This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. (June 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Philippine Coast Guard
Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas
Official Seal
Official Seal
Racing stripe
Flag of the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG).svg

Flag
Flag of the Philippines.svg

Ensign
AbbreviationPCG
Motto"Saving Lives"
Agency overview
Formed
  • October 10, 1967; 54 years ago (1967-10-10)
    (as the Philippine Coast Guard)
  • October 26, 1905 – December 19, 1913
    (as Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation)
  • October 17, 1901 – October 26, 1905
    (as Bureau of Navigation)
Employees20,000 total strength [1]
12,300 fully uniformed personnel[2]
Annual budget₱13.209 billion
(US$274.8 million) (2021)[3]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionPhilippines
Legal jurisdictionPhilippine Maritime Zone, International Waters
Primary governing bodyGovernment of the Philippines
Secondary governing bodyDepartment of Transportation
Constituting instrument
  • Coast Guard Law of 2009 (Republic Act 9993)
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Coastal patrol, marine border protection, marine search and rescue.
Operational structure
HeadquartersNational Headquarters Philippine Coast Guard, Port Area, Manila, Philippines
Agency executives
Parent agency
Facilities
Patrol Vessels62
Support Ships4
Auxiliary Boats469
AircraftBritten-Norman Islander
Helicopters
Notables
Significant operations
Website
Philippine Coast Guard
Coast Guard patrol vessel BRP Pampanga (SARV 003) in formation in the Celebes Sea during joint military exercises with the Philippine Navy with the United States Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy, July 2012
Coast Guard patrol vessel BRP Pampanga (SARV 003) in formation in the Celebes Sea during joint military exercises with the Philippine Navy with the United States Coast Guard and the U.S. Navy, July 2012

The Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) (Filipino: Tanod Baybayin ng Pilipinas) is recognized as the third[5] armed[6] uniformed service[6] of the country attached to the Philippines' Department of Transportation,[5] tasked primarily with enforcing laws within Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding life and property at sea, and protecting marine environment and resources; similar to coast guard units around the world. In case of a declaration of war, the Coast Guard shall also serve as an attached service of the Department of National Defense.[6]

It currently maintains a presence throughout the archipelago, with thirteen Coast Guard Districts, fifty-four CG Stations and over one hundred ninety Coast Guard Sub-Stations, from Basco, Batanes to Bongao, Tawi-Tawi.[7]

History

Colonial era history

The Philippine Coast Guard is the oldest and only humanitarian armed service in the Philippines. Its beginnings could be traced back to the early 20th century when coast guarding was related to the protection of the customs services of the country and in patrolling the coastlines and harbors.

When the Americans came in 1898, one of the first steps that the military government undertook was the reopening of the port and customs facilities of Manila. Soon after, the civilian Insular Government, through the Philippine Commission, enacted a law on October 17, 1901 that created the Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation, which was placed under the Department of Commerce and Police. The Captain of the Port was designated as Bureau Director.[8]

Recognition of the difficulty of administering such a vast island area without reliable government transportation resulted in the requirements to establish a transportation system for government services. The resulting report recommended purchase of 21 small steamers to establish 21 circuits supporting communication between provincial capitals and coastal towns as well as prevent smuggling and landing contraband. The average circuit would be . 651 mi (566 nmi; 1,048 km). The vessels required should be all weather[clarification needed] of about 140 ft (42.7 m) in length capable of 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h) with light armament. Two small stern paddle steamers were recommended for river use on the Cayagen River and the Rio Grande de Mindanao and connected lakes.[9] The bureau concentrated its early days on the contracts for the fifteen vessels with the result ten were to be built by Farnham, Boyd & Company in Shanghai, China and five by Uraga Dock Company in Uraga, Japan.[8][10]

Marinduque as USC&GS survey vessel.
Marinduque as USC&GS survey vessel.

The ten Chinese contracted cutters were Balabac, Basilan, Busuanga, Corregidor, Luzon, Masbate, Negros, Palawan, Polillo, and Tablas. The five Uraga cutters were to be Marinduque and Romblon, which were delivered, and Bohol, Cebu, and Jolo which were cancelled after serious deficiencies were found on delivery of Marinduque and Romblon. The China built cutters began arriving in Manila by mid 1902 and were found to generally meet requirements. The Uraga built cutters, arriving in January and April 1903, had serious defects, to the extent the inspector in Japan was dismissed for negligence, and costly negotiations led to cancellation of the three others that were in process of completion. Five additional cutters were ordered from China, those being Leyte, Mindanao, Mindoro, Panay, and Samar.[10]

The lighthouse service was placed under the Bureau. In 1902, the Coast Guard fleet of 15 steamers from China and Japan was established and were assigned for the lighthouse service inspection trips of top government officials, for transport to Culion Island, for patrolling against illegal entry of aliens, and for troop movement of the Philippine Constabulary.

The Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation was abolished on October 26, 1905 and the Bureau of Navigation took over its functions. The Bureau of Navigation was authorized to create a commissioned and enlisted service, and to adopt its own manual of court martial patterned after the US Navy.

Subsequently, however, the Bureau was also abolished on December 19, 1913 and the organization and its functions were transferred to the Bureau of Customs and the Bureau of Public Works until the establishment of the Commonwealth Government.

Postwar era history

After gaining independence from the United States shortly after the end of World War II, the Philippine government transferred some of the coast guard functions, such as the revenue cutter and lighthouse services, to the Philippine Naval Patrol, which eventually became the Philippine Navy. A Coast Guard unit was activated within the Philippine Navy to implement these functions.

On August 6, 1967, the Philippine Congress enacted Republic Act 5173 of the Philippine Coast Guard Law, which made the PCG a major unit of the Philippine Navy under a flag officer. The PCG was activated on October 10, 1967 and its coast guard functions were transferred from the navy.

Contemporary history

The civilian nature of the PCG functions led to the separation of the Coast Guard from the Philippine Navy on March 30, 1998 by virtue of Executive Order 475 signed by President Fidel Ramos. The Order effectively transferred the PCG from the Department of National Defense to the Office of the President, and eventually to the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC) on April 15, 1998 by virtue of Executive Order 477.

These executive orders provided inter alia that the PCG shall continue to be the agency primarily responsible for the promotion of safety of life and property at sea and the protection of the maritime environment as mandated under the Philippine Coast Guard Law and Presidential Decrees 600, 601, 602, and 979, as a mended.

The transformation of the PCG into a non-military organization has a tremendous impact and significance. Its civilian character has allowed it to receive offers of vessels, equipment, technology, services, cooperation and other needed assistance from other countries, something which would not be readily offered to a military agency.

With enactment of Republic Act 9993, also known as the Coast Guard Law of 2009, as well as its implementing rules and regulations, the PCG has been vested with the necessary authority and responsibility to perform preventive measures in ensuring the safety of merchant vessels. The new law also strengthened PCG's authority to meet new challenges and increasing demands for marine resources, technological advancement and climate change. Further, the law has defined the PCG's rightful niche in the bureaucracy as the premier maritime agency and its vital role in nation building.

Organization

The Philippine Coast Guard is led by the Commandant of the Philippine Coast Guard, and directly reports to the Secretary of Transportation in maritime law enforcement, and also reports to the Secretary of National Defense in wartime. The commandant is assisted by the Deputy Commandant for Administration and the Deputy Commandant for Operations, both holders of the rank of Vice Admiral.

Leadership

Commandants of the Philippine Coast Guard

The list shows the following officeholders who served as the commandant of the Philippine Coast Guard since its foundation in 1967.

No. Portrait Commandant of the Philippine Coast Guard Took office Left office Time in office President Ref.
1
Geronimo M. Cabal, AFP
Cabal, Geronimo M.Commodore
Geronimo M. Cabal, AFP
10 October 196730 November 19681 year, 51 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
2
Dioscoro E. Papa, AFP
Papa, Dioscoro E.Commodore
Dioscoro E. Papa, AFP
30 November 196831 March 19701 year, 121 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
3
Leovigildo L. Gantioqui, AFP
*Commodore
Leovigildo L. Gantioqui, AFP
31 March 197014 July 19711 year, 105 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
4
Gil S. Fernandez, PN (MNSA)
Commodore
Gil S. Fernandez, PN (MNSA)
14 July 197120 September 19721 year, 68 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
5
Ernesto R. Ogbinar, AFP
Commodore
Ernesto R. Ogbinar, AFP
20 September 197227 March 19763 years, 189 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
6
Simeon M. Alejandro, AFP
Commodore
Simeon M. Alejandro, AFP
27 March 197601 August 19804 years, 127 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
7
Brillante C. Ochoco, AFP
Commodore
Brillante C. Ochoco, AFP
01 August 198009 December 19855 years, 130 daysFerdinand Marcos[11]
8
Libertad L. Lazo, AFP
Commodore
Libertad L. Lazo, AFP
09 December 198526 February 198679 daysFerdinand Marcos
Corazon Aquino
[11]
9
Carlito Y. Cunanan, AFP
Commodore
Carlito Y. Cunanan, AFP
26 February 198629 March 19882 years, 32 daysCorazon Aquino[11]
10
Pio H. Garrido, AFP
Commodore
Pio H. Garrido, AFP
29 March 198810 April 19902 years, 32 daysCorazon Aquino[11]
*
Rodolfo J. Simon, PN (MNSA)
Captain
Rodolfo J. Simon, PN (MNSA)
10 April 199017 April 19907 daysCorazon Aquino[11]
11
Carlos L. Agustin, AFP
Commodore
Carlos L. Agustin, AFP
17 April 199002 December 19933 years, 229 daysCorazon Aquino
Fidel Ramos
[11]
12
Dario T. Fajardo, AFP
Rear admiral
Dario T. Fajardo, AFP
02 December 199317 October 1994319 daysFidel Ramos[11]
13
Arturo Y. Capada, AFP
Rear admiral
Arturo Y. Capada, AFP
17 October 199408 September 19972 years, 326 daysFidel Ramos[11]
*
Julito M. Casillan II, PN (GSC)
Captain
Julito M. Casillan II, PN (GSC)
08 September 199710 October 199732 daysFidel Ramos[11]
14
Manuel I. De Leon, AFP
Rear admiral
Manuel I. De Leon, AFP
10 October 199701 June 1998266 daysFidel Ramos[11]
15
Euceo E. Fajardo, PCG
Vice admiral
Euceo E. Fajardo, PCG
01 June 199809 February 20012 years, 253 daysFidel Ramos
Joseph Estrada
Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
[11]
16
Reuben S. Lista, PCG
Vice admiral
Reuben S. Lista, PCG
09 February 200104 November 20032 years, 268 daysGloria Macapagal Arroyo[11]
17
Arthur N. Gosingan, PCG
Vice admiral
Arthur N. Gosingan, PCG
04 November 200309 November 20063 years, 5 daysGloria Macapagal Arroyo[11]
18
Damian L. Carlos, PCG
Admiral
Damian L. Carlos, PCG
09 November 200627 September 2007322 daysGloria Macapagal Arroyo[11]
19
Danilo A. Abinoja, PCG
Admiral
Danilo A. Abinoja, PCG
27 September 200731 May 2008247 daysGloria Macapagal Arroyo[11]
20
Wilfredo D. Tamayo, PCG
Admiral
Wilfredo D. Tamayo, PCG
31 May 200819 April 20112 years, 323 daysGloria Macapagal Arroyo
Benigno Aquino III
[11]
21
Ramon C. Liwag, PCG
Vice admiral
Ramon C. Liwag, PCG
19 April 201124 January 2012280 daysBenigno Aquino III[11]
22
Edmund C. Tan, PCG
Vice admiral
Edmund C. Tan, PCG
24 January 201214 December 2012325 daysBenigno Aquino III[11]
*
Luis M. Tuason Jr., PCG
Rear admiral
Luis M. Tuason Jr., PCG
16 July 201214 December 2012151 daysBenigno Aquino III[11]
23
Rodolfo D. Isorena, PCG
Admiral
Rodolfo D. Isorena, PCG
14 December 201226 October 20152 years, 316 daysBenigno Aquino III[11]
24
William M. Melad, PCG
Rear admiral
William M. Melad, PCG
26 October 201520 December 20161 year, 55 daysBenigno Aquino III
Rodrigo Duterte
[11][12]
OIC
Joel S. Garcia, PCG, Ph.D., HD, Al-Haj
Commodore
Joel S. Garcia, PCG, Ph.D., HD, Al-Haj
20 December 201615 January 20181 year, 26 daysRodrigo Duterte[11][13]
25
Elson E. Hermogino, PCG
Admiral
Elson E. Hermogino, PCG
15 January 201824 October 20191 year, 282 daysRodrigo Duterte[11][14]
26
Joel S. Garcia, PCG, Ph.D., HD, Al-Haj
Admiral
Joel S. Garcia, PCG, Ph.D., HD, Al-Haj
24 October 20191 June 2020221 daysRodrigo Duterte[11][15]
27
George V. Ursabia Jr.
Coast Guard Admiral
George V. Ursabia Jr.
1 June 20208 September 20211 year, 99 daysRodrigo Duterte[11][15][16]
28
Leopoldo V. Laroya
Coast Guard Admiral
Leopoldo V. Laroya
8 September 202110 February 2022155 daysRodrigo Duterte[11][15][16][17][1]
OIC
Eduardo D. Fabricante
Coast Guard Vice Admiral
Eduardo D. Fabricante
10 February 202228 February 202218 daysRodrigo Duterte[18]
29
Artemio M. Abu
Coast Guard Admiral
Artemio M. Abu
01 March 2022Incumbent122 daysRodrigo Duterte
Ferdinand Marcos Jr.
[19]

Ranks

The Philippine Coast Guard ranks are:[20]

Commissioned Officer
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Philippine Coast Guard[21]
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Blank.svg
Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant commander Lieutenant Lieutenant (junior grade) Ensign
Non Commissioned Officer/Enlisted
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Philippine Coast Guard[21]
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-9b.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-9a.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-8.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-7.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-6.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-5.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-4.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-2.svg
Philippines-CoastGuard-OR-1.svg
Master Chief Petty Officer Senior Chief Petty Officer Chief Petty Officer Petty officer, first class Petty officer, second class Petty officer, third class Seaman first class Seaman second class Seaman apprentice

National Headquarters Command Group

Coast Guard Central Directorial Staff

Support Services

Functional Commands

Coast Guard Districts

The Coast Guard Districts are responsible for securing their respective locations, while launching maritime safety operations, humanitarian assistance, maintaining law enforcement and environment security within their respective area of operations.

Units

The Philippine Coast Guard's functional command units include:

The PCG used to be with the Armed Forces of the Philippines under the Philippine Navy before it was transferred to the Department of Transportation. The PCG is considered the third armed and uniformed service of the country primarily tasked with enforcing all applicable laws within the Philippine waters, conducting maritime security operations, safeguarding of life and property at sea and protecting the marine environment and resources.

Due to the 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing incident in 2004, the PCG activated the Task Force Sea Marshals a composite team from the PCG, AFP and Philippine National Police. These Sea Marshals ride on board the passenger ferries traveling to and from Manila and other ports, and maintain a security presence aboard these ferries.

Coast Guard Aviation Force

The Coast Guard Aviation Force (CGAF), then known as Coast Guard Air Group was formally activated on May 18, 1998 during the incumbency of Commodore Manuel I de Leon PCG as Commandant, Philippine Coast Guard. Accordingly, Commander Noel O Monte PCG was designated as its first Commander holding office at the former PADC Hangar Nr. 3, Domestic Airport Complex, Pasay.

On January 22, 1999, after eight months of existence, PCGAG acquired its first aircraft, a BN Islander from the Philippine National Oil Company – Energy Development Corporation (PNOC – EDC). After six months of intensive inspection and rehabilitation, it was commissioned into Coast Guard service on June 26, 1999 as PCG–251. In June 1999, the first helicopter, a MBB BO-105CB was acquired from PADC and commissioned with the tail number PCG–1636. Another aircraft, a Cessna 421B "Golden Eagle" was acquired without cost from the Bureau of Soils and Water Management sometime in the early part of 2000. However, due to budgetary constraints, the aircraft rehabilitation is not yet completed to date. In the same year, another BN Islander with the tail number PCG–684 was acquired. It was commissioned and activated in June 2002 after it underwent rehabilitation. On March 30, 2001, the helm of the CGAG was transferred to Captain Lino H Dabi PCG. In search of a bigger home for its growing inventory, on November 21, 2002, with the support of Pantaleon Alvarez, the Secretary of Transportation and Communications, the Manila International Airport Authority allowed CGAG to occupy its present location. Extensive renovation work was undertaken to make the hangar suitable as the nerve center of all Coast Guard Air Operations. On March 28, 2003, the CGAG acquired another BO – 105C helicopter from PADC and was commissioned into the service as PCG – 163 during the Group's 5th Founding Anniversary.

With the intense need to have the capability to extract survivors from water, the said helicopter was fitted with a rescue hoist through the courtesy of the Japan International Cooperation Agency. Another significant milestone unfolded in the history of the group when PCG leadership was turned over to Vice Admiral Arthur Gosingan PCG. Through the endorsement of the CGOF Commander, Rear Admiral Damian Carlos PCG in recognizing the importance of the air unit in coast guard operations and their outstanding accomplishments granted the aviators their most aspired yearning of their careers by approving the group's position paper on the Command Pilot Rating. This enabled aviators to have an equal opportunity with officers that acquired a Command at a Sea Badge to assume positions of higher responsibilities in the Coast Guard hierarchy.

Coast Guard Special Operations Force

The Philippine Coast Guard's Special Operations Force (CGSOF) is the special forces unit of the Philippine Coast Guard, founded in 1972. The CGSOF performs underwater operations, domestic counter-terrorism and other law enforcement operations. Some of their notable deployments and accomplishments include the operations to the Laoag Air crash at Manila Bay, the aftermath of the 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing bombing, the Search and Recovery operations to the ill-fated M/V Princess of the Stars incident,[22] and the Battle of Marawi.

Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary

The Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary is the civilian support group of the Philippine Coast Guard. Although a volunteer, civilian organization, the PCGA uses a military structure for organizational purposes. Like other volunteer sea rescue organizations around the world, it performs non-military and non-police activities in support of its national navy or coast guard. This endeavor includes search and rescue, environmental protection, disaster relief, community service, and marine safety.

The ranks of the Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary follow those of the Philippine Coast Guard.[23]

Operation Brotherhood Montessori Center has a few officers that serve as Leadership Training teachers and CAT teachers from this Coast Guard branch.

Philippine Coast Guard Officers’ Basic Education and Training Center

Like Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC)’s Officer Candidate Schools (OCS) of Philippine Army, Philippine Navy and Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Coast Guard also has Philippine Coast Guard Officers’ Basic Education and Training Center (PCGOBETC)[24] that serves as officer candidate school of PCG officer aspirants.[25][26] Officer Candidates taking the Coast Guard Officers’ Course (CGOC) become Probationary Ensigns (P/ENS) and after graduation, they will be commissioned as regular officers in the organization.

Ships in service

Major maritime assets

Picture Class Origin Type Vessels Notes
Patrol Vessels
BRP Teresa Magbanua (MRRV-9701) Arrival 01.jpg
Teresa Magbanua-class  Japan Multi-role response vessel BRP Teresa Magbanua
BRP Melchora Aquino
Two 97-meter vessels built by Mitsubishi Shipbuilding. MRRV-9701 delivered March,2022 and replace OPV-8301 as the PCG flagship.
BRP Gabriela Silang (OPV-8301).jpg
Gabriela Silang-class  France Offshore patrol vessel BRP Gabriela Silang Built by French shipbuilder OCEA. An 83-meter OPV equipped with helipad.[27]
BRP 002 - EDSA II.jpg
San Juan-class  Australia Search and rescue vessel BRP San Juan
BRP EDSA II
BRP Pampanga
BRP Batangas
Four 56-meter vessels equipped with helipad and built by Tenix.[28]
BRP Tubbataha 2.jpg
Parola-class  Japan Multi-role response vessel BRP Tubbataha
BRP Malabrigo
BRP Malapascua
BRP Capones
BRP Suluan
BRP Sindangan
BRP Cape San Agustin
BRP Cabra
BRP Bagacay
BRP Cape Engaño
Ten 44-meter vessels built by Japan Marine United
BPR Nueva Vizcaya 2.jpg
Ilocos Norte-class  Australia Search and rescue vessel BRP Ilocos Norte
BRP Nueva Vizcaya
BRP Romblon
BRP Davao del Norte
Four 35-meter vessels built by Tenix.
Patrol boats / Patrol crafts
BRP Kalanggaman (FPB 2404).jpg
Boracay-class  France Fast patrol boat BRP Boracay
BRP Kalanggaman
BRP Panglao
BRP Malamawi
Four 24-meter patrol boats based on the FPB 72 Mk. II design. They built by French shipbuilder OCEA for multi-role purposes.
Swift Mk.1-class  United States Patrol craft DF 300,[29] DF 301, DF 302,[30] DF 303[31]
Swift Mk.2-class  United States Patrol craft DF 305, DF 307, DF 308,[32] DF-309, DF 310, DF 311, DF-312,[33] DF 313, DF-314,[34] DF-315, DF-316[35]
Swift Mk.3-class  United States Patrol craft DF 325, DF 326, DF 327, DF 328, DF 329, DF 330, DF 331, DF 332, DF 334,[36] DF 347
De Havilland 9209-class  Australia Patrol craft DF 318[37]
Coast Guard Cutter-type  United States patrol craft CGC 30, CGC 32, CGC 103, CGC 110, CGC 115, CGC 128, CGC 129, CGC 130, CGC 132, CGC 133, CGC 134, CGC 135, CGC 136 Transferred from the US Navy. Used for harbor police work. One was stricken in 1994, CGCs 30, 32 and 128 currently non-operational.[38]
Support Vessels
BRP Corregidor Scale Model - WOCE-WOSAS.jpg
Corregidor-class  Japan Buoy tender BRP Corregidor (AE-891) Built by Niigata Engineering in Japan through a soft loan. Commissioned on February 3, 1998 and is currently in active service.[38]
BRP Kalinga
Balsam-class  United States Buoy tender BRP Kalinga (AE-89) Ex-USCG Balsam-class navigational aid tender, USCGC Redbud (WLB-398) built by Marine Iron and SB Corp. Refitted in Cavite Naval Yard in November 1995. Equipped with a helicopter platform and an ice-breaking bow.[38]
TB Habagat 1.jpg
Habagat-class  Japan Medium-size ocean tugboat BRP Habagat (TB-271)

Minor maritime assets

Picture Origin Type In Service Notes
PCG Yamaha HPB1202.jpg
 Japan 12-meter High Speed Interceptor Craft 2 2 Yamaha High Speed Boat 1202 provided by Japan, to be used by Special Operations Group.[39]
PCG Defiant 32.jpg
 United States 10-meter Response Boat – Small 4 Acquired via US FMS Program. Additional units scheduled for delivery.
Philippine Coast Guard Boat Monitoring USS Mobile Bay.jpg
 Philippines Aluminum V-shaped hull boat 320 Used in search-and-rescue and disaster response. 300 ordered in an earlier contract, another 20 units delivered by Pacificfortia Marine Technologies in October 2018.
2011-09-25 Bonn DLRG Rettungsboot Cassius 01.JPG
From multiple suppliers Rigid-hulled inflatable boat 93 Used in search-and-rescue and disaster response. 81 units ordered earlier, another 12 units made by Trenton USA delivered in October 2018.
Cruz Roja Gran Canaria 3541.JPG
From multiple suppliers Rubber boat 50 Used in search-and-rescue and disaster response

Aircraft in service

Main article: List of active military aircraft of the Philippines

Picture Model Origin Type Variant In Service Notes
Fixed-wing Aircraft
PCG-684 BN-2 Islander Philippines Coast Guard (7350770658).jpg
BN-2 Islander  United Kingdom Search and Rescue BN-2A 2 Tail number: PCG–684 and PCG-251.
The Cessna Grand Caravan EX of the Philippine Coast Guard Aviation Force (CGAF).jpg
Cessna 208 Caravan  United States Search and Rescue 208EX 1[40] 1 more unit on order.[40] Plans were also laid out to procure 3 additional units.[41]
Helicopters
PCG Airbus H145 Tail No. CGH-1452.jpg
Airbus H145  Germany Search and Rescue H145 2[42][43] 5 additional units planned to be acquired, under a 5-bladed variant, set to complete the Maritime Disaster Response Helicopter Acquisition Project of the Philippine Coast Guard which requires 7 multirole helicopters.[42]
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
201201 Trinity.jpg
Quantum-Systems Trinity  Germany Aerial Mapping Trinity F90+ 2 Donated by the German Government on June 2022.

Recent acquisitions

Disaster Response Equipment for Philippine Coast Guard Project

The Project ensures that each of the Philippine Coast Guard's 12 Coast Guard District Headquarters will be assigned two Rubber Boats each for Rescue missions. Furthermore, all 63 Coast Guard Stations and the 237 Coast Guard Detachments will have one Aluminum Boat. Also, all 63 Coast Guard Stations will be equipped with one Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RHIB). Other RHIBs and Rubber Boats will be assigned to PCG Special Units and Search and Rescue vessels.

All the 300 Aluminum Boats, 81 RHIBs and 50 Rubber Boats will be equipped with 2 units VHF handheld marine-type Radio, 2 units Operators' Life Vests, 6 units of Common Life Vests, 1 Megaphone and 4 units of Flares.[44]

It is projected to minimize the instances when PCG personnel borrowing boats from fishermen, or other private entities to perform their duties during emergencies. This resulted in delays in the PCG's response time, making rescue operations less efficient.[45]

Under this same project but under a different public bidding document,[44] 15 units of M35 6×6 Trucks and 40 units rubber boats were purchased. 3 units of the trucks and all 40 rubber boat units are currently assigned with the National Headquarters of the PCG. The remaining 12 units of the M35 trucks are assigned to each of the 12 Coast Guard Districts. It is expected to further facilitate timely response to disaster situations.

Maritime Safety Capability Improvement Project (Phase I)

The Project aims to strengthen and further develop the coast watch/patrol and search and rescue capabilities of Philippine Coast Guard by procuring additional patrol vessels. This will support the PCG in fulfilling its mandate and in complying with the international commitments of the Philippines on maritime safety, security and environmental protection. The vessels are to be deployed in ten PCG Districts Manila, Tacloban, Zamboanga, Puerto Princesa, La Union, Iloilo, San Fernando (La Union), Davao, Legaspi and Cagayan de Oro.[46]

This JICA Project supports PCG, who is responsible of Maritime Safety, to enhance its capabilities to quickly and appropriately respond to coastal maritime incidents, such as search and rescue, maritime law enforcement, etc., by providing Multi-Role Responsive Vessels (MRRVs), thereby increasing the vessel/maritime area rate of each of the 12 districts. The Project is also in line with development policy of the Philippines and assistance strategy of Japan. Therefore, it is relevant that JICA supports the implementation of the Project.[47]

During Japan's Minister of Foreign Affairs visit to Philippines in January 2013, Minister Fumio Kishida underscored the role of Japan as the Philippines' strategic ally. In the conference, he stressed Japan would provide 10 patrol vessels to the Philippine Coast Guard on a loan basis.[48][49] Shinzo Abe confirmed that 10 patrol boats will be swiftly donated to the Coast Guard.[50] President Aquino and Prime Minister Abe witnessed the signing of a $187-million (18.732 billion yen) loan for the Philippines’ acquisition of multi-role response vessels to boost the capability of its coast guard to conduct maritime patrols.[51]

Maritime Safety Capability Improvement Project for the Philippine Coast Guard (Phase II)

The project involves the acquisition of two heavy weather, high endurance 94-meter Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs), to provide the PCG with vessels with a cruising range capability of 4,000 nautical miles, can be used in Sea-State 6 (wave height of up to 6 meters) in rough sea condition, and are capable to conduct continuous maritime patrol up to 15 days at 15 knots. Each vessel, as claimed by PCG, will enable them to recover as much as 500 passengers in the event of a maritime disaster, as well as provide the country with wider maritime coverage for strategic and national security purposes. Given these upgraded vessel capacities, the project now costs PhP8 billion and with the NEDA Board approval, are expected to be delivered by 2022.[52][53]

Philippine Ports and Coast Guard Capability Development Project

The project aims to strengthen the Philippine Coast Guard's capability to promote safety of life, protect the marine environment and enforce maritime laws through procurement of four brand new 24-meter OCEA FPV 72MKII patrol boats, 20 fast patrol boats, and one 82-meter 270 MKII offshore patrol vessel.[54][55]

The budget from this project came from the loan balance of a French loan that financed the cancelled Greater Maritime Access Ports Project of the Arroyo administration.[56]

Maritime Disaster Response Helicopter Acquisition Project

The project involves the procurement of seven Maritime Disaster Response (MDR) helicopters for the Philippine Coast Guard to strengthen and expand their MDR capabilities during maritime incidents and natural disasters and calamities. The project will also involve the training of pilots and technical crew, procurement of mission equipment, procurement of maintenance tools and spare parts for five years, and the construction of hangars for the helicopters and offices for the pilots and technical crew.[57][58] It was supposed to be funded by the Credit Agricole of Germany.[59][60][61]

In addition to the recently acquired Airbus H145 helicopters, plans were also laid out to acquire 2 units of AgustaWestland AW139 for SAR operations.[62]

Lightweight Multi-purpose Fixed Wing Aircraft Acquisition Project

The project involves the procurement of one fixed-wing aircraft in order to increase the Coast Guard's aerial responsibilities, such as maritime patrol, search and rescue (SAR), and utility operations. Due to a limited budget, the coast guard has planned to acquire 1 or 2 units of the Cessna 208B Grand Caravan EX, with plans laid out to acquire additional units in the coming years as the aircraft is expected to replace the ageing Britten-Norman BN-2 Islander.[63]

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ a b "Bloodline: New PCG commandant is a third-generation uniformed officer". Manila Bulletin.
  2. ^ International Institute for Strategic Studies (February 25, 2021). The Military Balance 2021. London: Routledge. p. 296. ISBN 9781032012278.
  3. ^ "Marina, Coast Guard see lower 2020 budget, CAB gets more". PortCalls Asia. January 25, 2021. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
  4. ^ Baroña, Franco Jose C. (March 11, 2022). "Duterte promotes PCG's Abu to admiral". Manila Times. Retrieved March 14, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Tarriela, Jay Tristan (December 20, 2017). "Why the Philippines Needs to Develop Its Coast Guard". The Diplomat. Retrieved August 29, 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Philippine Coast Guard Law of 2009" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on August 30, 2021.
  7. ^ "Mission – Pulse of the Maritime Environment · Philippine Coast Guard — News". Archived from the original on July 1, 2008. Retrieved June 30, 2008.
  8. ^ a b "Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation". Report of the Philippine Commission to the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office: 243–244. 1902. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  9. ^ "Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation". Report of the Philippine Commission to the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office: 66–69. 1901. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Bureau of Coast Guard and Transportation/Bureau of Vessels". Report of the Philippine Commission to the Secretary of War. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office: 12–15, 173–181. 1903. Retrieved November 5, 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af "Former Commandants of the PCG". coastguard.gov.ph.
  12. ^ "26th PCG Commandant retires from the Coast Guard Service". coastguard.gov.ph.
  13. ^ "Meet PCG's New Officer-in-Charge – The Maritime Review". maritimereview.ph.
  14. ^ "Duterte promotes Coast Guard chief to admiral". RAPPLER. May 8, 2018.
  15. ^ a b c "Joel Garcia is new Coast Guard chief". SUNSTAR. October 22, 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Duterte names Ursabia as new PCG chief". ph.news.yahoo.com.
  17. ^ "Laroya is new PH Coast Guard chief". www.pna.gov.ph.
  18. ^ "Tugade appoints new Coast Guard OIC".
  19. ^ "Duterte names Artemio Abu PCG Commandant". March 2, 2022.
  20. ^ "Philippine Coast Guard Basic Training Manual". Annex D-E: Philippine Coast Guard Education Training and Doctrine Command. 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2021. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  21. ^ a b "Philippine Coast Guard Basic Training Manual". Annex D-E: Philippine Coast Guard Education Training and Doctrine Command. 2019. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  22. ^ Number of missing passengers rises. Retrieved on June 21, 2007.
  23. ^ "Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary Ranks". Philippine Coast Guard Auxiliary 609th Squadron. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
  24. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 3, 2020. Retrieved July 6, 2020.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. ^ "63 Coast Guard officer graduates 11-month training, new batch took oath". www.coastguard.gov.ph. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  26. ^ "Coast Guard Officer's Course Class 16-2015". www.coastguard.gov.ph. Retrieved July 6, 2020.
  27. ^ "Gabriela Silang OPV Handed Over to Philippine Coast Guard by OCEA". philstar.com. Archived from the original on December 13, 2021.
  28. ^ "Status of the PCG Tenix boats". Timawa.net. Archived from the original on July 19, 2011. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
  29. ^ "DF-300 – Swift Mk.I class". defenseph.net.
  30. ^ "DF-302 – Swift Mk.I". defenseph.net.
  31. ^ "DF-303 – Swift Mk.1". defenseph.net.
  32. ^ "DF-308 – Swift Mk.II". defenseph.net.
  33. ^ "DF-312 – Swift Mk.II". defenseph.net.
  34. ^ "DF-314 – Mk II design". defenseph.net.
  35. ^ "DF-316". defenseph.net.
  36. ^ "DF-334 - Swift Mk.III". defenseph.net.
  37. ^ "DF-318 – Australian fiberglass-hulled". defenseph.net.
  38. ^ a b c "PCG Ships and Auxiliaries". Retrieved May 3, 2016.
  39. ^ "Tanod Baybayin". www.facebook.com. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022.
  40. ^ a b "Philippine Coast Guard Cessna Caravan delivered". Scramble (NL). September 10, 2021. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
  41. ^ Galvez, Daphne (November 4, 2021). "Duterte orders DOTr to procure more air assets for PCG". INQUIRER.net.
  42. ^ a b "Light to Medium Weight Multi-Purpose Twin Engine Helicopter Acquisition Projects of the Philippine Coast Guard". PH Defense Resource. Retrieved October 25, 2020.
  43. ^ "Philippine Coast Guard becomes Philippines' first H145 operator for parapublic missions". Airbus. September 26, 2018. Retrieved November 16, 2018.
  44. ^ a b "Disaster Response Equipment for Philippine Coast Guard Project" (PDF). Department of Transportation and Communications. July 10, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 2, 2015. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
  45. ^ "DOTC, PCG allocates another Php152M in addition to the earlier PhP521M purchase of Disaster Response Equipment" (PDF). Department of Transportation and Communications. September 7, 2012. Retrieved July 8, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  46. ^ "NEDA Official Development Assistance Projects' Status" (PDF). National Economic and Development Authority. March 1, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  47. ^ "Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)" (PDF). JICA. December 14, 2013. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
  48. ^ "Acquisition of Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.neda.gov.ph. November 30, 2012. Archived from the original on December 15, 2013. Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  49. ^ "Budget for acquisition of Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.timawa.net. November 29, 2012. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
  50. ^ News, Kyodo (October 9, 2013). "Japanese PM confirms 10 ships for Philippine coast guard". ((cite web)): |last= has generic name (help)
  51. ^ "JICA and GOP sign agreement for ODA on maritime safety". Japan International Cooperation Agency. December 14, 2013. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
  52. ^ "Acquisition of Two Large Multi-Role Response Vessels (MRRVs)". www.neda.gov.ph. September 14, 2016. Retrieved January 25, 2017. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  53. ^ "PCG to receive its biggest ships by 2022".
  54. ^ "NEDA BOARD APPROVES SIX PROJECTS ON INFRASTRUCTURE, EDUCATION & AGRICULTURE". www.neda.gov.ph. June 27, 2013. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  55. ^ "NEDA board approves 6 projects on infrastructure, education, and agriculture". Philippine Official Gazette. June 27, 2013. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  56. ^ "Calendar Year 2012 ODA Portfolio Review" (PDF). www.neda.gov.ph. April 8, 2013. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
  57. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 13, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  58. ^ "Philippine National Transport Plan Executive Summary". Department of Transportation and Communications. March 12, 2010. Retrieved June 23, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  59. ^ "Table" (PDF). www.dbm.gov.ph. 2014. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  60. ^ "Table" (PDF). www.dbm.gov.ph. 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  61. ^ "Table" (PDF). www.dbm.gov.ph. 2015. Retrieved September 26, 2019.
  62. ^ "PHILIPPINE COAST GUARD GETTING SAME BIRDS AS THE JAPAN COAST GUARD A SMART MOVE". Facebook. Archived from the original on February 26, 2022.
  63. ^ Resource, Philippine Defense. "Lightweight Multi-Purpose Fixed Wing Aircraft Acquisition of the Philippine Coast Guard". Philippine Defense Resource. Retrieved March 11, 2021.