This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Italian. (February 2022) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Italian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 2,721 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Italian Wikipedia article at [[:it:Presidenza del Consiglio dei ministri]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|it|Presidenza del Consiglio dei ministri)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Council of Ministers
Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri
Italian government logo.svg
Logo of the Italian Government
Overview
Established23 March 1861; 161 years ago (1861-03-23) (Kingdom of Italy)
14 July 1946; 76 years ago (1946-07-14) (Italian Republic)
StateItaly
LeaderPresident of the Council
Appointed byPresident of the Republic
Responsible toItalian Parliament
HeadquartersPalazzo Chigi
WebsiteOfficial website

The Council of Ministers (Italian: Consiglio dei Ministri, CdM) is the principal executive organ of the Government of Italy. It comprises the President of the Council (the Prime Minister of Italy), all the ministers, and the undersecretary to the President of the council. Deputy ministers (Italian: viceministri) and junior ministers (Italian: sottosegretari) are part of the government, but are not members of the Council of Ministers.

History

The Council of Ministers' origins date to the production of the Albertine Statute by the Kingdom of Sardinia in 1848. The Statute, which subsequently became the Constitution of the Kingdom of Italy, did not envision collegial meetings of individual ministers, but simply the existence of ministers as heads of their ministries, responsible for their operations. The Council of Ministers subsequently developed as a constitutional convention and the office of the President of the Council emerged from the need to co-ordinate the activities of the individual ministers.[citation needed]

Formation

Appointment

The Office of the Council of Ministers is regulated by the Constitution and consists of:

All powers of the Council of Ministers rest in the hands of the President of the Republic until the ministers assume their offices.

Oath

After the President of the Republic signs the appointment decrees, but before being able to exercise their functions, the Prime Minister and the Ministers must take an oath of office according to the formula laid out in Article 1.3 of Law n. 400/1988. The oath expresses the necessity of trust which is incumbent on all citizens, but especially on those holding public office (according to Article 54 of the Constitution).

Recall

According to Article 94 of the Constitution, Government can have its confidence (or trust) revoked. The motion of no-confidence must be signed by at least one-tenth of the members of the House, and cannot be discussed for at least three days following proposal. Once discussed, it must be voted through nominal appeal. While the recall of single ministers is not explicitly regulated, procedural practice allows for an individual motion of no-confidence: the first such case was Filippo Mancuso in 1995.[1]

Functions

The functions of the Council of Ministers are disciplined by the Constitution (article 92–96)[2] and by Law n. 400 of 23 August 1988.[3]

Relationship with other parts of the political system

The Council of Ministers within a Parliamentary form of Government (e.g., Italy) is the principal holder of executive power – that is, the power to put a decision of the Italian political process into effect (i.e., execute it).

The members of the Council of Ministers, even if they leave their positions, are subject to the jurisdiction of the courts for activities committed in their official capacity only with the authorization of one of the chambers of the Parliament (art. 96 of the Constitution).[4]

Powers

As the main organ of the executive power, the primary role of the Council of Ministers is the actualization of a given national policy. The Constitution provides it with the following means for doing this:

Tasks of the President of the Council and of the Ministers

List of current Italian Ministers

Main article: Meloni Cabinet

The current Italian government is led by Giorgia Meloni. As of October 2022, the government has 25 Ministers, of whom 9 are without portfolio.

Office Portrait Name Term of office Party
Prime Minister
Meloni Official Portrait2022.jpg
Giorgia Meloni 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Secretary of the Council of Ministers
  • Alfredo Mantovano (Ind.)
Undersecretaries

TBD

Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Antonio Tajani (cropped).jpg
Antonio Tajani 22 October 2022 – present Forza Italia
Deputy Minister

TBD

Undersecretaries

TBD

Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport
Matteo Salvini Viminale.jpg
Matteo Salvini 22 October 2022 – present League
Deputy Ministers

TBD

Undersecretary

TBD

Minister of the Interior
Matteo Piantedosi (cropped).jpg
Matteo Piantedosi 22 October 2022 – present Independent
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Justice
Carlo Nordio daticamera 2022.jpg
Carlo Nordio 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Defence
Guido Crosetto Official (cropped).jpg
Guido Crosetto 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Economy and Finance
Giancarlo Giorgetti Quirinale 2018.png
Giancarlo Giorgetti 22 October 2022 – present League
Deputy Minister

TBD

Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Business and Made in Italy
Adolfo Urso 2022 (cropped).jpg
Adolfo Urso 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Deputy Ministers

TBD

Undersecretary

TBD

Minister of Agriculture, Food Sovereignty and Forests
Francesco Lollobrigida daticamera 2018.jpg
Francesco Lollobrigida 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of the Environment and Energy Security
Gilberto Pichetto Fratin.jpg
Gilberto Pichetto Fratin 22 October 2022 – present Forza Italia
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Labour and Social Policies
Marina Elvra Calderone (cropped).jpeg
Marina Calderone 22 October 2022 – present Independent
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Education and Merit
Giuseppe Valditara (cropped).jpg
Giuseppe Valditara 22 October 2022 – present League
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of University and Research
Anna Maria Bernini 2019.jpg
Anna Maria Bernini 22 October 2022 – present Forza Italia
Minister of Culture
Gennaro Sangiuliano 2022 (cropped).jpg
Gennaro Sangiuliano 22 October 2022 – present Independent
Undersecretary

TBD

Minister of Health
Ministro Orazio Schillaci (cropped).jpg
Orazio Schillaci 22 October 2022 – present Independent
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Tourism
Daniela Santanchè DatiSenato 2022.jpg
Daniela Santanchè 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister for Parliamentary Relations
(without portfolio)
Luca Ciriani datisenato 2018.jpg
Luca Ciriani 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Undersecretaries

TBD

Minister of Public Administration
(without portfolio)
Paolo Zangrillo datisenato 2022.jpg
Paolo Zangrillo 22 October 2022 – present Forza Italia
Minister of Regional Affairs and Autonomies
(without portfolio)
RobertoCalderoli.jpg
Roberto Calderoli 22 October 2022 – present League
Minister for the Civil Protection and the Sea Policies
(without portfolio)
Nello Musumeci datiSenato 2022.jpg
Nello Musumeci 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Minister for European Affairs, the South and Territorial Cohesion
(without portfolio)
Raffaele Fitto daticamera 2022 (cropped).jpg
Raffaele Fitto 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Minister for Sport and Youth
(without portfolio)
Andrea Abodi (cropped).jpg
Andrea Abodi 22 October 2022 – present Independent
Minister for Family, Natality and Equal Opportunities
(without portfolio)
Eugenia Roccella daticamera.jpg
Eugenia Roccella 22 October 2022 – present Brothers of Italy
Minister for Disabilities
(without portfolio)
Locatelli Alessandra 2021 (cropped).jpg
Alessandra Locatelli 22 October 2022 – present League
Minister for Institutional Reforms
(without portfolio)
Maria Elisabetta Alberti Casellati (cropped).jpg
Elisabetta Casellati 22 October 2022 – present Forza Italia

Possible current additional members

The Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute have the right to participate in sessions of the Council of Ministers in matters relevant to them are discussed (distinct from general issues common to all the regions). The Presidents of Sardinia, Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Aosta Valley, and Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol have only a consultative vote, while the President of Sicily has a full vote and the rank of a minister.[5]

Presidents of the Regions with Special Statute
Member Title
Renato Schifani datisenato 2018.jpg
Renato Schifani President of Sicily
Christian Solinas datisenato 2018 crop.jpg
Christian Solinas President of Sardinia
Erik Lavevaz (cropped).jpg
Erik Lavévaz President of the Aosta Valley
Massimiliano Fedriga daticamera 2018.jpg
Massimiliano Fedriga President of Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Arno Kompatscher.jpg
Arno Kompatscher President of Trentino-Alto Adige/Südtirol

References

  1. ^ "Ministri del governo: nomina e revoca, la prassi in Italia". OpenBlog (in Italian). 4 April 2016. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  2. ^ Article 92 and following
  3. ^ "Governo Italiano – La normativa della PCM". presidenza.governo.it. Retrieved 26 September 2019.
  4. ^ Article 96, Constitution
  5. ^ Decree Law no. 35, 21 January 2004.