National Assembly
HousesSenate (upper house)
House of Representatives (lower house)
Hon. Carolyn Trench Sandiford
since 11 December 2020
Hon. Valerie Woods
since 11 December 2020
Seats44 members
31 representatives
13 senators
Senate political groups
  PUP (6)
  UDP (3)
  Other (4)
House of Representatives political groups
  PUP (26 )
  UDP (5)
Appointed by the Governor-General
Meeting place
National Assembly Building, Belmopan

17°15′04″N 88°46′23″W / 17.2512°N 88.7730°W / 17.2512; -88.7730

The National Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the nation of Belize. It is divided into the House of Representatives, with 31 members, elected by universal suffrage, and the Senate, with 13 members, appointed by the Governor-General in consultation with the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition. The presiding officer of the House is the Speaker, while the Senate is presided over by the President.


Belmopan National Assembly Building at Independence Plaza

The National Assembly of Belize, known as British Honduras prior to independence in 1981, was first introduced on 31 December 1963, replacing the unicameral Legislative Assembly.

The National Assembly has the power to debate and create laws based on the Constitution. It typically meets, both House and Senate, once a month, with other meetings called as necessary.

Since 1970, following the relocation of the capital to Belmopan, the Parliament has sat at National Assembly Building, Belmopan in the Cayo District.

House of Representatives

The House of Representatives is the Lower House. It consists of 31 members, who are elected by the people in a general election every five years. Each member represents one constituency. Members of the House include both members of the ruling party and members of the opposition who won their seats in general election. The House of Representatives is presided over during their meetings by a speaker. The speaker's main responsibility is to maintain order and control. The House of Representatives passes bills, debates national issues and approves government budget.


The Senate is the Upper House. The Senate discusses and confirms bills that are sent from the House of Representatives. It is made up of 13 members who are all appointed by the Governor General. The President of the Senate presides over meetings.

Lawmaking process

The lawmaking process includes the following steps:

  1. Cabinet accepts an idea from a minister and discuss it. Legal draftsmen draft the bill.
  2. Approval of the bill by Cabinet.
  3. The Bill is introduced into the House of Representatives for the 1st Reading.
  4. House committee meetings to hear public opinions and possible changes to the bill.
  5. The bill is debated in the House of Representatives. ( 2nd Reading)
  6. The bill is accepted and voted upon ( 3rd Reading) if it is passed by a majority votes it becomes an act.
  7. The act goes through the same three stages/ readings in the Senate before it becomes a law.
  8. Once the act passes the Senate, it is sent to the Governor General for his signature. The act becomes a law.


The house currently has only one chamber despite bicameral.

See also