Balanga
City of Balanga
Plaza Mayor de Balanga Fountain.png
Balanga City Hall.JPG
Inbound807053493928591831.jpg
From top, clockwise: Plaza Mayor de Balanga, Balanga Cathedral, Balanga City Hall
Official seal of Balanga
Nicknames: 
Bataan Capital City; Bataan University Town
Map of Bataan with Balanga highlighted
Map of Bataan with Balanga highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Balanga is located in Philippines
Balanga
Balanga
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°41′N 120°32′E / 14.68°N 120.53°E / 14.68; 120.53Coordinates: 14°41′N 120°32′E / 14.68°N 120.53°E / 14.68; 120.53
CountryPhilippines
RegionCentral Luzon
ProvinceBataan
District 2nd district
Founded1712
CityhoodDecember 30, 2000
Barangays25 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorFrancis Anthony S. Garcia
 • Vice MayorVianca Lita V. Gozon
 • RepresentativeJose Enrique S. Garcia III
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate69,471 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total111.63 km2 (43.10 sq mi)
Elevation
138 m (453 ft)
Highest elevation
1,403 m (4,603 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total104,173
 • Density930/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
 • Households
24,919
Economy
 • Income class4th city income class
 • Poverty incidence3.39% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱901,248,779.90 (2020)
 • Assets₱1,526,670,071.69 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱844,978,023.62 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱368,712,184.47 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityPeninsula Electric Cooperative (PENELCO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
2100
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)47
Native languagesMariveleño
Tagalog
Websitewww.cityofbalanga.gov.ph

Balanga (pronounced [bɐˈlaŋa]), officially known as the City of Balanga (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Balanga), is a 4th class component city and capital of the province of Bataan, Philippines. It is south of San Fernando, Pampanga (the regional city center) and northwest of Manila. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 104,173 people. [3] Balanga joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2015.

History

Balanga was formerly a village of Abucay before it was established as a mission of the Dominican Order in the Provincial Charter of April 21, 1714, and later declared a vicariate on April 18, 1739, under the patronage of Saint Joseph. Upon the establishment of Bataan as a separate province in 1754, Balanga was made its capital by General Pedro Manuel Arandia due to its favorable location, at the heart of the new territorial jurisdiction.

The word Balanga originates from the Kapampangan[citation needed] word "balañga" (clay pot, or "banga" in Tagalog), which the town used to produce and which were among the best that can be found in the country.

On December 30, 2000, Balanga was inaugurated as a City by the Republic Act 8984 authored by Congressman Enrique "Tet" Garcia.[5]

The city has extended its urban fringe to the west of Roman Superhighway and a new growth center in Barangay Tuyo has been delineated in the Comprehensive Land Use Plan. During the past years, the city saw a high record of residential growth. Consequently, with the expansion of the physical limits of the urban core, as well as the expected large increases in population, and the city's attractiveness to commercial and employment activities, the City Government of Balanga decided to undertake a Master Planning exercise and to propose various developmental projects that would establish Balanga as a well-planned community with quality and character that is innovative and special, although this is currently hindered by an unreliable electricity supply.[6]

Geography

Balanga City downtown
Balanga City downtown

Balanga City is primarily a residential-agricultural city, with a rapidly growing commercial sector. It has a total land area of 11,163 hectares (8.13% of Bataan). It is located at the eastern part of the province of Bataan and lies in the southwestern part of Central Luzon. It is bounded inland by the municipality of Abucay in the north, Pilar in the south, the municipalities of Bagac and Morong in the west and Manila Bay in the east. Balanga is 124 kilometres (77 mi) from Manila by land and about 31.2 nautical miles (57.8 km; 35.9 mi) by ferry to Manila.[7]

Climate

Climate data for Balanga, Bataan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
(88)
32
(90)
34
(93)
35
(95)
33
(91)
31
(88)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
31
(88)
31
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 19
(66)
19
(66)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
20
(68)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
8
(0.3)
14
(0.6)
26
(1.0)
127
(5.0)
210
(8.3)
263
(10.4)
272
(10.7)
218
(8.6)
114
(4.5)
46
(1.8)
21
(0.8)
1,326
(52.3)
Average rainy days 4.0 4.0 6.9 11.2 21.0 24.5 27.4 26.9 25.9 21.9 13.4 6.3 193.4
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[8]

Barangays

Balanga is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.

Demographics

Population census of Balanga
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 7,347—    
1918 8,275+0.80%
1939 11,684+1.66%
1948 12,379+0.64%
1960 18,143+3.24%
1970 28,484+4.61%
1975 34,289+3.79%
1980 39,132+2.68%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 51,512+2.79%
1995 60,912+3.19%
2000 71,088+3.37%
2007 84,105+2.35%
2010 87,920+1.63%
2015 96,061+1.70%
2020 104,173+1.61%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

The population of Balanga in the 2020 census was 104,173 people, [3] with a density of 930 inhabitants per square kilometre or 2,400 inhabitants per square mile.

Economy


Agriculture and Fisheries

The City of Balanga has a total area of 5,698.99 hectares of land classified for agricultural use. 1,458.55 hectares of irrigated land, and 1,090.65 hectares upland, are utilized for crops production. In 2017, 8,144.42 metric tons of rice were produced.[20]

The city classified 459 hectares of land to be utilized for aquaculture. It is composed of 148 hectares of coastal marine area, 276.6 hectares of brackish water fishpond and 34.4 hectares of freshwater fishpond. A total of 172 metric tons of marine products with an annual average of 5 metric tons per hectare are produced from freshwater fishponds with tilapia is the most common specie cultured. For brackish water fishponds, 968 metric tons are produced with an average of 3.5 metric tons per hectare. Some of the species cultured in brackish water are bangus (milkfish), sugpo, vannamei shrimp and alimango (mud crab).

Balanga is well-known for its smoked and dried fish products under the One Town One Product (OTOP) program. For the year 2017, there are ninety-nine (99) fish processors in the city mostly located in villages of Tortugas, Sibacan, Puerto Rivas Ibaba and Villa Lina in Barangay Tenejero.[21]

Commerce and services

Vista Mall Bataan
Vista Mall Bataan

The City of Balanga, while still predominantly agricultural is currently experiencing an accelerated growth in commercial sector. As capital of Bataan, it is the prime commercial hub in the province. Business enterprises are mainly wholesale and retail, servicing, construction, insurance, financing and manufacturing. Retail and trading comprise the largest number of business establishments in this city. Several shopping centers are located in the city, notably SM City Bataan, Vista Mall Bataan, Waltermart Balanga, Capitol Square, Galeria Victoria, Center Plaza Mall, Recar Commercial Complex and Ocampo's Megastore. While Robinsons Place Balanga City's construction is expected to start this 2022.

In 2008, 80 hectares of the city’s central district was declared as "University Town" through City Ordinance No. 21, Series of 2008. It aims to encourage the development of Balanga as an emerging hub for start-ups and technology-related businesses in the Philippines.[22]

Notable shopping malls and commercial centers include:

Information Technology

The City is one of the twenty-five (25) emerging digital hubs identified by The Digital Cities 2025 program by the Department of Information and Communications Technology (DICT), Information Technology and Business Process Association of the Philippines (IBPAP), and Leechiu Property Consultants, Inc. (LPC).[23] It hosts several business process outsourcing (BPO) companies such as Genpact, Boston-based start-up Botkeeper, and Australia-based Yoonet.

Public-Private Partnership

To further improve it's revenue generation capability, the City Government entered into several public–private partnership (PPP) projects, such as the Galeria Victoria, the Plaza Property which develops the city's main plaza, and the Capitol Square mall.

Government

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines",[24][25] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the City Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo is the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. During the period of American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898-1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones, hold office at the Municipal Town or City Hall. The legislative and executive departments perform their functions in the Sangguniang Panglungsod (Session Hall) and the Regional and Metropolitan Trial Courts, respectively, and are located in the second floor of the City Hall and in the Halls of Justice.

Elected officials

Administration

The City administration envisions the City of Balanga as U-Town, a World Class University Town in 2020 (City Ordinance No. 21, Series of 2008, "Declaring the eighty point forty-two (80.42) hectares at the city's central district as University Town in the City of Balanga, Bataan").[26]

Balanga listed a 'Record-Breaking' P6B Investments In 2012. Balanga City won the 1st Robredo ICT Awards.[27]

Former mayors

Mayor Term
Tomas B. Gallardo 1901–1903
Angel Mendoza 1903–1907
Antonio Tuason Sr. 1907–1909
Amado de Leon 1909–1912
Andres de Leon 1912–1916
Jose P. Banzon 1916–1919
Venacio Banzon 1919–1928
Antonio Tuason Sr. (2nd Term) 1928–1931
Venacio Banzon (2nd Term) 1931–1934
Mariano Batungbacal 1934–1937
Mariano Herrera 1938–1942
Mariano Batungbacal (2nd Term) 1942–1943
Numeriano Quindoy 1943–1944
Carlos Y. Gonzales 1944–1945
Mariano Herrera (2nd Term) 1945–1946
Jose N. Gonzales 1946–1947
Graciano Pastorfide 1947
Pedro R. Dizon 1948–1951
Crispulo Torrico 1951
Faustino V. Vigo 1952–1955
Pedro R. Dizon (2nd Term) 1956–1959
Emilio Bernabe 1960–1963
Vicente Malibiran 1964–1967
Teodoro Camacho III 1968–1971
Celso Valdecañas 1972–1979
Teodoro R. Alonzo 1980–1986
Teodoro Camacho III (2nd Term) 1986–1987
Melanio S. Banzon Jr. 1988–1998
Albert S. Garcia 1998–2004
Melanio S. Banzon Jr. (2nd Term) 2004–2007
Jose Enrique Garcia III 2007–2016

Tourism

Parks and Public Spaces

Bataan Capitol Center
Bataan Capitol Center

Historical Places

Churches

Balanga Cathedral

Healthcare

Healthcare facilities

Access to health services in the city is adequate with the presence of one government owned general hospital and four private hospitals.

Saint Joseph Hospital and Medical Center - Balanga
Saint Joseph Hospital and Medical Center - Balanga
Isaac Catalina Medical Center
Isaac Catalina Medical Center

The City of Balanga also has one City Health Office (CHO) and four (4) functional PhilHealth-accredited Rural Health Units (RHU). RHU 1 in San Jose houses the Basic Emergency Maternal and New Born Care Facility. While the Newborn Screening (NBS) facility is located in RHU 3 in Barangay Cupang Proper. RHU 4 in Barangay Tenejero is the newest, established in March 2017. These government-owned facilities provide free pre-natal, delivery and post natal services, family planning, women’s health and safe motherhood counseling, control of diarrheal diseases, expanded program on immunization, control of acute respiratory illness, TB Dots clinic, diabetic clinic and STD AIDS social hygiene clinic. These are augmented by 22 smaller barangay health stations and one Dental Bus making health care more accessible to a greater number of the city residents. Numerous privately-owned medical facilities can also be found all over the city. These include 19 medical and 19 dental clinics, 14 laboratory and diagnostic centers and 10 beauty and skin care facilities.[30]

Comprehensive Smoke-Free Policy

Being a Hall of Fame Awardee of the Department of Health’s Red Orchid Award, the City of Balanga is strictly implementing the Smoke-Free Policy. Regular anti–smoking campaign for colleges, university and schools, and orientation on health ordinances are conducted regularly across the city. The Comprehensive No Smoking Ordinance of the City of Balanga prohibits the sale, distribution, usage, and promotion of all tobacco products and electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) also known as "vape", within the declared University Town area and within the three (3) kilometers radius of the city.

To ensure and expand the city’s strong advocacy for 100% tobacco-free environment, the City Government launched the Tobacco-Free Generation (TFG) Campaign last December 2015. It is intended to secure the Millennials’ (those who were born from the year 2000 and onwards) commitment to not smoke. With this program, the City of Balanga was awarded with “World Health Recognition for Heath Cities Best Practice, Youth Engagement to Promote Tobacco Control” last August 29, 2016.[31]

Education

Tertiary Education

Balanga City is the educational center of the province of Bataan. It currently has one state-owned university and several private colleges offering Baccalauréat degrees in accountancy, business administration, entrepreneurship, computer science and information technology, teaching, engineering, architecture, and health.

Bataan Peninsula State University, a state-owned institution, has its two biggest campuses located in the city: the main campus in the capitol compound, and a satellite campus located in downtown area.

Tomas del Rosario College is one of the oldest private educational institutions in the city. It is located in the Capitol Drive in Barangay San Jose. The other private colleges in the city include Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies, Eastwoods Professional College of Science and Technology (formerly SOFTNET College of Science and Technology), Bataan Heroes Memorial College, Microcity Computer College and St. Joseph's College.

Other higher educational institutions in the city of Balanga include: AMA Computer Learning Center, Philippine Women's University-CDCEC Bataan, Bataan Maritime Institute, and Proclesia International Incorporated.

Secondary Education

The city hosts the biggest public secondary school in the province, Bataan National High School. Other public secondary schools present are Balanga City National Science High School, City of Balanga National High School and the Bataan Integrated School. While private secondary schools in the city include the high school departments of Asia Pacific College of Advanced Studies, Bataan Infant Jesus School, Bataan Montessori School, Inc., Tomas del Rosario College and St. Joseph Colleges of Balanga.

Notable personalities

See also

References

  1. ^ City of Balanga | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  5. ^ "City Profile – City of Balanga".
  6. ^ NSCB – 2001 Factsheet – 12 New Cities Created, July–December 2000.
  7. ^ "Geography – City of Balanga".
  8. ^ "Balanga: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved April 26, 2020.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Bataan". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  13. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2022.
  20. ^ "Agriculture – City of Balanga".
  21. ^ "Agriculture – City of Balanga".
  22. ^ "The University Town Area – City of Balanga".
  23. ^ "New 'digital cities' seen to attract P70B in investments". BusinessWorld. June 30, 2020.
  24. ^ "Philippines : Gov.Ph : About the Philippines". www.gov.ph. Archived from the original on October 3, 2006. Retrieved March 28, 2009.
  25. ^ "THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES - CHAN ROBLES VIRTUAL LAW LIBRARY". www.chanrobles.com.
  26. ^ "City Government of Balanga - PROGRAMS/PROJECTS". Archived from the original on March 23, 2013. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
  27. ^ "City of Balanga – Balanga… Kahanga hanga".
  28. ^ "Increase in number of migratory birds in Balanga recorded". The Philippine Star.
  29. ^ "Department of Health - Hospitals".
  30. ^ "Health and Social Welfare Services – City of Balanga".
  31. ^ "Health and Social Welfare Services – City of Balanga".
  32. ^ "Who's Who in Bataan – CESAR BANZON BAUTISTA".
  33. ^ "Businessman Jose Acuzar named new housing czar". Philippine News Agency.
  34. ^ "Prof. Leonila F. Dans". International Conference on Evidence-Based Healthcare.
  35. ^ "Top 10 Highest Paid Tech Executives in the Philippines".
  36. ^ http://scouts.org.ph/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/ON-MY-HONOR-pages-1-40.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  37. ^ https://www.cityofbalanga.gov.ph/wp-content/uploads/2018/03/ENCYCLOPEDIA.pdf[bare URL PDF]