Federal Assembly

Федеральное собрание

Federalnoye sobraniye
Coat of arms or logo
HousesFederation Council
State Duma
Founded12 December 1993; 30 years ago (1993-12-12)
Preceded bySupreme Soviet of Russia
Constitutional Conference of Russia
Valentina Matviyenko, United Russia
since 21 September 2011
Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia
since 5 October 2016
SeatsState Duma: 450
Federation Council: 170
Federation Council political groups
Political parties (167)
  •   United Russia (142)
  •   LDPR (4)
  •   SRZP (4)
  •   CPRF (4)
  •   Independent (14)

Vacant (2)

  •   Vacant (2)
State Duma political groups
Government (324)

Other parties (125)

Parallel voting
Last Federation Council election
12 December 1993
Last State Duma election
17–19 September 2021
Next State Duma election
Before 20 September 2026
Meeting place
Federation Council Building, Moscow
State Duma Building, Moscow
Constitution of Russia, Chapter V, Articles 94-109

The Federal Assembly[a] is the bicameral national legislature of Russia. The upper house is the Federation Council, and the lower house is the State Duma. The assembly was established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation in 1993, replacing the former Supreme Soviet of Russia. It is located in Moscow.

The Chairman of the Federation Council is the third most important position after the President and the Prime Minister. In the case that both the President and the Prime Minister are incapacitated, the Chairman of the upper house of the Russian parliament becomes Acting President of Russia.[1][2] The assembly replaced

The jurisdiction of the State Duma includes: consent to the appointment of the Chairman of the Government, deciding the issue of confidence in the Government, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman of the Central Bank, appointment and dismissal of the Chairman and half of the auditors of the Accounting Chamber, appointment and dismissal of the Commissioner for Human Rights, proclamation of amnesty, advancing of charges against the President for his impeachment and others.[3]

The jurisdiction of the Council of the Federation includes: approval of changes in borders between subjects of the Russian Federation, approval of the decree of the President on the introduction of a martial law or on the introduction of a state of emergency, deciding on the possibility of using the Armed Forces of Russia outside the territory of Russia, appointment of elections of the President, impeachment of the President, appointment of judges of higher courts of Russia, appointment and dismissal of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation, appointment and dismissal of Deputy Chairman and half of the auditors of the all Accounting Chamber and others.[4]

Since the 2003 elections, the Federal Assembly has been referred to by analysts and observers as being a rubber stamp institution.[5][6][7][8]


As the Russian legislature, all laws must be voted in the Federal Assembly before they are signed into law. All bills, even those proposed by the Federation Council, must first be considered by the State Duma. Upon adoption by a majority of the full State Duma membership, a draft law is considered by the Federation Council, which has fourteen days to place the bill on its calendar. The Federation Council cannot make changes in bills passed by the Duma and can either approve or reject them. If the Federation Council rejects a bill passed by the State Duma, the two chambers must form a conciliation commission to work out a compromise version of the legislation. If two chambers cannot reach a compromise, or the Duma insists on passing the bill as is, the veto of the Federation Council can be overridden, if two thirds of the Duma's constitutional composition vote in favor of the bill.

The State Duma and the Federation Council usually meet separately. Joint sessions are organized when:

Parliamentary centre

In the mid 2000s it was suggested that the Parliamentary centre of the State Duma and Federation Council be combined into one building.[9][10] In 2012, the idea was supported by President Dmitry Medvedev.[11] Reasons cited for the construction of a new building included the cramped nature of the parliament members' current offices, the remote locations of these offices split across ten locations in Moscow, and the desire of the government to move the bodies away from the city centre to reduce traffic congestion.

Various areas of Moscow were examined to serve as the new parliamentary center: Kutuzovsky Prospekt, Frunzenskaya embankment, "Moscow City", Tushino airfield, Krasnaya Presnya, Moskvoretskaya embankment, Park Museon and the Sofia embankment. In September 2014, the Mnyovniki floodplain was selected, a decision which was protested by ecologists.[12]

The design of the new building was to be decided on the basis of an architectural competition.[13] The parliamentarians, however, disagreed on aesthetic decisions between candidates in the competition, which were not resolved when the contest was conducted a second time.[14]

Financing issues caused complications. Originally, the Parliamentary center was to be funded by private investors, who would in turn receive ownership of a building currently belonging to the State Duma and the Federation Council, as well as permits to tear it down and replace the building with their own development projects (such as hotels). An objection to this plan was lodged by architectural critic Grigory Revzin, arguing that the State Duma is located in the building of the Council of Labor and Defense which was designed by Arkady Langman and built in 1935, rendering the existing State Duma building an architectural monument, which would be protected by the state and cannot be demolished.

Work on the parliamentary center was to begin in 2020.[15] However, in 2016 it was postponed to an unknown date due to the economic situation and disagreements on what the center should look like.[16]

See also


  1. ^ Russian: Федера́льное собра́ние, romanized: Federal'noye sobraniye, IPA: [fʲɪdʲɪˈralʲnəjə sɐˈbranʲɪjə]


  1. ^ "Пост Председателя Совета Федерации РФ – это третий пост в стране. В случае недееспособности президента и премьера именно председатель верхней палаты парламента должен возглавить государство."
  2. ^ "Почему у нас третье лицо в государстве Председатель Совета Федерации? Потому что это федерация, он не распускается, он действует постоянно." - Сергей Шахрай
  3. ^ The Constitution of the Russian Federation. Article 103
  4. ^ The Constitution of the Russian Federation. Article 102
  5. ^ Berlinger, Joshua; Voitovych, Olga (3 October 2022). "Russian Parliament begins process to rubber-stamp annexations as Moscow struggles to define borders". CNN. Retrieved 23 October 2023.
  6. ^ Rosefielde, Steven; Hedlund, Stefan (2009). Russia Since 1980. Cambridge University Press. p. 174. ISBN 9780521849135. Retrieved 16 June 2023. Duma election of 2003, reducing the legislature to a rubber stamp.
  7. ^ Troianovski, Anton; Nechepurenko, Ivan (19 September 2021). "Russian Election Shows Declining Support for Putin's Party". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on 20 September 2021. Retrieved 27 September 2021. Russian elections are not free and fair, and Parliament's role in recent years has mainly been to rubber-stamp the Kremlin's initiatives while providing a veneer of democratic legitimacy to Mr. Putin's rule.
  8. ^ Rutland, Peter (June 2009). "Post-socialist states and the evolution of a new development model: Russia and China compared" (PDF). Polis (3). Moscow: 165–176.
  9. ^ Russian newspaper "Sergei Mironov will make a proposal for the construction of the Parliamentary centre". Retrieved 2016-02-19. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help)
  10. ^ www.rg.ru "the Construction of the parliamentary centre — Russian newspaper". Retrieved 2016-02-19. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help)
  11. ^ Russian newspaper "In the state Duma confirmed the relocation of Parliament in the Lower Mnevniki". Retrieved 2016-02-19. ((cite web)): Check |url= value (help)
  12. ^ "the Moscow Government is going to relocate the Russian Parliament in Mnevniki". Archived from the original on 2019-11-21. Retrieved 2017-01-10.
  13. ^ "Переезд Госдумы в Мневники отложили по эстетическим соображениям". РБК. Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  14. ^ Традиции шизофрении в русской архитектуре. Афиша (in Russian). Retrieved 2017-12-22.
  15. ^ "Владимир Ресин: Новый парламентский центр откроется к 2020 году". Российская газета. 2016-02-03. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  16. ^ "Переезд Госдумы в Мневники отложили по эстетическим соображениям". РБК (in Russian). Retrieved 2023-01-24.