Centrist Democrat International
AbbreviationCDI (English), IDC (French, Spanish)
Formation30 July 1961 (1961-07-30)[1]
PurposeLiberal democracy
Social Justice
Centrism
HeadquartersBrussels, Belgium
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
109 political parties
Official languages
  • French
  • English
  • Spanish
President
Andrés Pastrana Arango
SubsidiariesYouth of the Centrist Democrat International
AffiliationsChristian Democrat Organization of America (ODCA)
European People's Party (EPP)
National Democratic Institute (NDI)
Konrad Adenauer Foundation (KAS)
Websiteidc-cdi.com

The Centrist Democrat International (CDI; Spanish: Internacional Demócrata de Centro, IDC) is a centrist political international inspired by the values of Christian Democracy.[2] Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI); before 1999, it was known as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International.[2] This earlier name is still sometimes used colloquially.

It is the primary international political group dedicated to promoting Christian democracy. Although it attracts parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America.[3] Although in recent years, the Centrist Democrat International has expanded its presence in the Middle East, Asia, and Africa. This has led to the development of the IDC.Africa, the Centrist Democrat International's regional organization in Africa.

Overview

The IDC-CDI was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile, as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian democrat internationals which were an alternative to the socialist internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way. In 1999, it was renamed the Centrist Democrat International due to the participation of groups from other religions such as the Islamic National Awakening Party (PKB) of Indonesia.

The September 2001 leadership conference in Mexico City changed the organization's name to Centrist Democrat International, retaining its original CDI acronym. References to religion were not allowed in many Asian and African countries, and the IDC-CDI would not have been able to extend into Asia and Africa without a name change.[4]

The IDC-CDI's European division is the European People's Party, the largest European political party.[5] Its American equivalent is the Christian Democrat Organization of America. The Democratic Party of the United States maintains links with the IDC-CDI through the National Democratic Institute.

Timeline

CDI member parties are generally members of the ODCA or the European People's Party (EPP, the successor of NEI).

Executive committee

The IDC-CDI executive committee consists of the president, secretary-general, and vice-presidents. The president is Andrés Pastrana Arango of Colombia and the Secretary-General is MEP Antonio López-Istúriz of Spain.[6]

Members of the executive committee are:

Member parties

Country Party Abbr Government Lower Chamber Upper Chamber
 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD Opposition
46 / 140 (33%)
 Algeria National Rally for Democracy RND Junior party in coalition
58 / 407 (14%)
21 / 144 (15%)
 Angola National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITA Opposition
90 / 220 (41%)
 Argentina Christian Democratic Party PDC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 257 (0%)
0 / 72 (0%)
 Armenia Rule of Law OEK extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 107 (0%)
Republican Party of Armenia RPA Opposition
4 / 107 (4%)
 Aruba Aruban People's Party AVP/PPA Opposition
7 / 21 (33%)
 Bangladesh Bangladesh Nationalist Party BNP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 350
 Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish CD&V Junior party in coalition
12 / 150 (8%)
5 / 60 (8%)
 Belgium Les Engages LE Opposition
5 / 150
2 / 60
 Botswana Botswana National Front BNF Opposition
2 / 65 (3%)
 Brazil Brazilian Social Democracy Party PSDB Opposition
14 / 513 (3%)
2 / 81 (2%)
 Burkina Faso Union for the Republic UR Opposition
0 / 127 (0%)
 Cambodia National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia FUNCINPEC neither government nor opposition
5 / 125 (4%)
2 / 62 (3%)
Cambodian People's Party CPP Government
120 / 125 (96%)
58 / 62 (94%)
 Cape Verde Movement for Democracy MPD Government
38 / 72 (53%)
 Chile Christian Democratic Party PDC neither government nor opposition
8 / 155 (5%)
3 / 43 (7%)
National Renewal RN Opposition
23 / 155 (15%)
11 / 50 (22%)
 Republic of China Chinese Nationalist Party KMT Opposition
38 / 113 (34%)
 Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC Government
25 / 188 (13%)
15 / 108 (14%)
New Democratic Force NFD Opposition
0 / 187
0 / 108
Democratic Center CD Opposition
15 / 188 (8%)
13 / 108 (12%)
Colombia Justa Libres CJL Opposition
0 / 188
1 / 108
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Movement for the Liberation of the Congo MLC Opposition
22 / 500 (4%)
14 / 108 (13%)
 Costa Rica Social Christian Unity Party PUSC Opposition
9 / 57 (16%)
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ Government
62 / 151 (41%)
 Cuba Christian Liberation Movement MCL extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 470 (0%)
Christian Democratic Party of Cuba PDCC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 470 (0%)
 Curaçao National People's Party NVP/PNP Opposition
4 / 21 (19%)
 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY Government
17 / 56 (30%)
 Czech Republic KDU-ČSL KDU–ČSL Junior party in coalition
22 / 200 (11%)
12 / 81 (15%)
 Dominican Republic Social Christian Reformist Party PRSC Opposition
5 / 190 (3%)
5 / 32 (16%)
 Dominican Republic Dominicans for Change DxC junior party in coalition
2 / 190
1 / 32
 El Salvador Christian Democratic Party PDC Opposition
1 / 84 (1%)
 France The Republicans LR Opposition
61 / 577 (11%)
148 / 348 (43%)
 Gabon Gabonese Democratic Party PDG Opposition
98 / 143 (69%)
 Georgia European Georgia — Movement for Liberty extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 150
 Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU Opposition
152 / 736 (21%)
22 / 69 (32%)
 Greece New Democracy ND Government
158 / 300 (53%)
 Guinea Parti de l'espoir pour le développement national PEDN extraparliamentary opposition
 Guinea-Bissau Party for Social Renewal PRS Opposition
12 / 102 (12%)
 Equatorial Guinea Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea APGE extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 100 (0%)
0 / 70 (0%)
 Hungary Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance FIDESZ Government
116 / 199 (58%)
Christian Democratic People's Party KDNP Government
19 / 199 (10%)
 Indonesia National Awakening Party[7] PKB Government
58 / 575 (10%)
 Italy Union of the Centre UdC support to the government in the Senate
1 / 400 (0.3%)
1 / 200 (0.5%)
Associative Movement of Italians Abroad MAIE Junior party in coalition
1 / 400
1 / 400
 Ivory Coast Rally of the Republicans[8] RDR Government
127 / 255 (50%)
 Kenya Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya WDM-K Opposition
25 / 349 (7%)
3 / 67 (4%)
 Lebanon Lebanese Forces LF - Chrisitan Resistance Opposition
19 / 128 (15%)
Kataeb Phalange Opposition
4 / 128 (3%)
 Madagascar Malagasy Miara-Miainga MMM Opposition
 Malawi Malawi Congress Party MCP Government
55 / 193 (28%)
 Mali Union for the Republic and Democracy URD extraparliamentary opposition
19 / 147 (13%)
 Malta Nationalist Party PN Opposition
35 / 79 (44%)
 Mauritania Union for Democracy and Progress UDP junior party in coalition
10 / 176 (6%)
Equity Party El Insaf in government
107 / 176 (61%)
 Mauritius Parti Mauricien Social Democrate PMSD Opposition
4 / 70
 Mexico National Action Party PAN Opposition
114 / 500 (23%)
18 / 128 (14%)
 Morocco Istiqlal Party Junior party in coalition
81 / 395 (21%)
24 / 120 (20%)
 Mozambique Democratic Movement of Mozambique MDM Opposition
6 / 250 (2%)
 Nicaragua Conservative Party (Nicaragua) PC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 90
 North Macedonia Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – People's Party VMRO Government
1 / 120
 Panama People's Party PP extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 71 (0%)
 Panama Panameñista Party PP Opposition
8 / 71
 Paraguay Christian Democratic Party PDC Opposition
0 / 80 (0%)
0 / 45 (0%)
 Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
0 / 130 (0%)
 Philippines Fight of Democratic Filipinos LDP Junior party in coalition
1 / 316 (0.3%)
1 / 24 (4%)
Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas senior party in coalition
100 / 316 (32%)
1 / 24 (4%)
 Portugal Social Democratic Party PSD Opposition
77 / 230 (33%)
 Romania National Liberal Party PNL senior party in coalition
79 / 330 (24%)
36 / 136 (26%)
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania RMDSZ Junior party in coalition
20 / 330 (6%)
9 / 136 (7%)
 San Marino Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party PDCS Opposition
21 / 60 (35%)
 São Tomé and Príncipe Independent Democratic Action ADI Government
30 / 55 (55%)
 Senegal Centrist Union of Senegal UCS Junior party in government
Bloc des centristes Gaïndé BCG Opposition
 Serbia Alliance of Vojvodina Hungarians VMSZ In coalition
6 / 250
 Slovakia Hungarian Alliance MA Extraparliamentary
0 / 150
 Slovenia New Slovenia NSi Opposition
8 / 90 (9%)
Slovenian Democratic Party SDS Opposition
27 / 90 (30%)
 Spain People's Party PP Opposition
137 / 350 (39%)
140 / 266 (53%)
 Sweden Christian Democrats KD Government
19 / 349 (5%)
 Ukraine Batkivshchyna Opposition
24 / 450
 Ukraine Party of Hungarians of Ukraine KMKSZ Extraparliamentary
0 / 450
 Venezuela Christian Social Party 'Copei' COPEI Opposition
1 / 277 (0.4%)
Justice First PJ Extra-parliamentary
0 / 277 (0%)

Former members

Observer parties

The IDC-CDI has 21 observers, including:

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Durand, Jean-Dominique, ed. (2015-01-01). Christian Democrat Internationalism. Peter Lang. p. 71. doi:10.3726/978-3-0352-6492-0. ISBN 978-3-0352-9924-3.
  2. ^ a b c "History - IDC-CDI". IDC-CDI. 2024-04-22. Retrieved 2024-04-22.
  3. ^ "Parties - IDC-CDI". 2024-04-22. Retrieved 2024-04-22.
  4. ^ Wilfried Martens (2008). Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome. Springer / Centre for European Studies. p. 220. ISBN 9783540892892.
  5. ^ "IDC-CDI Affiliations". Retrieved 2024-04-25.
  6. ^ "Organization - IDC-CDI". Retrieved 2024-04-22.
  7. ^ Safitri, Eva. "PKB Resmi Jadi Anggota Koalisi Partai Demokratis Internasional". detiknews.
  8. ^ Parties, Centrist Democrat International, idc-cdi.com, retrieved 31 August 2016.
  9. ^ "The Heritage Party Has Become an Observer Member of Centrist Democrat International". www.heritage.am. Archived from the original on 2019-08-06. Retrieved 2019-08-06.
  10. ^ "parties". IDC-CDI. Retrieved 15 August 2020.

Further reading