The Seismic hazard Map of Italy showing the probability of seismic activity for different places in Italy.
The Seismic hazard Map of Italy showing the probability of seismic activity for different places in Italy.
Map of earthquakes in Italy 1900-2017
Map of earthquakes in Italy 1900-2017
Earthquakes M5.5+ (1900-2016) Mediterranean
Earthquakes M5.5+ (1900-2016) Mediterranean

This is a list of earthquakes in Italy that had epicentres in Italy, or significantly affected the country. The highest seismicity hazard in Italy was concentrated in the central-southern part of the peninsula, along the Apennine ridge, in Calabria and Sicily and in some northern areas, like Friuli, part of Veneto and western Liguria.

This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (September 2016)

Geology

Italy lies on the southern extent of the Eurasian Plate, which is surrounded by the Aegean Sea Plate, the Adriatic Plate, and the Anatolian Plate. The Apennine Mountains contain numerous faults that run along the entire Italian peninsula and form the majority of the destructive boundary between the Eurasian and the Adriatic plates, thus causing Italy to have high amounts of tectonic activity. In addition, Sicily and Calabria are located near the boundary where the African plate is subducting below the Eurasian plate, which was responsible for forming the stratovolcano known as Mount Etna.

List of earthquakes

Date Region Mag. MMI Deaths Injuries Notes Ref
2018-12-26 Sicily 5.0 Mw VII 30 Several buildings damaged [1][2]
2018-08-16 Molise 5.3 Mw VI 2 Moderate damage [3][4]
2017-08-21 Campania 4.2 Mw VI 2 42
2017-01-18 Abruzzo, Lazio 5.7 Mw VIII 34 29 Sequence
2016-10-30 Umbria 6.6 Mw XI 3 (indirect) Dozens Sequence / extensive damage
2016-08-24 Lazio, Umbria, Marche 6.2 Mw XI 299 >400
2013-06-21 Tuscany 5.2 Mw V 4 [5][6]
2013-02-16 Lazio 4.8 Mw V 1 (indirect) [7][8]
2012-05-29 Emilia-Romagna 5.8 Mw VII 20 350
2012-05-20 Emilia-Romagna 6.1 Mw VII 5 (+2 indirect) 50
2009-04-06 L'Aquila 6.3 Mw X 309 1,500+ Severe damage
2004-11-24 Lombardy, Salò 5.1 Mw VII–VIII * 9 Many buildings damaged [9]
2003-09-14 Emilia-Romagna 5.3 Mw VII Some 10 buildings damaged [10]
2003-04-11 Piedmont, Alessandria 5.0 Mb VI * 2 [11]
2003-01-26 Emilia-Romagna 4.7 Mb VII Buildings damaged [12]
2002-11-01 Molise 5.8 Mw 3 Doublet / additional damage [13]
2002-10-31 Molise 5.9 30 Doublet
2002-09-06 Sicily 6.0 Mw 2 20 Heart attacks / damage [14]
2001-11-26 Tuscany, Arezzo 4.6 Mb V–VI * Buildings damaged [15]
2001-07-17 Trentino-Alto Adige 4.7 Mw VI * 3 3 Landslides [16]
2000-08-21 Piedmont, Asti 4.9 Mw VI * Buildings damaged [17]
1998-09-09 Basilicata, Calabria 5.6 Mw VI–VII * 2 12 Buildings damaged [18]
1997-09-26 Umbria, Marche 6.1 9 Doublet
1997-09-26 Umbria, Foligno 5.7 2 Doublet
1997-05-12 Umbria, Massa Martana 4.4 Mb VI * Some damage [19]
1991-05-26 Basilicata, Potenza 5.1 Mb VIII A few Minor damage [20]
1990-12-13 Sicily, Augusta 5.6 Mw VII 19 200 Severe damage [21]
1990-05-05 Basilicata, Campania 5.8 Mw VII 2 16 [22]
1987-07-03 Marche, Porto San Giorgio 5.1 Mb VII Damage [23]
1987-05-02 Emilia-Romagna 4.8 Mb VII 1 Several Slight damage [24]
1985-03-14 Molise 4.3 Mw V 1 Slight damage [25]
1984-05-07 Abruzzo, Lazio 5.9 Mw VIII 3 100 Extensive damage [26]
1984-04-29 Umbria, Gubbio 5.7 Mw VIII 36 Extensive damage [27]
1983-11-09 Emilia-Romagna 5.1 Mw VIII 100 Some damage [28]
1982-03-21 Basilicata, Maratea 4.8 Mb VI Damage [29]
1980-11-23 Campania, Basilicata 6.9 Mw X 2,483–4,900 7,700–8,934 Extreme damage
1979-09-19 Umbria, Norcia 5.8 Ms 5 5,000 Severe damage NGDC
1978-04-15 Gulf of Patti, Sicily 5.7 Ms 5 Moderate damage NGDC
1978-03-11 Sicily 5.0 Ms 2 2 Moderate damage NGDC
1976-09-15 Friuli 5.9/6.0 8 (+3 indirect) Aftershock
1976-09-11 Friuli 5.8/5.6 2 (indirect) Aftershock
1976-05-06 Friuli 6.5 Mw X 900–978 1,700–2,400 Extreme damage
1972-06-14 Ancona 4.9 IX Extensive damage / swarm [30]
1972-02-04 Ancona 4.4 VIII Extensive damage / swarm [30]
1971-07-15 Emilia-Romagna 5.2 Mb VIII * 2 Limited damage NGDC
1971-02-06 Lazio 4.6 Mb VIII 24 150 Extreme damage NGDC
1969-08-11 Perugia 4.7 Ms VII 4 Limited damage NGDC
1968-01-15 Western Sicily 5.5 Mw X 231–400 632–1,000 Sequence
1962-08-21 Irpinia, Campania 6.1 IX * 16 Moderate damage
1943-10-03 Offida, Marche 5.5 Mw IX 15 Very heavy damage [31]
1936-10-18 Cansiglio 5.9 ML IX 19
1930-10-30 Senigallia, Marche 5.9 18
1930-07-23 Irpinia 6.6 Ms X 1,404 4,624–7,000
1920-09-07 Garfagnana 6.4 171 [32]
1917-04-26 Northern Umbria 5.8 20
1915-01-13 Avezzano 6.7 Mw XI 29,978–32,610 Extreme damage
1914-05-08 Sicily 4.9 Ms X 120 Severe damage NGDC
1908-12-28 Strait of Messina 7.1 Mw XI 75,000–200,000 Extreme damage / tsunami
1907-10-23 Calabria 5.9 Ms VIII–X 158–167 Moderate damage NGDC
1905-09-08 Calabria 7.2 Mw XI 557–2,500 Tsunami
1901-10-30 Salò 5.5 Mw VII–VIII Collapsed buildings [33]
1883-07-28 Ischia 4.3–5.2 Mw XI 2,313 Near total destruction on in Ischia
1887-02-23 Liguria 6.2–6.5 >2,000 Significant damage / tsunami [34][35]
1873-06-29 Veneto 6.3 Me IX–X 80
1857-12-16 Basilicata 7.0 Mw XI 10,000 Extreme damage
1851-08-14 Basilicata 700–2,000+ Many buildings damaged [36][37]
1805-07-26 Campania, Molise 6.6 Me X 5,573 Extreme damage
1802-05-12 Lombardy, Cremona 5.7 Mw VIII-IX 2 Collapsed churches, houses, and a municipal building [38][39][40]
1783-02-04 Calabria 7.0 50,000 [32]
1762-10-06 L'Aquila 5.3–6.0 Mw IX Damage [41]
1743-02-20 Salento 7.1 Mw IX 180–300
1732-11-29 Campania 6.6 Thousands [42]
1706-11-03 Abruzzo 6.6-6.84 Mw X 2,400 Extreme damage
1703-02-12 L'Aquila 6.7 XI 2,500–5,000
1703-01-16 Montereale 6.2 VIII
1703-01-14 Norcia 6.7 X 6,240–9,761
1694-09-08 Basilicata 6.9 >6,000
1693-01-11 Sicily, Malta 7.4 Mw XI 60,000
1688-06-05 Sannio 7.0 XI 3,311 Severe damage NGDC
1659-11-06 Calabria 2,035 Extreme damage NGDC
1654-07-23 Sorano, Marsica X 600 Severe damage NGDC
1639-10-07 Lazio 6.0 Mw IX–X 500
1638-06-09 Calabria IX 52 Moderate damage
1638-03-27 Calabria 7.0 Ms XI 9,581–30,000 Extreme damage / tsunami [43]
1627-07-30 Apulia 6.7 Mw X 5,000 Tsunami
1626-07-30 Naples 70,000
1626-04-04 Girifalco 6.1 Mw X Very heavy damage
1616-06-04 Cagliari No casualties or damage reported. Registeted on a plaque in the city's cathedral
1570-11-17 Ferrara 70–200
1511-03-26 Friuli X 15 Severe damage
1461-11-27 L'Aquila 6.3 IX >80 High intensity over Abruzzo region
1456-12-30 Benevento 6.6 Mw X–XI Sequence
1456-12-05 Molise 7.1–7.4 Mw X–XI 30,000–70,000 High intensity over large area. Largest earthquake on the Italian Peninsula. [44]
1349-09-09 L'Aquila 6.7 X 2,000 Severe damage NGDC
1348-01-25 Friuli 6.9 X 10,000 Extreme damage
1343-10-25 Naples Tsunami
1222-12-25 Northern Italy X 12,000 Extreme damage
1169-02-04 Sicily X 15,000–25,000 Severe damage / tsunami
1117-01-03 Italy, Germany VII Severe damage
62-02-05 Campania 5.2–6.1 IX–X Severe damage
Note: The NGDC has records for significant events that go back several thousand years BCE. Added for source diversity, the United States Geological Survey reports are sufficient from the early 1980s to the present. Occasionally, these sources omit the maximum felt intensity. Rovida et al. 2011 can help fill in some of the gaps. Intensity values derived from this source are indicated with an asterisk. The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also

References

  1. ^ "M 5.0 - 1 km SSW of Lavinaio-Monterosso, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  2. ^ "30 injured, many out on Catania streets after earthquake prompted by Etna eruption". timesofmalta.com. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  3. ^ "M 5.3 - 2km SE of Palata, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  4. ^ "Forte terremoto in Molise : case lesionate e cornicioni caduti, ci sono feriti - ultime notizie". Meteo Italia, Previsioni del tempo, Notizie e Terremoti (in Italian). 2018-08-16. Retrieved 2018-08-17.
  5. ^ "M 5.2 - 2km SSW of Fivizzano, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  6. ^ Online, Redazione. "Terremoto in Toscana (magnitudo 5.2): in Lunigiana un migliaio di sfollati". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 2017-07-11.
  7. ^ "M 4.8 - 3 km W of Sora, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  8. ^ "Strong earthquakes in Italy, Lazio and L'Aquila: 1 dead after heart attack; damage in Lazio; people spend night in tents" (in German).
  9. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  10. ^ USGS. "M5.3 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  11. ^ USGS. "M5.0 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  12. ^ USGS. "M4.7 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  13. ^ USGS. "M5.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  14. ^ USGS. "M6.0 - Sicily, Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  15. ^ USGS. "M4.6 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  16. ^ USGS. "M4.7 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  17. ^ USGS. "M4.9 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  18. ^ USGS. "M5.6 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  19. ^ USGS. "M4.4 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  20. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  21. ^ USGS. "M5.6 - Sicily, Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  22. ^ USGS. "M5.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  23. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  24. ^ USGS. "M4.8 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  25. ^ "M 4.3 - 2 km SE of Miranda, Italy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  26. ^ USGS. "M5.9 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  27. ^ USGS. "M5.7 - central Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  28. ^ USGS. "M5.1 - northern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  29. ^ USGS. "M4.8 - southern Italy". United States Geological Survey.
  30. ^ a b Kisslinger, C. (1972), "The Ancona, Italy Earthquake Swarm, 1972", Seismological Research Letters, Seismological Society of America, 43 (4): 9–14, doi:10.1785/gssrl.43.4.9
  31. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Castelli, V.; Rossi, A.; Vecchi, M. (2014), "Reappraising a wartime earthquake: the October 3, 1943 event in the southern Marches (central Italy)", Annals of Geophysics, Istituto Nazionale Geofisica e Vulcanologia, 57 (6): 1, 7, 8, doi:10.4401/ag-6645
  32. ^ a b USGS
  33. ^ Pessina, V.; Tertulliani, A.; Romano, C.; Scardia, G. (2013), "The revision of the 30 October 1901 earthquake west of Lake Garda (northern Italy)", Bollettino di Geofisica Teorica ed Applicata, Instituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, 54 (1): 77, 85, 87, doi:10.4430/bgta0083
  34. ^ Eva, Claudio; Rabinovich, Alexander B. (1 September 1997). "The February 23, 1887 tsunami recorded on the Ligurian Coast, western Mediterranean". Geophysical Research Letters. 24 (17): 2211–2214. Bibcode:1997GeoRL..24.2211E. doi:10.1029/97GL02110.
  35. ^ "Earthquake strikes Mediterranean". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
  36. ^ "Melfi, After the Late Earthquake". The Illustrated London News. Naples (published 1853-02-05). 1853-01-13. pp. 97–98. Retrieved 2019-08-20.
  37. ^ Palmieri, Luigi (1852). Della regione vulcanica del Monte Vulture e del tremuoto ivi avvenuto nel dì 14 agosto 1851 (in Italian). National Library of Naples. Naples: Stabilimento tipografico di Gaetano Nobile.
  38. ^ Albini, P.; Rovida, A. (2010), "The 12 May 1802 earthquake (N Italy) in its historical and seismological context" (PDF), Journal of Seismology, Springer Verlag, 14 (3): 629–651, doi:10.1007/s10950-010-9187-6, S2CID 129922902
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  40. ^ Guidoboni, E.; Ferrari, G.; Tarabusi, G.; Sgattoni, G.; Comastri, A.; Mariotti, D.; Ciuccarelli, C.; Bianchi, M.G.; Valensise, G. (2019), "The new release of the catalogue of strong earthquakes in Italy and in the Mediterranean area", Scientific Data, CFTI5Med, 6 (1): 80, doi:10.1038/s41597-019-0091-9, PMC 6546750, PMID 31160582
  41. ^ Tertulliani, A.; Cucci, L.; Rossi, A.; Castelli, V. (2012), "The 6 October 1762 Middle Aterno Valley (L'Aquila, Central Italy) Earthquake: New Constraints and New Insights", Seismological Research Letters, Seismological Society of America, 83 (6): 1071, 1073, 1075, doi:10.1785/0220120048
  42. ^ "Avellino: nel cuore dell'Irpinia sismica" [Avellino: in the heart of the seismic Irpinia] (PDF). Protezione Civile (in Italian). Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 October 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  43. ^ Jacques, E.; Monaco, C.; Tapponnier, P.; Tortorici, L.; Winter, T. (2001). "Faulting and earthquake triggering during the 1783 Calabria seismic sequence". Geophysical Journal International. 147 (3): 499–516. Bibcode:2001GeoJI.147..499J. doi:10.1046/j.0956-540x.2001.01518.x. ISSN 1365-246X.
  44. ^ C. Nunziata; M. R. Costanzo (2020). "Ground Shaking Scenario at the Historical Center of Napoli (Southern Italy) for the 1456 and 1688 Earthquakes". Pure and Applied Geophysics. Springer Science+Business Media. 177: 3175–3190. doi:10.1007/s00024-020-02426-y.

Notes

Further reading