Quirino
Province of Quirino
Flag of Quirino
Official seal of Quirino
Nickname: 
Forest Heartland of Cagayan Valley
Location within the Philippines
Location within the Philippines
OpenStreetMap
Map
Coordinates: 16°17′N 121°35′E / 16.28°N 121.58°E / 16.28; 121.58
CountryPhilippines
RegionCagayan Valley
FoundedJune 18, 1966
Named forElpidio Quirino
CapitalCabarroguis
Largest MunicipalityDiffun
Government
 • TypeSangguniang Panlalawigan
 • GovernorDakila Carlo E. Cua (PFP)
 • Vice GovernorJulius Caesar S. Vaquilar (PDP–Laban)
 • RepresentativeMidy N. Cua (Lakas–CMD)
 • LegislatureQuirino Provincial Board
Area
 • Total2,319.66 km2 (895.63 sq mi)
 • Rank54th out of 81
Highest elevation
(Mount Dialanese)
1,808 m (5,932 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)[2]
 • Total203,828
 • Rank73rd out of 81
 • Density88/km2 (230/sq mi)
  • Rank72nd out of 81
Divisions
 • Independent cities0
 • Component cities0
 • Municipalities
6
 • Barangays132
 • DistrictsLegislative district of Quirino
Time zoneUTC+8 (PHT)
ZIP code
3400–3405
IDD:area code+63 (0)78
ISO 3166 codePH-QUI
Spoken languages
Websitewww.quirinoprovince.org Edit this at Wikidata

Quirino, officially the Province of Quirino (Ilocano: Probinsia ti Quirino; Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Quirino), is a landlocked province in the Philippines located in the Cagayan Valley region in Luzon. Its capital is Cabarroguis. It is named after Elpidio Quirino, the sixth President of the Philippines.

The province borders Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Vizcaya to the west, and Isabela to the north. Quirino used to be part of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, until it was separated in 1966.

History

Early history

Long before its formal creation as an independent province, Quirino was the forest region of the province of Nueva Vizcaya, inhabited by tribal groups known as the Negritos. They roamed the hinterlands and built their huts at the heart of the jungle. Aside from the Negritos, the area was also inhabited by Ilongot people, who were feared for their headhunting raids against enemy tribes and Spanish-controlled settlements. Throughout the period of Spanish colonization, the province was one of the few remaining unconquered areas in the Philippines due to its remoteness, having only seen a Spanish military expedition in 1848 and the brief presence of Spanish missionaries in 1891.[3] During the American period, the territory of Quirino was administered by the province of Isabela before Congressman Leon Cabarroguis of Nueva Vizcaya pushed for its return to Nueva Vizcaya by authoring Republic Act No. 236, which was signed into law in 1948.

An old map showing the current territories of Quirino as part of Nueva Vizcaya

Philippine independence

On June 18, 1966, Republic Act No. 4734 was enacted, constituting the municipalities of Diffun, Saguday, Aglipay, and Maddela, all from Nueva Vizcaya province, into a new sub-province to be known as "Quirino", named after the late Philippine President Elpidio Quirino.[4][5]

On June 21, 1969, Republic Act No. 5554 was enacted, amending RA 4734, and creating the municipality of Cabarroguis (now the provincial capital town), which was taken from portions of Diffun, Saguday, and Aglipay.[5][6]

Republic Act No. 6394, authored by then-Congressman Leonardo B. Perez (Nueva Vizcaya–Lone), was passed on September 10, 1971, further amending RA 5554 and separating the sub-province of Quirino from its mother province, Nueva Vizcaya, constituting it into a regular province.[5][7]

The province of Quirino was formally established on February 10, 1972, upon the assumption to office of the first elected provincial and municipal officials headed by Dionisio Sarandi as Provincial Governor.

On February 25, 1983, Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 was enacted, creating within Quirino the municipality of Nagtipunan, a division of the municipality of Maddela.[8]

Geography

A section of the Cagayan River (lower river in the picture) beside the town of Maddela

Quirino covers a total area of 3,323.47 square kilometers (1,283.20 sq mi)[9] occupying the southeastern section of the Cagayan Valley region. A landlocked province, it is situated within the upper portion of the Cagayan River basin and bounded by Isabela on the north, Aurora on the east and southeast, and Nueva Vizcaya on the west and southwest.

The Sierra Madre mountain range provides a natural barrier on the eastern and southern border of the province and the Namamparang Range on the western part. The province is generally mountainous, with about 80 percent of the total land area covered by mountains and highlands. A large portion of the province lies within the Quirino Protected Landscape.

Climate

The province has a mean annual temperature of 33.6 °C (92.5 °F).[citation needed] June is generally the warmest month and the wettest months are March to August,[citation needed] with the rest of the year being neither too dry nor too wet. Heavy, sustained rainfall occurs from September to November.

Climate data for Quirino
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 27.4
(81.3)
28.4
(83.1)
29.6
(85.3)
31.4
(88.5)
32.2
(90.0)
32.6
(90.7)
32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
32.0
(89.6)
31.0
(87.8)
29.6
(85.3)
27.9
(82.2)
30.5
(86.9)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20.0
(68.0)
20.3
(68.5)
21.4
(70.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.5
(74.3)
23.9
(75.0)
24.0
(75.2)
23.9
(75.0)
23.5
(74.3)
23.0
(73.4)
22.4
(72.3)
20.8
(69.4)
22.4
(72.4)
Average rainy days 15 12 12 9 13 13 15 14 16 14 18 15 166
Source: Storm247 [10]

Administrative divisions

Quirino comprises 6 municipalities, all encompassed by a single legislative district.

Political divisions

Barangays

The 6 municipalities of the province comprise a total of 132 barangays, with Gundaway (Poblacion) in Cabarroguis as the most populous in 2010, and Rang-ayan in Aglipay as the least.[12]

Further information: List of barangays in Quirino

Demographics

Population census of Quirino
YearPop.±% p.a.
1939 3,923—    
1948 2,520−4.80%
1960 24,266+20.77%
1970 49,767+7.44%
1975 65,763+5.75%
1980 83,230+4.82%
1990 114,132+3.21%
1995 131,119+2.63%
2000 148,575+2.72%
2007 163,610+1.34%
2010 176,786+2.86%
2015 188,991+1.28%
2020 203,828+1.50%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][12]

The population of Quirino in the 2020 census was 203,828 people,[2] with a density of 61 inhabitants per square kilometre or 160 inhabitants per square mile.

The major languages are Ilocano and Ifugao. Other languages are Bugkalot, Pangasinan, Kankana-ey, Tagalog, and English. As Quirino was part of Provincia de Cagayan which is the predecessor of Cagayan Valley, a few residents speak Ibanag, which was the lingua franca of Provincia de Cagayan before it was replaced by Ilocano.

The province also has the largest Igorot population next to its mother province Nueva Vizcaya outside the Cordillera region.

Religion

Quirino is predominantly Roman Catholic with 54 percent adherence[13] while Evangelicals and United Methodist Church serve as significant minorities with up to 20% of the population.[14] Some people still practice indigenous beliefs. Other religions such as the Iglesia ni Cristo (forming more than 9% of the province population),[15] mainline Protestant and Aglipanyan are also well represented. Other religious groups are also have some minor adherents such as Islam.

Economy

Agriculture is the main industry in the province, with rice and corn as major crops.[23] These supply the demand of neighboring provinces and the metropolis. It is the leading producer of banana in the Cagayan Valley region.[23] Banana as well as banana chips are major products sold in Metro Manila and Pampanga. Small scale industries like furniture making, basketry, rattan craft, and dried flower production are prevalent.

Government

Elected Officials of Quirino Provincial Council (2022–2025)
District Representative
Midy N. Cua
Provincial Governor
Dakila Carlo E. Cua
Provincial Vice Governor
Julius Caesar S. Vaquilar
Provincial Board
1st District Marlo S. Guillermo Jovino F. Navalta Marcelina M. Pagbilao Babylyn G. Reyes
2nd District Linda G. Dacmay Roy A. Saladino Elizabeth B. Saure Alegre M. Ylanan

References

  1. ^ "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  3. ^ Salgado, Pedro. "What is now Quirino Province". Cagayan Valley and Easter Cordillera: 1581-1898, Volume II. Rex Publishing. pp. 906–911.
  4. ^ Republic Act No. 4734 (June 18, 1966), An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya, retrieved January 13, 2015
  5. ^ a b c "Brief History of Quirino". Province of Quirino (official website). Archived from the original on March 6, 2016. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  6. ^ Republic Act No. 5554 (June 21, 1969), An Act Amending Republic Act Numbered Four Thousand Seven Hundred And Thirty-four, Entitled, "An Act Creating the Subprovince of Quirino in the Province of Nueva Vizcaya," and for Other Similar Purposes, retrieved January 13, 2015
  7. ^ Republic Act No. 6394 (September 10, 1971), An Act to Separate the Subprovince of Quirino from the Province of Nueva Vizcaya and Constitute It into a Regular Province to be Known as the Province of Quirino, retrieved January 13, 2015
  8. ^ Batas Pambansa Blg. 345 (February 25, 1983), An Act Creating the Municipality of Nagtipunan, in the Province of Quirino, retrieved January 13, 2015
  9. ^ a b "Province: Quirino". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  10. ^ "Weather forecast for Quirino, Philippines". Storm247.com. Bergen, NO: StormGeo AS. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
  11. ^ a b Census of Population (2015). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  12. ^ a b c Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region II (Cagayan Valley)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  13. ^ "MAP: Catholicism in the Philippines". Rappler. Archived from the original on June 22, 2018. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 14, 2014. Retrieved October 9, 2017.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "MAP: Iglesia ni Cristo in the Philippines". Rappler. Archived from the original on November 24, 2021. Retrieved April 3, 2021.
  16. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  17. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  18. ^ "2009 Official Poverty Statistics of the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. February 8, 2011.
  19. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  20. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  21. ^ "Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population, by Region and Province: 1991, 2006, 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. August 27, 2016.
  22. ^ "Updated Annual Per Capita Poverty Threshold, Poverty Incidence and Magnitude of Poor Population with Measures of Precision, by Region and Province: 2015 and 2018". Philippine Statistics Authority. June 4, 2020.
  23. ^ a b "The Province of Quirino". Department of Trade and Industry - Region 02. Archived from the original on February 21, 2020. Retrieved June 26, 2016.