National Parliament of Papua New Guinea
11th Parliament
Logo of the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea.png
Type
Type
Term limits
5 years
History
Founded1964
Leadership
Charles III
since 9 September 2022
Bob Dadae
since 28 February 2017
Job Pomat
since 2 August 2017
James Marape, Pangu
since 30 May 2019
Leader of the Opposition
Joseph Lelang, PNC
since 12 August 2022[1]
Structure
Seats118 (96 open electorates and 22 provincial electorates)
Papua New Guinea National Parliament 2022.svg
Political groups
Government (97)[2]

Opposition (16)

Other (5)

  •   Undeclared seats (5)
Political groups
5
Elections
Limited instant-runoff voting
Last election
9 – 22 July 2022
Next election
2027
Meeting place
Papua New Guinea 1991-039 Parliament House, Port Moresby (33351725760).jpg
National Parliament House, Port Moresby
Website
www.parliament.gov.pg

The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea is the unicameral national legislature in Papua New Guinea. It was created in 1964 as the House of Assembly of Papua and New Guinea but gained its current name after the nation was granted independence in 1975.

The 111 members of parliament serve five-year terms, 89 of whom are chosen from single-member "open" electorates, which are sometimes referred to as "seats" but are officially known as constituencies. The remaining 22 are chosen from single-member provincial electorates: the 20 provinces, the autonomous province of Bougainville (North Solomons), and the National Capital District. Each provincial member becomes governor of their province unless they take a ministerial position, in which case the governorship passes to an open member of the province.[3]

From 1964 until 1977 an Optional Preferential Voting System was used.[citation needed] The first past the post system was used from 1977 until 2002. Electoral reforms introduced by former Prime Minister Mekere Morauta introduced Limited Preferential Voting, in which voters numbered three preferred candidates. LPV was first used nationally in the 2007 election.[4]

As in other Commonwealth realms, the party or coalition with the most seats in the parliament is invited by the Governor-General to form a government, and its leader subsequently becomes Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea. The Prime Minister then appoints his cabinet from fellow parliament members. Members of parliament are seated in a similar manner to other Westminster system parliaments, but use chairs instead of benches.

Papua New Guinea has a fractious political culture, and no party in the history of parliament has yet won a majority.[3] Therefore, negotiations between parties have always been necessary to form governments. New governments are protected from votes of no confidence during their first 18 months and during the last 12 months before a national election. More recently, in a move aimed at further minimizing no-confidence motions, then-Prime Minister Mekere Morauta introduced changes that prevented members of the government from voting in favour of such a motion.[citation needed]

All citizens over the age of 18 may vote, although voting is not compulsory.[5]

Latest election

Main article: 2022 Papua New Guinean general election

See also

References

  1. ^ "PNC Party's Joseph Lelang is the new opposition leader". One Papua New Guinea. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
  2. ^ https://devpolicy.org/pngmps/ PNG MP Database
  3. ^ a b "About Our Parliament". National Parliament of Papua New Guinea.
  4. ^ "Papua New Guinea National Elections 2012: Final Report". Commonwealth of Nations. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Enrolment Awareness". Electoral Commission of Papua New Guinea.