|City of Malabon|
From top, left to right: Malabon City Hall, San Bartolome Church, Hulong Duhat Market, Malabon People's Park, Malabon Zoo, Raymundo House
|Anthem: Ang Bagong Malabon (The New Malabon)|
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Founded||May 21, 1599|
|Chartered||June 11, 1901|
|Cityhood and HUC||April 21, 2001|
|Barangays||21 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Panlungsod|
|• Mayor||Jeannie Ng-Sandoval (Nacionalista)|
|• Vice Mayor||Bernard C. Dela Cruz (NUP)|
|• Representative||Josephine Veronique "Jaye" R. Lacson-Noel (NPC)|
|• Electorate||258,115 voters (2022)|
|• Total||15.71 km2 (6.07 sq mi)|
|Elevation||23 m (75 ft)|
|Highest elevation||274 m (899 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||−2 m (−7 ft)|
(2020 census) 
|• Density||24,000/km2 (63,000/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st city income class|
|• Poverty incidence|
% (2018) 1.70
|• Revenue||₱ 2,056 million (2020)|
|• Assets||₱ 4,064 million (2020)|
|• Expenditure||₱ 1,860 million (2020)|
|• Liabilities||₱ 1,363 million (2020)|
|• Electricity||Manila Electric Company (Meralco)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)02|
Malabon, officially the City of Malabon (Filipino: Lungsod ng Malabon), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 380,522 people. 
Located just north of the city of Manila, it is primarily a residential and industrial area, and is one of the most densely populated cities in the metropolis. It has a total land area of 15.96 square kilometers.
Malabon is part of the sub-region of Metro Manila informally called CAMANAVA, an area which derives its name from the first syllable of its component cities: Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, and Valenzuela. Caloocan lies to the south and east, Navotas to the west, and Valenzuela to the north. Malabon also borders the town of Obando in the province of Bulacan to the northwest.
Legend considers the city's name to be a contraction of the Tagalog phrase maráming labóng ("plenty of bamboo shoots"), as the place once abounded in this edible root. Originally called Tambobong (tambúbong, a rural Tagalog word for barn), Malabon was founded as a visita (hamlet) of Tondo by the Augustinians on May 21, 1599. It remained under the administrative jurisdiction of the Province of Tondo (renamed to Manila in 1859) from 1627 to 1901.
Malabon played an important economic role in the late 19th century with the founding of La Princesa Tabacalera tobacco company in 1851 and the Malabon Sugar Company in 1878. La Princesa was under the corporate umbrella of Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas (owned by the Spanish Crown), while the latter pioneered the refined sugar industry in the Philippines.
The newspaper La Independencia was first printed in Malabon's Asilo de Huérfanos (Orphanage), where children orphaned by the Plague of 1882 were housed.
Malabon was officially made a municipality of the newly created Province of Rizal on June 11, 1901, by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 137. When Act No. 942 was promulgated, Malabon was united with Navotas under a new government. On January 16, 1906, Act No. 1442 partitioned Navotas from Malabon into two separate municipalities of Rizal. The first Mayor of Malabon was Don Agustín Salamante, a Spanish mestizo originally from Cavite. The first Filipino Mayor of Malabon was Don Vicente P. Villongco. This was in 1899 at the onset of the American regime. From 1942 to 1944, Malabon was one of the municipalities of Rizal merged alongside Manila to form the City of Greater Manila as an emergency measure by President Manuel L. Quezon.
Malabon remained a municipality of Rizal until November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, when Malabon became a part of the National Capital Region or Metro Manila.
Main article: Cities of the Philippines
Malabon became a highly urbanized city on April 21, 2001, under Republic Act No. 9019, 407 years after its founding.
Malabon is one of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines and its low-lying, flat terrain makes it prone to frequent flooding, especially during high tides, heavy rains and when river and dams overflow. The four cities in CAMANAVA are commonly affected by interconnected rivers, one of which is the Tullahan River.
The river system used to be navigable and fishing was the major livelihood activity in the area. The river used to be wider and deeper with better quality water, and was a regular source of different species of fish, an important food source for local residents. Also, trees and crops like palay (rice) and vegetables used to be grown along the riverbanks. However, these agricultural plots have been replaced by industrial yards, which also became home to thousands of informal settlers who built makeshift dwellings without legal claim to the land.
Floods have worsened in recent years, occurring more frequently and reaching depths of several feet. Most affected are families in the communities that are along or near the riverbanks. The river has become narrower and shallower over the years, and its capacity to hold water has decreased. With more frequent intense rains, the riverbanks flood regularly and flooding reaches farther into low-lying and densely populated areas of the city.
|Climate data for Malabon|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||20
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||7
|Average rainy days||3.3||3.5||11.1||8.1||18.9||23.5||26.4||25.5||24.5||19.6||10.4||6.4||181.2|
|Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)|
Before the present-day Malabon, the town was originally composed of sitios (barangay) and others were further divided into two or more purok (zone).
Malabon is divided into 21 barangays.
|Barangays||District||Population||Area (ha)||Density (/ha)||Zip Code|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
See also: Religion in the Philippines
Malabon belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalookan under the episcopal seat of Bishop Pablo Virgilio David. Almost 80% of the people here adhere to this religion. Today there are eight Roman Catholic Parishes in Malabon.
Malabon bears the old images of San Bartolome in the Poblacion and the La Inmaculada Concepcion, canonically crowned since 1986 during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II.
|Parish||Date of Establishment||Barangay|
|San Bartolome Parish||May 17, 1614||San Agustin|
|Immaculate Conception Parish||September 8, 1907||Concepcion|
|Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish||November 6, 1960||Tugatog|
|Sts. Peter and John Parish||August 9, 1963||Potrero|
|Santo Rosario Parish||March 15, 1983||Dampalit|
|Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish||December 9, 1988||Maysilo|
|San Antonio de Padua Parish||July 1, 1989||Tonsuya|
|Exaltation of the Holy Cross Parish||September 26, 1994||Hulong Duhat|
|Sta. Clare of Assisi Parish||August 15, 2017||Longos|
|Holy Trinity Quasi Parish||December 7, 2018||Tinajeros|
Other religions in Malabon include Iglesia Filipina Independiente (belongs to the Diocese of Rizal and Pampanga, Parish of La Purisima Concepcion de Malabon), Baptists, Jesus the Living Stone International Assembly of God, Iglesia ni Cristo or Church of Christ, Members of the Church of God International, Jesus Is Lord Church, IEMELIF and Seventh-day Adventist.
Malabon industries include sugar refinery, patis- (fish sauce) making, cigar-making, candle production, fishing and ilang-ilang flower-extract production (the distilled perfume is exported).
On April 21, 2008, Malabon's newly constructed 11-story city hall building along F. Sevilla Blvd. in Barangay San Agustin, was inaugurated by Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on Malabon's 7th City anniversary. It was dubbed as a "potential business center of the city," a one-stop shop for government transactions, due to its state-of-the-art facilities such as 3 high-speed elevators and the new city hall building and its offices' "digital system."
The Malabon City Tourism Office launched the Malabon Tricycle Tours in December 2014. The tours take visitors to eight heritage sites including the newly renovated 400-year-old San Bartolome Church as well as to notable heritage houses like the Raymundo House and Ibaviosa House.
On March 14, 2015, the tours started to offer visitors a unique gastronomic experience through visits to the city's home-based eateries. This culinary aspect was the brainchild of current Mayor Antolin Oreta III's wife Melissa Oreta, the next mayor of Malabon.
The Malabon Zoo and Aquarium, located in Potrero, is a small zoo that features an array of caged animals, along with an aquarium and gardens.
Main article: List of Cultural Properties in Malabon
The city is considered as the local Venice, due to year-long floods and gradual sinking. The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon and its predominantly Atlantic ambience. It is also famous for other variety of foods (kakanin), such as puto sulot, puto bumbong, sapin-sapin, broas, bibingka and camachile. The culinary delights are abundant in its specialty eateries.
Its most famous festival is the "Pagoda-Caracol", a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every December 8.
Malabon houses several old homes of historical value: the Dionisio family home, the Rivera house, the Villongco house, the Luna house, the Pascual house, the Chikiamco house, the Rojas-Borja house, the (Teodoro) Luna house, the Santos-Lapus house, the Pantaleon Bautista house, the Syjuco (formerly Gaza) house, and the Raymundo house, considered to be the oldest located along C. Arellano Street. Other old but well-preserved heritage houses in Malabon include the Asilo de Huérfanos, the Paez House, and the Nepomuceno House.
There are various modes of transportation that people use to go in and out of the city and to the barangays.
Ferry terminals which uses boats include the Badeo Cuatro, connecting Flores to San Roque, Navotas; and Badeo Tres, connecting Concepcion to Daanghari, Navotas.
The city of Malabon is home for famous personalities in different sectors including businessmen, celebrities, corrupt politicians, among others.