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From top, left to right : Pateros Church • Pateros Municipal Hall • Dulumbayan Memorial Monument • Pateros National High School • Pateros Downtown area • Town Plaza
Flag of Pateros
Official seal of Pateros
Balut Capital of the Philippines; Small Town with a Big Heart
Isang Pateros
English: One Pateros
Anthem: Imno ng Pateros
English: Pateros Hymn
Location of Pateros
Pateros is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°32′41″N 121°04′02″E / 14.5448°N 121.0671°E / 14.5448; 121.0671
RegionNational Capital Region
District Lone district, shared with Taguig
ReorganizationMarch 29, 1900
CharteredJanuary 1, 1909
Named for"Criadores de Patos" (Duck Raisers)
Barangays10 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMiguel "Ike" F. Ponce III (Aksyon)
 • Vice MayorCarlo U. Santos (Nacionalista)
 • RepresentativeRicardo "Ading" S. Cruz Jr. (Nacionalista)
 • Council
 • Electorate39,273 voters (2022)
 • Total1.66 km2 (0.64 sq mi)
14 m (46 ft)
Highest elevation
136 m (446 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
 (2020 census)[3]
 • Total65,227
 • Density39,000/km2 (100,000/sq mi)
 • Households
 • Income class1st municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 267.6 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 476.7 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 240.4 million (2020)
 • Liabilities₱ 184.1 million (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PHT)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
Catholic dioceseRoman Catholic Diocese of Pasig

Pateros, officially the Municipality of Pateros (Tagalog: [ˈpɐtɛɾɔs]; Filipino: Bayan ng Pateros), is the lone municipality of Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 63,643 people.[5]

This municipality is famous for its duck-raising industry and especially for producing balut, a Filipino delicacy, which is a boiled, fertilized duck egg. Pateros is also known for the production of red salty eggs and "inutak", a local rice cake. Moreover, the town is known for manufacturing of "alfombra", a locally-made footwear with a carpet-like fabric on its top surface. Pateros is bordered by the highly urbanized cities of Pasig to the north, and Taguig to the west and south.

Pateros is the smallest municipality both in population and in land area, in Metro Manila, but it is the second most densely populated at around 37,000 inhabitants per square kilometer or 96,000 inhabitants per square mile after the capital city of Manila.


The name Pateros is most likely derived from the duck-raising industry. The Tagalog word (of Spanish origin) for "duck" is pato and pateros, "duck-raisers". The early 19th-century U.S. diplomat Edmund Roberts used Duck-town, another name for Pateros, stating that he "never before saw so many ducks together" in one place.[6] The duck reference is perfectly suited for Pateros, whose popular culinary specialty is a street food called Balut (food), a fertilized developing duck embryo that is boiled and eaten from the shell. Several balutans offer different and unique cuisine as well as street merchants selling them on the side of the road.


Spanish colonial era

1821 Idyllic Painting of Pateros by José Honorato Lozano, showing the duck farms on the river banks that are the namesake of the municipality

Before 1799, Pateros was only a barrio of Pasig until the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines issued a decree making Pateros an independent municipality. The town was then composed of five barrios (villages): Aguho, San Roque, Santa Ana, Santo Rosario (Santo Rosario-Silangan and Santo Rosario-Kanluran), and Mamancat (now part of Fort Bonifacio).

The Philippine revolution

1896 Revolution Memorial Monument, also known as the Dulumbayan Memorial Monument

During the Philippine–American War in March 1899, the first contingent of American Volunteers from Washington arrived in the town of Pateros. The American soldiers rallied and eventually won the battles to take control and establish a temporary camp.

American colonial era

Throughout this period, American soldiers were able to experience the culture and livelihood of the citizens of Pateros. Having roast duck for meals during wartime and sending postcards of Pateros back to the United States of America. In 1900, a member of the American contingent, Lieutenant Charles Nosler, renamed the city of Ive's Landing in Washington State, USA, after the town of Pateros in the Philippines. Pateros in Washington State officially became an American city on May 1, 1913.[7]

Inclusion to newly created province of Rizal

On March 29, 1900, Pateros, then a part of the province of Manila, became one of the towns in the newly created province of Rizal, by virtue of General Order No. 40, Act No. 137 of the Philippine Commission, which was promulgated on June 11, 1901.[8] Then on October 12, 1903, Act No. 942 united Pateros with Taguig and Muntinlupa into one municipality under Pateros.[9] Muntinlupa was later separated from Pateros on November 25, 1903 to become part of Biñan, La Laguna through Act No. 1008.[10] The municipality was renamed Taguig and Muntinlupa was reconsolidated with it on March 22, 1905 through Act No. 1308.[11]

Executive Order No. 20 dated February 29, 1908, partitioned Pateros from Taguig, and the town regained independent status as a municipality on January 1, 1909, by Executive Order No. 36.

Philippine independence

Incorporation to Metropolitan Manila

On November 7, 1975, Pateros became a part of the new Metropolitan Manila Area through Presidential Decree No. 824.[12][13]

International partnership

On July 23, 2013, Mayor Jaime C. Medina visited the city of Pateros, Washington State, United States to sign the Sister City Memorandum of Understanding between the Municipality of Pateros, Metro Manila and Pateros City of Okanogan County, Washington State, USA. According to Mayor Gail Howe, the two cities have not applied through Sister Cities International but the goals of promoting the culture and exchanges have turned the sisterhood into reality.[14][15]

Cityhood attempt

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

In 2011 and 2014, Arnel Cerafica, the then-representative of Taguig–Pateros's 1st district, filed one House Bill each in the 15th and 16th Congresses, respectively, that seek the conversion of Pateros into a city with its own legislative district. However, both bills ended up pending at the committee level.[16][17]



Climate data for Pateros, Metro Manila
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue[18]


Pateros is politically subdivided into 10 barangays:[19]

Barangays Population[20]
Area (km2) Density (/km2)
Aguho 6,533 20.70 354
Magtanggol 1,652 7.70 180
Martirez del 96 4,914 18.63 270
Poblacion 2,323 7.43 269
San Pedro 2,172 9.61 231
San Roque 4,493 19.70 241
Santa Ana 29,680 75.16 395
Santo Rosario–Kanluran 5,325 21.30 251
Santo Rosario–Silangan 5,225 20.07 234
Tabacalera 2,986 9.70 289
Source: Facts & Figures | Pateros Official[21]

Boundary dispute

See also: Makati–Taguig boundary dispute

Delineation map showing territories claimed by Pateros.

The municipal government of Pateros claims that its original land area was not its present land area of 2.10 km2 (0.81 sq mi) but 1,040 hectares (10.4 km2) including Fort Bonifacio, particularly the Embo barangays Comembo, Pembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Cembo, South Cembo, Pitogo, Rizal, Post Proper Northside and Post Proper Southside which are now part of the city of Taguig (originally Mamancat, Masilang,[22] San Nicolas,[23] and Malapadnabato,[24] former parts of Pateros), based on documents and official maps obtained by former Pateros Councilor Dominador Rosales from 30 libraries and offices including USA Library of Congress and USA Archives. One of those maps was the 1968 Land Classification Map of the Bureau of Land.[25] Also included in their claim are the present-day barangays Buting, San Joaquin, and Kalawaan in Pasig.

In October 1965, such area was transferred to the administration of Pateros through Proclamation No. 481.[26] Pateros' decrease in territory was accounted to a cadastral mapping in Metro Manila conducted in 1978. Pateros Mayor Nestor Ponce challenged the map through an objection letter dated June 23, 1978.[27] But in January 1986, then President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475 which stated that Fort Bonifacio is situated in Makati and it is open for disposition.[28] Because of that, a boundary dispute arose which moved Pateros to request a dialogue about that with then Municipal Council of Makati in 1990. Pateros also filed a complaint against Makati at the Makati Regional Trial Court in 1996 but the trial court dismissed the case for lack of jurisdiction. The case was brought to the Court of Appeals in 2003 but the case was also denied. The same case was also elevated to the Supreme Court in 2009 but it was denied again.[25][29]

Supreme Court decision

Almost two decades later, the Supreme Court on June 16, 2009, per Antonio Eduardo B. Nachura denied Pateros' petition against Makati but ruled out that the boundary dispute should be settled amicably by their respective legislative bodies based on Section 118(d) of the Local Government Code.[30] Pursuant to the decision, Pateros invited Makati to a council-to-council dialogue. This happened on October 8, 2009. Four meetings were held and at the fourth dialogue on November 23, 2009, a joint resolution was made stating that Makati is requesting a tripartite conference between Pateros, Taguig and Makati.[31]

Despite the resolution of the dispute between Taguig and Makati in favor of the former by the Supreme Court in 2023, the high court has allowed Pateros to pursue its claims.[32]


Aerial view of Pateros
Population census of Pateros
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 4,105—    
1918 4,113+0.01%
1939 7,160+2.67%
1948 8,380+1.76%
1960 13,173+3.84%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1970 25,468+6.81%
1975 32,821+5.22%
1980 40,288+4.18%
1990 51,409+2.47%
1995 55,286+1.37%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2000 57,407+0.81%
2007 61,940+1.05%
2010 64,147+1.28%
2015 63,840−0.09%
2020 65,227+0.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[33][34][35][36]

As of 1818, the population was estimated at 3,840 Tagalog people. When Edmund Roberts visited in 1834, he estimated approximately 4,500 residents.[6]

According to the town's 2005 land use classification report, 91.62% of Pateros's 1.7-square-kilometer (0.66 sq mi) land is classified as residential.[37]


Red salty duck eggs, a popular product of Pateros

The town of Pateros is known for balut and had a duck-raising industry.[37] As early as 1834, Pateros has been raising and selling duck and maintaining a fishing industry.[6] Due to the water pollution on the Pateros River which connects to the Pasig River, the duck-raising industry declined around the 1970s or 1980s.[37]

Vendors continue to sell balut in Pateros, taking advantage of the association of the food item to the town with duck eggs supplied from neighboring provinces in the Calabarzon region. While the duck-raising industry in the town is now minimal, the local government is encouraging the growth of the balut industry. It gives tax exemptions to balut vendors in the town. As of 2017, the local government is encouraging the growth of other industries in Pateros such as business process outsourcing although the town's size, 1.76 square kilometers (0.68 sq mi), remains a hindrance.[37]

According to the town's 2005 classification report, 3.13% of its land area is classified as commercial, 0.39% industrial, and 0.88% agricultural.[37]


Local government

Main article: Sangguniang Bayan

Official seal

Pateros Municipal Seal

The official municipal seal of Pateros features the Pateros (Mallard) duck and ten duck eggs. The duck symbolizes the duck-raising industry where town was known, while the eggs represent the barangays of Pateros and signifies the town's balut industry.


Mayor Simplico Manalo National High School

The following are the different Elementary and High schools in Pateros under Pateros School District of the Department of Education – Schools Division of Taguig City and Pateros and one community college recognized by Commission on Higher Education.

Secondary public schools

Secondary Institutions


Private schools

Notable personalities

Sister cities


See also


  1. ^ Municipality of Pateros | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ Census of Population (2020). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021.
  5. ^ "2015 Census of Population - Final Results PATEROS | Philippine Statistics Authority National Capital Region". Retrieved August 14, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Roberts, Edmund (1837). Embassy to the Eastern Courts of Cochin-China, Siam, and Muscat. New York: Harper & Brothers. pp. 63–64.
  7. ^ Medina, Joey (July 23, 2013). Mayor's Speech (Speech). Signing of the Sister City Memorandum of Understanding between the Municipality of Pateros, Metro-Manila and Pateros City of Okanogan County, Washington State. Pateros, Washington.
  8. ^ Act No. 137 (June 11, 1901), An Act Extending the Provisions of the Provincial Government Act to the Province of Rizal, Lawyerly, retrieved July 1, 2023
  9. ^ Act No. 942 (October 12, 1903), An Act Reducing the Thirty-Two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen, Lawyerly, retrieved July 21, 2022
  10. ^ Act No. 1008 (November 25, 1903), An Act Amending Act Numbered Nine Hundred and Thirty-nine, Entitled "An Act Reducing the Thirty Municipalities of the Province of La Laguna to Nineteen," and Act Numbered Nine Hundred and Forty-two, Entitled "An Act Reducing the Thirty-two Municipalities of the Province of Rizal to Fifteen," and Providing That the Boundary Line Between the Provinces of La Laguna and Rizal Be Changed So as to Include in La Laguna the Municipality of Muntinlupa Now Part of Rizal, Senate of the Philippines Legislative Digital Resources, retrieved July 13, 2023
  11. ^ Act No. 1308 (March 22, 1905), An Act providing for the return of the former municipality of Muntinlupa from the Province of La Laguna to the Province of Rizal, repealing paragraph (e) of section one and sections two and three of Act Numbered One thousand and eight, and changing the name of the municipality of Pateros, of the Province of Rizal, to Taguig, Lawyerly, retrieved July 21, 2022
  12. ^ "Historical background". Municipal Government of Pateros. Archived from the original on September 9, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
  13. ^ Presidential Decree No. 824 (November 7, 1975), Creating the Metropolitan Manila and the Metropolitan Manila Commission and for Other Purposes, Chan Robles Virtual Law Library, retrieved July 1, 2023
  14. ^ a b Mehaffey, K.C. (February 19, 2013). "Pateros adopts 'sister city' in the Philippines" (PDF). The Wenatchee World. p. A2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 19, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  15. ^ Mehaffey, K.C. (February 18, 2013). "Pateros adopts 'sister city' in the Philippines". The Wenatchee World. Retrieved April 24, 2023.
  16. ^ House Bill No. 5625 (December 12, 2011), An Act Converting the Municipality of Pateros Into a City to Be Known as the City of Pateros and Making It Its Own Legislative District, Senate of the Philippines Legislative Digital Resources, retrieved July 1, 2023
  17. ^ House Bill No. 5002 (September 15, 2014), An Act Converting the Municipality of Pateros Into a City to Be Known as the City of Pateros and Making It Its Own Legislative District, Senate of the Philippines Legislative Digital Resources, retrieved July 1, 2023
  18. ^ "Pateros: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  19. ^ "Street Directory of Pateros". Streets of Philippines. Retrieved February 3, 2019.
  20. ^ "2015 Census of Population - Final Results PATEROS | Philippine Statistics Authority National Capital Region".
  21. ^ "Facts and Figures".
  22. ^ Manila South, Philippine Islands, Manila City, Luzon (Map). 1:12500. Its A.M.S. S901. United States. Army Map Service. 1945. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  23. ^ Map of Manila and Vicinity (Map). 1:25000. Office Engineer Officer, Philippine Division. January 1905. Retrieved July 21, 2022.
  24. ^ "Malapadnabato, Province of Rizal, Calabarzon, Philippines". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  25. ^ a b Rosales, D. 2009, November. Sanhi ng pagliit ng Pateros. Susi ng Pateros, 5.
  26. ^ Presidential Proclamation No. 481, s. 1965 (October 27, 1965), A certain portion of the land embraced therein situates in the Municipality of Pateros and declaring the same open to disposition, Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, retrieved February 20, 2024
  27. ^ Bayos, Kris (October 8, 2009). "Documents back up Pateros' claim over 7 Makati villages". Manila Bulletin.
  28. ^ Tuazon, L. 2000, January. LC 2623 map: Isang katotohanang hindi matitinag. Susi ng Pateros, 3.
  29. ^ Supreme Court Decision for Pateros' petition to claim Fort Bonifacio. Retrieved from Archived January 29, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  30. ^ Panaligan, R. 2009, June 22. SC wants Ft. Bonifacio land dispute settled amicably. Manila Bulletin.
  31. ^ Rosales, D. 2010, April. Update: Fort Bonifacio claim. Susi ng Pateros, 1 & 4.
  32. ^ San Juan, Joel (May 12, 2023). "Supreme Court gives Pateros say in land row". BusinessMirror. Retrieved July 18, 2023.
  33. ^ Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  34. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  35. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.((cite encyclopedia)): CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  36. ^ "Province of". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  37. ^ a b c d e de Guzman, Nickky Faustine (February 16, 2017). "There are no more patos in Pateros". BusinessWorld. Retrieved June 2, 2018.
  38. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  39. ^ "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. November 29, 2005.
  40. ^ "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. March 23, 2009.
  41. ^ "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. August 3, 2012.
  42. ^ "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. May 31, 2016.
  43. ^ "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. July 10, 2019.
  44. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. December 15, 2021.