Major is a senior military officer rank used in many countries. When used unhyphenated and in conjunction with no other indicators, major is one rank above captain in armies and air forces, and one rank below lieutenant colonel. It is considered the most junior of the senior officer ranks.[1]

Background

Etymologically, the word stems from the Latin word major meaning "greater".[2] The rank can be traced back to the rank of sergeant major general, which was shortened to sergeant major, and subsequently shortened to major.[3]

When used in hyphenated or combined fashion, the term can also imply seniority at other levels of rank, including major general, denoting a low-level general officer, and sergeant major, denoting the most senior non-commissioned officer (NCO) of a military unit.[disputed ][citation needed] The term major can also be used with a hyphen to denote the leader of a military band such as in pipe-major or drum-major.

Links to major ranks by country

Alphabetically sorted by name of country:

Insignia

Army insignia

See also

References

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