|Founder||Manuel L. Quezon|
|Founded||April 25, 1907|
|Headquarters||Starmall EDSA-Shaw 4F, EDSA corner Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong, Metro Manila|
|Youth wing||Young Nacionalistas (YN)|
|National affiliation||UniTeam Alliance|
Red, blue, and white
|Slogan||Ang Bayan Higit sa Lahat|
(The Nation Above All Else)
|Seats in the Senate|
4 / 24
|Seats in the House of Representatives|
36 / 316
13 / 81
|Provincial vice governorships|
10 / 81
|Provincial board members|
116 / 1,023
The Nacionalista Party (Filipino and Spanish: Partido Nacionalista; lit. 'Nationalist Party') is the oldest political party in both the Philippines and in Southeast Asia in general. It is responsible for leading the country throughout the majority of the 20th century since its founding in 1907; it was the ruling party from 1935 to 1946 (under Presidents Manuel L. Quezon and Sergio Osmeña), 1953–1961 (under Presidents Ramon Magsaysay and Carlos P. Garcia) and 1965–1972 (under President Ferdinand Marcos).
The Nacionalista Party was initially created as a Filipino nationalist party that supported Philippine independence until 1946 when the United States granted independence to the country. Since then, many scholarly articles that dealt with the history of political parties during the Third Republic agreed that the party has been increasingly populist, although some argued they had conservative tendencies because of their opposition to the Liberal Party and the Progressive Party. The populist ideology of the party remained to present day as described on their website.
The party was organized as a vehicle for Philippine independence, advocating self-rule; and espousing this advocacy through representation in the Philippine Assembly of 1907–1916, and in the succeeding Philippine Legislature of 1916–1935. The ranks of Nationalist politicians rose to prominence through the Commonwealth of the Philippines spanning 1935–1941, ending when political parties were replaced by a singular and monolithic KALIBAPI Party during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines.
By the second half of the century, the Nacionalista Party evolved into being main political contenders for leadership in the Philippines, in competition with its rivals, the Liberal Party and the Philippine Progressive Party. This leadership endured until the turbulent suppression of partisan politics during the Ferdinand Marcos regime. In 1978, akin to the Japanese occupation, disparate political parties were coerced to merge into a regime-controlled coalition, the Kilusang Bagong Lipunan. Preferring not to be involved, the Nacionalistas went to hibernation. Years later, in the late 1980s, the party was revived under the leadership of Salvador Laurel until the latter's passing.
The Nacionalista Party is presently led by former Senator Manny Villar, and had fielded three vice-presidential candidates either running independently or in tandem with other political parties, namely Alan Peter Cayetano, Bongbong Marcos and Antonio Trillanes, albeit unsuccessfully.
In the 2010 general election, the Nacionalista and the Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC) formed an alliance after it was approved by the Commission on Elections (COMELEC) on April 12, 2010. The Nacionalistas fielded Senator Manuel Villar and running with fellow Senator Loren Legarda who is a member of the NPC. It became the dominant minority party after a resolution passed by the COMELEC. On April 21, 2010, it was blocked by the Supreme Court after a suit filed by the rival Liberal Party. On May 6, 2010, the Supreme Court nullified the merger and therefore giving the Liberal Party to be the dominant minority party. It was based on a resolution by the COMELEC giving political parties to be accredited by August 17, 2009.
The coalition was made to help the Nacionalista Party to help boost the presidential campaign of Senator Villar and have a chance to be the dominant minority party by the COMELEC which give the rights to poll watchers during the canvassing of votes. However, it is being challenged by the Liberal Party calls the said alliance a bogus alliance and they are seeking the same party status by the COMELEC. Several local races are also being challenged from both parties, therefore causing confusion in those races.
|1935||Manuel L. Quezon||695,332||67.99||Won||Manuel L. Quezon won|
|1941||Manuel L. Quezon||1,340,320||81.78||Won||Manuel L. Quezon won|
|1946||Sergio Osmeña||1,129,996||45.71||Lost||Manuel Roxas (Liberal) won|
|1949||José P. Laurel||1,318,330||37.22||Lost||Elpidio Quirino (Liberal) won|
|1953||Ramon Magsaysay||2,912,992||68.90||Won||Ramon Magsaysay won|
|1957||Carlos P. Garcia||2,072,257||41.28||Won||Carlos P. Garcia won|
|1961||Carlos P. Garcia||2,902,996||44.95||Lost||Diosdado Macapagal (Liberal) won|
|1965||Ferdinand Marcos||3,861,324||51.94||Won||Ferdinand Marcos won|
|1969||Ferdinand Marcos||5,017,343||61.47||Won||Ferdinand Marcos won|
|1981||Alejo Santos||1,716,449||8.25||Lost||Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) won|
|1986||None; Laurel's running mate was Corazon Aquino (UNIDO)||9,291,716||46.10||Disputed||Corazon Aquino (UNIDO) assumed presidency|
|1992||Salvador Laurel||770,046||3.40||Lost||Fidel V. Ramos (Lakas–NUCD) won|
|1998||None||—||Joseph Estrada (LAMMP) won|
|2004||None; endorsed Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (Lakas–CMD)||—||Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (Lakas–CMD) won|
|2010||Manuel Villar||5,573,835||15.42||Lost||Benigno Aquino III (Liberal) won|
|2016||None||—||Rodrigo Duterte (PDP–Laban) won|
|2022||None; endorsed Bongbong Marcos (PFP)||—||Bongbong Marcos (PFP) won|
|1935||Sergio Osmeña||812,352||86.93||Won||Sergio Osmeña won|
|1941||Sergio Osmeña||1,445,897||92.10||Won||Sergio Osmeña won|
|1946||Eulogio Rodriguez||1,051,243||47.38||Lost||Elpidio Quirino (Liberal) won|
|1949||Manuel Briones||1,184,215||46.08||Lost||Fernando López (Liberal) won|
|1953||Carlos P. Garcia||2,515,265||62.90||Won||Carlos P. Garcia won|
|1957||José Laurel Jr.||1,783,012||37.91||Lost||Diosdado Macapagal (Liberal) won|
|1961||Gil Puyat||1,787,987||28.06||Lost||Emmanuel Pelaez (Liberal) won|
|1965||Fernando López||3,531,550||48.48||Won||Fernando López won|
|1969||Fernando López||5,001,737||62.75||Won||Fernando López won|
|1981||Vice presidency abolished|
|1986||Salvador Laurel[n 1]||9,173,105||45.85||Disputed||Salvador Laurel assumed vice presidency|
|1992||Eva Estrada Kalaw||255,730||1.25||Lost||Joseph Estrada (NPC) won|
|1998||None||—||Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (Lakas–NUCD–UMDP) won|
|2004||None; endorsed Noli de Castro (Independent)||—||Noli de Castro (Independent) won|
|2010||None; Villar's running mate was Loren Legarda (NPC)||14,645,574||41.65||Lost||Jejomar Binay (PDP–Laban) won|
|2016||None[n 2]||—||Leni Robredo (Liberal) won|
|2022||None; endorsed Sara Duterte (Lakas–CMD)||—||Sara Duterte (Lakas–CMD) won|
House of Representatives
Throughout their careers, many of the country's politicians, statesmen and leaders were in whole or in part Nacionalistas. Notable names include the following:
Most of these individuals embody solid political traditions of economic and political nationalism are pertinent today, even with the party's subsequent decline.
Some members of the House of Representatives and Senate include—but are not limited to—the following:
Main article: 2010 Philippine general election
Main article: 2013 Philippine general election
All members ran under the administration coalition, Team PNoy.
Main article: 2016 Philippine general election
Three members ran for vice president albeit as independent candidates.
Main article: 2019 Philippine general election
All candidates ran under the administration coalition, Hugpong ng Pagbabago.
Main article: 2022 Philippine general election
Main article: 18th Congress of the Philippines
|1935–1944||Manuel L. Quezon|