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Centrist Democrat International
AbbreviationCDI (English), IDC (French, Spanish)
Formation30 July 1961 (1961-07-30)[1]
PurposeChristian democracy
Social conservatism
HeadquartersBrussels, Belgium
Region served
80 political parties
Official languages
  • French
  • English
  • Spanish
Andrés Pastrana Arango
SubsidiariesYouth of the Centrist Democrat International
AffiliationsChristian Democrat Organization of America (ODCA)
European People's Party (EPP)
National Democratic Institute (NDI)

The Centrist Democrat International (Spanish: Internacional Demócrata de Centro) is a Christian-democratic political international. Until 2001, it was known as the Christian Democrat International (CDI); before 1999, it was known as the Christian Democrat and People's Parties International. This earlier name is still sometimes used colloquially.

It is the primary international political group dedicated to promoting Christian democracy. Although it attracts parties from around the globe, its members are drawn principally from Europe and Latin America. Some are also members of the conservative International Democrat Union (IDU), although the CDI is closer to the European-conservative political centre and more communitarian than the IDU.


The CDI was formed in 1961 in Santiago, Chile, as the Christian Democrat World Union, building on the legacy of other Christian democrat internationals which were an alternative to the socialist internationals who tried to create a Christian-inspired third way. In 1999, it was renamed the Centrist Democrat International due to the participation of groups from other religions such as the Islamic National Awakening Party (PKB) of Indonesia.

The September 2001 leadership conference in Mexico City changed the organization's name to Centrist Democrat International, retaining its original CDI acronym. References to religion were not allowed in many Asian and African countries, and the CDI would not have been able to extend into Asia and Africa without a name change.[2]

The CDI's European division is the European People's Party, the largest European political party.[citation needed] Its American equivalent is the Christian Democrat Organization of America. The Democratic Party of the United States maintains links with the CDI through the National Democratic Institute.


CDI member parties are generally members of the ODCA or the European People's Party (EPP, the successor of NEI).

Executive committee

The CDI executive committee consists of the president, executive secretary, and vice-presidents. The president is Andrés Pastrana Arango of Colombia and the executive secretary is MEP Antonio López-Istúriz of Spain, who is also secretary-general of the EPP.[3]

Members of the executive committee are:

Member parties

Country Party Abbr Government Period of membership
 Albania Democratic Party of Albania PD in opposition
 Algeria National Rally for Democracy RND junior party in coalition
 Andorra New Centre NC extraparliamentary opposition
 Angola National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITA in opposition
 Argentina Justicialist Party PJ in government
Christian Democratic Party PDC extraparliamentary opposition
 Armenia Rule of Law OEK extraparliamentary opposition
 Aruba Aruban People's Party AVP/PPA in opposition
 Belgium Christian Democratic and Flemish CD&V junior party in coalition
 Botswana Botswana National Front BNF in opposition
 Brazil Brazilian Social Democracy Party PSDB in opposition
 Bulgaria GERB GERB in opposition
Union of Democratic Forces SDS in opposition
 Burkina Faso Union for the Republic UR in opposition
 Cambodia National United Front for an Independent, Neutral, Peaceful, and Cooperative Cambodia FUNCINPEC in opposition
Cambodian People's Party CPP in government
 Cape Verde Movement for Democracy MPD in government
 Chile Christian Democratic Party PDC neither government nor opposition
National Renewal RN in opposition
 Republic of China Chinese Nationalist Party KMT in opposition
 Colombia Colombian Conservative Party PCC in government
Democratic Center CD in opposition
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Movement for the Liberation of the Congo MLC in opposition
 Costa Rica Social Christian Unity Party PUSC in opposition
 Croatia Croatian Democratic Union HDZ in government
 Cuba Christian Liberation Movement MCL in opposition
Christian Democratic Party of Cuba PDCC in opposition
 Curaçao National People's Party NVP/PNP in opposition
 Cyprus Democratic Rally DISY in government
 Czech Republic Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party KDU–ČSL junior party in coalition
 Denmark Christian Democrats KD extraparliamentary opposition
 Dominican Republic Social Christian Reformist Party PRSC in opposition
 Ecuador Christian Democratic Union UDC in opposition
 El Salvador Christian Democratic Party PDC in opposition
 France The Republicans LR in opposition
 Gabon Gabonese Democratic Party PDG in government
 Georgia European Georgia EG in opposition
 Germany Christian Democratic Union CDU in opposition
 Greece New Democracy ND in government
 Guinea-Bissau Party for Social Renewal PRS in opposition
 Equatorial Guinea Popular Action of Equatorial Guinea APGE in opposition
 Hungary Fidesz – Hungarian Civic Alliance FIDESZ in government
Christian Democratic People's Party KDNP in government
 Indonesia National Awakening Party[4] PKB in government
 Italy Union of the Centre UdC support to the government in the Senate
 Ivory Coast Rally of the Republicans[5] RDR in government
 Kenya Wiper Democratic Movement – Kenya WDM-K in opposition
 Lebanon Lebanese Forces LF - Chrisitan Resistance in opposition
Kataeb Phalange in opposition
 Malawi Malawi Congress Party MCP in government
 Malta Nationalist Party PN in opposition
 Mauritania Union for Democracy and Progress UDP junior party in coalition
Equity Party El Insaf in government
 Mexico National Action Party PAN in opposition
 Morocco Istiqlal Party junior party in coalition
 Mozambique Democratic Movement of Mozambique MDM in opposition
 Netherlands Christian Democratic Appeal CDA junior party in coalition
 Panama People's Party PP extraparliamentary opposition
 Paraguay Christian Democratic Party PDC in opposition
 Peru Christian People's Party PPC extraparliamentary opposition
 Philippines Fight of Democratic Filipinos LDP junior party in coalition
Lakas-Christian Muslim Democrats Lakas senior party in coalition
 Portugal Social Democratic Party PSD in opposition
 Romania Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party PNȚ-CD extraparliamentary opposition
National Liberal Party PNL senior party in coalition
People's Movement Party PMP extraparliamentary support
Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania RMDSZ junior party in coalition Since 2018[6]
 San Marino Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party PDCS in opposition
 São Tomé and Príncipe Independent Democratic Action ADI in government
 Senegal Centrist Union of Senegal UCS junior party in government
Bloc des centristes Gaïndé BCG in opposition
 Slovenia New Slovenia NSi in opposition
Slovenian Democratic Party SDS in opposition
 Spain People's Party PP in opposition
 Sweden Christian Democrats KD in government
 Ukraine Christian Democratic Union KhDS in opposition
 Uruguay National Party PN in government
 Venezuela Christian Social Party 'Copei' COPEI in opposition
Justice First PJ extraparliamentary opposition

Observer parties

The CDI has 9 observers, including:

See also


  1. ^ Durand, Jean-Dominique, ed. (2015-01-01). Christian Democrat Internationalism. Peter Lang. p. 71. doi:10.3726/978-3-0352-6492-0. ISBN 978-3-0352-9924-3.
  2. ^ Wilfried Martens (2008). Europe: I Struggle, I Overcome. Springer / Centre for European Studies. p. 220. ISBN 9783540892892.
  3. ^ "Organization page on the official CDI website". Archived from the original on Mar 27, 2012.
  4. ^ Safitri, Eva. "PKB Resmi Jadi Anggota Koalisi Partai Demokratis Internasional". detiknews.
  5. ^ Parties, Centrist Democrat International,, retrieved 31 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Conference of Centrist Democrat International held in Budapest". Daily News Hungary. 2018-02-17. Retrieved 2021-05-21.
  7. ^ "The Heritage Party Has Become an Observer Member of Centrist Democrat International".
  8. ^ "parties". IDC-CDI. Retrieved 15 August 2020.

Further reading