Chamber of Deputies

Camera dei Deputati
18th legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Roberto Fico, M5S
since 24 March 2018
Structure
Seats630
Italian Chamber of Deputies current.svg
Political groups
Government (525)
  •   Lega (132)
  •   M5S (105)
  •   PD (97)
  •   FI (83)
  •   IpF (51)
  •   IV (30)
  •   LeU (10)
  •   Mixed (17)

Supported by (36)

Opposition (69)

Elections
mixed-member majoritarian representation: 232 FPTP seats, 386+12 PR seats with 3% electoral threshold (D'Hondt method)
Last election
4 March 2018
Next election
On or before 28 May 2023
Meeting place
Montecitorio Aula.jpg
Palazzo Montecitorio, Rome
Website
en.camera.it
www.camera.it
Rules
Rules of Procedure of the Chamber of Deputies (English)
Footnotes
  1. ^ Nadia Aprile, Giusi Bartolozzi, Rosalba De Giorgi, Francesca Troiano, Simona Vietina, Gloria Vizzini and Francesco Zicchieri
  2. ^ Piera Aiello, Jessica Costanzo, Sara Cunial, Giuseppe D'Ambrosio, Maria Laura Paxia, Michele Sodano, Guia Termini and Alessio Mattia Villarosa

The Chamber of Deputies (Italian: Camera dei deputati) is the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of Italy (the other being the Senate of the Republic). The two houses together form a perfect bicameral system, meaning they perform identical functions, but do so separately. The Chamber of Deputies has 630 members. Pursuant to the amended article 56 of the Italian Constitution, the Chamber of Deputies will have 400 seats following the next election, of which 392 will be elected from Italian constituencies, and 8 from Italian citizens living abroad. Deputies are styled The Honourable (Italian: Onorevole)[1] and meet at Palazzo Montecitorio.

Location

The Palazzo Montecitorio

The seat of the Chamber of Deputies is the Palazzo Montecitorio, where it has met since 1871, shortly after the capital of the Kingdom of Italy was moved to Rome at the successful conclusion of the Italian unification Risorgimento movement.

Previously, the seat of the Chamber of Deputies of the Kingdom of Italy had been briefly at the Palazzo Carignano in Turin (1861–1865) and the Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (1865–1871). Under the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini, the Chamber of Deputies was abolished and replaced by the figurehead Chamber of Fasces and Corporations from 1939 to 1943 (during World War II).

Normal operation

The Chamber is composed of all members meeting in session at the Montecitorio. The assembly also has the right to attend meetings of the Government and its ministers. If required, the Government is obligated to attend the session. Conversely, the Government has the right to be heard every time it requires.

The term of office of the House (as well as the Senate) is five years, but can be extended in two cases:

Electoral system

Main article: Italian electoral law of 2017

The electoral system is a mixed-member majoritarian with 37% of seats allocated using first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) and 63% using proportional representation, allocated with the largest remainder method, with one round of voting.

The 630 deputies are elected in:

For Italian residents, each house members are elected by single ballots, including the constituency candidate and his/her supporting party lists. In each single-member constituency the deputy/senator is elected on a plurality basis, while the seats in multi-member constituencies will be allocated nationally. In order to be calculated in single-member constituency results, parties need to obtain at least 1% of the national vote. In order to receive seats in multi-member constituencies, parties need to obtain at least 3% of the national vote. Elects from multi-member constituencies will come from closed lists.

The single voting paper, containing both first-past-the-post candidates and the party lists, shows the names of the candidates to single-member constituencies and, in close conjunction with them, the symbols of the linked lists for the proportional part, each one with a list of the relative candidates.

The voter can cast their vote in three different ways:

Article 61 of the Italian Constitution maintains that elections for the Chamber of Deputies must take place within 70 days of the dissolution of the house, and that representatives must convene within 20 days of those elections.

President

Main article: List of presidents of the Chamber of Deputies (Italy)

The President of the Chamber of Deputies (Presidente della Camera dei Deputati) performs the role of speaker of the house and is elected during the first session after the election. During this time the prerogatives of speaker are assumed by the vice president of Chamber of Deputies[2] of the previous legislature who was elected first. If two were elected simultaneously, the oldest deputy serves as president of Chamber of Deputies.

The President of Chamber of Deputies has also the role of President during the Parliament joint sessions, when the upper and lower houses have to vote together.

Roberto Fico is the current president of the Chamber of Deputies.

Name Period Legislature
Giovanni Gronchi (DC) 8 May 1948 – 29 April 1955 I, II
Giovanni Leone (DC) 10 May 1955 – 21 June 1963 II, III, IV
Brunetto Bucciarelli-Ducci (DC) 26 June 1963 – 4 June 1968 IV
Sandro Pertini (PSI) 5 June 1968 – 4 July 1976 V, VI
Pietro Ingrao (PCI) 5 July 1976 – 19 June 1979 VII
Nilde Iotti (PCI) 20 June 1979 – 22 April 1992 VIII, IX, X
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro (DC) 24 April 1992 – 25 May 1992 XI
Giorgio Napolitano (PDS) 3 June 1992 – 14 April 1994
Irene Pivetti (LN) 16 April 1994 – 8 May 1996 XII
Luciano Violante (PDS) 10 May 1996 – 29 May 2001 XIII
Pier Ferdinando Casini (CCD) 31 May 2001 – 27 April 2006 XIV
Fausto Bertinotti (PRC) 29 April 2006 – 28 April 2008 XV
Gianfranco Fini (PdL) 30 April 2008 – 14 March 2013 XVI
Laura Boldrini (SEL) 16 March 2013 – 22 March 2018 XVII
Roberto Fico (M5S) 24 March 2018 – incumbent XVIII

Membership

Main article: List of members of the Italian Chamber of Deputies, 2018–

The Chamber has 630 members. They were most recently elected at the 2018 general election.

Historical composition

1861–1924

  Right
  Left
  PSI
  PRI
  UECI
  UL/ PLI
  PDC
  PSRI
  PD
  PPI
  PLDI
  PDSI
  PdC
  PE
  BN/ Listone
  PCI
  PDR
  PSU
  SeT
  PSdA
  Others
  Independent
  Vacant
1861
342 62 14 25
1865
183 156 15 89
1867
151 225 74 43
1870
233 195 56 24
1874
276 232
1876
94 414
1880
171 218 119
1882
147 289 44 19 9
1886
145 292 45 26
1890
48 401 42 17
1892
93 323 56 36
1895
104 334 47 15 8
1897
99 327 42 15 25
1900
116 296 34 33 29
1904
76 339 37 29 24 3
1904
76 339 37 29 24 3
1909
36 336 45 41 24 16 10
1913
73 60 17 20 270 29 19 11 9
1919
12 157 4 41 6 100 96 60 20 7 5
1921
124 6 43 108 68 29 10 5 105 15 11 9 2
1924
22 7 15 39 14 10 374 19 24 4 2 1

Since 1945

  DC
  PSI
  PCI
  UDN/PLI
  UQ
  PRI
  BNI
  PdA
  US/PSDI
  MSI
  PMP
  PSIUP
  DP/PdUP
  PR
  Greens
  MIS
  PSdA
  SVP
  UV/VdA
  Others
1946
207 115 104 41 30 23 16 7 4 2 7
1948
305 53 130 14 5 9 33 14 6 1 3 1
1953
263 75 143 13 5 19 40 29 3
1958
273 84 140 17 6 22 11 24 14 3 1 1
1963
260 87 166 39 6 33 8 27 3 1
1968
266 62 177 31 9 29 6 24 23 3
1972
266 61 179 20 15 29 56 3 1
1976
262 57 228 5 14 15 35 6 4 3 1
1979
262 62 201 9 20 30 6 18 4 1 1
1983
225 73 198 16 29 23 42 7 11 1 3 1 1
1987
234 94 177 11 21 17 35 8 13 13 2 3 1 1
  DC
  PSI
  PDS
  PLI
  PRI
  PSDI
  MSI
  PR
  Greens
  LN
  PRC
  LR
  SVP
  VdA
  Others
1992
206 92 107 17 27 16 34 7 16 55 35 12 3 1 2
  PPI
  DL
  CCD+CDU/UdC
  PSI
  PDS/DS
  Greens
  LN
  PRC
  LR
  FI
  AN
  AD
  PS
  RI
  NPSI
  PdCI
  SDI
  IdV
  UDEUR
  SVP
  VdA
  Others
1994
33 27 15 125 11 118 38 8 111 110 16 13 3 1 1
1996
69 30 172 14 59 35 3 123 93 26 3 1 2
2001
83 40 136 17 30 11 194 99 3 10 3 1 3
2006
90 39 123 15 26 41 140 72 4 16 18 17 10 4 15
  UdC
  PD
  LN
  IdV
  PdL/FI
  MpA
  M5S
  SC
  SEL
  FdI
  CD
  LeU
  SVP
  VdA
  Others
2008
36 217 60 29 276 8 2 2
2013
8 297 18 98 109 39 37 9 6 5 1 3
2018
112 125 104 227 32 14 4 12

Predecessors

See also

References

  1. ^ "onorevole [o-no-ré-vo-le] agg., s." Corriere della Sera. Dizionario di Italiano (in Italian). Retrieved 15 June 2020.
  2. ^ There are four vice presidents who lead the debate when there is not the President of the chamber.
  • Obelisk of Montecitorio. In the background is the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
    Obelisk of Montecitorio. In the background is the Italian Chamber of Deputies.
  • Back side of Palazzo Montecitorio, designed by architect Ernesto Basile
    Back side of Palazzo Montecitorio, designed by architect Ernesto Basile
  • Front side of Palazzo Montecitorio.
    Front side of Palazzo Montecitorio.
  • Another photo of the main entrance of Montecitorio with the Montecitorio column.
    Another photo of the main entrance of Montecitorio with the Montecitorio column.

Coordinates: 41°54′5″N 12°28′43″E / 41.90139°N 12.47861°E / 41.90139; 12.47861