The Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) is a financial institution that helps Caribbean nations finance social and economic programs in its member countries. CDB was established by an Agreement signed on October 18, 1969, in Kingston, Jamaica, and entered into force on January 26, 1970. The permanent headquarters of the bank is located at Wildey, St. Michael, Barbados; adjacent to the campus of the Samuel Jackman Prescod Polytechnic. There are no other offices of the bank. The headquarters serves all of the regional borrowing member countries with staff recruited from its members.
CDB's membership of 28 countries consists of 19 regional borrowing members, four regional non-borrowing members and five members from outside the Region.
As of December 31, 2014, CDB recorded total assets of US$2.61 billion (this includes US$1.38 billion of ordinary Capital resources and US$1.23 billion of Special Funds Resources). CDB has an “Aa1” with stable outlook rating with Moody's Rating Agency, and an “AA/A-1+” with stable outlook rating with Standard and Poor's Rating Agency. In 2014, the Bank approved loans and grants of US$269.5 million.
At the end of 2014, the bank had total equity of US$822 million.
Caribbean Development Bank was established by an Agreement between sixteen Commonwealth of Nations members from Caribbean region and Canada and United Kingdom signed on October 18, 1969, in Kingston, Jamaica. Agreement entered into force on January 26, 1970 until when 15 out of 18 signing states ratified it. Bank's initial capital was 50 million US dollars corresponding to the value of 100 million Eastern Caribbean dollar with three main contributors being Jamaica with 11,200,000 US dollars and 19.52% of votes, and United Kingdom and Canada both with 10,000,000 US dollars and each with 17.55% of votes in bank. Arthur Lewis was chosen as the first bank's president on the meeting of banks governors in Nassau.
The Bank has had six presidents since its inception.
|William Arthur Lewis||1970–1973||Saint Lucia|
|William G. Demas||1974–1988||Trinidad and Tobago|
|William Warren Smith||2011–2021||Jamaica|
|Hyginus 'Gene' Leon (*)||2021–present||Saint Lucia|
(*) Gene Leon will become the CDB president on 1 May 2021.
The Board of Governors is the apex governing body of the CDB. This Board meets once a year. They hold the power to admit new members, amend the charter, elect the Board of Directors and the president, change the bank's outstanding capital, and dissolve the bank. Each country is represented by one governor and one alternate, with the British Overseas Territory members counted as one country.
The Board of Directors is responsible for determining the bank's programmes and annual budget. As with the Board of Governors, each country is represented by one director and one alternate. Directors serve renewable two-year terms. The Board is also responsible for appointing an Oversight and Assurance Committee.
The President is the chief executive officer of the CDB, and also serves as the Chairman of the Board of Directors. Different offices for communication, risk management, and compliance are part of the Office of the President.
Presidential candidates are nominated by individual country members. A candidate must receive votes from two-thirds of the Board of Governors (representing 75% of the member countries) in order to be selected. The President serves for a five-year term, and can be reelected.
The two corporate leaders that report to the boards are the Vice-President (Corporate Services) and Bank Secretary, and the Vice-President (Operations).
As of 2021, there are nineteen borrowing members and nine non-borrowing members.
The United Nations launched Development Business in 1978 with the support of the Caribbean Development Bank, the World Bank, and many other major development banks from around the world. Today, Development Business is the primary publication for all major multilateral development banks, United Nations agencies, and several national governments, many of whom have made the publication of their tenders and contracts in Development Business a mandatory requirement.
Smith pointed to the incorporation of Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico as full members of the CDB. He also spoke of the imminent memberships of Cuba and the Dominican Republic, adding that the Bank was interested in incorporating the Argentine Republic in the near future.