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Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four
Named afterNumber of founding Member States
Formation1971; 53 years ago (1971)
FounderGroup of 77
Founded atLima, Peru
TypeIntergovernmental trade bloc
PurposeTo aid in the coordination of the positions of developing countries on monetary and development issues
HeadquartersWashington, D.C., United States
MethodsCollective bargaining, lobbying, reports and studies
FieldsInternational trade
Membership (2019)
29 Member States
Chair of the G-24
Adama Coulibaly (Adama Coulibaly in French)
Parent organization
Group of 77
AffiliationsUnited Nations

The Intergovernmental Group of Twenty-Four on International Monetary Affairs and Development, or The Group of 24 (G-24) was established in 1971 as a chapter of the Group of 77 in order to help coordinate the positions of developing countries on international monetary and development finance issues, as well as and to ensure that their interests are adequately represented in negotiations on international monetary matters. Though originally named after the number of founding Member States, it now has 28 Members (plus China, which acts as a Special Invitee).[1] Although the G-24 officially has 28 member countries, any member of the G-77 can join discussions.

Although the group is not an organ of the International Monetary Fund, the IMF provides secretariat services for the Group. It meets biannually, first prior to the International Monetary and Financial Committee, and secondly prior to the Joint Ministerial Committee of the Boards of Governors of the Bank and the Fund. These meetings allow developing country members to discuss agenda items prior to these important meetings of the IMF/World Bank.

Member states

Following is the list of members of G-24:[1]

Region I (Africa):

Region II (Latin America and the Caribbean):

Region III (Asia):


The following act as observers states of the G-24:[2]

The following act as institutional observers of the G-24:[2]


The G-24 operates at two levels:

The governing body of the G-24 meets twice a year, preceding the Spring and Fall meetings of the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Joint Development Committee of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The plenary G-24 meetings are addressed by the heads of the IMF and the World Bank Group as well as by senior officials of the UN system. Issues are first discussed by the Deputies and culminate at the Ministerial level by the approval of a document that sets out the consensus views of member countries. The Ministerial document is released as a public Communiqué at a press conference held at the end of the meetings. Decision-making within the G-24 is by consensus.


Political leadership

The following compose the political leadership of the Group:[3]


The G-24 Secretariat is a permanent body that serves as the administrative organ of the G-24.[4] It is based in Washington D.C. in the IMF Headquarters. The functions and activities of the Secretariat include: ensuring effective liaison among G-24 members with a view of facilitating consensus on issues of common interest; overseeing and implementing the work program; building strategic partnerships and coalitions with other fora engaged in the same spheres of interest; and supporting the Chair and the Bureau by providing logistical and secretarial support for the various meetings of the G-24.

Until 1997, the Research Program of the Group was the operational organ for the coordination of members' policy positions. The program was headed by a Research Coordinator that directs the policy outputs of the organization. Past research coordinators include Sidney S. Dell (British), 1975-1990; Gary Helleiner (Canada), 1990-1997. With the formalization of the establishment of the Secretariat in 1997 and absorption of the Research program into the Secretariat function, subsequent research coordinators included the Turkish economist Dani Rodrik (2002) and Malaysian economist Jomo Sundaram (2006–2012).

The Secretariat is headed by a Director, who, since 1997, also manages the G-24’s Research Program.

Current and past Directors are:

Year Name Country
1997 Aziz Ali Mohammed
2000–2002 William Larralde  Venezuela
2002–2007 Ariel Buira  Mexico
2007–2014 Amar Bhattacharya
2014–2023 Marilou Uy  Philippines
2023–present Iyabo Masha  Nigeria


The following is the list of former and current Chairs of the G-24:

Year Chair
2005  Gabon
2006  Philippines
2007  Argentina
2008  Democratic Republic of Congo
2009  Syria
2010  Brazil
2011  South Africa
2012  India
2013  Mexico
2014  Egypt
2015  Lebanon
2016  Colombia
2017  Ethiopia
2018  Sri Lanka
2019  Peru
2020  Ghana
2021  Iran
2022  Guatemala
2023  Côte d’Ivoire

Research and publications

The Group also maintains a research and work program that revolves around issues of importance to developing countries. In particular, the program focuses on three key areas: The global economy and growth agenda, international financial architecture, and financing for development. The global economy and growth agenda emphasizes structural transformation, trade and technology, and inequality. international financial architecture covers reform and governance of global financial institutions, the global financial safety net and managing capital flows, and financial regulation. financing for development includes taxation and international tax cooperation, infrastructure financing, debt management and sustainability, and financial inclusion. Much of the group's research, including books, policy briefs and working papers can be found on its website.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Members". Intergovernmental Group of 24. Intergovernmental Group of 24. n.d. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Observers". Intergovernmental Group of 24. Intergovernmental Group of 24. n.d. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Organizational Structure and Governance | G-24". G-24. Retrieved 2018-10-02.
  4. ^ "Secretariat | G-24". Retrieved 2023-09-28.
  5. ^ "Working Papers | G-24". G-24. Retrieved 2018-11-13.