National Assembly

Asamblea Nacional
National Assembly (2023–2025)
Coat of arms or logo
Founded2009; 15 years ago (2009)
Preceded byNational Congress
Henry Kronfle, Social Christian Party
since 18 November 2023
Political groups
  •   RC (47)
  •   MC25 (19)
  •   PSC (16)
  •   PID - MOVER (14)
  •   MUPP (5)
  •   SUMA (4)
  •   Avanza (2)
  •   PSP (1)
  •   RETO (1)
  •   CD (1)
  •   UP (1)
  •   AMIGO (1)
  •   Provincial movements (8)
  •   Independents (13)
Last election
20 August 2023
Next election
Meeting place
National Assembly Building
Avenida 6 de Diciembre y Piedrahita
Quito, Pichincha,
Official website

The National Assembly (Spanish: Asamblea Nacional) is the unicameral legislature of Ecuador. It replaced the National Congress in 2009 following reforms under the 2008 Constitution.[1] Within Ecuador, the National Assembly has the power to pass laws, while appointment of judges to the National Court of Justice is done by a separate Judicial Council.[2]

In 2023, businessman and politician Henry Kronfle representing the Social Christian Party,[3] was elected President with 128 votes from the legislature's 137 members, while the rest abstained.[4]

Ecuadorian general election, 2023

Main article: 2023 Ecuadorian general election

The leftist Citizens' Revolution movement, conservative Social Christian Party and incoming president Noboa's centrist National Democratic Action, along with other minor parties agreed to form a legislative majority bringing it to at least 85 seats.[4]

President Noboa said the coalition is meant to support different proposals, including plans to generate jobs, especially for young people, and tackle violence. It will also be able to name the heads of key legislative committees.[4] Analysts stated the coalition could help Noboa ensure he is able to govern - unlike his predecessor Lasso - during his truncated term. "Noboa wants to have 18 months of relative calm by reaching these agreements with both political parties," said political analyst Alfredo Espinosa, adding Noboa recognizes he will not achieve anything without Correa's support.[4]

The Movimiento Construye of assassinated anti-corruption presidential candidate Fernando Villavicencio, became the main opposition party for the 2023-2025 legislative term.[4]

Citizen Revolution Movement[b]3,326,11039.7263,059,89835.6542
Movimiento Construye1,707,68220.3931,428,86916.6524
National Democratic Action1,219,25414.562884,74710.3111
Social Christian Party[c]996,20611.902948,33311.0512
Actuemos (Avanza–SUMA)377,9534.511577,3846.737
Patriotic Society Party264,7013.161118,9721.390
Claro Que Se Puede (UPPSE–DSì)[d]240,0152.870360,0664.203
RETO Movement141,5771.690128,1741.490
AMIGO Movement100,9951.21069,2650.811
Democratic Center137,7471.601
Democratic Left[h]40,7430.470
Ecuadorian Socialist Party[j]14,1000.160
Provincial movements (MSC/MPUP/Semilla/MPCG/Unete/MAS)276,3983.226
Valid votes8,374,49377.418,582,85779.41
Invalid/blank votes2,443,77322.592,225,58520.59
Total votes10,818,266100.0010,808,442100.00
Registered voters/turnout13,045,55382.9312,419,63287.03
Source: CNE


According to Article 119 of the 2008 Constitution of Ecuador, candidates to the National Assembly must meet the following requirements:[5]


For a list of presidents see: List of presidents of the National Assembly of Ecuador.

See also


  1. ^ The National Assembly has 137 principal (seat-holding) members and 137 alternate members.
  2. ^ Supported by MAR70 and PLAN77 in El Oro and by Sumak Yuyay in Napo. 41 provincial seats won by RC, one won by PLAN77.
  3. ^ Supported by MDG in Guayas and by Caminantes in Manabi.
  4. ^ Supported by AFE in El Oro. One provincial seat won by UP, one by PSE, one by AFE.
  5. ^ Alliance running only in Chimborazo, Napo and Sucumbíos. Two provincial seats won by PSP.
  6. ^ Alliance running only in Chimborazo. One provincial seat won by RETO.
  7. ^ Alliance running only in Cotopaxi. One provincial seat won by MC.
  8. ^ Supported by MINGA in Bolivar.
  9. ^ Alliance running only in Orellana. One provincial seat won by RETO.
  10. ^ Run disjointly from the Claro Que Se Puede alliance only in Cañar
  11. ^ Alliance running only in Bolivar.
  12. ^ Alliance running only in Azuay.


  1. ^ CIA (2010). CIA World Factbook 2010. Skyhorse. p. 204. ISBN 978-1-60239-727-9.
  2. ^ "Ecuador". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  3. ^ " | Breaking News, Ecuador News, World, Sports, Entertainment » Millennials and Generation X will take over the new Assembly in Ecuador". Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e Valencia, Alexandra (18 November 2023). "Ecuador legislature begins new session, Noboa joins leftists for majority". Reuters. Retrieved 20 November 2023.
  5. ^ "Ecuador: 2008 Constitution in English". Retrieved 9 October 2019.

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