Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan

Uzbek: Oʻzbekiston Respublikasi Oliy Majlisi

Ўзбекистон Республикаси Олий Мажлиси
Russian: Высшее собрание (Олий Мажлис) Республики Узбекистан
Type
Type
HousesUpper: Senate
Lower: Legislative Chamber
History
Founded22 January 1995
Preceded bySupreme Soviet (Oliy Kengash) of the Republic of Uzbekistan
Leadership
Chairman of the Senate
Tanzila Narbayeva
since 21 June 2019
Chairman of the Legislative Chamber
Nurdinjan Ismailov, PDPU
since 12 January 2015
Structure
SeatsTotal 250 members

100 senators in the Senate

150 deputies in the Legislative Chamber
Senate political groups
  Independent (100)
Legislative Chamber political groups
Government coalition (89)
  Liberal Democratic Party (53)
  National Revival Democratic Party (36)
Opposition (61)
  Justice Social Democratic Party (24)
  People's Democratic Party (22)
  Ecological Party (15)
Elections
84 chosen by deputies of regional assembly and 16 appointed by the President of Uzbekistan
Two-round system
Senate last election
16–17 January 2020
Legislative Chamber last election
22 December 2019 and 5 January 2020
Senate next election
January 2025
Legislative Chamber next election
December 2024 or January 2025
Meeting place
Senate Building in Tashkent
Supreme Assembly and Legislative Chamber Building in Tashkent
Website
Senate
Legislative Chamber

The Oliy Majlis (Cyrillic Олий Мажлис, [ɑˈliː mæd͡ʒˈlis]) is the parliament of Uzbekistan. It succeeded the Supreme Soviet in 1995, and was unicameral until a reform implemented in January 2005 created a second chamber.

The legislative chamber has 150 deputies elected from territorial constituencies. The Senate has 100 members, 84 elected from the regions, from the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan and from the capital, Tashkent, and an additional 16 nominated by the President of Uzbekistan.

Both houses have five-year terms.[1]

History

Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR

Main article: Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR

The Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek SSR (Uzbek: Ўзбекистон ССР Олий Совети, Russian: Верховный Совет Узбекской ССР) operated in the country during the Soviet era as its main legislature. Since its establishment in July 1938, when it succeeded the All-Uzbek Congress of Soviets, it has held 12 convocations:[2]

On 31 August 1991, during an extraordinary 6th session of the Supreme Soviet, the independence and sovereignty of Uzbekistan was proclaimed.[citation needed] In 1992, the Soviet was renamed to reflect the country's new independence status.[3] After the last convocation, the Supreme Soviet was dissolved and converted in to the Supreme Assembly in February 1995.

Office holders

See also: List of Chairmen of the Supreme Soviet of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic

From February 1995 to January 2005, the Chairman of the unicameral Supreme Assembly of Uzbekistan was Erkin Khalilov, who had been Acting Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1993 to 1995. Since 2005 the Senate and Legislative Chamber have each had their own presiding officer.

Speaker of the Legislative Chamber

Chairman of the Senate

See also

References

  1. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs website Archived 2009-04-14 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ http://www.knowbysight.info/1_UZBEK/03465.asp
  3. ^ http://www.lex.uz/docs/957016
  4. ^ Legislative Chamber website
  5. ^ "President Islam Karimov Attends the First Meeting of the Lower House". UzA. 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
  6. ^ Senate website
  7. ^ "Uzbekistan's Senate Convenes for Its First Meeting". UzA. 2015-01-23. Retrieved 2017-07-19.

Coordinates: 41°18′52″N 69°15′55″E / 41.31444°N 69.26528°E / 41.31444; 69.26528