Philippine census
A census enumerator interviewing a resident of Dasmariñas in October 2020
FrequencyEvery five years
CountryPhilippines
Inaugurated1877; 147 years ago (1877)
Most recent2020; 4 years ago
Next event2025; 1 year's time (2025)
Organized byPhilippine Statistics Authority (since 2015)

The Philippine census is a regularly occurring and official inventory of the human population and housing units in the Philippines. Since 1970, the population has been enumerated every five years.[a] Results from the censuses are used to allocate congressional seats and fund government programs.

The mid-year census is known as the Census of Population (POPCEN), while the decennial census is referred to as the Census of Population and Housing (CPH).

By virtue of Republic Act No. 10625, known as the Philippine Statistical Act of 2013, censuses in the Philippines have been administered by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) since the 2015 census.[1]

History

The first census in the Philippines in 1591, was based on tributes collected and yielded about 666,712 people in the islands. In 1799, Friar Manuel Buzeta estimated the population count as 1,502,574. However, the first official census in the Philippines was carried out by the Spanish government pursuant to a royal decree calling for the counting of persons living as of the midnight of December 31, 1877. Based on this census, the Philippines had a population of 5,567,685 as of the reference date.[2] This was followed by another censuses, the 1887 census that yielded a count of 5,984,727.[3]

The first census conducted by the U.S. military forces took place in 1903 to fulfill Public Act 467 which was approved by the United States Philippine Commission on October 6, 1902.[4]

A four-volume description of this census was on hand some years ago at the National Archives in San Bruno, California, but the volumes appear to have since been misplaced.[citation needed]

Statistics

For years between the censuses, the PSA and its precursor agencies have been issuing estimates made using surveys and statistical systems.

Based on the 2020 Philippine census, the national population is 109,035,343 as of May 1, 2020. From 2015 to 2020, the population grew by 1.63% per year on the average.[5][6][7][8][9]

Year[b] Population[10][11] Change Most populated region Most populated city Notes Organized by
1799 1,502,574[c] According to Fr. Buzeta
1800 1,561,251[c] Increase 3.91% According to Fr. Zuniga
1812 1,933,331[c] Increase 1.80 % According to cedulas
1819 2,106,230[c] Increase 1.23% According to cedulas
1829 2,593,287[c] Increase 2.10% According to the Church
1840 3,096,031[c] Increase 1.62% According to local officials
1850 3,857,424[c] Increase 2.22% According to Fr. Buzeta
1858 4,290,381[c] Increase 1.34% According to Bowring
1870 4,712,006[c] Increase 0.78% According to Guia de Manila
1877 5,567,685[c] Increase 2.41% First official census by the Spanish government Spanish colonial government
1887 5,984,727[c] Increase 0.72%
1886 6,261,339[c] Increase 0.50% According to Plehn
1903 7,635,426 Increase 2.87% Manila
(219,928)
First official census by the US government United States government
1918 10,314,310 Increase 2.03% Manila
(285,306)
1939 16,000,303 Increase 2.11% Manila
(623,492)
Only census of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
1948 19,234,182 Increase 2.07% Manila
(983,906)
First census of the independent Republic of the Philippines Bureau of the Census and Statistics
1960 27,087,685 Increase 2.89% Manila
(1,138,611)
1970 36,684,486 Increase 3.08% Manila
(1,330,788)
1975 42,070,660 Increase 2.79% Manila
(1,479,116)
National Census and Statistics Office
1980 48,098,460 Increase 2.71% Metro Manila
(5,925,884)
Manila
(1,630,485)
1985 No census was held due to a political and economic crisis
1990 60,703,206 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila
(7,948,392)
Quezon City
(1,669,776)
1995 68,616,536 Increase 2.32% Metro Manila
(9,454,040)
Quezon City
(1,989,419)
National Statistics Office
2000 76,506,928 Increase 2.36% Metro Manila
(9,932,560)
Quezon City
(2,173,831)
2007 88,566,732 Increase 2.04% Metro Manila
(11,553,427)
Quezon City
(2,679,450)
The census was not taken in 2005 due to a reenacted budget that lasted until 2006
2010 92,337,852 Increase 1.53% Calabarzon
(12,609,803)
Quezon City
(2,761,720)
2015 100,981,437 Increase 1.72% Calabarzon
(14,414,774)
Quezon City
(2,936,116)
First census to record a population exceeding 100 million Philippine Statistics Authority
2020 109,035,343 Increase 1.63% Calabarzon
(16,195,042)
Quezon City
(2,960,048)

Notes

  1. ^ Except in 1985 and 2005, where the census in 2005 was moved to 2007.
  2. ^ Years in italics indicate estimates.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Population figures until 1896 exclude non-Christians.

References

  1. ^ "Republic Act No. 10625". www.lawphil.net. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  2. ^ "Census of Population | Philippine Statistics Authority". psa.gov.ph. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Aurora E. Perez (1997). "The Population of The Philippines" (PDF).
  4. ^ "An act to provide for taking a census of the Philippine Islands". LawPH.com. n.d. Retrieved April 8, 2011.
  5. ^ "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved August 7, 2017.
  6. ^ Ordinario, Cai (April 17, 2008). "Population up to 88.57M in 2007". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved February 12, 2021.
  7. ^ [1] Manila Times Archived 2011-09-28 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ 2007 Census Results CD-ROM, DISDiv NSO, Manila
  9. ^ "Philippine Statistics Authority | Republic of the Philippines". Retrieved July 23, 2021.
  10. ^ 2020 Philippine Statistical Yearbook (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 2020. p. 76. ISSN 0118-1564. Retrieved October 26, 2023.
  11. ^ 2022 Philippine Statistical Yearbook (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 2022. p. 59. ISSN 0118-1564. Retrieved October 26, 2023.