Native toPhilippines
RegionIfugao, Luzon
Native speakers
(130,000 cited 1987–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
ifb – Batad Ifugao
ifa – Amganad Ifugao
ifu – Mayoyao Ifugao
ifk – Tuwali language
Area where the Ifugao dialect continuum is spoken according to Ethnologue

Ifugao or Batad is a Malayo-Polynesian language spoken in the northern valleys of Ifugao, Philippines. It is a member of the Northern Luzon subfamily and is closely related to the Bontoc and Kankanaey languages.[2] It is a dialect continuum, and its four main varieties—such as Tuwali—are sometimes considered separate languages.[3]

Loanwords from other languages, such as Ilokano, are replacing some older terminology.[4]


Ethnologue reports the following locations for each of the four Ifugao languages.



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɡ
Nasal m n ŋ
Fricative h
Lateral l
Approximant w j


Front Central Back
Close i ʊ ~ u
Mid ɛ ə ɔ
Open a


The unified Ifugao alphabet is as follows: A, B, D, E, G, H, I, K, L, M, N, Ng, O, P, T, U, W, Y. The letters are pronounced differently depending on the dialect of the speaker.[7]


  1. ^ Batad Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
    Amganad Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
    Mayoyao Ifugao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
    Tuwali language at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
  2. ^ (Lebar, 1975: 78)
  3. ^ (Newell and Poligon, 1993)
  4. ^ Kinnud, Richard (2013-08-21). "Language Change in the Cordillera". Sun.Star. Baguio. Retrieved 2013-08-30.
  5. ^ Taleon, Kristine (2020). A Phonological Sketch of Tuwali Ifugao. University of the Philippines Diliman.
  6. ^ Newell, Leonard E.; Poligon, Francis (1993). Batad Ifugao dictionary, with ethnographic notes. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines. pp. 3–10.
  7. ^ Hay Mahun an Bahaon, A Pre-Primer in Ayangan Ifugao. Summer Institute of Linguistics, 1984.