Independent city, autonomous republic,
and regions of Uzbekistan
CategoryUnitary state
LocationRepublic of Uzbekistan
Number12 regions
1 autonomous republic
1 independent city
PopulationsRegions only:
777,100 (Sirdaryo) – 3,514,800 (Samarqand)
AreasRegions only:
4,200 km2 (1,621 sq mi) (Andijan) – 110,800 km2 (42,780 sq mi) (Navoiy)

Uzbekistan is divided into 12 regions (viloyatlar, singular – viloyat, viloyati in compound, e.g. Toshkent viloyati), 1 autonomous republic (respublika, respublikasi in compound, e.g. Qaraqalpaqstan Avtonom Respublikasi), and 1 independent city (shahar or shahri in compounds, e.g. Toshkent shahri).


Names are given below in the Uzbek language, although numerous variations of the transliterations of each name exist. The regions in turn are divided into 169 districts (tumanlar, singular tuman).

Key Name Capital city Area (km2) Population (2015)[1] Population density
1 Tashkent 327 2,829,300 8,652
2 Andijan Region Andijan 4,303 2,965,500 689
3 Bukhara Region Bukhara 41,937 1,843,500 44
4 Fergana Region Fergana 7,005 3,564,800 509
5 Jizzakh Region Jizzakh 21,179 1,301,000 61
6 Namangan Region Namangan 7,181 2,652,400 369
7 Navoiy Region Navoiy 109,375 942,800 9
8 Qashqadaryo Region Qarshi 28,568 3,088,800 108
9 Samarqand Region Samarkand 16,773 3,651,700 218
10 Sirdaryo Region Guliston 4,276 803,100 188
11 Surxondaryo Region Termez 20,099 2,462,300 123
12 Tashkent Region Nurafshon 15,258 2,424,100 159
13 Xorazm Region Urgench 6,464 1,776,700 275
14 Republic of Karakalpakstan Nukus 161,358 1,817,500 11
A clickable map of Uzbekistan exhibiting its regions.KarakalpakstanXorazm RegionNavoiy RegionBukhara RegionQashqadaryo RegionSamarqand RegionSurxondaryo RegionJizzakh RegionSirdaryo RegionTashkentTashkent RegionNamangan RegionAndijan RegionFergana Region
A clickable map of Uzbekistan exhibiting its regions.

Enclaves and exclaves

There are four Uzbek exclaves, all of them surrounded by Kyrgyz territory in the Fergana Valley region where Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan meet. Two of them are the towns of Sokh, area of 325 km2 (125 sq mi) with a population of 42,800 in 1993 (with some estimates as high as 70,000, of which 99% are Tajiks and the remainder Uzbeks[2]) and Shohimardon, area of 90 km2 (35 sq mi) with a population of 5,100 in 1993 (91% are Uzbeks and the remainder Kyrgyz). The other two are the tiny territories of Chon-Kara (or Qalacha), roughly 3 km (1.9 mi) long and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide, and Jani-Ayil (or Dzhangail), a dot of land barely 3 km (1.9 mi) across. Chon-Kara is on the Sokh river, between the Uzbek border and the Sokh exclave.

Uzbekistan has a Tajikistan enclave, the village of Sarvan, which includes a narrow, long strip of land about 15 km (9.3 mi) long and 1 km (0.62 mi) wide, along the road from Angren to Kokand.

The Kyrgyz village of Barak (population 627) lies 15 km north of Osh. In August 1999, the area around Barak was occupied by Uzbekistan, cutting it off from Kyrgyz territory. Uzbek forces dug up and blockaded the road to Ak-Tash[3] while also allegedly seizing large areas of Kyrgyz land that had been loaned in the Soviet era but never returned.[4] They entrenched themselves within much of Kyrgyz border territory and refused to leave.[5] Barak became a de facto enclave only 1.5 km from the shifted main border.[6][7][8] (Map) In August 2018 Kyrgyz and Uzbek authorities agreed to a land swap that would eliminate the exclave. The exchange process may take up to two years.[9]

See also


  1. ^ "Average number of resident population, 2017".
  2. ^ "Uzbekistan".
  3. ^ Megoran, Nick Solly (24 May 2004). "To Survive, Villagers Buck Uzbek Border Controls". EurasiaNet. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
  4. ^ Megoran, Nick (15 Mar 2000). "Bad neighbors, bad fences". Asia Times Online. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  5. ^ Gavrilis, George (22 Sep 2008). The Dynamics of Interstate Boundaries (Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics) (1 ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 120–121. ISBN 978-0521898997.
  6. ^ "Kyrgyz In Exclave In Uzbekistan Want To Relocate To Kyrgyzstan". EurasiaNet. 12 May 2011. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
  7. ^ Azizov, Demir (18 Feb 2014). "Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan intensify work on delimitation and demarcation of state border". Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-15.
  8. ^ Борис ГОЛОВАНОВ (22 Feb 2002). "Продолжаются споры по линии прохождения узбеко-кыргызской границы. Неделимы Сох, Барак и Гавасай". Вечерний Бишкек. Archived from the original on 19 March 2014. Retrieved 2014-02-15.
  9. ^ "Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan Agree To Work On Land Swap Near Border". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Archived from the original on 2019-03-15. Retrieved 2019-01-17.