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National Council of the Slovak Republic

Národná rada Slovenskej republiky
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
History
Founded1 January 1993, 30 years ago
Preceded bySlovak National Council
Leadership
Peter Pellegrini, Hlas–SD
since 25 October 2023
Deputy speakers
Ľuboš Blaha, Smer–SD
since 25 October 2023
Andrej Danko, SNS
since 25 October 2023
Peter Žiga, Hlas–SD
since 25 October 2023
Michal Šimečka, PS
since 25 October 2023
Structure
Seats150
Political groups
Government (79)
  •   Smer–SD (42)
  •   Hlas–SD (27)
  •   SNS (10)[a]

Opposition (71)

Committees19 Committees
Elections
Open list proportional representation with a 5% electoral threshold (7% for two-, three-party alliances; 10% for four-or-more party alliance) allocated under the largest remainder method with Hagenbach-Bischoff quota[1]
Last election
30 September 2023
Next election
Next
Meeting place
Parliament Building, Bratislava
Website
www.nrsr.sk
National Council of the Slovak Republic Building

The National Council of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky, abbreviated to NR SR) is the national parliament of Slovakia. It is unicameral and consists of 150 members, who are elected by universal suffrage under proportional representation with seats distributed via largest remainder method with Hagenbach-Bischoff quota[2] every four years.[3]

Slovakia's parliament has been called the 'National Council' since 1 October 1992. From 1969 to 1992, its predecessor, the parliament of the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia, was called the Slovak National Council (Slovak: Slovenská národná rada).

The National Council approves domestic legislation, constitutional laws, and the annual budget. Its consent is required to ratify international treaties, and is responsible for approving military operations. It also elects individuals to some positions in the executive and judiciary, as specified by law.[4]

The parliament building is in Bratislava, Slovakia's capital, next to Bratislava Castle in Alexander Dubček Square.

Functions

The 150-seat unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic is Slovakia's sole constitutional and legislative body.[5] It considers and approves the constitution, constitutional amendments, and other legislation.[6] It approves the state budget.[6] It elects some officials specified by law, as well as justices of the Constitutional Court and the prosecutor general.[7][8] Prior to their ratification, the parliament also should approve all important international treaties.[6] Moreover, it gives consent for dispatching of military forces outside of Slovakia's territory and for the presence of foreign military forces on the territory of the Slovak Republic.[6]

Decision-making

The parliament may vote only if a majority of all its members (76) are present. To pass a decision, the approval of a simple majority of all MPs present is required. Almost all legal acts can be adopted by this relative majority. An absolute majority (76 votes) is required to pass a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet or its members, or to elect and recall the Council's speaker or the deputy speakers. A qualified majority of 3/5 of all deputies (at least 90 votes) is required for the adoption of a constitution or a constitutional statute.[9]

Committees of the National Council

Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.

Committee President Group
Mandate and Immunity Committee
(Slovak: Mandátový a imunitný výbor)
Marián Saloň Smer-SD
Function Incompatibility Committee
(Slovak: Výbor pre nezlučiteľnosť funkcií)
Veronika Remišová OĽaNO
Committee for European Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre európske záležitosti)
Ján Ferenčák Smer-SD
Constitutional Committee
(Slovak: Ústavnoprávny výbor)
Miroslav Čellár Smer-SD
Committee for Finance and Budget
(Slovak: Výbor pre financie a rozpočet)
Ján Blcháč Hlas-SD
Committee for Economic Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre ekonomické záležitosti)
Róbert Puci Hlas-SD
Committee for Agriculture and the Environment
(Slovak: Výbor pre pôdohospodárstvo a životné prostredie)
Rudolf Huliak SNS
Committee for Public Administration and Regional Development
(Slovak: Výbor pre verejnú správu a regionálny rozvoj)
Michal Šipoš OĽaNO
Committee for Social Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre sociálne veci)
Ján Richter Smer-SD
Committee for Health
(Slovak: Výbor pre zdravotníctvo)
Vladimir Baláž Smer-SD
Committee for Defence and Security
(Slovak: Výbor pre obranu a bezpečnosť)
Tibor Gašpar Smer-SD
Foreign Committee
(Slovak: Zahraničný výbor)
Marián Kéry Smer-SD
Committee for Education, Science, Youth and Sport
(Slovak: Výbor pre vzdelávanie, vedu, mládež a šport)
Jozef Habánik Smer-SD
Committee for Culture and Media
(Slovak: Výbor pre kultúru a médiá)
Roman Michelko SNS
Committee for Human Rights and National Minorities
(Slovak: Výbor pre ľudské práva a národnostné menšiny)
Lucia Plaváková PS
Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the NBU
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu čiinosti NBÚ)
Roman Mikulec OĽaNO
Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the SIS
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu čiinosti SIS)
Mária Kolíková SaS
Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the Military Intelligence
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu činnosti Vojenského Spravodajstva)
Tomáš Valášek PS
Committee for Review of Decisions of the NBU
(Slovak: Výbor na preskúmavanie rozhodnutí NBÚ)
Irena Bihariová PS

Speakers

Main article: List of speakers of Slovak parliaments

The current speaker of the Slovak National Council is Peter Pellegrini.[10]

Structure of former legislatures

The length of the bars underneath represents each party's electoral performance. The difference in the total width of the bars is due to the election threshold of 5%; this threshold prevents a varying number of small parties from entering the National Council (most notably, after the 1994 election).

Slovak Parliament 1990–1992

22 7 48 6 31 14 22
KSS DS VPN SZ KDH EGYMKDM SNS

Slovak Parliament 1992–1994

29 18 74 14 15
SDĽ KDH HZDS EGYMKDM SNS

Slovak Parliament 1994–1998

18 13 15 17 61 17 9
SV ZRS DEÚS KDH HZDSRSS MK SNS

Slovak Parliament 1998–2002

23 13 42 43 15 14
SDĽ SOP SDK HZDS SMK–MKP SNS

Slovak Parliament 2002–2006

11 25 15 28 15 36 20
KSS Smer ANO SDKÚ KDH ĽS–HZDS SMK–MKP

Slovak Parliament 2006–2010

50 31 14 15 20 20
Smer–SD SDKÚ KDH ĽS–HZDS SMK–MKP SNS

Slovak Parliament 2010–2012

62 14 28 15 22 9
Smer–SD MH SDKÚ KDH SaS SNS

Slovak Parliament 2012–2016

83 13 11 16 16 11
Smer–SD MH SDKÚ KDH OĽaNO SaS

Slovak Parliament 2016–2020

49 10 11 19 21 11 15 14
Smer–SD #SIEŤ MH OĽaNO SaS SR SNS ĽSNS

Slovak Parliament 2020–2023

38 12 53 13 17 17
Smer–SD OĽaNO SaS SR ĽSNS

Slovak Parliament 2023–2027

42 27 32 16 11 12 10
Smer–SD Hlas-SD PS OĽaNO SaS KDH SNS

Elections

Members of the parliament are elected directly for a 4-year term, under the proportional system. Although the suffrage is universal, only a citizen who has the right to vote, has attained 18 years of age and has permanent residency in the Slovak Republic is eligible to be elected. Similarly to the Netherlands and Israel, the whole country forms one multi-member constituency. The election threshold is 5%. Voters may indicate their preferences within the semi-open list. Parliamentary elections were last held in 2023.

Latest election

2023 Slovak Parliamentary Election

Members (1990–present)

Buildings

Building of the National Council of the Slovak Republic (left) next to Bratislava Castle.
Bust of Jozef Miloslav Hurban, founder of the First Slovak National Council (1848) in the National Council of the Slovak Republic

The main parliament building is situated next to the Bratislava Castle on the castle hill. The building is insufficiently large to accommodate all officials and representatives. This is because it was built during the Czechoslovak period as a building for the Federal Parliament, which usually met in Prague.[11] The secondary parliament building, which was the main building until 1994, is situated next to the Trinitarian Church below the castle hill in Bratislava.

Notes

  1. ^
  2. ^
      •   Slovakia (9)
      •   Pačivale Roma (2)
      •   SaZ (1)
      •   NOVA/Magyar Szívek (1)
  3. ^
  4. ^

References

  1. ^ Slovak law 180/2014 § 68
  2. ^ Slovak law 180/2014 § 68
  3. ^ "Zákon o podmienkach výkonu volebného práva a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov" [Act on the Conditions for the Exercise of the Right to Vote and on Amendments to Certain Acts]. Article 68, Act No. 180/2014 of 29 May 2014. National Council of the Slovak Republic.
  4. ^ "Postavenie a právomoci". NR SR (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  5. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 72, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 29.
  6. ^ a b c d "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 86, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 33.
  7. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 134, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 52.
  8. ^ "Postavenie a právomoci" [Status and powers] (in Slovak). National Council of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
  9. ^ "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 84, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 32.
  10. ^ Svítok, Michal (20 March 2020). "Kollára zvolili za predsedu parlamentu. Väčšina výborov pozná svojich šéfov". Pravda.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
  11. ^ Kulish, Nicholas (7 October 2011). "Slovakia May Hold Key to Euro Debt Bailout". The New York Times. Retrieved 15 December 2017.

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