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There are many and diverse political parties in the Philippines. Most party membership consists primarily of political figures and leaders, with little or no grassroots membership.[citation needed]

The Philippines operates under a multi-party system, characterized by numerous political parties. Due to the absence of sustaining memberships and the necessity for coalition governments, parties often experience a rise-and-fall dynamic.

There are three types of parties in the Philippines. These are: (a) major parties,[1][2] which typically correspond to traditional political parties; (b) minor parties or party-list organizations, which rely on the party-list system to win Congressional seats; and (c) regional or provincial parties, which correspond to region-wide or province-wide organizations, respectively.

Evolution of political parties.

National parties in office

Major parties

Party Abbr. President Chairperson Founded Ideology Int'l
affiliation
Status House seats Senate seats
Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
Federal Party of the Philippines
PFP Reynaldo Tamayo Jr. Bongbong Marcos 2018 Federalism none Administration
10 / 316
0 / 24
Lakas–Christian Muslim Democrats
People PowerChristian Muslim Democrats
Lakas–CMD Martin Romualdez Bong Revilla 2008
(1991)
Christian democracy[3][4]
Islamic democracy

Neoliberalism

CDI Coalition
92 / 316
1 / 24
Nationalist People's Coalition NPC Giorgidi Aggabao Tito Sotto 1992 Social conservatism none Coalition
38 / 316
5 / 24
Nacionalista Party
Nationalist Party
NP Manny Villar Cynthia Villar 1907 Conservatism[5][6] none Coalition
38 / 316
4 / 24
National Unity Party NUP Vacant Ronaldo Puno 2011 Social conservatism[7] none Coalition
38 / 316
0 / 24
Liberal Party LP Edcel Lagman Francis Pangilinan 1946 Liberalism[8] LI Opposition
10 / 316
0 / 24
Partido Demokratiko Pilipino
Philippine Democratic Party
PDP Jose Alvarez Rodrigo Duterte 1983 Democratic socialism[9]
Social democracy[10][11][12]
none Opposition
5 / 316
5 / 24

Other parties represented in Congress

Party Abbr. President Chairperson Founded Ideology Int'l
affiliation
Status House seats Senate seats
Partido para sa Demokratikong Reporma
Party for Democratic Reforms
PDR Pantaleon Alvarez Vacant 1998 Conservative liberalism none Opposition
2 / 316
0 / 24
People's Reform Party PRP Narciso Santiago Jr. Vacant 1991 Reformism none Coalition
2 / 316
0 / 24
Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Fight of Democratic Filipinos
LDP Bellaflor Angara Sonny Angara 1988 Economic liberalism CDI Coalition
1 / 316
1 / 24
United Nationalist Alliance UNA Jejomar Binay Nancy Binay 2012 Paternalistic conservatism none Coalition
1 / 316
1 / 24
Aksyon Demokratiko
Democratic Action
Aksyon Isko Moreno Ernesto Ramel Jr. 1997 Liberal democracy
Progressivism
none Coalition
1 / 316
0 / 24
Pederalismo ng Dugong Dakilang Samahan
Federalism of the Noble Blooded Association
PDDS Greco Belgica Eduardo Bringas 2018 Federalism none Coalition
1 / 316
0 / 24
Centrist Democratic Party of the Philippines CDP Rufus Rodriguez Lito Monico Lorenzana 2010 Christian democracy none Coalition
1 / 316
0 / 24
Akbayan Citizens' Action Party Akbayan Rafaela David Gio Tingson 1998 Progressivism
Social democracy
PA Opposition
0 / 316
1 / 24
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Force of the Filipino Masses
PMP Joseph Estrada Vacant 1991 Populism none Coalition
0 / 316
1 / 24

Party-lists represented in Congress

These parties won more than 2% of the vote. For the complete list, see 2022 Philippine House of Representatives election (party-list).

Party Abbr. Ideology/sector House party-list seats
Anti-Crime and Terrorism Community Involvement and Support Partylist ACT-CIS Counterterrorism
3 / 62
1-Rider Partylist
Union of Motorists of the Philippines
Ang Buklod ng mga Motorista ng Pilipinas Motorists
2 / 62
Tingog Party List
Voice of the East
TPL Regionalism
2 / 62
4Ps Party-list Strengthen and Grow the Filipino Livelihood Filipino nationalism
2 / 62

Minor parties

These are parties that used to have members in Congress or parties with few or no seats in government.

Party Abbr. Leader Ideology
Alliance for Barangay Concerns ABC James Marty Lim
Ang Kapatiran
The Brotherhood or Alliance for the Common Good
KPTRAN Reynaldo Pacheco Christian democracy
Bagumbayan–Volunteers for a New Philippines BVNP Richard Gordon Voluntarism
Bangon Pilipinas
Rise Up Philippines
BP Eddie Villanueva Christian left
Bigkis Pinoy Movement
Bind Filipinos Movement
BIGKIS Amando Ocampo
Democratic Party of the Philippines DPP Baldomero Falcone Popular democracy
Katipunan ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Society/Association of Democratic Filipinos
KDP Carlos Enrique G. Valdes III Neo-nationalism
Katipunan ng Kamalayang Kayumanggi
Society of Brown Consciousness
KTPNAN Faisal Mangondato Federalism
Katipunan ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino
Society of the United Filipinos
KANP Kerby Javier Salazar Liberalism
Youth empowerment
Kilusang Bagong Lipunan
New society Movement
KBL Efren Rafanan Sr. Conservatism
Kilusan ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino
KNP TBA
Laban para sa Kapayapaan, Katarungan at Kaunlaran
Struggle for Peace, Progress and Justice
KKK Rafaelito Garayblas
Ladlad
Coming Out
LADLAD Danton Remoto LGBT interests
Partido Demokratiko Sosyalista ng Pilipinas
Philippine Democratic Socialist Party
PDSP Norberto Gonzales Democratic socialism
Social democracy
Grassroots democracy
Partido Komunista ng Pilipinas-1930
Philippine Communist Party
PKP-1930 Eduardo Landayan Communism
Marxism–Leninism
Partido Lakas ng Masa
Party of the Laboring Masses
PLM Leody de Guzman Socialism
Labor Party Philippines WPP Melchor Chavez Laboriousm
Medical Cannabis Party MEDCANN Henrie Enaje Cannabis rights
Partido Pilipino sa Pagbabago
Filipinos for Change Party
PPP Leonardo Fernandez Federalism
People's Progressive Humanist Liberal Party PolPHIL TBA Progressivism
Humanism
Social liberalism
Philippine Green Republican Party PGRP Felix Cantal Green politics
Progressive Movement for the Devolution of Initiatives PROMDI Mariano Osmeña Devolution
Energy independence
Reform PH - People's Party RP James Layug Reformism
Economic liberalism
Sanlakas SANLAKAS Max Abalos Progressivism

Local parties

Name Abbr. Location Leader Notes
Luzon
Makatizens United Party MKTZNU Makati Abby Binay affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
Move Makati Makati Romulo de Guzman
Malay Democrats of the Philippines MDP Metro Manila Bayan Dela Cruz affiliated with National Economic Protectionism Association
Kabalikat ng Bayan sa Kaunlaran KABAKA Manila's 5th and 6th congressional districts Amado Bagatsing
Philippine Christian Nationalist Party PCNP Quezon City Andres Genito
Serbisyo sa Bayan Party SBP Quezon City Joy Belmonte formerly affiliated with Hugpong ng Pagbabago
Retailers Party Manila's 3rd congressional district Estelito Mendoza
Liping Kalookan Caloocan Macario Asistio formerly Grand Kalookan Coalition
Katipunan ng Bagong Caloocan KABACA Caloocan Gwendolyn Emnace affiliated with Aksyon Demokratiko
Kasangga ng Bayan, Tao, Kalikasan at Kaunlaran KABATAK Parañaque Joey Marquez
Kilusang Diwa ng Taguig KDT Taguig Dante Tinga affiliated with Liberal Party and National Unity Party
Caloocan Team for Action and Progress CATAPAT Caloocan Bonifacio Alis
Partido Tapat Taguig and Pateros Edmundo de Borja also known as Taguig-Pateros Action Team
Partido Navoteño NVTEÑO Navotas Toby Tiangco affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and United Nationalist Alliance
Reform Caloocan Party Caloocan Russel Ramirez
United Citizens of Caloocan Party UCCP Caloocan Nilo Divina
Partido Magdiwang San Juan Joseph Victor Ejercito affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Lingkod ng Mamamayan ng Valenzuela City LINKOD Valenzuela Magi Gunigundo
Kambilan Party Pampanga Dennis G. Pineda affiliated with Lakas–CMD and PDP
Lingkod Bayan-Sulong Taguig Coalition LINGKOD TAGUIG Taguig Angelito Reyes
Asenso Manileño AMM Manila Isko Moreno affiliated with Aksyon Demokratiko
Kapayapaan, Kaunlaran at Katarungan KKK Manila Christy Lim-Raymundo affiliated with Akbayan
Movement for Economic Transformation & Righteous Opportunities METRO Metro Manila Rodolfo John O. Teope
Samahang Kaagapay ng Agilang Pilipino AGILA Pasig City and Parañaque Josef Maganduga
United Benguet Party UBP Benguet Eric Yap
Bileg Ti La Union La Union Joaquin Ortega
Bileg Ti Ilocano BILEG Ilocos Sur Luis Singson
Biskeg na Pangasinan Party BISKEG Pangasinan Oscar Lambino affiliated with Lakas-CMD
Democratic Tabula Tua Cagayan Delfin Telan Ting affiliated with Lakas-CMD
Buklod Capampangan Pampanga and Angeles City Estelito Mendoza
Lapiang Bagong Lakas ng Nueva Ecija BALANE Nueva Ecija Tomas Joson affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition and PDP
Lingap Lugud Capampangan Party Pampanga Lito Lapid affiliated with Lakas-CMD
Pinag-isang Lakas Tungo sa Pagbabago PINATUBO Zambales and Olongapo Philip Camara
Sama Sama Tarlac Tarlac Candido Guiam
Democratic Alliance DA Central Luzon Romeo Taruc
Partido del Pilar Bulacan Manuel G. Roxas affiliated with Liberal Party
Nagkakaisang Partido ng mga Kapampangan Pampanga Zenaida Ducut
Unang Sigaw-Partido ng Pagbabago USPP Nueva Ecija Aurelio Umali
Kalapian ng mga Kaibigan ng Kaunlaran-Bayan ng Hagonoy LAPIANG K Hagonoy, Bulacan Angel Cruz, Jr.
Kapanalig at Kambilan Ning Memalen Pampanga KAMBILAN Pampanga Rosve Henson
Partido Malolenyo PM Malolos, Bulacan Carolina Mangawang
Sulong Zambales Party SZP Zambales Hermogenes Ebdane (chairman)
Jun Omar Ebdane (President)
affiliated with Labor Party Philippines
Partido ABE Kapampangan PAK, ABE Angeles City, Pampanga Edgardo Pamintuan (chairman)
Alex Cauguiran (president)
Founded March 28, 2012.

[13]

Partido Balikatan ng Bataan BALIKATAN Bataan Enrique Garcia, Jr.
Partido Magdalo Cavite Jonvic Remulla affiliated with Nacionalista Party, United Nationalist Alliance, Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino and Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
Forward with Vitality for Reforms-Sigaw ng Kabite FVR-Sigaw Cavite Franco Loyola
Quezon Nationalist Democratic Party QNDP Quezon and Lucena Bienvenido Marquez, Jr.
Pangkat Laguna Laguna Marito Mendoza
Partido Dimasalang Laguna Teresita Lazaro affiliated with Lakas-CMD
Partido Batangueño Batangas Franklin Tabaquin, Jr.
Partido ng Masang Batangueno PMB Batangas Nicanor Briones
Union of Nationalist Democratic Filipino Organization UNIDO Region 4A Jose Laurel IV
One Batangas Movement One Batangas Batangas Vilma Santos-Recto affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Partido Bagong San Pablo San Pablo, Laguna Arsenio Escuderro, Jr.
People's Alliance Development of Romblon PADER Romblon Natalio Beltran, Jr.
People's Empowerment sa Lungsod Agham PELA Muñoz, Nueva Ecija Baby Armi L. Alvarez
Partido Pagbabago ng Palawan PPP Palawan Jose Alvarez affiliated with Hugpong ng Pagbabago
Sulong Palawan Party SPP Palawan and Puerto Princesa Vincent Dennis Socrates
Mindoro Sandugo Para sa Kaunlaran SANDUGO Oriental Mindoro Agustin Cusi
Bicol Saro Bicol Region Ma. Corazon Imperial
Catanduanes Alliance for Reform and Democracy CARD Catanduanes Dexter Francisco
Alliance of Bicolnon Party ABP-BICOLNON Bicol Region Enrique Olonan
Ako Bicol Political Party AKB Bicol Region Elizalde Co
Visayas
Panaghiusa PANAGHIUSA Cebu and Cebu City Jose Daluz III
Paglaum Party Negros Occidental Alfredo Montelibano, Jr. affiliated with Nacionalista Party
Kusog Han Eastern Samar Eastern Samar Jaime Opinion
People's Progressive Alliance for Peace and Good Government Towards Alleviation of Poverty and Social Advancement Partido PAGASA Western Visayas Rene Juaneza
Pusyon Pilipino Central Visayas Casimiro Madarang, Jr.
Abante Anak Bisaya Central Visayas Geraldo Carillo
United Negros Alliance UNA Negros Occidental Alfredo Marañon, Jr. formerly affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition & Liberal Party, now with PDP
Barug Alang sa Kauswagan ug Demokrasya BAKUD Cebu's 5th congressional district Ramon Durano III affiliated with Nationalist People's Coalition
Alayon Alang sa Kalambu-an ng Kalinaw ALAYON Central Visayas Eduardo Gullas
Katig-buan Nortehanon Northern Samar Emil Ong
Partido Pundok Biliranon Biliran Danilo Parilla
Aton Tamdon Utod Negros-anon ATUN Negros Occidental Rafael Coscolluela
Kugi Uswag Sugbo KUSUG Cebu City Raymond Alvin Garcia
Ugyon Visayas Franklin Drilon affiliated with Liberal Party
Timawa Iloilo City Rona Anape-Ganzon affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
United Guardians Party UGP Western Visayas and Central Visayas Clodualdo P. Dedicatoria
Economic Development and Social Advancement EDSA Central Visayas Melchor Cubillo
Democracy of the Independent Liberal Conservative Party DILC Liloan, Cebu Vincent Frasco
Ugyon Kita Capiz UK CAPIZ Capiz Frenedil Castro affiliated with United Nationalist Alliance
One Cebu 1-CEBU Cebu Gwendolyn Garcia affiliated with PDP
Bando Osmeña - Pundok Kauswagan BOPK Cebu City Tomas Osmeña affiliated with Laban ng Demokratikong Pilipino
Partido Barug BARUG Cebu City Michael Rama affiliated with PDP
Mindanao
Hugpong ng Pagbabago HNP Davao Region Sara Duterte affiliates with Lakas-CMD, PMP, PRP, Nacionalista Party, NUP, LDP, PDP, & Partido Federal ng Pilipinas
Hugpong sa Tawong Lungsod Hugpong Davao City Paolo Duterte affiliates with PDP
Christian Muslim Independent Party CMIP Zamboanga del Norte Tiburcio Pasquil
Aggrupation of Parties for Prosperity APP Zamboanga del Norte Seth Frederick Jalosjos affiliated with Hugpong ng Pagbabago
Sarangani Reconciliation and Reformation Organization SARRO Sarangani Estelito Mendoza affiliated with Lakas-CMD
Islamic Party of the Philippines IPP Mindanao Ebrahim Abdurrahman
Ompia Party OMPIA Mindanao Mahid Mutilan
Democratic Alliance of Mindanaoans for Good Government DAMAGO Davao Region and Soccsksargen Fernando Toquillo
Muslim Reform Party MRP Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur Kamar Mindalano
Ummah Party Lanao del Norte, Lanao del Sur and Iligan Geraldo Carillo
Compostela Valley Rainbow Alliance CORAL Davao de Oro Rogelio Sarmiento
Cotabato United People's Movement Cotabato Emmanuel Piñol
Lanao People's Party Lanao del Sur Casan Macabanding
Serbisyong Inklusibo-Alyansang Progresibo SIAP Bangsamoro Mamintal Adiong Jr.
Padajon Surigao PS Surigao del Norte Francisco Matugas affiliated with Lakas-CMD
People's Champ Movement PCM General Santos and Sarangani Manny Pacquiao affiliated with PROMDI
Citizens Call for Action Party of Zamboanga City CCA Zamboanga City Susan de los Reyes
Adelante Zamboanga Party AZAP Zamboanga City Jose Lobregat
Aksyon Magsasaka-Partido ng Tinig ng Masa AKMA-PTM Soccsksargen Ali Sangki
Achievers with Integrity Movement AIM South Cotabato Adelbert Antonino
Padayon Pilipino PADAYON Cagayan de Oro Vicene Emano affiliated with Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino
Partido Prosperidad y Amor Para na Zamboanga PAZ Zamboanga City Beng Climaco affiliated with Liberal Party
People's Consultative (Mushawara) Party Bangsamoro, Lanao del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur Basher Caluato Edris
Bukidnon Paglaum BPP Bukidnon Jose Maria Zubiri Jr.
United Bangsamoro Justice Party UBJP Bangsamoro Murad Ibrahim
Bangsamoro Party BaPa Bangsamoro Muslimin Sema
Bangsamoro People's Party BPP Bangsamoro Mujiv Hataman
Al Ittahad-UKB Party Al Ittahad-UKB Bangsamoro Suharto Mangudadatu
Salaam Party Bangsamoro Abdusakur Mahail Tan
Basilan Unity Party BUP Basilan Mujiv Hataman
Sitti Djalia Turabin-Hataman
Tawi-Tawi One Party TOP Tawi-Tawi Yshmael Sali

Not registered with the government

These are national parties that are not registered with the Commission on Elections:

Party Abbr. Leader Ideology
Green Party of the Philippines GPP-KALIKASAN MUNA David D. D'Angelo Green politics
MAKAKALIKASAN
Nature Party Philippines
MAKAKALIKASAN Orlando Ravanera Deep Communitarian Ecologism
Philippine Libertarian Party PHILIPA Julius Apud (interim chairman) Right-libertarianism
Koalisyong Katoliko Kristiyano KKK Rizalito David Christian democracy
Communist Party of the Philippines CPP vacant Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Marxista-Leninistang Partido ng Pilipinas
Marxist–Leninist Party of the Philippines
MLPP Caridad Magpantay Marxism–Leninism
Partido ng Manggagawang Pilipino – Pinagsanib
Filipino Workers Party
PMP-Pinagsanib Patricio Ramirez Syndicalism
Rebolusyonaryong Partido ng Manggagagawa – Pilipinas
Revolutionary Workers' Party of the Philippines
RPM-P Arturo Tabara
Nilo dela Cruz
Marxism–Leninism

Historical parties/coalitions

Parties

Major coalitions

Election year Administration Opposition
Ferdinand Marcos (KBL) was the incumbent.
1986 Kilusang Bagong Lipunan (KBL) United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO)
Marcos was declared winner but was overthrown at the People Power Revolution days later. His supporters were forced into opposition.
1987 United Nationalist Democratic Organization (UNIDO) Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD)
In 1992, UNIDO broke up and the Marcos loyalists coalesced with the other parties. Fidel V. Ramos (LakasNUCD) won the presidential election and his supporters became the administration coalition
1995 Lakas-Laban Coalition Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC)
1998 Lakas-NUCD-UMDP Laban ng Makabayang Masang Pilipino (LAMMP)
In 2001, Joseph Estrada was overthrown at the 2001 EDSA Revolution; his supporters were forced into opposition.
2001 People Power Coalition (PPC) Puwersa ng Masa (PnM)
2004 Koalisyon ng Katapatan at Karanasan sa Kinabukasan (K-4) Koalisyon ng Nagkakaisang Pilipino (KNP)
2007 TEAM Unity Genuine Opposition (GO)
In 2010, the anti-Arroyo forces were split into different parties: Aquino defeated Estrada and eight others to lead the government under the Liberal Party.
2010 Liberal Party (LP) Lakas Kampi CMD
Nacionalista Party (NP)
Pwersa ng Masang Pilipino (PMP)
In 2013, the main opposition party Lakas–CMD (formerly Lakas Kampi CMD) weakened following the arrest of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
Thus, the Estrada-Binay group established the United Nationalist Alliance as the main opposition alliance.
2013 Team PNoy United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
In 2016, the incumbent's Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid was defeated and became the opposition as Rodrigo Duterte (PDP–Laban) won the presidential election, establishing the Coalition for Change as the administration coalition.
2016 Coalition for Change United Nationalist Alliance (UNA)
Partido ng Galing at Puso (PGP)
Koalisyon ng Daang Matuwid (KDM)
2019 Hugpong ng Pagbabago Otso Diretso
In 2022, the incumbent's coalition was split into two, the Tuloy ang Pagbabago and MP3 Alliance, with the latter becoming part of the opposition. Hugpong was superseded by the UniTeam Alliance of Bongbong Marcos (PFP) who won the presidential election.
2022 UniTeam Alliance
Tuloy ang Pagbabago
Team Robredo–Pangilinan (TRoPa)
MP3 Alliance (MP3)
Aksyon
Laban ng Masa (LnM)

See also

References

  1. ^ "LP declared as dominant minority (7:57 p.m.)". Sunstar Manila. May 7, 2010. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved November 16, 2010.
  2. ^ "Comelec declares LP, UNA as dominant majority and minority parties - InterAksyon.com". Archived from the original on November 10, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  3. ^ abs-cbnNEWS.com/Newsbreak, Carmela Fonbuena. "JDV quits Lakas, won't join Lakas-Kampi". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  4. ^ "Major party-list groups join Lakas | Philstar.com". philstar.com. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  5. ^ Bertrand, J. (2013). Political Change in Southeast Asia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ Berneo, N.; Yashar, D. (2016). Parties, Movements, and Democracy in the Developing World. New York: Cambridge University Press USA.
  7. ^ "Who to Vote For? Get to Know the Political Parties in the Philippines".
  8. ^ "Values Charter – Liberal Party of the Philippines". Liberal Party of the Philippines. Retrieved July 24, 2018.
  9. ^ "Philippines with Chinese characteristics? – The Manila Times Online". www.manilatimes.net. May 14, 2018. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
  10. ^ Raul P. De Guzman, Mila A. Reforma, ed. (1988). Government and Politics of the Philippines. Oxford University Press. p. 101.
  11. ^ Robert Dayley, ed. (2019). Southeast Asia in the New International Era. Routledge. the Philippine Democrat Party—People's Power (PDP-Laban), the current ruling party which claims social democracy as its ideology and advocates for federalism.
  12. ^ Jeffrey M. Riedinger, ed. (2020). Agrarian Reform in the Philippines: Democratic Transitions and Redistributive Reform. Stanford University Press. p. 28. Organized in February 1982, the Pilipino Democratic Party ( PDP ) was the principal political vehicle for social democrats in the later years of the Marcos regime.
  13. ^ COMELEC OKs Partido ABE Kapampangan Archived December 3, 2012, at archive.today