Meeting in the Hall of Knights in The Hague during the Congress of Europe, 1948

A congress is a formal meeting of the representatives of different countries, constituent states, organizations, trade unions, political parties, or other groups.[1] The term originated in Late Middle English to denote an encounter (meeting of adversaries) during battle, from the Latin congressus.[2]

Political congresses

International relations

The following congresses were formal meetings of representatives of different nations:


Presidential and semi-presidential systems

In the mid-1770s, to emphasize each one's status as a state in its own right, the term was chosen by the British colonies that became the United States of America. The term has since been adopted by many nations to refer to their legislatures.

Non-presidential systems


Many political parties have a party congress every few years to make decisions for the party and elect governing bodies, while others call it a party convention. Congress is included in the name of several political parties, especially those in former British colonies:

Political organizations

Labor congresses

Religious Congresses

Catholic Congresses Eucharistic Congresses 1947 Marian Congress

Non-political congresses

Congress is an alternative name for a large national or international academic conference. For instance, the World Congress on Men's Health Archived 2022-01-08 at the Wayback Machine is an annual meeting on men's medical issues.

Organizations in some athletic sports, such as bowling, have historically been named "congresses". The predecessors to the United States Bowling Congress (formed in 1995) were the American Bowling Congress (founded in 1895) and the Women's International Bowling Congress (founded in 1927).

Chess congress

A chess congress is a chess tournament, in one city, where a large number of contestants gather to play competitive chess over a limited period of time; typically one day to one week, or more.

ICCA Congress & Exhibition


  1. ^ "congress". Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English Online. London, England, UK: Longman. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  2. ^ "congress". Oxford English Dictionary Online. Oxford, England, UK: Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on September 25, 2016. Retrieved March 9, 2018.
  3. ^ "कांग्रेस पार्टी के अध्यक्ष पद के लिए चुनाव की तारीख की घोषणा कर दी गई है जाने चुनाव की तारीख". TNR NEWS. Archived from the original on 2021-09-17. Retrieved 2021-09-10.