The chamber of deputies is the lower house in many bicameral legislatures and the sole house in some unicameral legislatures.

Description

Historically, French Chamber of Deputies was the lower house of the French Parliament during the Bourbon Restoration, the July Monarchy, and the French Third Republic; the name is still informally used for the National Assembly under the nation's current Fifth Republic.

The term "chamber of deputies" is not widely used by English-speaking countries, the more popular equivalent being "House of Representatives", an exception being Burma, a former British colony, where it was the name of the lower house of the country's parliament.[1] It was also the official description of Dáil Éireann (the lower house of the Irish parliament) during the period of the Irish Free State.

In Malta, the House of Representatives is known, in Maltese, as "Kamra tad-Deputati".[2][3] In Lebanon, the literal Arabic name of that country's parliament is Majlis an-Nuwwab, or, "Chamber of Deputies" (although officially used French and English translations are "Assemblée Nationale" and "National Assembly", respectively).

A member of a "chamber of deputies" is generally called a "deputy", the definition of which is similar to that of "congressperson" or "member of parliament". The term "deputy" may refer to any member of a legislative body or chamber; this usage is particularly common in those French-speaking countries whose parliaments are called "national assemblies" and Spanish-speaking countries with legislative bodies called "congresses"; the term is also used by Portugal's Assembly of the Republic. In Ireland, it is used as a form of address when referring to members of Dáil Éireann instead of the Irish language term Teachta Dála,[4] while in the Channel Islands, "Deputy" is used as the official title of most of the members of the States Assembly in Jersey[5] and all but two of the members of the States of Deliberation in Guernsey.[6]

Chamber of Deputies in bicameral legislature

In the following countries, the Chamber of Deputies is part of the bicameral legislature.

Country Article Local name(s)
Argentina Chamber of Deputies of Argentina Cámara de Diputados
Bolivia Chamber of Deputies of Bolivia Cámara de Diputados
Brazil Chamber of Deputies (Brazil) Câmara dos Deputados
Chile Chamber of Deputies of Chile Cámara de Diputados
Czech Republic Chamber of Deputies (Czech Republic) Poslanecká sněmovna
Dominican Republic Chamber of Deputies (Dominican Republic) Cámara de Diputados
Haiti Chamber of Deputies of Haiti Chambre des Députés
Italy Chamber of Deputies (Italy) Camera dei Deputati
Mexico Chamber of Deputies (Mexico) Cámara de Diputados
Paraguay Chamber of Deputies of Paraguay Cámara de Diputados
Romania Chamber of Deputies (Romania) Camera Deputaților
Rwanda Chamber of Deputies of Rwanda Umutwe w'Abadepite
Chambre des Députés
Chamber of Deputies
Spain Congress of Deputies of Spain Congreso de los Diputados

Unicameral legislatures

In the following countries, 'Chamber of Deputies' is the name given to the unicameral parliaments :

Country Article Local Name
Lebanon Chamber of Deputies (Lebanon) Parlement (Parliament)/ مجلس النواب (Majles Nuweb)
Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (Luxembourg) Chambre des députés (French) / D'Chamber (Luxembourgish)

Defunct chambers of deputies

1. Legislature disbanded
2. New constitution, unicameral system adopted
3. Government abolished, absorbed into another country

See also

References

  1. ^ The Union of Burma: Background, United States Department of State, Public Services Division, 1955, page 8
  2. ^ "Kamra Tad-Deputati (Maltese Parliament) website". Archived from the original on 2009-03-31.
  3. ^ "Department of Information (Malta - Maltese language only)".
  4. ^ Waste Management, Dáil Éireann Debate, Tuesday - 14 December 2021
  5. ^ Members vote against £12 flat fee for GP visits, Jersey Evening Post, 16 December 2021
  6. ^ ‘Government Work Plan delivering real change’, Guernsey Press, 16 December 2021
  7. ^ Constitution de Luluabourg (1964 constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) (in French)