Christian Democratic Centre
Centro Cristiano Democratico
LeaderPier Ferdinando Casini
Founded18 January 1994
Dissolved6 December 2002
Split fromChristian Democracy[1]
Merged intoUnion of Christian and Centre Democrats
IdeologyChristian democracy[2]
Political positionCentre to centre-right
National affiliationPole of Freedoms/Pole of Good Government (1994), Pole for Freedoms (1996-2001), House of Freedoms (2001-02)
European affiliationEuropean People's Party
International affiliationChristian Democrat International
European Parliament groupEuropean People's Party
Colors  White

The Christian Democratic Centre (Italian: Centro Cristiano Democratico, CCD) was a Christian-democratic[2] political party in Italy from 1994 to 2002. Formed from a right-wing split from Christian Democracy, the party joined the centre-right coalition,[3] and was a member of the European People's Party (EPP).[4]


Pier Ferdinando Casini in 1994

The CCD was founded in January 1994 by members of Christian Democracy (DC) who opposed the party's transformation into the Italian People's Party (PPI),[5] and advocated an alliance with Silvio Berlusconi's Forza Italia (FI), which was launched on the same day, while the PPI advocated a centrist alliance with the Segni Pact called Pact for Italy. Its leaders were Pier Ferdinando Casini and Clemente Mastella. The CCD represented the right-wing of the defunct DC,[6] while the PPI was largely the heir of the party's left-wing, especially after the split of the United Christian Democrats (CDU) from the PPI in 1995.

In accordance with an agreement between the party presidents of CCD and PPI, the CCD "inherited" 15 percent of the DC's assets, while the PPI was awarded the remainder.[7] In the 1994 general election the CCD joined FI as a member of the Pole of Freedoms in Northern Italy and the Pole of Good Government in Southern Italy,[8] forming a joint list with FI, and gaining 27 deputies and 12 senators. After the election the CCD joined the Berlusconi I Cabinet, with Mastella minister of Labour and Francesco D'Onofrio minister of Education.

After the sudden fall of the government in December 1994, caused by Lega Nord's exit, a new general election took place in 1996. The CCD formed a joint list with the CDU. The alliance proved successful, gaining 5.8% of the vote, 30 deputies and 15 senators. However, as the centre-right lost the election to The Olive Tree centre-left coalition, the party was in opposition.

In 1998 Mastella and several MPs left the party to form, along with the CDU, the Christian Democrats for the Republic (CDR), which was later folded into the Democratic Union for the Republic (UDR) and supported the centre-left government led by Massimo D'Alema. In 1999 the UDR was transformed into the Union of Democrats for Europe (UDEUR), while the CDU was re-organised as an independent party and returned to the alliance with the CCD.

Once again, the CCD and the CDU formed a joint list (the so-called White Flower) for the 2001 general election, this time gaining only 3.2% of the vote, as part of the winning House of Freedoms coalition composed mainly of FI, National Alliance and Lega Nord. Casini was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies, while Carlo Giovanardi was appointed minister of Relations with Parliament in Berlusconi II Cabinet. In 2002 the CCD, the CDU and European Democracy (DE), which had won 2.3% in 2001, gave birth to the Union of Christian and Centre Democrats (UDC).

Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
1994 with Forza Italia
27 / 630
1996 2,189,563 (7th)[a] 5.8
19 / 630
Decrease 8
2001 1,194,040 (8th)[a] 3.2
24 / 630
Increase 5
  1. ^ a b In a joint list with United Christian Democrats
Senate of the Republic
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
1994 with PdL/PBG
12 / 315
1996 with Pole for Freedoms
15 / 315
Increase 3
2001 with House of Freedoms
21 / 315
Increase 6

European Parliament

European Parliament
Election year Votes % Seats +/− Leader
1994 with Forza Italia
3 / 87
1999 805,320 (9th) 2.6
2 / 72
Decrease 1



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  4. ^ Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer. p. 51. ISBN 978-3-642-19413-9. Retrieved 19 August 2012.
  5. ^ Daniela Giannetti; Bernard Grofman (2011). "Appendix D". A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 131. ISBN 978-1-4419-7228-6.
  6. ^ Ram Mudambi; Pietro Navarra; Giuseppe Sobbrio, eds. (2001). Rules, Choice and Strategy: The Political Economy of Italian Electoral Reform. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 50. ISBN 978-1-78195-082-1.
  7. ^ "Ai centristi 15 per cento dell' ex DC". Corriere della Sera. 1 February 1994. p. 4.
  8. ^ La Civiltà Cattolica. La Civiltà Cattolica. 1994. p. 179. UOM:39015085064908.