Parliament of Jamaica
House of Representatives
since 6 August 1962
Patrick L. Allen
since 26 February 2009
63 Members of Parliament
Senate political groups
Jamaica Labour Party (13)
House of Representatives political groups
Jamaica Labour Party (49)
Senate voting system
|Appointed by the Governor-General of Jamaica on advice of the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition|
House of Representatives voting system
House of Representatives last election
|3 September 2020|
House of Representatives next election
|George William Gordon House, Kingston, Jamaica|
The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislative branch of the government of Jamaica. It consists of three elements: The Crown (represented by the Governor-General), the appointed Senate and the directly elected House of Representatives.
The Senate, the Upper House, is the direct successor of a pre-Independence body known as the "Legislative Council" and comprises 21 senators appointed by the Governor-General: thirteen on the advice of the Prime Minister and eight on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition.
The House of Representatives, the Lower House, is made up of 63 (previously 60) Members of Parliament, elected to five-year terms on a first-past-the-post basis in single-seat constituencies.
As Jamaica is a parliamentary democracy modelled after the Westminster system, most of the government's ability to make and pass laws is dependent on the Prime Minister's ability to command the confidence of the members of the House of Representatives. Though both Houses of Parliament hold political significance, the House of Representatives, of which the Prime Minister and the Leader of the Opposition are both required to be members of, holds a more powerful and prestigious role since it is the main source of legislation.
The Parliament meets at Gordon House at 81 Duke Street, Kingston. It was built in 1960 and named in memory of Jamaican patriot George William Gordon.
Construction on a new parliament building directly north of Gordon House was expected to start in early 2021. However, the start of construction has been delayed until at least 2022.
Main article: Constituencies of Jamaica
The House of Representatives is the Lower House. It is the group of elected members of parliament.
The Senate is the Upper House. This is the list of senators:
In order to effect changes to the Constitution of Jamaica a two-thirds majority in both Houses is required. Therefore, changes to the Jamaican constitution will require consensus among Government and Opposition Senators.
Main article: 2020 Jamaican general election
|Jamaica Labour Party||408,376||57.07||+6.99||49||+17|
|People's National Party||305,950||42.76||–6.95||14||–17|
|Source: Electoral Commission of Jamaica|