draghi". 13 February 2021.
  6. ^ Decree Law no. 35, 21 January 2004.