Malabon
City of Malabon
MalabnCityHallChurchjf0848 03.JPG
San Bartolome Church Malabon facade 002.JPG
JfHulongDuhat MarketMalabonfvf 06.JPG
JfMalabonPeoplesParkfvf 15.JPG
0121jfMacArthur Highway Governor Pascual Potrero Malabon Zoo Garden Cityfvf 01.jpg
Raymundo Ancestral House, Malabon City.jpg
From top, left to right: Malabon City Hall, San Bartolome Church, Hulong Duhat Market, Malabon People's Park, Malabon Zoo, Raymundo House
Official seal of Malabon
Anthem: Ang Bagong Malabon (The New Malabon)
Map of Metro Manila with Malabon highlighted
Map of Metro Manila with Malabon highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Malabon is located in Philippines
Malabon
Malabon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°58′E / 14.66°N 120.96°E / 14.66; 120.96Coordinates: 14°40′N 120°58′E / 14.66°N 120.96°E / 14.66; 120.96
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
Provincenone
District Lone district
FoundedMay 21, 1599
CharteredJune 11, 1901
Cityhood and HUCApril 21, 2001
Barangays21 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorAntolin A. Oreta III (Liberal)
 • Vice MayorBernard C. Dela Cruz (NUP)
 • RepresentativeJosephine Veronique "Jaye" R. Lacson-Noel (NPC)
 • Councilors
List
 • Electorate222,350 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total15.71 km2 (6.07 sq mi)
Elevation
23 m (75 ft)
Highest elevation
274 m (899 ft)
Lowest elevation
−2 m (−7 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total380,522
 • Density24,000/km2 (63,000/sq mi)
 • Households
81,724
Economy
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence1.70% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱2,055,959,150.00 (2020)
 • Assets₱4,064,188,007.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱1,860,022,325.00 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱1,362,556,487.00 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1470–1480
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
English
Websitemalabon.gov.ph

Malabon, officially known as the City of Malabon (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Malabon), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the National Capital Region of the Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 380,522 people. [3]

Located just north of the city of Manila, it is primarily a residential and industrial area, and is one of the most densely populated cities in the metropolis. It has a total land area of 15.96 square kilometers.

Malabon is part of the sub-region of Metro Manila informally called CAMANAVA, an area which derives its name from the first syllable of its component cities: Caloocan, Malabon, Navotas, and Valenzuela. Caloocan lies to the south and east, Navotas to the west, and Valenzuela to the north. Malabon also borders the town of Obando in the province of Bulacan to the northwest.

History

Legend considers the city's name to be a contraction of the Tagalog phrase maráming labóng ("plenty of bamboo shoots"), as the place once abounded in this edible root. Originally called Tambobong (tambúbong, a rural Tagalog word for barn[5]), Malabon was founded as a visita (hamlet) of Tondo by the Augustinians on May 21, 1599.[citation needed] It remained under the administrative jurisdiction of the Province of Tondo from 1627 to 1688.

Malabon played an important economic role in the late 19th century with the founding of La Princesa Tabacalera tobacco company in 1851 and the Malabon Sugar Company in 1878. La Princesa was under the corporate umbrella of Compañia General de Tabacos de Filipinas (owned by the Spanish Crown), while the latter pioneered the refined sugar industry in the Philippines.

The newspaper La Independencia was first printed in Malabon's Asilo de Huérfanos (Orphanage), where children orphaned by the Plague of 1882 were housed.[6][7]

Malabon was officially made a municipality of the newly created Province of Rizal on June 11, 1901, by virtue of Philippine Commission Act No. 137.[8] When Act No. 942 was promulgated, Malabon was united with Navotas under a new government.[9] On January 16, 1906, Act No. 1441 partitioned Malabon from Navotas into two separate municipalities of Rizal. The first Mayor of Malabon was Don Agustín Salamante, a Spanish mestizo[citation needed] originally from Cavite. The first Filipino Mayor of Malabon was Don Vicente P. Villongco. This was in 1899 at the onset of the American regime.[citation needed]

Malabon remained a municipality of Rizal until November 7, 1975, by virtue of Presidential Decree No. 824, when Malabon became a part of the National Capital Region or Metro Manila.[10]

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

Malabon became a highly urbanized city on April 21, 2001, under Republic Act No. 9019, 407 years after its founding.[11]

Geography

Malabon is one of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines and its low-lying, flat terrain makes it prone to frequent flooding, especially during high tides, heavy rains and when river and dams overflow. The four cities in CAMANAVA are commonly affected by interconnected rivers, one of which is the Tullahan River.

The river system used to be navigable and fishing was the major livelihood activity in the area. The river used to be wider and deeper with better quality water, and was a regular source of different species of fish, an important food source for local residents. Also, trees and crops like palay (rice) and vegetables used to be grown along the riverbanks. However, these agricultural plots have been replaced by industrial yards, which also became home to thousands of informal settlers who built makeshift dwellings without legal claim to the land.

Floods have worsened in recent years, occurring more frequently and reaching depths of several feet. Most affected are families in the communities that are along or near the riverbanks. The river has become narrower and shallower over the years, and its capacity to hold water has decreased. With more frequent intense rains, the riverbanks flood regularly and flooding reaches farther into low-lying and densely populated areas of the city.[12]

Climate

Climate data for Malabon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[13]

Barangays

Political map of Malabon
Political map of Malabon

Before the present-day Malabon, the town was originally composed of sitios (barangay) and others were further divided into two or more purok (zone).

Malabon is divided into 21 barangays.

Barangays District Population[14] Area (ha)[15] Density (/ha) Zip Code
Baritan 1st 11,476 33.01 347.65
Bayan-bayanan 1st 7,326 8.46 865.96
Catmon 1st 36,450 97.77 372.81 1470
Concepcion 1st 11,806 33.97 347.54
Dampalit 1st 11,245 261.90 42.94 1480
Flores 1st 4,282 9.00 475.78 1471
Hulong Duhat 1st 10,466 56.61 184.88
Ibaba 1st 7,630 16.56 460.75 1470
Maysilo 1st 11,213 126.53 88.62 1477
Muzon 1st 5,689 49.71 114.44 1479
Niugan 1st 5,936 31.38 189.17
Panghulo 1st 12,772 121.53 105.09
San Agustin 1st 11,156 31.59 353.14
Santulan[16] 1st 15,872 46.85 338.78 1478
Tañong (Poblacion) 1st 14,620 33.83 432.16
Acacia 2nd 5,735 19.54 293.50 1474
Longos 2nd 48,039 89.99 533.83 1472
Potrero 2nd 41,407 302.71 136.79 1475
Tinajeros 2nd 17,901 84.78 211.15
Tonsuya 2nd 39,354 59.40 662.53 1473
Tugatog 2nd 22,960 55.40 414.44

Demographics

Population census of Malabon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 20,136—    
1918 21,695+0.50%
1939 33,285+2.06%
1948 46,455+3.77%
1960 76,438+4.24%
1970 141,514+6.35%
1975 174,878+4.34%
1980 191,001+1.78%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 280,027+3.90%
1995 347,484+4.13%
2000 338,855−0.54%
2007 363,681+0.98%
2010 353,337−1.04%
2015 365,525+0.65%
2020 380,522+0.79%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[17][18][19][20]

Religion

Immaculate Conception Parish, Concepcion, Malabon
Immaculate Conception Parish, Concepcion, Malabon

See also: Religion in the Philippines

San Bartolome Church in Poblacion
San Bartolome Church in Poblacion

Malabon belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kalookan under the episcopal seat of Bishop Pablo Virgilio David. Almost 80% of the people here adhere to this religion. Today there are eight Roman Catholic Parishes in Malabon.

Malabon bears the old images of San Bartolome in the Poblacion and the La Inmaculada Concepcion, canonically crowned since 1986 during the pontificate of Pope John Paul II.

List of Roman Catholic Parishes in Malabon
Parish Date of Establishment Barangay
San Bartolome Parish May 17, 1614 San Agustin
Immaculate Conception Parish September 8, 1907 Concepcion
Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish November 6, 1960 Tugatog
Sts. Peter and John Parish August 9, 1963 Potrero
Santo Rosario Parish March 15, 1983 Dampalit
Immaculate Heart of Mary Parish December 9, 1988 Maysilo
San Antonio de Padua Parish July 1, 1989 Tonsuya
Exaltation of the Holy Cross Parish September 26, 1994 Hulong Duhat
Sta. Clare of Assisi Parish August 15, 2017 Longos
Holy Trinity Quasi Parish December 7, 2018 Tinajeros

Other religions in Malabon include Iglesia Filipina Independiente (belongs to the Diocese of Rizal and Pampanga, Parish of La Purisima Concepcion de Malabon), Baptists, Jesus the Living Stone International Assembly of God, Iglesia ni Cristo or Church of Christ, Members of the Church of God International, Jesus Is Lord Church, IEMELIF and Seventh-day Adventist.

Economy

Rufina Patis & Bagoong Factory
Rufina Patis & Bagoong Factory
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (April 2021)

Malabon industries include sugar refinery, patis- (fish sauce) making, cigar-making, candle production, fishing and ilang-ilang flower-extract production (the distilled perfume is exported).

Government

City hall

On April 21, 2008, Malabon's newly constructed 11-story city hall building along F. Sevilla Blvd. in Barangay San Agustin, was inaugurated by Gloria Macapagal Arroyo on Malabon's 7th City anniversary. It was dubbed as a "potential business center of the city," a one-stop shop for government transactions, due to its state-of-the-art facilities such as 3 high-speed elevators and the new city hall building and its offices' "digital system."[28]

Tourism

The Malabon City Tourism Office launched the Malabon Tricycle Tours in December 2014. The tours take visitors to eight heritage sites including the newly renovated 400-year-old San Bartolome Church as well as to notable heritage houses like the Raymundo House and Ibaviosa House.[29]

On March 14, 2015, the tours started to offer visitors a unique gastronomic experience through visits to the city's home-based eateries. This culinary aspect was the brainchild of current Mayor Antolin Oreta III's wife Melissa Oreta, the next mayor of Malabon.[30]

The Malabon Zoo and Aquarium, located in Potrero, is a small zoo that features an array of caged animals, along with an aquarium and gardens.

Culture

Main article: List of Cultural Properties in Malabon

The city is considered as the local Venice, due to year-long floods and gradual sinking. The City of Malabon is a place famous for its Pancit Malabon and its predominantly Atlantic ambience. It is also famous for other variety of foods (kakanin), such as puto sulot, puto bumbong, sapin-sapin, broas, bibingka and camachile. The culinary delights are abundant in its specialty eateries.

Its most famous festival is the "Pagoda-Caracol", a fluvial procession with street dancing to commemorate the Feast of the Immaculate Conception every 8 December.[31][32][33]

Heritage houses

Malabon houses several old homes of historical value: the Dionisio family home, the Rivera house, the Villongco house, the Luna house, the Pascual house, the Chikiamco house, the Rojas-Borja house, the (Teodoro) Luna house, the Santos-Lapus house, the Pantaleon Bautista house, the Syjuco (formerly Gaza) house, and the Raymundo house, considered to be the oldest located along C. Arellano Street. Other old but well-preserved heritage houses in Malabon include the Asilo de Huérfanos, the Paez House, and the Nepomuceno House.[34]

Transportation

A jeepney plying Paterio Aquino Avenue
A jeepney plying Paterio Aquino Avenue

There are various modes of transportation that people use to go in and out of the city and to the barangays.

Jeepney Routes

Ferry terminals which uses boats include the Badeo Cuatro, connecting Flores to San Roque, Navotas; and Badeo Tres, connecting Concepcion to Daanghari, Navotas.

Education

Malabon National High School, the pilot secondary school of the city
Malabon National High School, the pilot secondary school of the city

Tertiary level

Secondary schools

Notable people

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The city of Malabon is home for famous personalities in different sectors including businessmen, celebrities, corrupt politicians, among others.

Arts, science, and academia

Government, politics and society

Loren Legarda, Filipino senator and environmentalist was born in Malabon in 1960.
Loren Legarda, Filipino senator and environmentalist was born in Malabon in 1960.

Sports and athletics

Sister cities

Local

References

  1. ^ City of Malabon | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ Filipina, Hispanidad (2020-01-12). "When Malabon was the Half-Mestizo Tambobong". The Hispanic Indio. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  6. ^ "manilastandardtoday.com, Malabon City: A sight of progress".
  7. ^ "Malabon City Hall - Malabon". wikimapia.org.
  8. ^ "An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act to the Province of Rizal". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  9. ^ "An Act Reducing the Thirty-two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  10. ^ "Presidential Decree No. 824 November 7, 1975. Creating the Metropolitan Manila and the Metropolitan Manila Commission and for Other Purposes". lawphil.net. Arellano Law Foundation. November 7, 1975. Archived from the original on March 12, 2016. Retrieved July 10, 2020.
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 9019 - An Act Converting the Municipality of Malabon Into a Highly Urbanized City To Be Known as The City of Malabon". lawphil.net. Arellano Law Foundation. March 5, 2001. Retrieved 10 July 2020.
  12. ^ "INSIDE STORY: Understanding the risk of flooding in the city: The case of Barangay Potrero, Metro Manila | Climate & Development Knowledge Network". cdkn.org.
  13. ^ "Malabon: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  14. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/attachments/hsd/pressrelease/National%20Capital%20Region.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  15. ^ http://malabon.gov.ph/transparency-seal/cdp%202012-2014.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  16. ^ "Barangays". malabon.gov.ph.
  17. ^ Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  18. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  19. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  20. ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 3rd (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  21. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  22. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  23. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  24. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  25. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  26. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  27. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  28. ^ https://malabon.gov.ph/local-government/ , Malabon City Local Government
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  30. ^ Granali, Rima (29 March 2015). "Malabon City 'tricycle tours': Narrow streets, wide choices". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
  31. ^ "La Inmaculada Concepcion de Malabon borne on fluvial procession in Navotas River". 22 December 2012.
  32. ^ "Malabon maneuvers". 3 December 2016.
  33. ^ "Town revives pagoda 21 years after tragedy". 27 June 2014.
  34. ^ "Inquirer.net, Malabon's old houses survive time and tide". Archived from the original on February 22, 2008.
  35. ^ Roces, Alejandro R. "Celebrating our freedom". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
  36. ^ "National Artists". United Architects of the Philippines. Retrieved 2020-01-19.