Parliament of Montenegro

Skupština Crne Gore

Скупштина Црне Горе
12th Parliament
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Andrija Mandić, NSD
since 30 October 2023
First Vice President
Boris Pejović, PES!
since 30 October 2023
Second Vice President
Zdenka Popović, DCG
since 30 October 2023
Structure
Seats81
Current structure of the Montenegrin Parliament
Political groups
Government (33)
  PES! (20)
  DCG (7)
  SNP - Civis (3)
  Albanian Forum (2)
  Albanian Alliance (1)

Confidence and supply support (13)

Opposition (35)

  Together! (18)
  BS (6)
  URA (4)
  SD (3)
  •   Independents (2)
  •   UCG (1)
  HGI (1)
Elections
Proportional representation under the D'Hondt method
Last election
11 June 2023
Meeting place
House of the Assembly,
Boulevard of Saint Peter of Cetinje,
Podgorica
Website
www.skupstina.me

The Parliament of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Skupština Crne Gore / Скупштина Црне Горе) is the unicameral legislature of Montenegro. The Parliament currently has 81 members, with each member elected to a four-year term. Following the 2006 independence referendum, the Parliament declared and ratified the independence of Montenegro on 3 June 2006. Members of the Parliament are elected using proportional representation.

History

The Parliament of Montenegro was initially established by the Constitution of the Principality of Montenegro in 1905 and was called the Popular Assembly (Narodna skupština). It had a limited legislative role, limited by the authority of the Knjaz (Prince). The first parliament was constituted in 1906.[1] Following the incorporation of the Kingdom of Montenegro into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1918, the Parliament of Montenegro was disbanded until World War II. The Parliament was reinstated in 1944, in the form of the Montenegrin Anti-Fascist Assembly of National Liberation (CASNO), which changed its name to the Montenegrin National Assembly, and later the National Assembly. This lasted until 1946, when a new Assembly was elected for the Socialist Republic of Montenegro, a constituent republic within the SFR Yugoslavia. The current parliament is the 23rd since the foundation of the Parliament.[2]

Powers

The Parliament appoints the Prime Minister nominated by the President, as well as the ministers chosen by the Prime Minister. Parliament also passes all laws in Montenegro, ratifies international treaties, appoints justices of all courts, adopts the budget and performs other duties as established by the Constitution. The Parliament can pass a vote of no-confidence in the Government with a majority of the members.

Deputies

A deputy has a four-year term. One deputy is elected per 6,000 voters, which in turn results in a change of total number of deputies in the parliament. Current assembly convening comprises 81 deputies.

Elections

Old photograph of the Montenegrin parliament building (right) and the current Presidential residence (left)

The Parliament has 81 members (deputies) elected by a D'Hondt method system of proportional representation for a four-year term.

The 81 seats of the Parliament of Montenegro are elected in a single nationwide constituency by closed list proportional representation. Seats are allocated using the d'Hondt method with a three percent electoral threshold. Minority groups that account for up to 15 percent of the population are given an exemption that lowers the electoral threshold to 0.7 percent if their list fails to cross the three percent threshold. For ethnic Croats, if no list representing the population passes the 0.7 percent threshold, the list with the most votes will win one seat if it receives more than 0.35 percent of the vote.[3]

2023 parliamentary election

Main article: 2023 Montenegrin parliamentary election

PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Europe Now!77,20325.5324+22
Together! (DPSSDLPUDSh)70,22823.2221−12
For the Future of Montenegro (NSDDNPRP)44,56514.7413−2
Aleksa and Dritan – Count Bravely! (DemocratsURA)37,73012.4811−1
Bosniak Party21,4237.086+3
SNPDEMOS9,4723.132−4
Social Democratic Party of Montenegro9,0102.980−2
Justice for All8,3802.770New
Albanian Forum (AShLDShUNSh)5,7671.912+2
Turnaround for a Safe Montenegro4,8331.600New
Albanian Alliance (FORCAPDLSMZ)4,5121.491–1
People's Coalition (DHPPCGSCGDSS–PZPV)3,6301.200−1
Croatian Civic Initiative2,2260.741+1
Movement for Changes1,9930.660−5
Yes, We Can!1,4440.480New
Total302,416100.00810
Valid votes302,41699.05
Invalid/blank votes2,8900.95
Total votes305,306100.00
Registered voters/turnout542,46856.28
Source: RTC

Current parliamentary parties list

Further information: List of political parties in Montenegro § Parliamentary parties

See also

References

  1. ^ History Archived 2015-09-21 at the Wayback Machine, skupstina.me
  2. ^ "Državna izborna komisija - Crna Gora". dik.co.me. Retrieved 2022-11-17.
  3. ^ Electoral system IPU