Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi Oliy Majlisi (Uzbek)
5th Oliy Majlis
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Houses
History
Founded22 January 1995
Preceded byUnicameral Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Leadership
Chairman of the Senate
Tanzila Narbayeva
since 21 June 2019
Chairman of the Legislative Chamber
Nurdinjan Ismailov, PDPU
since 12 January 2015
Structure
Seats
  • Total 250 members
  • 100 senators in the Senate
  • 150 deputies in the Legislative Chamber
Senate political groups
  Independent (100)
Legislative Chamber political groups
Elections
84 chosen by deputies of regional assembly and 16 appointed by the President of Uzbekistan
Two-round system
Last Senate election
16–17 January 2020
Last Legislative Chamber election
22 December 2019 and 5 January 2020
Next Senate election
January 2025
Next Legislative Chamber election
December 2024 or January 2025
Meeting place
Senate Building in Tashkent
Supreme Assembly and Legislative Chamber Building in Tashkent
Website

The Oliy Majlis ([ɑˈliː mæd͡ʒˈlis]) is the parliament of Uzbekistan. It succeeded the Supreme Council of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 1995, and was unicameral until a reform implemented in January 2005 created a second chamber.

The legislative chamber has 150 deputies elected from territorial constituencies. The Senate has 100 members, 84 elected from the regions, from the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and from the capital, Tashkent, and an additional 16 nominated by the President of Uzbekistan.

Both houses have five-year terms.[1]

Etymology

Majlis is the Arabic word for a sitting room,[2] however it can also refer to a legislature as well, and is used in the name of legislative councils or assemblies in some states of the Islamic world.[3][4][5]

History

Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR

Main article: Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

The Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР Олий Совети, Russian: Верховный Совет Узбекской ССР) operated in the country during the Soviet era as its main legislature. Since its establishment in July 1938, when it succeeded the All-Uzbek Congress of Soviets, it has held 12 convocations:[6]

On 31 August 1991, during an extraordinary 6th session of the Supreme Soviet, the independence and sovereignty of Uzbekistan was proclaimed.[citation needed] In 1992, the Soviet was renamed to reflect the country's new independence status.[7] After the last convocation, the Supreme Soviet was dissolved and converted into the Supreme Assembly in February 1995.

Office holders

See also: List of chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

From February 1995 to January 2005, the Chairman of the unicameral Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan was Erkin Khalilov, who had been Acting Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1993 to 1995. Since 2005 the Senate and Legislative Chamber have each had their own presiding officer.

Speaker of the Legislative Chamber

Chairman of the Senate

See also

References

  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs website Archived 2009-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "المجلس". Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo. 1998.
  3. ^ "عن المجلس". Federal National Council. 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  4. ^ Parliament of the Islamic Republic of Iran Archived 25 September 2017 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ The Majlis Of The Future Today Archived 22 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine — Leading UAE Interior Designers Set To Reveal Their Visions At Index, Dubai City Guide, 9 November 2009.
  6. ^ "03465".
  7. ^ "156-XII-сон 01.11.1990. О совершенствовании структуры исполнительной и распорядительной власти в Узбекской ССР и внесении изменений и дополнений в Конституцию (Основной закон) Узбекской ССР".
  8. ^ Legislative Chamber website
  9. ^ "President Islam Karimov Attends the First Meeting of the Lower House". UzA. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  10. ^ Senate website
  11. ^ "Uzbekistan's Senate Convenes for Its First Meeting". UzA. 23 January 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Избран новый Председатель Сената Олий Мажлиса Республики Узбекистан". 12 November 2021. Archived from the original on 12 November 2021. Retrieved 11 August 2022.

41°18′52″N 69°15′55″E / 41.31444°N 69.26528°E / 41.31444; 69.26528