This is a list of notable earthquakes that had epicentres in Spain, or significantly affected the country.

Earthquakes M5.5+ (1900-2016) Mediterranean
Earthquakes M5.5+ (1900-2016) Mediterranean

Geology

Spain lies on the Eurasian Plate just to the north of its boundary with the African Plate. The southernmost part of Spain is the zone with the highest seismicity in the country. The African Plate is obliquely converging with the Eurasian Plate at about 5 mm/year.[1]

Earthquakes

Date Region Mag. MMI Deaths Injuries Notes
2021-08-12 Granada, Andalusia 4.6 Mw VII Minor damage [2][3]
2021-01-28 Granada, Andalusia 4.2 Mw IV Minor damage [4][5]
2021-01-23 Granada, Andalusia 4.2 Mw IV 1 Minor damage/Part of an earthquake swarm [6][7]
2016-01-25 Alboran Sea 6.3 Mw VI 1 30+ Moderate damage [8]
2011-05-11 Lorca, Murcia 5.1 Mw VIII 9 403 Damage to a clocktower and old buildings
2010-11-04 Granada, Andalusia 6.3 Mw III 609 km depth [9]
2005-01-29 Murcia 4.4 Mw VI 565 houses damaged [10]
1999-02-02 Murcia 4.8 Mw VII 20 Minor damage [11]
1997-05-22 Galicia 5.4 Mw VII 1 Minor damage [12]
1993-12-23 Andalusia 5.3 Mw VII Minor damage [13]
1956-04-19 Albolote, Granada 5.0 Mw VIII 11 [14]
1954-03-29 Granada, Andalusia 7.8 Mw V Property damage at Granada, 640 km depth [14][15]
1884-12-25 Granada, Málaga, Almería 6.7 Mw IX 1,200 3,000+ Heavy damage
1829-03-21 Torrevieja, Alicante 6.6 Mw IX 389 377 More than 2,000 buildings were destroyed [14]
1817-03-18 La Rioja XI Heavy damage, felt in Madrid [14]
1806-10-27 Pinos Puente, Granada 5.3 Ms VIII 13
1804-08-25 Almería 6.4 Mw VIII–IX 1,000 100+ Severe damage
1804-01-13 Alboran Sea 6.7 VII–VIII 2
1790-10-10 Algeria 6.0–6.5 VIII–IX 3,000 Tsunami reported. Damaging in Spain. All fatalities reported in Algeria.
1755-11-01 Atlantic Ocean 8.5–9.0 Mw XI 10,000–100,000 Major tsunami, widespread damage in southwestern Spain
1748-03-23 Estubeny, Valencia 6.2 IX 38 [14]
1680-10-09 Granada, Andalusia 6.8 VII–IX
1658-12-31 Almería VIII–IX
1644-06-19 Muro de Alcoy, Alicante VIII 38
1550-04-19 Almería VI–X
1531-09-30 Baza, Granada, Andalusia VIII–IX
1522-09-22 Almería 6.8–7.0 Mw X–XI 2,500 [14]
1518-11-09 Vera, Almería IX 165 [14]
1504-04-05 Carmona, Sevilla 6.8 VIII–IX 32 [14]
1494-01-26 Málaga VIII [14]
1431-04-24 Granada, Andalusia 6.8 VIII–IX 1,000 [14][16]
1428-02-02 Girona, Catalonia 6.7 IX 800 [14]
1373-03-02 Aragon VIII—IX [14]
1356-08-24 Cape St Vincent, Portugal VIII Damage in Seville [14]
1169 Jaén Andalusia VIII–IX [14]
1170 Andújar, Jaén 6.0 VIII–IX
1048 Alicante, Valencia VIII [14]
1024-03-15 South of Spain VIII–X [14]
974 Córdoba, Andalusia [14]
957 Córdoba, Andalusia [14]
944 Córdoba, Andalusia [14]
881-06-10 Gulf of Cadiz, Andalusia 7.2 [14]
880 Córdoba, Andalusia 5.7 VIII [14]
Note: The inclusion criteria for adding events are based on WikiProject Earthquakes' notability guideline that was developed for stand alone articles. The principles described also apply to lists. In summary, only damaging, injurious, or deadly events should be recorded.

See also

References

  1. ^ United States Geological Survey (27 February 2004). "M6.4 Al Hoceima, Morocco Earthquake of 24 February 2004" (PDF). Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  2. ^ "M 4.6 - 3 km SW of Santafe, Spain". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 12 August 2021.
  3. ^ Hoy, Granada (2021-08-14). "El mayor terremoto sentido en Granada desde 1984 deja daños leves y un gran "susto" en los granadinos". Granada Hoy (in Spanish). Retrieved 2021-08-18.
  4. ^ "M 4.3 - 2 km ENE of Chauchina, Spain". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved February 16, 2021.
  5. ^ Hoy, Granada (January 28, 2021). "Terremoto en Granada: "Estoy vivo de milagro, se ha caído el techo de mi casa"". Granada Hoy (in European Spanish). Retrieved January 28, 2021.
  6. ^ "M 4.2 - 2 km WSW of Santafé, Spain". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  7. ^ "Spain earthquake: Granada rocked by magnitude 4.2 tremors – half a million people impacted". express.co.uk. 2021-01-23. Retrieved 2022-04-29.
  8. ^ "M 6.3 - 50km NNE of Al Hoceima, Morocco". Earthquakes.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  9. ^ "M 6.3 - Strait of Gibraltar". Earthquakes.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
  10. ^ "M 4.4 - 19 km SW of Bullas, Spain". Earthquakes.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2022-04-07.
  11. ^ "M 4.8 - 12 km ESE of Calasparra, Spain". earthquake.usgs.gov.
  12. ^ "M 5.4 - 3 km NW of Becerreá, Spain". Earthquakes.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2022-02-22.
  13. ^ "M 5.3 - 7 km E of Adra, Spain". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 14 March 2022.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Instituto Geográfico Nacional. "Terremotos más importantes (En España)" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-03-12.
  15. ^ "M 7.8 - 4 km W of Dúrcal, Spain". Earthquakes.usgs.gov.
  16. ^ "Así fueron los cinco terremotos de Granada que están entre los más importantes de la historia de España". 28 May 2019.