Maritime Gendarmerie
Gendarmerie maritime
Emblème de la Gendarmerie Maritime.svg
Agency overview
Formed1832 – present[1][2]
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionFrance
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
  • Coastal patrol, marine border protection, marine search and rescue.
Operational structure
Parent agencyNational Gendarmerie

The Maritime Gendarmerie (French: Gendarmerie maritime) is a component of the French National Gendarmerie under operational control of the chief of staff of the French Navy. It employs 1,157 personnel and operates around thirty patrol boats and high-speed motorboats distributed on the littoral waterways of France.[3] Like their land-based colleagues the Gendarmes Maritime are military personnel carry out policing operations in addition to their primary role as a coast guard service. They also carry out provost duties within the French Navy.

The uniforms and insignia of the Gendarmerie Maritime are very similar to those of the French Navy, but the ranks used are those of the rest of the Gendarmerie (which are the same as the traditional ranks of the French Cavalry).


The mission of the Maritime Gendarmerie is as follows:[4]


The Maritime Gendarmerie is commanded by a colonel who is assisted by a staff located in Paris. The coastguard is articulated in 3 groupings, 7 companies and 64 units (brigades of research, brigades of monitoring of the littoral, group of safety of the protected zones, group of monitoring of intervention and reinforcement, patrol craft, coastal high-speed motorboats of maritime surveillance) whose geographical distribution is as follows:[3]

Patrol boats

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Class Picture Type Boat Displacement Note
Le patrouilleur Aramis.JPG
Patrol boat P725 Athos
P726 Aramis
105 tonnes Being replaced by Maroni-class and future PCG patrol boats[6]
Maroni-class Patrol boat P692 Maroni
P693 Oyapock
P694 Aber Ildut
72.5 tonnes Based in Cherbourg, Dunkirk and Boulogne-sur-Mer[7]
Follow-on 46-meter PCG-class Patrol boat 350 tonnes Six vessels (plus option on five more) planned for delivery from late 2024;[8] Initially to replace Géranium and Jonquille-classes[9]
Patrouilleur Géranium Gendarmerie maritime.jpg
Patrol boat P720 Géranium
P722 Violette
100 tonnes
Jonquille-class Patrol boat P721 Jonquille
P723 Jasmin
98 tonnes
Patrouilleur Gendarmerie Maritime.jpg
Patrol boat P601 Elorn
P602 Verdon
P603 Adour
P604 Scarpe
P605 Vertonne
P606 Dumbéa
P607 Yser
P608 Argens
P609 Hérault
P610 Gravona
P611 Odet
P612 Maury
P613 Charente
P614 Tech
P615 Penfeld
P616 Trieux
P617 Vésubie
P618 Escaut
P619 Huveaune
P620 Sèvre
P621 Aber Wrac'h
P622 Esteron
P623 Mahury
P624 Organabo
41 tonnes
Brest2012-P778 Gendarmerie Maritime.JPG
Patrol boat A789 Melia 16 tonnes
Pavois-class Patrol boat P692 Pavois
P693 Ecu
P964 Rondache
P695 Harnois
P696 Haubert
P697 Heaume
P698 Brigantine
P699 Gantelet
10.2 tonnes

See also


  1. ^ "La gendarmerie maritime". Net-Marine (in French). Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  2. ^ Le lieutenant-colonel Ebel. "La gendarmerie de la restauration au second empire". La société nationale de l’histoire et du patrimoine de la gendarmerie - société des amis du musée de la gendarmerie (in French). Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  3. ^ a b "La gendarmerie maritime". Ministry of Defense. 2021-03-16. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  4. ^ "La gendarmerie maritime" (in French). Ministry of Interior. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
  5. ^ "Un nouveau commandant pour le "La Violette", un navire indispensable à la lutte contre la drogue en Guadeloupe".
  6. ^ "Le premier des six nouveaux patrouilleurs côtiers de la Gendarmerie maritime officiellement commandé".
  7. ^ "The French Navy receives the first two new generation maritime surveillance coastal patrol boats". 28 April 2022.
  8. ^ "Le premier des six nouveaux patrouilleurs côtiers de la Gendarmerie maritime officiellement commandé".
  9. ^ "Six nouveaux patrouilleurs côtiers pour la Gendarmerie maritime".