The location of Italy

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Italy:

Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in South-Central Europe, located primarily upon the Italian Peninsula. It is where Ancient Rome originated as a small agricultural community about the 8th century BC, which spread over the course of centuries into the colossal Roman empire, encompassing the whole Mediterranean Basin and spreading Roman culture and civilization across the empire. This civilization was so influential that parts of it survive in modern law, administration, philosophy and arts, providing the groundwork that the Western world is based upon.

General reference

An enlargeable basic map of Italy

Geography of Italy

Topographic map of Italy
An enlargeable satellite image of Italy
Crater on Vulcano Island
The Forum of Pompeii with Mount Vesuvius in the distance.
View of Brescia
View of Capri
Langhe hills, Piedmont
Cinque Terre on the Italian Riviera

Geography of Italy

  Switzerland (outline) 740 km
 France (outline) 488 km
 Austria (outline) 430 km
 Slovenia (outline) 199 km
 San Marino (outline) 39 km
 Vatican City (outline) 3 km
  • Coastline: 7,600 km
  • Sharing Adriatic Sea with Croatia

Environment of Italy

Geographic features of Italy

Regions of Italy

Regions of Italy

Administrative divisions types

Main article: Administrative divisions of Italy

Statistical divisions of Italy

NUTS of Italy

Groups of regions, regions, and provinces/metropolitan cities of Italy

Comuni (municipalities) of Italy
View of Portofino
Sassi di Matera
San Marino

Demography of Italy

Demographics of Italy

Neighbors of Italy

Italy shares its north border with:

Independent states surrounded by Italy (otherwise within Italy's borders) include:

Government and politics of Italy

Politics of Italy

Branches of the government of Italy

The Quirinal Palace, residence of the President of the Italian Republic
The Italian Parliament in joint session for a presidential inauguration
Chigi Palace, seat of the Council of Ministers and the official residence of the Prime Minister of Italy

Government of Italy

Head of State

Executive branch

Legislative branch

Judicial branch

Foreign relations of Italy

Foreign relations of Italy

International organization membership

The Italian Republic is a member of:[3]

Law and order in Italy

Carabinieri with capes
In 2004 the Polizia di Stato received two Lamborghini Gallardo equipped with V10 engines in the classic blue white livery.
Guardia di Finanza police in central Rome
Corazzieri at the Quirinal Palace in Rome

Military of Italy

Frecce Tricolori, the aerobatic demonstration team of the Italian Air Force

Military of Italy

History of Italy

Prehistoric step pyramid of Monte d'Accoddi
The Greek Temple of Concordia, Valle dei Templi, Agrigento, Sicily
The Roman Forum, the commercial, cultural, and political center of the city at the time of the Roman Republic
Castel del Monte, a 13th-century citadel and castle situated on a hill in Andria
Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

History of Italy

By period

Timeline of Italian history

By region

By subject

Culture of Italy

Villa Capra "La Rotonda", a fine example of Palladian architecture
A typical Italian vineyard scene, with vines growing together with olive trees
Vittoriale degli italiani, the amphitheatre
Masks at the Carnival of Venice
The flag of Italy flying at Victor Emmanuel II Monument in Rome, a national monument celebrating the first king of the unified country, and resting place of the Italian Unknown Soldier since the end of World War I. It was inaugurated in 1911, on the occasion of the 50th Anniversary of the Unification of Italy.
Portrait of Dante Alighieri, one of the greatest poets of the Middle Ages. His epic poem The Divine Comedy ranks among the finest works of world literature.[4]
The School of Athens, a famous fresco by the Italian Renaissance artist Raphael
Portrait of Galileo Galilei, considered the "father" of observational astronomy,[5] modern physics,[6] the scientific method,[7] and modern science[8]
The auditorium of the Teatro alla Scala in Milan, the leading opera and ballet theatre in Italy
Giuseppe Verdi, one of Italy's greatest opera composers, portrait by Giovanni Boldini
Leonardo da Vinci, a polymath of the High Renaissance who was active as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor, and architect[9]
Portrait of Christopher Columbus (Italian: Cristoforo Colombo) leads an expedition to the New World, 1492. His voyages are celebrated as the discovery of the Americas from a European perspective, and they opened a new era in the history of humankind and sustained contact between the two worlds.

Culture of Italy

Art in Italy

People in Italy

Ethnic groups in Italy

Religion in Italy

Monumental façade of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, the world's largest Christian church
Milan Cathedral, the fourth-largest church in the world
Florence Cathedral: Brunelleschi's Dome, the nave, and Giotto's Campanile as seen from the South

Religion in Italy

Sport in Italy

Michele Alboreto, won the 1985 German Grand Prix for Ferrari
Giancarlo Fisichella, the most recent Italian racing driver to win a Formula One Grand Prix
Italy at the 2016 Summer Olympics

Sport in Italy

Basketball in Italy

Football in Italy

The Italy national football team, called Azzurri or squadra azzurra for their blue shirts, are the second-most successful national team in the world.
Goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon is the most capped player in the history of football in Italy with 171 caps.

Football in Italy

Other sports popular in Italy

Economy and infrastructure of Italy

Banca Monte dei Paschi di Siena, founded in 1472, is the world's oldest or second oldest bank in continuous operation.
Tuscan agricultural landscape
Ferrari 458 Spider, a sports car produced by the Italian manufacturer Ferrari
White Valentino dresses in celebration of Valentino's 45 years in fashion
Rome, one of the most important tourist destinations of the world
Venice, ranked many times as the most beautiful city in the world,[10][11] one of the most important tourist destinations of the world
Frecciabianca (left) and Frecciarossa (right) high-speed trains at Milan Central railway station

Economy of Italy

Local economies

Education in Italy

Bologna University, established in AD 1088, is the world's oldest university in continuous operation.

Education in Italy

Health in Italy

Health in Italy

See also


  1. ^ The English name of the Italian state used in the English text of the Treaty of Lisbon.
  2. ^ Istat
  3. ^ "Italy". The World Factbook. United States Central Intelligence Agency. July 15, 2009. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
  4. ^ Bloom, Harold (1994). The Western Canon. ISBN 9780151957477. See also Western canon for other "canons" that include the Divine Comedy.
  5. ^ Singer, C. (1941). "A Short History of Science to the Nineteenth Century". Clarendon Press: 217. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. ^ Whitehouse, D. (2009). Renaissance Genius: Galileo Galilei & His Legacy to Modern Science. Sterling Publishing. p. 219. ISBN 978-1-4027-6977-1.
  7. ^ Thomas Hobbes: Critical Assessments, Volume 1. Preston King. 1993. p. 59
  8. ^ Disraeli, I. (1835). Curiosities of Literature. W. Pearson & Company. p. 371.
  9. ^ Kemp, Martin (2003). "Leonardo da Vinci". Grove Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/gao/9781884446054.article.T050401. ISBN 978-1-884446-05-4. (subscription or UK public library membership required)
  10. ^ "Top 10 most Beautiful Cities in the World 2017". 28 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Top 10 most Beautiful Cities in the World 2018". 2 September 2018.

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