House of Representatives

مجلس النواب اليمني
idk
Type
Type
History
Founded1990
Leadership
Sultan al-Barakani[1]
since 13 April 2019
Structure
Seats301
House of Representatives (Yemen) as of April 2020.svg
Political groups
  General People's Congress (168)

  Yemeni Congregation for Reform (42)
  Yemeni Socialist Party (8)
  Nasserites (3)
  Independents (43)

  Vacants (37)
CommitteesUnknown
Joint committees
Unknown
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
April 27, 2003
Website
parliament-ye.com (exile government)[1] yemenparliament.gov.ye (Sanaa Government) [2]

The House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab) is the lower house of the Parliament of Yemen. It shares the legislative power with the Shura Council, the upper house.[2][3] The Assembly of Representatives has 301 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies. It is one of the rare parliamentary chambers in the world to currently have no female representation.[4]

The House of Representatives was established in 1990 after the unification of Yemen for a transitional period.[5] An election hasn't been held for the body since 2003. An election was set for 27 April 2009, but president Saleh postponed it by two years on 24 February 2009.[6][7] However, the election did not take place on 27 April 2011, and was again postponed until the next presidential election, sometime in February 2014.[8][9] In January 2014, the final session of the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) announced that both elections had been delayed, and would occur within 9 months of a referendum on a new constitution which had yet to be drafted.[10] However both the GPC and Houthi representatives on the National Authority for Monitoring the Implementation of NDC Outcomes have refused to vote on the new constitution drafted by the constitution drafting committee, which submitted it in January 2015.[11]

In February 2015, the Houthis briefly dissolved parliament before reportedly agreeing to reinstate the 301-member assembly in UN-brokered talks. Under the agreement, it will be augmented by a "people's transitional council" serving as the upper house.[12]

Since the civil war, the House of Representatives had held semi-regular sessions in San'aa in Houthi-held territory. In 13 April 2019, the first session was held in Seiyun, in Hadi-controlled Hadhramaut Governorate.[13]

Latest elections

The last parliamentary election in Yemen took place in 2003.

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
General People's Congress3,465,11757.79229+42
Al-Islah1,349,48522.5145–8
Yemeni Socialist Party291,5414.867New
Nasserist Unionist People's Organisation109,7141.8330
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party40,8720.6820
Unnamed party25,3520.421
National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party23,7450.4000
Nasserist Reform Organisation15,2570.2500
Yemeni Union of Popular Forces11,9670.200
Democratic Nasserist Party9,8290.1600
National Democratic Front7,0560.120
Social Nationalist Party5,3490.090
Party of Truth4,5850.0800
People's Democratic Party4,0770.070
Democratic Union of Popular Forces3,0030.050
Social Green Party2,2760.040
Popular Unity Party1,7390.030
Yemeni League Party1,3830.020
Liberation Front Party1,2820.020
Popular Unionist Liberation Party1,2410.020
Yemeni Unionist Gathering4830.010
Democratic September Organization810.000
Independents620,61510.3514–40
Total5,996,049100.003010
Valid votes5,996,04996.69
Invalid/blank votes205,2053.31
Total votes6,201,254100.00
Registered voters/turnout8,097,51476.58
Source: Yemen NIC

See also

References

  1. ^ "Yemeni Parliament to hold first session Thursday in Seyoun". 10 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Constitutional history of Yemen". ConstitutionNet. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  3. ^ "Yemen". Freedom House. Retrieved 26 June 2019.
  4. ^ "Monthly ranking of women in national parliaments". Parline: the IPU’s Open Data Platform. Retrieved 2021-09-28.
  5. ^ "مجلس النواب اليمني".
  6. ^ Stephen Day (2009-06-02). "Yemen Postpones Its April 2009 Parliamentary Elections". Middle East Institute. Retrieved 2015-04-04.
  7. ^ Parliament Overwhelmingly Approves Proposal To Extend Term- Yemen Post English Newspaper Online. Yemenpost.net. Retrieved on 2010-11-08.
  8. ^ "September 2012 Monthly Forecast – Yemen". Security Council Report. 2012-08-31.
  9. ^ "Foreign Secretary welcomes Yemeni plan for elections in 2014" (Press release). Foreign & Commonwealth Office, UK. 7 March 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Yemen's 'national dialogue' ends in violence, no election scheduled". Archived from the original on 2015-01-21. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  11. ^ "Houthis and GPC refuse to vote on constitution". Archived from the original on 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2016-01-05.
  12. ^ "Yemen feuding parties agree on transitional council". Al Jazeera. 20 February 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  13. ^ "Yemeni Parliament to hold first session Thursday in Seyoun". 10 April 2019.

Coordinates: 15°20′47″N 44°10′23″E / 15.3463°N 44.1730°E / 15.3463; 44.1730