Clockwise from the top: Anawangin Cove, Capones Island, Mount Samat National Shrine, Lake Pinatubo, Barasoain Church
Rice Granary of the Philippines
|Regional center||San Fernando (Pampanga)|
|Largest city||San Jose del Monte|
|• Total||22,014.63 km2 (8,499.90 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||2,037 m (6,683 ft)|
|• Density||560/km2 (1,500/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|ISO 3166 code||PH-03|
|GDP (2021)||₱2 trillion|
|HDI rank||4th in Philippines (2019)|
Central Luzon (Kapampangan: (Reyun ning) Kalibudtarang Luzon, Pangasinan: (Rehiyon na) Pegley na Luzon, Tagalog: (Rehiyon ng) Gitnang Luzon, Ilocano: (Rehion/Deppaar ti) Tengnga ti Luzon), designated as Region III, is an administrative region in the Philippines, primarily serving to organize the 7 provinces of the vast central plains of the island of Luzon (the largest island), for administrative convenience. The region contains the largest plain in the country and produces most of the country's rice supply, earning itself the nickname "Rice Granary of the Philippines". Its provinces are: Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and Zambales. Pangasinan was formerly a province of Central Luzon before President Marcos signed Presidential Decree No. 1, 1972, incorporating it into Ilocos Region. Additionally, the province of Aurora was part of the defunct political region Southern Tagalog when the region was divided into Calabarzon and Mimaropa, upon the issuance of Executive Order No. 103, dated May 17, 2002, by then-President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, which transferred Aurora to Central Luzon.
The current name of the region refers to its position on the island of Luzon. The term was coined by American colonialists after the defeat of the First Philippine Republic. There have been proposals to rename the current Central Luzon region into the Luzones region. The proposed name is in reference to the old name of Luzon island, Luções, which was later used to refer to the central area of the island, stretching from Pangasinan in the north, all the way to Pampanga in the south. The term Luções literally translates into Luzones.
In 2002, Central Luzon had the highest unemployment rate among all regions in the country at 11.3%.
The region is located north of Manila, the nation's capital. Central Luzon, in addition to the neighboring province of Pangasinan, contains the largest plain in the Philippines with its agricultural plains accounting for about 40% of the geographical region's area. Bordering it are the regions of Ilocos and Cagayan Valley to the north; National Capital Region, Calabarzon and the waters of Manila Bay to the south; South China Sea to the west; and the Philippine Sea to the east. Pangasinan is historico-culturally and geographically an integral part of this region, but was politically made part of the Ilocos Region by President Ferdinand Marcos on June 22, 1973.
There are fifteen cities in the region: Balanga in Bataan; Baliwag, Malolos, Meycauayan, and San Jose del Monte in Bulacan; Cabanatuan, Gapan, Muñoz, Palayan, and San Jose in Nueva Ecija; Angeles City, Mabalacat, and San Fernando in Pampanga; Tarlac City in Tarlac; and Olongapo in Zambales. Central Luzon produces the most rice in the whole country. Excess rice is delivered and imported to other regions of the Philippines.
The city of San Fernando, the provincial capital of Pampanga, is designated as the regional center. Aurora was transferred from Region IV through Executive Order No. 103 in May 2002.
Central Luzon comprises 7 provinces, 2 highly urbanized cities, 12 component cities, 116 municipalities, 3,102 barangays
|Province or HUC||Capital||Population (2020)||Area||Density||Cities||Muni.||Barangay|
|km2||sq mi||/km2||/sq mi|
Angeles and Olongapo are highly urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Pampanga and Zambales respectively.
|Province||Image||Governor||Political Party||Vice Governor|
|Christian M. Noveras||PDP–Laban||Gerardo A. Noveras|
|Joet Garcia||NUP||Ma. Cristina M. Garcia|
(Cesar Fernando Ramirez)
|Aurelio Umali||Independent/Unang Sigaw||Emmanuel Antonio Umali|
|Dennis Pineda||NPC/KAMBILAN||Lilia G. Pineda|
|Susan Yap||NPC||Carlito S. David|
|Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr.||SZP||Jacqueline Rose Khonghun|
The Central Luzon Region has fifteen cities. San Jose del Monte is the city with the most population while Angeles City is the most densely populated city in the region. Tarlac City is the largest based on land area.
|City||Population (2020)||Area||Density||City class||Income class||Province|
|Angeles City||462,928||60.27||23.27||7,700||20,000||Highly Urbanized||1st||Pampanga|
|† San Fernando||354,666||67.74||26.15||5,200||13,000||Component||1st||Pampanga|
|San Jose||150,917||185.99||71.81||810||2,100||Component||3rd||Nueva Ecija|
|San Jose del Monte||651,813||105.53||40.75||6,200||16,000||Component||1st||Bulacan|
Graphs are temporarily unavailable due to technical issues.
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
The native languages of Central Luzon are:
Eighty percent of the population of Central Luzon is Roman Catholic. Other religions represented are Protestants (including Evangelicals), Islam, Iglesia ni Cristo comprised significant 5% adherence and Pampanga is the first ecclesiastical district of the Church , and indigenous Philippine folk religions. There are also other denominations such as Jesus Is Lord, Pentecostal Missionary Church of Christ, Ang Dating Daan, Jesus Miracle Crusade, United Methodist Church and others.[original research?]
SECTION 4. The Province of Aurora is hereby transferred to and shall form part of Region III.