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Vietnam Border Guard
Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam
Vietnam People
The insignia of the Vietnam Border Guard
Founded1958
Country Vietnam
Allegiance Communist Party of Vietnam[1]
TypeBorder guard
Size150,000
Part of Vietnam People's Army
HeadquartersHanoi, Vietnam
Motto(s)Đồn là nhà, Biên giới là quê hương, Đồng bào các dân tộc là anh em ruột thịt
(The post is our home, The border is our country, Our compatriots are our siblings )
Colour   Forest Green
MarchHành khúc Bộ đội biên phòng (Border Guard marches)
Anniversaries3 March 1959 (date of establishment)
Engagements
Decorations
Websitewww.bienphongvietnam.gov.vn
Commanders
Commander
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg
Lieutenant General Lê Đức Thái
Political Commissar
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg
Lieutenant General Đỗ Danh Vượng
Chief of Staff
Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg
Major General Hoàng Hữu Chiến
Insignia
Flag
Vietnam Border Defense Force flag.svg
Emblem
Vietnam Border Defense Force Vector.png
AwardsHero of the People's Armed ForcesHero of the People's Armed ForcesGold Star Order (Vietnam)Ho Chi Minh OrderOrder of IndependenceMilitary Exploit Order

Vietnam Border Guard (Vietnamese: Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam, lit.'Border Defence Corps of Vietnam') or Vietnam Border Defence Force is a branch of the Vietnam People's Army. It is responsible for management and protection of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, order and national boundaries on the mainland, islands, sea and at the gate as shall by law and is force member in provincial areas of defence, border districts of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[2]

Origins

On 19 November 1958, the Politburo of the Workers Party of Vietnam decided to unite national defence forces and army units whose missions were domestic protection, border protection, beach defence, boundary security, and other forces in charge of guarding domestic international borders, under the management of the Police Department, and named them the Guard forces. Guard forces including Border Guard and Homeland Guard.[2][3]

According to the resolution of the Politburo, Border Guard is responsible for:

Homeland Guard is responsible for (this task transferred to police protection under the General Department of Police, Ministry of Public Security):

On 3 March 1959, the Prime Minister of Vietnam signed Decision No. 100 - TTg on the establishment of an armed force in charge of border protection and domestic, to be known as the People's Armed Police, set under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Security. This date is taken as the date of establishment of the Vietnam Border Guard.

Ceremony set up the People's Armed Police was held on the evening of 28 March 1959, at 19 hours, at the Military Club, Hanoi.

By the end of 1979 the People's Armed Police was renamed Border Guard and transferred under the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). In 1988, the Border Guard moved to directly under the Ministry of Interior until late in 1995, then moved to the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam).[2]

Mission

Border Guard is the core force in charge, in co-ordination with other armed forces, localities and departments concerned and depend on people to manage, protect borders, maintaining security political, social order and safety in the border areas, maintaining the external border. Border Guard operates under the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the international treaties relating to the sovereignty, national security and border on the mainland, islands, seas and border gates that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to.[2]

Structure

The organisational system of Border Guard includes three levels: Command (Central), Command provinces; Border posts.

Command of Border Guard

Border Command of the Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam

Border posts

Ranks

See also: Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Commissioned officer ranks

The rank insignia of commissioned officers.

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Vietnam Border Guard[4]
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg
Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan

Other ranks

The rank insignia of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel.

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Vietnam Border Guard[4]
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì

Equipment

Infantry weapons

Model Image Type Caliber Origin Notes
Pistols
K14VN Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Vietnam
TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  Soviet Union
Type 54/K54
TT-33 2.JPG
Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev  China

 Vietnam

Assault rifles
AK-47
AK-47 assault rifle.jpg
Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43  Soviet Union

 Vietnam

Galil ACE
Ace 32 close stock.jpg
Assault rifle 7.62×39mm  Israel

 Vietnam

Patrol Vessels

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Damen Stan Patrol 4207 Patrol vessels BP
BP
BP28-19-01
BP28-19-02
 Netherlands

 Vietnam

4

References

  1. ^ Giap, Vo Nguyen (1970). Oath of Honor. ISBN 9780853451938. Retrieved 31 October 2015. To sacrifice himself undeservedly for the fatherland, fight for the cause of national independence and socialism, under the leadership of the Vietnam Workers Party...
  2. ^ a b c d "Khái quát về nhiệm vụ- tổ chức Bộ đội Biên phòng qua các thời kỳ". www.bienphongvietnam.vn (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 13 September 2010.
  3. ^ Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam – Wikipedia tiếng Việt, Retrieved 4 March 2012[circular reference]
  4. ^ a b "Quy định quân hiệu, cấp hiệu, phù hiệu và lễ phục của Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". mod.gov.vn. Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). 26 August 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2021.