Provinces of the Philippines
Provinces of the Philippines.svg
CategoryProvince
LocationPhilippines
Found inAdministrative and autonomous regions
Number81 (as of 2020)
Populations17,246–4,632,359
Areas219.01–17,030.75 km2 (84.56–6,575.61 sq mi)
Government
Subdivisions

In the Philippines, provinces (Filipino: lalawigan) are one of its primary political and administrative divisions. There are 81 provinces at present, which are further subdivided into component cities and municipalities. The local government units in the National Capital Region, as well as independent cities, are independent of any provincial government. Each province is governed by an elected legislature called the Sangguniang Panlalawigan and an elected governor.

The provinces are grouped into seventeen regions based on geographical, cultural, and ethnological characteristics. Thirteen of these regions are numerically designated from north to south, while the National Capital Region, the Cordillera Administrative Region, the Southwestern Tagalog Region, and the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao are only designated by acronyms.

Each province is a member of the League of Provinces of the Philippines, an organization which aims to address issues affecting provincial and metropolitan government administrations.[1]

Government

A provincial government is autonomous of other provinces within the republic. Each province is governed by two main elected branches of the government: executive and legislative. Judicial affairs are separated from provincial governance and are administered by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. Each province has at least one branch of a Regional Trial Court.

Executive

Main article: List of current Philippine provincial governors

The provincial governor is chief executive and head of each province. Elected to a term of three years and limited to three consecutive terms, he or she appoints the directors of each provincial department which include the office of administration, engineering office, information office, legal office, and treasury office.

Legislative

Main article: Sangguniang Panlalawigan

The vice governor acts as the president for each Sangguniang Panlalawigan (SP; "Provincial Board"), the province's legislative body. Every SP is composed of regularly elected members from provincial districts, as well as ex officio members. The number of regularly elected SP members allotted to each province is determined by its income class. First- and second-class provinces are provided ten regular SP members; third- and fourth-class provinces have eight, while fifth- and sixth-class provinces have six. Exceptions are provinces with more than five congressional districts, such as Cavite with 16 regularly elected SP members, and Cebu, Negros Occidental and Pangasinan which have twelve each.

Every SP has designated seats for ex officio members, given to the respective local presidents of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC), Philippine Councilors' League (PCL), and Sangguniang Kabataan (SK; "Youth Council").

The vice governor and regular members of an SP are elected by the voters within the province. Ex officio members are elected by members of their respective organizations.

Relation to other levels of government

National government

National intrusion into the affairs of each provincial government is limited by the Philippine Constitution. The President of the Philippines however coordinates with provincial administrators through the Department of the Interior and Local Government. For purposes of national representation, each province is guaranteed its own congressional district. One congressional representative represents each district in the House of Representatives. Senatorial representation is elected at an at-large basis and not apportioned through territory-based districts.

Cities and municipalities

Main articles: Cities of the Philippines and Municipalities of the Philippines

Those classified as either "highly urbanized" or "independent component" cities are independent from the province, as provided for in Section 29 of the Local Government Code of 1991.[2] Although such a city is a self-governing second-level entity, in many cases it is often presented as part of the province in which it is geographically located, or in the case of Zamboanga City, the province it last formed part the congressional representation of.

Local government units classified as "component" cities and municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the provincial government. In order to make sure that all component city or municipal governments act within the scope of their prescribed powers and functions, the Local Government Code mandates the provincial governor to review executive orders issued by mayors, and the Sangguniang Panlalawigan to review legislation by the Sangguniang Panlungsod (City Council) or Sangguniang Bayan (Municipal Council), of all component cities and municipalities under the province's jurisdiction.[2]

Barangays

The provincial government does not have direct relations with individual barangays. Supervision over a barangay government is the mandate of the mayor and the Sanggunian of the component city or municipality of which the barangay in question is a part.[2]

Classification

Provinces based on income classification.
Provinces based on income classification.

Provinces are classified according to average annual income based on the previous 4 calendar years. Effective July 29, 2008, the thresholds for the income classes for cities are:[3][needs update]

Class Average annual income
First 450 million or more
Second ₱360 million or more but less than ₱450 million
Third ₱270 million or more but less than ₱360 million
Fourth ₱180 million or more but less than ₱270 million
Fifth ₱90 million or more but less than ₱180 million
Sixth below ₱90 million

A province's income class determines the size of the membership of its Sangguniang Panlalawigan, and also how much it can spend on certain items, or procure through certain means.[2]

List

For a list of provinces with independent cities presented separately, see List of primary local government units of the Philippines.

ISO[4] Province Capital Population[5] Area[6] Density Founded[A] Island group Region Total LGUs
% (2015) Mun. City Brgy.
PH-ABR Abra Bangued 0.24% 241,160 4,165.25 km2
(1,608.21 sq mi)
58/km2 (150/sq mi) 1846 Luzon CAR 27 303
PH-AGN Agusan del Norte[i] Cabadbaran[ii][7] 0.68% 691,566 3,546.86 km2
(1,369.45 sq mi)
195/km2 (505/sq mi) 20 Sep 1907 Mindanao XIII 10 2 253
PH-AGS Agusan del Sur Prosperidad 0.69% 700,653 9,989.52 km2
(3,856.98 sq mi)
70/km2 (182/sq mi) 1 Jan 1970
[8]
Mindanao XIII 13 1 314
PH-AKL Aklan Kalibo 0.57% 574,823 1,821.42 km2
(703.25 sq mi)
316/km2 (817/sq mi) 8 Nov 1956
[9]
Visayas VI 17 327
PH-ALB Albay Legazpi 1.30% 1,314,826 2,575.77 km2
(994.51 sq mi)
510/km2 (1,322/sq mi) 3 Apr 1574
[10]
Luzon V 15 3 720
PH-ANT Antique San Jose de Buenavista 0.58% 582,012 2,729.17 km2
(1,053.74 sq mi)
213/km2 (552/sq mi) 10 Mar 1917 Visayas VI 18 590
PH-APA Apayao Kabugao[iii] 0.12% 119,184 4,413.35 km2
(1,704.00 sq mi)
27/km2 (70/sq mi) 14 Feb 1995 Luzon CAR 7 133
PH-AUR Aurora Baler 0.21% 214,336 3,147.32 km2
(1,215.19 sq mi)
68/km2 (176/sq mi) 13 Aug 1979 Luzon III 8 151
PH-BAS Basilan[iv] Lamitan[12] 0.45% 459,367 1,327.23 km2
(512.45 sq mi)[13]
346/km2 (896/sq mi) 27 Dec 1973 Mindanao BARMM[v] 11 2 255
PH-BAN Bataan Balanga 0.75% 760,650 1,372.98 km2
(530.11 sq mi)
554/km2 (1,435/sq mi) 1754 Luzon III 11 1 237
PH-BTN Batanes Basco 0.02% 17,246 219.01 km2
(84.56 sq mi)
79/km2 (204/sq mi) 26 Jun 1783
[14]
Luzon II 6 29
PH-BTG Batangas Batangas City 2.67% 2,694,335 3,119.72 km2
(1,204.53 sq mi)
864/km2 (2,237/sq mi) 8 Dec 1581 Luzon IV-A 30 4 1,078
PH-BEN Benguet[vi] La Trinidad 0.78% 791,590 2,826.59 km2
(1,091.35 sq mi)
280/km2 (725/sq mi) 16 Jun 1966 Luzon CAR 13 1 269
PH-BIL Biliran Naval 0.17% 171,612 536.01 km2
(206.95 sq mi)
320/km2 (829/sq mi) 11 May 1992 Visayas VIII 8 132
PH-BOH Bohol Tagbilaran 1.30% 1,313,560 4,820.95 km2
(1,861.38 sq mi)
272/km2 (706/sq mi) 22 Jul 1854
[15]
Visayas VII 47 1 1,109
PH-BUK Bukidnon Malaybalay 1.40% 1,415,226 10,498.59 km2
(4,053.53 sq mi)
135/km2 (349/sq mi) 10 Mar 1917 Mindanao X 20 2 464
PH-BUL Bulacan Malolos 3.26% 3,292,071 2,796.10 km2
(1,079.58 sq mi)
1,177/km2 (3,049/sq mi) 15 Aug 1578 Luzon III 21 3 569
PH-CAG Cagayan Tuguegarao 1.19% 1,199,320 9,295.75 km2
(3,589.11 sq mi)
129/km2 (334/sq mi) 29 Jun 1583
[16]
Luzon II 28 1 820
PH-CAN Camarines Norte Daet 0.58% 583,313 2,320.07 km2
(895.78 sq mi)
251/km2 (651/sq mi) 15 Apr 1920
[17]
Luzon V 12 282
PH-CAS Camarines Sur[vii] Pili 1.93% 1,952,544 5,497.03 km2
(2,122.42 sq mi)
355/km2 (920/sq mi) 27 May 1579
[18]
Luzon V 35 2 1,063
PH-CAM Camiguin Mambajao 0.09% 88,478 237.95 km2
(91.87 sq mi)
372/km2 (963/sq mi) 18 Jun 1966 Mindanao X 5 58
PH-CAP Capiz Roxas 0.75% 761,384 2,594.64 km2
(1,001.80 sq mi)
293/km2 (760/sq mi) 10 Mar 1917 Visayas VI 16 1 473
PH-CAT Catanduanes Virac 0.26% 260,964 1,492.16 km2
(576.13 sq mi)
175/km2 (453/sq mi) 26 Sep 1945 Luzon V 11 315
PH-CAV Cavite Imus[19] 3.64% 3,678,301 1,574.17 km2
(607.79 sq mi)
2,337/km2 (6,052/sq mi) 10 Mar 1614
[20]
Luzon IV-A 16 7 829
PH-CEB Cebu[viii] Cebu City[21] 4.59% 4,632,359 5,342.00 km2
(2,062.56 sq mi)
867/km2 (2,246/sq mi) 27 Apr 1565 Visayas VII 44 9 1,203
PH-NCO Cotabato Kidapawan 1.37% 1,379,747 9,008.90 km2
(3,478.36 sq mi)
153/km2 (397/sq mi) 1 Sep 1914
[22]
Mindanao XII 17 1 543
PH-COM Davao de Oro Nabunturan 0.73% 736,107 4,479.77 km2
(1,729.65 sq mi)
164/km2 (426/sq mi) 31 Jan 1998 Mindanao XI 11 237
PH-DAV Davao del Norte Tagum 1.01% 1,016,332 3,426.97 km2
(1,323.16 sq mi)
297/km2 (768/sq mi) 8 May 1967 Mindanao XI 8 3 223
PH-DAS Davao del Sur[ix] Digos 2.24% 2,265,579 4,607.59 km2
(1,779.00 sq mi)
492/km2 (1,274/sq mi) 1 Sep 1914 Mindanao XI 9 2 414
PH-DVO Davao Occidental Malita 0.31% 316,342 2,163.45 km2
(835.31 sq mi)
146/km2 (379/sq mi) 28 Oct 2013 Mindanao XI 5 105
PH-DAO Davao Oriental Mati 0.55% 558,958 5,679.64 km2
(2,192.92 sq mi)
98/km2 (255/sq mi) 8 May 1967 Mindanao XI 10 1 183
PH-DIN Dinagat Islands San Jose 0.13% 127,152 1,036.34 km2
(400.13 sq mi)
123/km2 (318/sq mi) 2 Dec 2006 Mindanao XIII 7 100
PH-EAS Eastern Samar Borongan 0.46% 467,160 4,660.47 km2
(1,799.42 sq mi)
100/km2 (260/sq mi) 19 Jun 1965 Visayas VIII 22 1 597
PH-GUI Guimaras Jordan 0.17% 174,613 604.57 km2
(233.43 sq mi)
289/km2 (748/sq mi) 22 May 1992 Visayas VI 5 98
PH-IFU Ifugao Lagawe 0.20% 202,802 2,628.21 km2
(1,014.76 sq mi)
77/km2 (200/sq mi) 18 Jun 1966 Luzon CAR 11 176
PH-ILN Ilocos Norte Laoag 0.59% 593,081 3,467.89 km2
(1,338.96 sq mi)
171/km2 (443/sq mi) 2 Feb 1818 Luzon I 21 2 559
PH-ILS Ilocos Sur Vigan 0.68% 689,668 2,596.00 km2
(1,002.32 sq mi)
266/km2 (688/sq mi) 1572 Luzon I 32 2 768
PH-ILI Iloilo[x] Iloilo City[21] 2.36% 2,384,415 5,079.17 km2
(1,961.08 sq mi)
469/km2 (1,216/sq mi) 1566 Visayas VI 42 2 1,901
PH-ISA Isabela[xi] Ilagan 1.58% 1,593,566 12,414.93 km2
(4,793.43 sq mi)
128/km2 (332/sq mi) 1 May 1856 Luzon II 34 3 1,055
PH-KAL Kalinga Tabuk 0.21% 212,680 3,231.25 km2
(1,247.59 sq mi)
66/km2 (170/sq mi) 18 Jun 1966 Luzon CAR 7 1 153
PH-LUN La Union San Fernando 0.78% 786,653 1,497.70 km2
(578.27 sq mi)
525/km2 (1,360/sq mi) 2 Mar 1850 Luzon I 19 1 576
PH-LAG Laguna Santa Cruz 3.01% 3,035,081 1,917.85 km2
(740.49 sq mi)
1,583/km2 (4,099/sq mi) 28 Jul 1571 Luzon IV-A 24 6 674
PH-LAN Lanao del Norte[xii] Tubod 1.01% 1,019,013 4,159.94 km2
(1,606.16 sq mi)
245/km2 (634/sq mi) 4 Jul 1959 Mindanao X 22 1 506
PH-LAS Lanao del Sur Marawi 1.04% 1,045,429 3,872.89 km2
(1,495.33 sq mi)[23]
270/km2 (699/sq mi) 1 Sep 1914 Mindanao BARMM 39 1 1,159
PH-LEY Leyte[xiii] Tacloban[21] 1.95% 1,966,768 6,515.05 km2
(2,515.47 sq mi)
302/km2 (782/sq mi) 1735 Visayas VIII 40 3 1,641
PH-MAG Maguindanao[xiv] Buluan 1.46% 1,473,371 6,146.53 km2
(2,373.19 sq mi)[24]
240/km2 (621/sq mi) 22 Nov 1973 Mindanao BARMM 36 1 545
PH-MAD Marinduque Boac 0.23% 234,521 952.58 km2
(367.79 sq mi)
246/km2 (638/sq mi) 21 Feb 1920 Luzon Mimaropa 6 218
PH-MAS Masbate Masbate City 0.88% 892,393 4,151.78 km2
(1,603.01 sq mi)
215/km2 (557/sq mi) 18 Mar 1901
[25]
Luzon V 20 1 550
PH-MSC Misamis Occidental Oroquieta 0.60% 602,126 2,055.22 km2
(793.52 sq mi)
293/km2 (759/sq mi) 8 Nov 1929 Mindanao X 14 3 490
PH-MSR Misamis Oriental[xv] Cagayan de Oro[21] 1.55% 1,564,459 3,544.32 km2
(1,368.47 sq mi)
441/km2 (1,143/sq mi) 15 May 1901 Mindanao X 23 3 504
PH-MOU Mountain Province Bontoc 0.15% 154,590 2,157.38 km2
(832.97 sq mi)
72/km2 (186/sq mi) 1846 Luzon CAR 10 144
PH-NEC Negros Occidental[xvi] Bacolod[21] 3.03% 3,059,136 7,965.21 km2
(3,075.38 sq mi)
384/km2 (995/sq mi) 1 Jan 1890
[26]
Visayas VI 19 13 662
PH-NER Negros Oriental Dumaguete 1.34% 1,354,995 5,385.53 km2
(2,079.36 sq mi)
252/km2 (652/sq mi) 1 Jan 1890
[27]
Visayas VII 20 6 557
PH-NSA Northern Samar Catarman 0.63% 632,379 3,692.93 km2
(1,425.85 sq mi)
171/km2 (444/sq mi) 19 Jun 1965 Visayas VIII 24 569
PH-NUE Nueva Ecija Palayan[xvii] 2.13% 2,151,461 5,751.33 km2
(2,220.60 sq mi)
374/km2 (969/sq mi) 25 Apr 1801
[28]
Luzon III 27 5 849
PH-NUV Nueva Vizcaya Bayombong 0.45% 452,287 3,975.67 km2
(1,535.01 sq mi)
114/km2 (295/sq mi) 24 May 1839
[29]
Luzon II 15 275
PH-MDC Occidental Mindoro Mamburao 0.48% 487,414 5,865.71 km2
(2,264.76 sq mi)
83/km2 (215/sq mi) 15 Nov 1950
[30]
Luzon Mimaropa 11 162
PH-MDR Oriental Mindoro Calapan 0.84% 844,059 4,238.38 km2
(1,636.45 sq mi)
199/km2 (516/sq mi) 1663 Luzon Mimaropa 14 1 426
PH-PLW Palawan[xviii] Puerto Princesa[21] 1.09% 1,104,585 17,030.75 km2
(6,575.61 sq mi)
65/km2 (168/sq mi) 23 Jan 1902 Luzon Mimaropa 23 1 433
PH-PAM Pampanga[xix] San Fernando 2.58% 2,609,744 2,062.47 km2
(796.32 sq mi)
1,265/km2 (3,277/sq mi) 11 Dec 1571 Luzon III 19 3 538
PH-PAN Pangasinan[xx] Lingayen 2.93% 2,956,726 5,451.01 km2
(2,104.65 sq mi)
542/km2 (1,405/sq mi) 5 Apr 1580
[31]
Luzon I 44 4 1,364
PH-QUE Quezon[xxi] Lucena[21] 2.10% 2,122,830 9,069.60 km2
(3,501.79 sq mi)
234/km2 (606/sq mi) 2 Mar 1901 Luzon IV-A 39 2 1,242
PH-QUI Quirino Cabarroguis 0.19% 188,991 2,323.47 km2
(897.10 sq mi)
81/km2 (211/sq mi) 18 Jun 1966 Luzon II 6 132
PH-RIZ Rizal Antipolo 2.86% 2,884,227 1,191.94 km2
(460.21 sq mi)
2,420/km2 (6,267/sq mi) 23 Feb 1853 Luzon IV-A 13 1 189
PH-ROM Romblon Romblon 0.29% 292,781 1,533.45 km2
(592.07 sq mi)
191/km2 (495/sq mi) 16 Mar 1901
[32]
Luzon Mimaropa 17 219
PH-WSA Samar Catbalogan 0.77% 780,481 6,048.03 km2
(2,335.16 sq mi)
129/km2 (334/sq mi) 1768 Visayas VIII 24 2 951
PH-SAR Sarangani Alabel 0.54% 544,261 3,601.25 km2
(1,390.45 sq mi)
151/km2 (391/sq mi) 16 Mar 1992 Mindanao XII 7 141
PH-SIG Siquijor Siquijor 0.10% 95,984 337.49 km2
(130.31 sq mi)
284/km2 (737/sq mi) 17 Sep 1971 Visayas VII 6 134
PH-SOR Sorsogon Sorsogon City 0.79% 792,949 2,119.01 km2
(818.15 sq mi)
374/km2 (969/sq mi) 17 Oct 1894 Luzon V 14 1 541
PH-SCO South Cotabato[xxii] Koronadal 1.50% 1,509,735 4,428.81 km2
(1,709.97 sq mi)
341/km2 (883/sq mi) 18 Jun 1966 Mindanao XII 10 2 225
PH-SLE Southern Leyte Maasin 0.42% 421,750 1,798.61 km2
(694.45 sq mi)
234/km2 (607/sq mi) 22 May 1959 Visayas VIII 18 1 500
PH-SUK Sultan Kudarat Isulan 0.80% 812,095 5,298.34 km2
(2,045.70 sq mi)
153/km2 (397/sq mi) 22 Nov 1973 Mindanao XII 11 1 249
PH-SLU Sulu Jolo 0.82% 824,731 1,600.40 km2
(617.92 sq mi)[33]
515/km2 (1,335/sq mi) 10 Mar 1917 Mindanao BARMM 19 410
PH-SUN Surigao del Norte Surigao City 0.48% 485,088 1,972.93 km2
(761.75 sq mi)
246/km2 (637/sq mi) 15 May 1901 Mindanao XIII 20 1 335
PH-SUR Surigao del Sur Tandag 0.59% 592,250 4,932.70 km2
(1,904.53 sq mi)
120/km2 (311/sq mi) 16 Jun 1960 Mindanao XIII 17 2 309
PH-TAR Tarlac Tarlac City 1.35% 1,366,027 3,053.60 km2
(1,179.00 sq mi)
447/km2 (1,159/sq mi) 28 Mar 1873
[34][35]
Luzon III 17 1 511
PH-TAW Tawi-Tawi Bongao[36] 0.39% 390,715 1,087.40 km2
(419.85 sq mi)[37]
359/km2 (931/sq mi) 11 Sep 1973 Mindanao BARMM 11 203
PH-ZMB Zambales[xxiii] Iba 0.82% 823,888 3,830.83 km2
(1,479.09 sq mi)
215/km2 (557/sq mi) 1578 Luzon III 13 1 247
PH-ZAN Zamboanga del Norte Dipolog 1.00% 1,011,393 7,301.00 km2
(2,818.93 sq mi)
139/km2 (359/sq mi) 6 Jun 1952 Mindanao IX 25 2 691
PH-ZAS Zamboanga del Sur[xxiv] Pagadian 1.85% 1,872,473 5,914.16 km2
(2,283.47 sq mi)
317/km2 (820/sq mi) 1 Sep 1914 Mindanao IX 26 2 779
PH-ZSI Zamboanga Sibugay Ipil 0.63% 633,129 3,607.75 km2
(1,392.96 sq mi)
175/km2 (455/sq mi) 22 Feb 2001 Mindanao IX 16 1 389
PH-00 Metro Manila Manila  12.75% 12,877,253 638.55 km2
(246.55 sq mi)
20,166/km2 (52,231/sq mi) Luzon NCR[B] 1 16 1,706
  1. ^ Dates could refer to provincehood as established during the Spanish period, American period, or through Republic Acts.
  2. ^ Metro Manila is included for comparison although it is not a province but an administrative region.

Table notes[edit]

  1. ^ Figures include the independent city of Butuan.
  2. ^ Cabadbaran has been made the official capital of the province, as per Republic Act No. 8811. However, the seat of the provincial government is still in the process of being transferred from Butuan, where the provincial government still holds office.
  3. ^ The province maintains another government center in Luna, where many national and provincial agencies now hold office.[11]
  4. ^ Figures include the city of Isabela.
  5. ^ The city of Isabela is regionally served by the offices of Region IX.
  6. ^ Figures include the independent city of Baguio.
  7. ^ Figures include the independent city of Naga.
  8. ^ Figures include the independent cities of Cebu, Lapu-Lapu and Mandaue.
  9. ^ Figures include the independent city of Davao.
  10. ^ Figures include the independent city of Iloilo.
  11. ^ Figures include the independent city of Santiago.
  12. ^ Figures include the independent city of Iligan.
  13. ^ Figures include the independent cities of Ormoc and Tacloban.
  14. ^ Figures include the independent city of Cotabato.
  15. ^ Figures include the independent city of Cagayan de Oro.
  16. ^ Figures include the independent city of Bacolod.
  17. ^ The provincial government still uses and maintains facilities in the former capital, Cabanatuan.
  18. ^ Figures include the independent city of Puerto Princesa.
  19. ^ Figures include the independent city of Angeles.
  20. ^ Figures include the independent city of Dagupan.
  21. ^ Figures include the independent city of Lucena.
  22. ^ Figures include the independent city of General Santos.
  23. ^ Figures include the independent city of Olongapo.
  24. ^ Figures include the independent city of Zamboanga.

Former provinces

Etymologies

For a more comprehensive list, see List of provincial name etymologies of the Philippines.

History

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Timeline

When the United States acquired the Philippines from Spain in 1898, the islands were divided into four gobiernos (governments), which were further subdivided into provinces and districts. The American administration initially inherited the Spanish divisions and placed them under military government. As insurgencies were pacified, civil government was gradually organized.

1900–1901
1902
1903
1905
1906–1907
1908–1919
1920
1923–1939
1942
1945–1956
1959
1960–1969
1971–1998
2001–present

Gallery


Formally proposed/renamed provinces

Proposed provinces with enacted law

This section only lists the proposals that reached the stage where a legislation was enacted for the purpose of establishing a province or a sub-province but never achieved, or yet to achieve, corporate existence.

Map of the Philippines showing the proposed provinces
Map of the Philippines showing the proposed provinces

Scheduled for a plebiscite

Rejected in a plebiscite

Other proposed provinces

Proposed renaming

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Provisions of this order only apply for the duration of the Japanese occupation; revoked after the restoration of the Commonwealth in 1945.

References

  1. ^ "About the League of Provinces". League of Provinces of the Philippines. Archived from the original on March 5, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2008. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ a b c d "R.A. 7160". lawphil.net. Archived from the original on May 3, 2016.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved September 29, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "ISO 3166-2 Newsletter: Changes in the list of subdivision names and code elements" (PDF). ISO (International Organization for Standardization). June 30, 2010. pp. 56–58. Retrieved January 19, 2015.
  5. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". 2015 Census of Population. Philippine Statistics Authority. May 19, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
  6. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on April 19, 2016. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  7. ^ Republic Act No. 8811 of August 16, 2000 (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 3, 2016.
  8. ^ "Agusan del Sur..." OoCities.org. OoCities.org. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  9. ^ "Proclamation No. 290, s. 1956". GOVPH. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
  10. ^ "Albay celebrates 439th Foundation Day". balita-dot-ph. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  11. ^ "Apayao gov't center established in Luna". Philippine Information Agency.[dead link]
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 11, 2017. Retrieved May 14, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Bangsamoro Development Plan: Environment and Natural Resources Archived March 4, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "The Batanes Islands". National Commission on Culture and the Arts. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  15. ^ "No work on Monday, July 23, in observance of Bohol Day". The Bohol Standard. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  16. ^ "Festivals". Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cagayan. Archived from the original on January 31, 2016. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
  17. ^ "Camarines Norte holds Bantayog fest". Philippine Daily Inquirer (in Filipino). Retrieved December 31, 2015.
  18. ^ Abad, Danilo. "Kaogma 2015 isasagawa sa Camarines Sur". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved December 31, 2015.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ The provincial government of Cavite makes it clear that Imus is the provincial capital, while the seat of the provincial government is Trece Martires. Official Website of the Province of Cavite – Quick Facts Archived October 7, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Imus is capital of Cavite — Maliksi
  20. ^ Census of the Philippine Islands (1920). "Census of the Philippine Islands Vol. I, 1918", pg. 132. Bureau of Printing, Manila.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Because the provincial government holds office within an independent city, in effect the province maintains the seat of its government outside its jurisdiction.
  22. ^ Unson, John. "North Cotabato set for Kalivungan fest, 101st anniversary". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 14, 2015.
  23. ^ Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Department of Agriculture: Lanao del Sur Archived January 19, 2015, at the Wayback Machine (The value given at NSCB is unreasonable and must be assumed as erroneous, see Talk:Lanao del Sur#Area.)
  24. ^ Provincial Government of Maguindanao: Brief Profile Archived May 28, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (There seems to be major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 972,904 ha (NSCB); 6,565 km² (Historical Dictionary of the Philippines); 5,176.1 km² (NAMRIA))
  25. ^ "President Aquino declares March 18 as special non-working day in Masbate in commemoration of 112th Foundation Day". Presidential Communications Operations Office. Archived from the original on August 6, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  26. ^ "History of Negros Occidental". Official Website of the Provincial Government of Negros Occidental. Archived from the original on October 20, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  27. ^ "History of Negros Oriental". Official Website of the Provincial Government of Negros Oriental. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017.
  28. ^ "N. Ecija founding date April 25, not Sept. 2". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved June 17, 2016.
  29. ^ Babiera, Lester G. (July 14, 2014). "Nueva Vizcaya mounts Ammungan fest, celebrates diversity". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  30. ^ "Speech of President Aquino during his visit to Occidental Mindoro, November 15, 2012". GOVPH. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
  31. ^ Ramirez, Cesar (March 27, 2011). "April 5 a special non-working holiday in Pangasinan". The Philippine Star. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  32. ^ "History of Romblon". United Romblon Ministerial Fellowship. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
  33. ^ Province of Sulu: Brief Profile Archived February 26, 2011, at the Wayback Machine (There seems to be major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 343,699 ha (NSCB 2007), 175,460 ha (NSCB 2000), 167,377 ha (NAMRIA))
  34. ^ "History of Tarlac". Province of Tarlac. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved October 7, 2015.
  35. ^ "Proclamation No. 109, s. 1998". Retrieved October 7, 2015. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  36. ^ The National Statistical Coordination Board Archived November 18, 2008, at the Wayback Machine recognizes both Bongao and Panglima Sugala as capitals of the province. However, the provincial capitol is located in Bongao, the de facto seat of government.
  37. ^ Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, Department of Agriculture: Tawi-Tawi Archived September 6, 2012, at the Wayback Machine (There seems to be major discrepancies among authoritative sources: 362,655 ha (NSCB 2007), 120,876 ha (NAMRIA), 1,197 km² (Department of Tourism), 999 km² (Mapcentral))
  38. ^ Republic Act No. 8811 Archived March 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine, Republic Act No. 8811.
  39. ^ Firm, Ronald Echalas Diaz, Chan Robles & Associates Law. "PHILIPPINE LAWS, STATUTES AND CODES – CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". www.chanrobles.com.
  40. ^ "G.R. No. 73155". lawphil.net.
  41. ^ Republic Act No. 9054 Archived July 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, Chan-Robles Law Library.
  42. ^ G.R. No. 177597 – Sema v. COMELEC and Dilangalen, Supreme Court of the Philippines.
  43. ^ "Act No. 49 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Benguet". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. November 23, 1900. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  44. ^ "Act No. 83 – A General Act for the Organization of Provincial Governments in the Philippine Islands". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 6, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  45. ^ "Act No. 85 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Pampanga". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 13, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  46. ^ "Act No. 86 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Pangasinan". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 16, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  47. ^ "Act No. 87 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Tarlac". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 18, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  48. ^ "Act No. 88 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Bulacan". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 27, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  49. ^ "Act No. 92 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Bataan". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. March 2, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  50. ^ "Act No. 103 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Tayabas". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. March 12, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  51. ^ "Act No. 104 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Romblon, As Therein Defined". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. March 16, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  52. ^ "Act No. 105 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Masbate". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. March 18, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  53. ^ "Act No. 113 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Iloilo". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 11, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  54. ^ "Act No. 114 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Antique". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 13, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  55. ^ "Act No. 115 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Capiz". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 15, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  56. ^ "Act No. 116 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act to the Province of Cebu, and Incorporating the Pueblo of San Nicolas in the Municipality of Cebu". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 18, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  57. ^ "Act No. 117 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Bohol". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 20, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  58. ^ "Act No. 121 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Leyte". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 22, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  59. ^ "Act No. 122 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Albay". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 26, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  60. ^ "Act No. 123 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Ambos Camarines". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 27, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  61. ^ "Act No. 124 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Sorsogon". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 27, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  62. ^ "Act No. 119 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and the Municipal Code to the Province of Occidental Negros". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 20, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  63. ^ "Act No. 120 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and the Municipal Code to the Province of Oriental Negros". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 20, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  64. ^ "Act No. 125 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Marinduque". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 1, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  65. ^ "Act No. 126 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Batangas". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 2, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  66. ^ "Act No. 127 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Surigao". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 15, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  67. ^ "Act No. 128 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Misamis". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 15, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  68. ^ "Act No. 137 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Rizal". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 11, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  69. ^ "Act No. 138 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Cavite". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 11, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  70. ^ "Act No. 139 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Civil Government for the Province of Nueva Ecija". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 11, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  71. ^ "Act No. 169 – An Act Annexing the Island of Catanduanes to the Province of Albay". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. July 16, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  72. ^ "Act No. 173 – An Act Restoring the Provinces of Batangas, Cebu, and Bohol to the Executive Control of the Military Governor". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. July 17, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  73. ^ "Act No. 203 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of La Union". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 15, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  74. ^ "Act No. 205 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Ilocos Sur". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 16, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  75. ^ "Act No. 206 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Abra". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 19, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  76. ^ "Act No. 207 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Ilocos Norte". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 20, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  77. ^ "Act No. 209 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Cagayan". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 22, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  78. ^ "Act No. 210 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Isabela". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 24, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  79. ^ "Act No. 211 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of Zambales". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 28, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  80. ^ "Act No. 322 – An Act Repealing So Much of Act Numbered One Hundred and Seventy-three as Applies to the Province of Cebu, and Restoring That Province to the Executive Control of the Civil Governor". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. December 20, 1901. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  81. ^ "Act No. 337 – An Act Providing for the Organization of a Provincial Government in the Province of Nueva Viscaya [sic]". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. January 28, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  82. ^ "Act No. 365 – An Act Repealing So Much of Act Numbered One Hundred and Seventy-three as Applies to the Province of Bohol, and Restoring That Province to the Executive Control of the Civil Governor". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. March 3, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  83. ^ "Act No. 410 – An Act Providing for the Organization of a Provincial Government in the Territory Comprised in the Comandancias of Lepanto, Bontoc, and Amburayan, and the Territory Lying Between Abra, Cagayan, and Bontoc Not Included Within the Limits of Any Province, and Providing for Justices of the Peace in This Territory and in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 28, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  84. ^ "Act No. 417 – An Act Annexing the Districts of Infanta and Principe and the Island of Polillo to the Province of Tayabas". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 12, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  85. ^ "Act No. 419 – An Act Providing for the Organization of a Provincial Government in the Province of Samar". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 17, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  86. ^ "Act No. 422 – An Act Providing for the Organization of a Provincial Government in the Province of Paragua, and Defining the Limits of That Province". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 23, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  87. ^ "Act No. 423 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Island of Mindoro and Incorporating That Island with the Province of Marinduque". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 23, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  88. ^ "Act No. 424 – An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Province of La Laguna". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. July 1, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  89. ^ "Act No. 499 – An Act Annexing the Province of Marinduque to the Province of Tayabas, Amending Act Numbered One Hundred and Three, Entitled "An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act to the Province of Tayabas," and Repealing Act Numbered One Hundred and Twenty-five and All Amendments Thereto". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. November 10, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  90. ^ "Act No. 500 – An Act Providing for the Organization of a Provincial Government in the Island of Mindoro, Defining the Limits of That Province, and Repealing Act Numbered Four Hundred and Twenty-three, Entitled "An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act and Its Amendments to the Island of Mindoro and Incorporating That Island with the Province of Marinduque"". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. November 10, 1902. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  91. ^ "Act No. 747 – An Act to Amend Act Numbered Pour Hundred and Twenty-two, as Amended, by Defining New Limits for the Province of Paragua, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 14, 1903. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  92. ^ "Act No. 768 – An Act Fixing the Boundary Line Between the Subprovinces of Amburayan and Lepanto and the Province of Benguet, and Adding the Territory Comprised in the Former Comandancia of Kayapa to the Latter Province". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 26, 1903. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  93. ^ "Act No. 787 – An Act Providing for the Organization and Government of the Moro Province". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 1, 1903. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  94. ^ "Act No. 1306 – An Act Annexing the Province of Abra to the Province of Ilocos Sur, Making Appropriation for the Payment of Certain Outstanding Liabilities of the Province of Abra and Providing for the Establishment of Civil Governments in the Settlements of Non-Christian Tribes in the Province of Ilocos Sur". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. February 28, 1905. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  95. ^ "Act No. 1331 – An Act to Amend Act Numbered One Hundred and Sixty-nine, Entitled "An Act Annexing the Island of Catanduanes to the Province of Albay," so as to Create the Subprovince of Catanduanes of the Province of Albay". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. April 19, 1905. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  96. ^ "Act No. 1363 – An Act Changing the Name of the Province and Island of Paragua to That of Palawan". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. June 28, 1905. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  97. ^ "Act No. 1413 – An Act Annexing the Province of Masbate to the Province of Sorsogon, and Amending Act Numbered Seventy-four, as Amended by Making the Provinces of Albay and Sorsogon Separate School Divisions, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. November 23, 1905. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  98. ^ "Act No. 1642 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of Two Subprovinoes to Be Known as the Subprovince of Kalinga and the Subprovince of Apayao". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 9, 1907. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  99. ^ "Act No. 1665 – An Act to Annex the Province of Romblon to the Province of Capiz". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. July 2, 1907. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  100. ^ "Act No. 1649 – An Act Declaring All of the Territory Comprised in the Island of Marinduque a Subprovince of Tayabas, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. May 17, 1907. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  101. ^ "Act No. 1693 – An Act Creating the Province of Agusan and the Sub-provinces of Butuan, Bukidnon and Batanes, Empowering the Provincial Board of Cagayan to Apply the Provisions of "the Township Government Act" to the Municipalities and Settlements of the Babuyanes Islands, and Providing That the Salaries of the Lieutenant-Governor of the Sub-province of Apayao and of Any Duly Authorized Employees of Said Sub-province Shall Be Payable From Insular Funds". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 20, 1907. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  102. ^ "Act No. 1753 – An Act Declaring All of the Territory Comprised in the Island of Siquijor a Subprovince of Oriental Negros, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. October 8, 1907. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  103. ^ "Act No. 1876 – An Act Providing for the Establishment of a Province to Be Known as the Mountain Province, for the Establishment of a Prison at Bontoc for Non-Christian Criminals, Changing the Boundaries of the Province of Nueva Vizcaya, Amending Act Numbered Eight Hundred and Sixty-seven, as Amended, by Changing the Boundaries of the Mountain Judicial District and the Times and Places of Holding Courts of First Instance in the Said District, Providing for Participation by the Mountain Province in the Distribution of Internal-revenue Collections, and Repealing All Acts or Parts of Acts Inconsistent with This Act". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. August 18, 1908. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  104. ^ "Act No. 1952 – An Act to Provide for the Establishment of the Province of Batanes; to Amend Paragraph Seven of Section Sixty-eight of Act Numbered Eleven Hundred and Eighty-nine in Certain Particulars; to Authorize the Provincial Board of the Province of Batanes, with the Approval of the Governor-General, to Extend the Time for the Payment Without Penalty of Taxes and Licenses; to Amend Section Five of Act Numbered Fifteen Hundred and Eighty-two, Entitled "the Election Law," by Increasing the Number of Delegates to the Philippine Assembly to Eighty-one, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. May 20, 1909. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  105. ^ "Act No. 2309 – An Act Changing the Name of the Moro Province to the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, Placing the Province of Agusan Under the Jurisdiction and Control of the Governor of the Said Department, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. December 20, 1913. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  106. ^ "Act No. 2408 – An Act Providing a Temporary Form of Government for the Territory Known as the Department of Mindanao and Sulu, Making Applicable Thereto, with Certain Exceptions, the Provisions of General Laws Now in Force in the Philippine Islands, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Commission. July 23, 1914. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  107. ^ "Act No. 2683 – An Act to Authorize the Segregation of the Subprovince of Abra From the Province of Ilocos Sur and the Reestablishment of the Former Province of Abra, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. March 9, 1917. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  108. ^ "Act No. 2724 – An Act Authorizing the Separation of the Subprovince of Romblon From the Province of Capiz and the Reestablishment of the Former Province of Romblon, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. December 7, 1917. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  109. ^ "Act No. 2809 – An Act to Authorize the Segregation of Camarines Norte From the Province of Ambos Camarines and Re-establishment of the Former Province of Camarines Norte, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. March 3, 1919. Retrieved February 18, 2022.
  110. ^ a b "Act No. 2877 – An Act to Modify and Establish the Boundary Line Between the Mountain Province and the Provinces of Ilocos Sur and La Union". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. February 4, 1920. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  111. ^ "Act No. 2880 – An Act Authorizing the Separation of the Subprovince of Marindnaque [sic] From the Province of Tayabas and the Reestablishment of the Former Province of Marinduque, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. January 21, 1920. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  112. ^ "Act No. 2934 – An Act Authorizing the Separation of the Subprovinee [sic] of Masbate From the Province of Sorsogon and the Reestablishment of the Former Province of Masbate, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. December 15, 1920. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  113. ^ "Act No. 3117 – An Act to Provide for the Division of the Province of Leyte into Two Provinces Independent From Each Other, Fix the Boundaries of Each, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. March 27, 1923. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  114. ^ "Act No. 3777 – An Act to Amend the Second Paragraph of Section One of Act Numbered Thirty-five Hundred and Thirty-seven, Entitled "An Act to Create the Provinces of Oriental Misamis and Occidental Misamis, etc."". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. November 28, 1930. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  115. ^ "Act No. 3537 – An Act to Create the Provinces of Oriental Misamis and Occidental Misamis; Establish the Boundaries Thereof; Assign One Representative to Each Province; and Repeal Act Numbered Thirty-three Hundred and Fifty-four, and for Other Purposes". Supreme Court E-Library. Philippine Legislature. November 2, 1929. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  116. ^ "Commonwealth Act No. 581 – An Act Abolishing the Existing Municipal Governments and the Provincial Government of Romblon, and Cheating Instead Four Special Municipalities". Supreme Court E-Library. National Assembly of the Philippines. June 8, 1940. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  117. ^ "Executive Order No. 400 – Creating the City of Greater Manila". Supreme Court E-Library. President of the Philippines. January 1, 1942. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  118. ^ a b c "Official Gazette". Official Gazette - Republic of the Philippines. Manila, Philippines: Philippine Executive Commission. 1: 428–430, 447–448, and 753. 1942. ISSN 0115-0421. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  119. ^ SEC. 2. Subprovinces abolished.—The subprovinces and their governments are hereby abolished and their territories annexed to the provinces to which they belong."[118]
  120. ^ "Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me as Head of the Central Administrative Organization by Order No. 1 in connection with Order No. 3 of the Commander in Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission it is hereby ordered that—
    1. The Province of Batanes is abolished and the comprising the same as well as the territory thereof shall be annexed to the Province Cagayan.
    2. The municipalities of Baler and Casiguran, Province of Tayabas, and the territories thereof are segregated from said province and shall be annexed to the Province of Nueva Ecija.
    3. The municipality of Infanta, Province of Tayabas, and the territory thereof are segregated from province and shall be annexed to the Province of Laguna.
    4. The Province of Marinduque is abolished and municipalities comprising the same as well as territory thereof shall be annexed to the Province of Tayabas.
    5. The Province of Romblon is abolished and the municipalities comprising the same as well the territory thereof shall be annexed to the of Capiz."[118]
  121. ^ "Pursuant to the authority conferred upon me by Order No. 1 in connection with Order No. 3 of the Commander in Chief of the Imperial Japanese Forces in the Philippines and upon the recommendation of the Executive Commission it is hereby ordered that—
    1. The Polillo islands are segregated from the Province of Tayabas and shall be annexed to the Province of Laguna."[118]
  122. ^ "Executive Order No. 58 – Reducing the Territory of the City of Greater Manila". Supreme Court E-Library. President of the Philippines. July 26, 1945. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  123. ^ "Commonwealth Act No. 687 – An Act Authorizing the Separation of the Subprovince of Catanduanes From the Province of Albay and Its Establishment as an Independent Province". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. September 26, 1945. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  124. ^ "Republic Act No. 14 – An Act to Change the Name of the Province of Tayabas to Quezon". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. September 7, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  125. ^ "Republic Act No. 38 – An Act Repealing Commonwealth Act Numbered Five Hundred and Eighty-one, Entitled "An Act Abolishing the Existing Municipal Governments and the Provincial Government of Romblon, and Creating Instead Four Special Municipalities," Restoring the Regular Provincial Government and Municipalities of the Province of Romblon, and Creating the Municipality of Santa Fe". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. October 1, 1946. Retrieved February 21, 2022.
  126. ^ "Republic Act No. 505 – An Act to Create the Provinces of Oriental Mindoro and Occidental Mindoro". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. June 13, 1950. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  127. ^ "Republic Act No. 648 – An Act Creating the Subprovince of Aurora, Which Shall Comprise the Municipalities of Baler, Casiguran, Dipaculao and Maria Aurora, Province of Quezon". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. June 14, 1951. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  128. ^ "Republic Act No. 711 – An Act to Create the Provinces of Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. June 6, 1952. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  129. ^ "Republic Act No. 1414 – An Act to Create the Province of Aklan". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. April 25, 1956. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  130. ^ "Republic Act No. 2021 – An Act Creating the Subprovince of Camiguin in the Province of Misamis Oriental". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. June 22, 1957. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  131. ^ "Republic Act No. 2141 – An Act Creating the Sub-province of Biliran". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. April 8, 1959. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  132. ^ "Republic Act No. 2228 – An Act to Create the Provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. May 22, 1959. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  133. ^ "Republic Act No. 2227 – An Act Creating the Province of Southern Leyte". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. May 22, 1959. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
  134. ^ "Republic Act No. 2786 – An Act to Create the Provinces of Surigao del Norte and Surigao del Sur". Supreme Court E-Library. Congress of the Philippines. June 19, 1960. Retrieved March 22, 2022.
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