Taguig
Flag of Taguig
Official seal of Taguig
Etymology: Taga-giik (rice thresher)
Nickname: 
Metro Manila's Probinsyudad
Motto: 
"I Love Taguig" "Think Big. Dream Big. Love Taguig."
Anthem: Martsa ng Taguig ("Taguig March")
  • Map of Metro Manila with Taguig highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Map
Taguig is located in Philippines
Taguig
Taguig
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°31′N 121°03′E / 14.52°N 121.05°E / 14.52; 121.05
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
Provincenone
District 1st district (shared with Pateros) and 2nd district
EstablishedApril 25, 1587
CityhoodDecember 8, 2004
Recent territorial changeNovember 9, 2023
Barangays38 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMa. Laarni L. Cayetano (Nacionalista)
 • Vice MayorArvin Ian V. Alit (Nacionalista)
 • Representatives
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate894,648 voters (2022)
Area
[2] (including Embo)
 • Total54.048 km2 (20.868 sq mi)
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Highest elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census)(including Embo) [3]
 • Total1,223,595
 • Rank4th
 • Density23,000/km2 (59,000/sq mi)
 • Households
(excluding Embo)
246,873
DemonymTaguigeño / Taguigeña
Economy (excluding Embo)
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence
0.76
% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱ 12,755 million (2020)
 • Assets₱ 30,661 million (2020)
 • Expenditure₱ 12,572 million (2020)
Utilities
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
 • WaterManila Water
 • TelecommunicationsGlobe Telecom
Smart Communications
Dito Telecommunity
 • Cable TVSky Cable
Cignal TV
Cablelink
 • InternetSky Fiber
Converge ICT
PLDT Fiber
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1630–1638
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
CurrencyPhilippine peso (₱)
Feast dateJuly 26
Catholic dioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila (Embo barangays)
Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig (rest of Taguig)
Patron saintSaint Anne
Websitetaguig.gov.ph

Taguig (Tagalog: [taˈɡiɡ] ), officially the City of Taguig (Filipino: Lungsod ng Taguig), is a highly urbanized city located alongside the northwestern shores of Laguna de Bay in Metro Manila, Philippines. With a population of 1,223,595 people,[3] it is the 5th most populous city in the Philippines. The city is known for Bonifacio Global City, one of the leading financial centers of the Philippines. Originally a fishing village during the Spanish and American colonial periods, it experienced rapid growth when former military reservations were converted by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) into financial centers and mixed-use planned communities. Taguig became a highly urbanized city with the passage of Republic Act No. 8487 in 2004, which was ratified by a plebiscite.

The city is located in the southeastern portion of Metro Manila and bordered by Pasig and Pateros to the north, Makati and Mandaluyong to the northwest, Pasay and Parañaque to the west, Taytay, Rizal to the northeast and Muntinlupa to the south.

Etymology

The original farmer-fishermen of the area, about 800 in number, were good at threshing rice after harvest. Hence, they were referred to as "mga taga-giik" (Tagalog for "rice thresher") and the settlement as "pook ng mga taga-giik" (lit. transl. place of the rice threshers). Spanish friar Fray Alonso de Alvarado, together with conquistador Ruy López de Villalobos who crossed the Pasig River to reach the city's present site in 1571, found "taga-giik" difficult to pronounce. "Tagui-ig" was later shortened to its current form "Taguig".[5]

History

Simborio at Taguig Cemetery

Early history

Before the Spaniards came, Taguig was a stablished Tagalog settlement with Moro and Chinese present in the area as revealed by the recent archaeological diggings of various artifacts like cups, plates and other utensils, which bear Chinese characters. This was believed to have originated from China's Ming dynasty.[6]

Spanish colonial era

Taguig was one of the earliest known territories of the Provincia de Tondo, that became the Provincia de Maynila to have been Christianized when the Spaniards succeeded in subjugating mainland Luzon through the Legazpi expedition in 1571. Between the years 1573 and 1587, Taguig was an encomienda under Captain Cervantes y Vergara with 3,200 inhabitants paying 1,879 and 1/2 tax.[7] On September 04, 1584 Fray Melchor De Ribera of the Agustian Order became the 1st non-resident Vicar of Taguig. [8] Taguig was established as a separate "pueblo" (town) on April 04, 1587, "Tomamos de nuevo la casa de Tagui", when the Augustinian Order reaccepted the vote of the convent of Taguig during a meeting of the Augustinian Chapter in Intramuros according to Friar Gaspar de San Agustin.[9] This is after the local Chinese community burned the old church made out of sawali in 1586. Juan Basi,[10] a nephew of Lakan Dula and son-in-law of the Sultan of Brunei, was the Lakan of Taguig from 1587 to 1588 who participated in the Tondo Conspiracy of 1587, an attempt to overthrow the Spanish government which failed. Basi was exiled for two years as punishment. According to records, Taguig had nine barrios then, namely: Bagumbayan, Bambang, Hagonoy (Hagunoy), Palingon (Palingong), Santa Ana, Tipas, Tuktukan (Toctocan), Ususan, and Wawa (Uaua). Santa Ana was then the municipal center (poblacion) of Taguig.[11] [12]

There was an attempt to transfers Tipas from Taguig to Pasig because the residents of that barrio dislike the Cura or Parish Priest stationed at Taguig during that time. They raised it to the Gobernadorcillo (Leader and Judge) at that time, he said for the issue to be resolve the bells from Taguig and Pasig will be ring simultaneously. Which of these bells should be heard in Tipas will be town where it belongs to. The Bells of Taguig prevailed, that's why Tipas remained to be within the Jurisdiction of Taguig.[13]

Records also shows that Tipas had several attempts petitioning to become an independent town but was denied during the Spanish and American governments.[14]

During that time, Taguig was accessible via the Pasig River, which was connected to two large bodies of water, Manila Bay and Laguna de Bay. The town produced more than enough rice for consumption but had less sugar cane to mill. The men lived through fishing while women wove cotton cloth and "sawali" from bamboo strips. The people of Taguig were known to have resisted both Spanish and American colonial rule. When the Katipunan was on its early years, many from Taguig became followers and later joined the uprising. The people of Taguig also joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898.

Santiago Bonifacio, the father of revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, hailed from Ligid Tipas.[15] Barrio Tipas, specifically the Napindan Lighthouse in Barrio Napindan became a meeting place and staging point of some revolutionary attacks against Spanish forces by the Katipunan.[16]

An attempt to transfer the Town center

In the 1880 up to 1919, flood water submerged almost all the lower portion of Taguig from Napindan to Bagumbayan during the months of August up to October. The Hacenderos of Maysapan and Taguig proposed to transfer the Town center and church to a higher place now part of Fort Bonifacio. The Parish Priest also supported the move and ordered to ready a parcel of land to be ready to build a new church to house the convent. However, since the local population of Taguig, during that time, are farmers and fishermen, the decision to move the town center and church was not that popular to them. They don't want move out away from their farmland and to the river leading them to the bay. The remnant of the church are still visible until the 1970's. The place was called "Bahay Pari" (Priest House).[17]

American colonial era

During the American occupation, Taguig natives fought against the forces of General Wheaton under the command of General Pio del Pilar. It was recorded that on February 6, 1899, Filipino forces including Taguig "revolutionarios" dislodged an American position in the hills of Taguig, now a portion of Pateros and Fort Bonifacio. They were defeated eventually by the Americans with superiority in the armaments and training. Taguig finally fell to the contingent of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry led by Col. Wholly.

The defeat of the Filipinos after two years of struggle against the American forces subsequently subjected the Philippines to another system of governance. On August 14, 1898, United States occupied the islands and established a military government with General Wesley Merritt as the First Military Governor. He exercised legislative powers until September 1, 1900. At the start of American occupation, Taguig was proclaimed as an independent municipality with the promulgation of General Order No. 4 on March 29, 1900. The town was subsequently incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal when the Philippine Commission promulgated Act No. 137 on June 11, 1901.[18] On October 12, 1903, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Pateros were merged by the virtue of Act. No. 942 with Pateros hosting the seat of the municipal government.[19] The merger did not last long as a month later Muntinlupa was segregated from it and made part of Biñan, La Laguna when Act. No. 1008 was enacted on November 25, 1903.[20] However, it was returned to Taguig on March 22, 1905, with the promulgation Act No. 1308.[21] Eventually, Pateros separated from Taguig by January 1, 1909 and Muntinlupa was granted an independent municipality status on December 17, 1917.[22]

It was also during the American Colonial Period that the United States government acquired a 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi) property of Taguig for military purposes. This large piece of land, which had a TCT dated 1902, was turned into a camp that became known as Fort William McKinley, named after the 25th president of the U.S. who was responsible for the American colonization of the Philippines.

Japanese occupation

When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, Fort McKinley was taken over by the Japanese Imperial Army. They occupied the military camp until the end of World War II in 1945.

Philippine independence

After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US relinquished to the Republic of the Philippines all right of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of the military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort William McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of the US Embassy Note No. 0570. Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio.

The Martial Law era

When Ferdinand Marcos placed the Philippines under martial law in 1972, Taguig, which contained Fort Bonifacio, became the host of two detention centers full of political prisoners - the Maximum Security Unit where Senators Jose W. Diokno and Benigno Aquino Jr. were detained.[23] and the Ipil Reception Center (sometimes called the Ipil Detention Center).[24] A third facility, the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC),[24] was still treated as part of Fort Bonifacio but was later turned into the Makati City Jail.[25] These detention centers became infamous for the numerous human rights abuses of the Marcos dictatorship, including warrantless detention and torture.[24]

Senator Aquino and Diokno were Marcos' first martial law prisoners, arrested just before midnight of September 22, 1972 and at 1:00 a.m. of September 23, 1972, respectively. They were eventually imprisoned in Fort Bonifacio at the Maximum Security Unit separate from Ipil and YRC. They stayed there until Marcos moved them to an even higher security facility in Fort Magsaysay in Laur, Nueva Ecija on March 12, 1973.

Ipil was the largest prison facility for political prisoners during martial law. Among the prisoners held there were some of the country's leading academics, creative writers, journalists, and historians including Butch Dalisay, Ricky Lee, Bienvenido Lumbera, Jo Ann Maglipon, Ninotchka Rosca, Zeus Salazar, and William Henry Scott. After Fort Bonifacio was privatized, the area in which Ipil was located became the area near S&R Membership Shopping - BGC and MC Home Depot, near 32nd Street and 8th Avenue in Bonifacio Global City.[26]

In 1974, the name of Taguig's political subdivisions was changed from "barrios" to "barangays" following the nationwide implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) under Presidential Decree No. 557.[27] The IRP increased Taguig's administrative divisions to 18 barangays, namely: Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada Tipas, Hagonoy, Ibayo Tipas, Ligid Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika, Napindan, Palingon Tipas, Signal Village, Santa Ana, Tuktukan, Upper Bicutan, Ususan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan.

On November 7, 1975, Taguig seceded from the province of Rizal to become part of the newly formed the National Capital Region through Presidential Decree No. 824.[28]

Cityhood

Main article: Cities of the Philippines

In 1998, a law was enacted, pushing for the cityhood of Taguig.[29] The resulting plebiscite on April 25, 1998 showed that the citizens were against the cityhood. A recent petition to the Supreme Court sought a recount of the plebiscite and on February 19, 2004, the Supreme Court ordered the Commission on Elections to conduct a recount. The recount showed that the residents did want the municipality of Taguig to become a city (21,105 'yes' and 19,460 'no'). Subsequently, Taguig became a city on December 8, 2004.[30]

Contemporary history

View of central Taguig in 2022

In 2008, the Taguig City Council created 10 new barangays – Central Bicutan, New Lower Bicutan, Fort Bonifacio, Katuparan, North Signal Village, South Signal Village, South Daanghari, North Daanghari, Pinagsama, San Miguel, and Tanyag – by virtue of City Ordinance Nos. 24–27, 57–61, 67–69, and 78, Series of 2008, carving them out from the initial 18 barangays. After a successful plebiscite in December 2008, the creation was approve, thus the number of barangays in the city was increased from 10 to 28.[31][32]

In 2011, during 424th foundation day, Mayor Lani Cayetano takes pride in calling the city a “ProbinSyudad” because it is the only remaining city in Metro Manila which has the amenities of a highly urbanized city and of a province, what with its more than 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) of lakeshore, with farmers, fishermen, old churches, a historic lighthouse, and with people whose virtue of pagtutulungan (cooperation) is still very much alive.[33]

Taguig won the territorial dispute with Makati in April 2022, which was ruled with finality a year later in April 2023.[34] The city gained ten barangays from Makati, adding an estimated 300,000 people to its population.

Geography

Taguig is located on the northwestern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines. Taguig River, a tributary of the Pasig River, runs through the northern half of the city, while the Napindan River, another tributary of Pasig, forms the natural border between Taguig in Pasig. A relatively small area of the city called Ibayo Napindan is located north of the river, adjoining the disputed territories between Pasig, Taguig, and Taytay in Rizal Province.

According to the cadastral map of Taguig, the boundary and jurisdiction limit of Taguig is the Rio del Pueblo now called Tapayan River, a tributary of the Pasig River from Barangay Pinagbuhatan, Pasig to Barangay Santa Ana, Taytay, Rizal.[35] The city has an area of 54.048 square kilometers (20.868 sq mi), now including the Embo barangays previously from Makati.

Barangays

Taguig had nine Nayon or barrios until September 21, 1974, when the Presidential Decree No. 557 was enacted.[27] The number of barangays was increased to 18 by virtue of a 1971 municipal council resolution during the term of Mayor Monico Tanyag by subdividing the Nayon of Tipas into four barrios, namely: Calzada Tipas, Palingon Tipas, Ligid Tipas, and Ibayo Tipas. The Nayon of Bicutan, which is part of the former U.S. military base Fort William McKinley, was divided into Lower Bicutan, Upper Bicutan, Western Bicutan, and the Enlisted Men's Barrios like Signal Village. After the conversion of Taguig from a Municipality to a City in 2004, the Taguig City Council in 2008 added 10 more barangays that was later approved in a plebiscite.[32] Bagong Tanyag was separated from Bagumbayan, in honor of the longest-serving mayor of Taguig.

Now, the city is politically subdivided into 38 barangays. These include the 28 original barangays: Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada, Central Bicutan, Central Signal Village, Fort Bonifacio, Hagonoy, Ibayo-Tipas, Katuparan, Ligid Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika Village, Napindan, New Lower Bicutan, North Daang Hari, North Signal Village, Palingon Tipas, Pinagsama, San Miguel, Santa Ana, South Daang Hari, South Signal Village, Tanyag, Tuktukan, Ususan, Upper Bicutan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan, as well as the ten Embo barangays: Cembo, South Cembo, Comembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Pembo, Post Proper Northside, Post Proper Southside, Rizal, and Pitogo which are formerly part of Makati's 2nd congressional district.[36][37] Taguig started exercising its jurisdiction to the Embo barangays in 2023. Barangay Post Proper Northside's de facto territory includes three adjacent areas between Cembo and West Rembo, while Post Proper Southside has multiple enclaves in Pinagsama's Palar Village and along Consular Road inside Fort Bonifacio, where their Barangay Hall is located; both barangays overlap other existing Taguig barangays.[38]

The city is also divided into two legislative districts: the 1st district, which also includes the Municipality of Pateros for representation in the Congress, and 2nd district. Additionally, the Embo barangays previously part of Makati remain part of that city's 2nd district.

Barangays under Taguig's jurisdiction from 2008 to 2023
Barangays under Taguig's jurisdiction since 2023. Post Proper Northside and Post Proper Southside are omitted from this photo due to unclear boundaries, with overlap mostly with Fort Bonifacio, Pinagsama, and Western Bicutan, resulting from Makati's previous claim disputes.
Political maps of Taguig
First District
Barangay Punong Barangay Population (2020)[3]
Bagumbayan Delio J. Santos 49,319
Bambang Ryan C. Esteban 13,949
Calzada Tipas Rommel B. Tanyag 28,660
Hagonoy Rommel R. Olazo 21,693
Ibayo-Tipas Wilfredo D. Flores 25,808
Ligid Tipas John U. Lontoc 10,361
Lower Bicutan Roel O. Pacayra 60,376
New Lower Bicutan Ernesto A. Rafael, Jr. 55,928
Napindan Gerome Michael R. San Pedro 24,437
Palingon Tipas Charlie M. Mendiola 16,119
San Miguel Arnold M. Fabian 10,528
Santa Ana Roberto M. Flogen 22,581
Tuktukan Suranie U. Benamir 11,614
Ususan Marilyn F. Marcelino 53,956
Wawa Rosaley A. Buenaflor 14,350
Second District
Barangay Punong Barangay Population (2020)[3]
Central Bicutan Rodolfo E. Tangpuz II 33,851
Central Signal Village Henry A. Dueñas III 44,126
Fort Bonifacio Jorge Daniel S. Bocobo 11,912
Katuparan Mario R. Hernandez 27,228
Maharlika Village Hareem P. Pautin 23,470
North Daang Hari Lhorelyn L. Fortuno 13,673
North Signal Village Danilo G. Castro 34,634
Pinagsama Maria Victoria M. Mortel 56,835
South Daang Hari Benjie D. Hernandez 22,448
South Signal Village Jesus S. Laurel 43,047
Tanyag Cecilia C. Teodoro 23,719
Upper Bicutan Francis P. Sunga 44,592
Western Bicutan Pedrito B. Bermas 87,508
Embo barangays
Barangay Punong Barangay Population (2020)[3]
Cembo Romeo B. Millo 25,049
South Cembo Eva Dian M. Omar 14,978
Comembo Edgardo P. Cleofas 15,805
East Rembo Thelma P. Ramirez 26,450
West Rembo Niño B. Cunanan 29,649
Pembo Kim M. Abbang 44,506
Pitogo Ives M. Ebrada 14,654
Post Proper Northside Richard C. Pasadilla 57,940
Post Proper Southside Quirino V. Sarono 63,308
Rizal Arnold J. Cruz 44,536

Territorial disputes

Main article: Makati–Taguig boundary dispute

Contested territories between Makati, Pateros and Taguig.

Taguig, Makati and Pateros have fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio and nearby places. In 2003, the Pasig Regional Trial Court (RTC) ruled that Fort Bonifacio and Pinagsama belong to Taguig. In 2011, it also ruled that the Embo barangays (i.e., Cembo, South Cembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Comembo, Pembo, Rizal, Pitogo, Post Proper Northside, and Post Proper Southside) are part of Taguig since they were formerly part of the military reservation. Pateros also claims such barangays, parts of Taguig and Fort Bonifacio, but the municipality's petition were dismissed by the Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the Court of Appeals stopped Taguig from exercising jurisdiction in the said areas in 2013. In 2017, the Court of Appeals upheld its final decision that Fort Bonifacio belongs to Taguig; it was later upheld by the Supreme Court in 2022. The Supreme Court junked the motion for reconsideration that was filed by the Makati city government to override the court's earlier decision, siding with Taguig a year later.

In addition, Taguig is also involved in a dispute with Pasig and Taytay, Rizal over a large area which covers Ibayo Napindan in Napindan, barangay Pinagbuhatan in Pasig, and Lupang Arenda area in Taytay.[citation needed]

Demographics

Population Census of Taguig
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,829—    
1918 8,423+1.41%
1939 12,087+1.73%
1948 15,340+2.68%
1960 21,856+2.99%
1970 55,257+9.71%
1975 73,702+5.95%
1980 134,137+12.72%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 266,637+7.11%
1995 381,350+6.93%
2000 467,375+4.46%
2007 613,343+3.82%
2010 644,473+1.82%
2015 804,915+4.32%
2020 886,722+1.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[39][40][41][42]

According to the 2020 census, the population of the Taguig was 886,722, making it the seventh most populous city in the Philippines, and the fourth most populous city in Luzon.

Including the ten barangays transferred from Makati to Taguig in 2023 following the Makati–Taguig boundary dispute, the population of the city is 1,223,595 as of the 2020 census, making it the fifth most populous city in the Philippines, surpassing Zamboanga City and Cebu City.[43]

Housing

View of the FB tenement

The city is known for being the location of Fort Bonifacio Tenement (FB Tenement or Tenement), which is known for its central basketball court known as Tenement Court which often serves as a medium for murals and exhibitions.

Climate

The climate of Taguig is characterized by two types of season: dry season from November to April, and wet season from May to October. Rainfall is less evenly distributed.

Climate data for Taguig City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[44]

Economy

Bonifacio Global City is the central business district of Taguig

Taguig has a diversified service economy, with employment spread across a wide range of professional services, including tourism, financial services, education, health care, retail and trade, and technology. Bonifacio Global City is the central business district of Taguig, and is one of the five major CBDs of Metro Manila, the other four are the Makati CBD, Ortigas Center, Bay City, and Binondo.

Despite the rapid urbanization of Taguig, aquaculture and fishing still exist in the city as it is located by Laguna de Bay.[52][53]

Government

Taguig City Hall in Tuktukan, the current seat of city government

Local government

See also: Sangguniang Panglungsod

Like other cities in the Philippines, Taguig is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The city mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, totaling nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 18 members: 8 councilors from the 1st district, 8 councilors from the 2nd district, the president of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Federation as sectoral representative of the youth, and the president of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) as barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions.[54]

The Taguig City Hall, located in Barangay Tuktukan, serves as the seat of the city government. Constructed in 1959, it underwent three renovations. It also maintains a satellite office at SM Aura Tower.[55] A new, "state-of-the-art" 17-storey Taguig City Hall that will replace the current city hall is currently under construction along Cayetano Boulevard in Barangay Ususan.[56]

Seal of Taguig City

The current seal of Taguig, adopted in 2019, incorporates the colors of the Philippine flag; blue, red, white and yellow. The buildings symbolize the city's transformative growth and continued progress, the heart echoes the "I Love Taguig" motto, the sun represents bright future and warmth, the waves depict water and life, paying homage to the fishing livelihood of Taguigeños, and the rice grains describe the city's etymology (from taga-giik or rice thresher in Tagalog), the 28 grains represent the 28 barangays of Taguig at the time of its adoptation.

City officials

See also: Mayor of Taguig, Legislative districts of Taguig, and Legislative districts of Pateros–Taguig

The incumbent mayor is Lani Cayetano. Arvin Alit, a former councilor, is the city's incumbent vice mayor. The current district representatives of the city are Ricardo "Ading" Cruz Jr. for 1st district and Amparo Maria "Pammy" Zamora for 2nd district.

Representatives, officials and members of the city council
Designation First district Second district
Representatives Ricardo Cruz Jr. (NP) Amparo Maria Zamora (NP)
Mayor Maria Laarni Lopez-Cayetano (NP)
Vice mayor Arvin Ian Alit (NP)
Councilors Jaime Labampa (NP) Nicky Cordero Supan (NP)
Baby Gloria Valenzuela-De Mesa (NP) Jaime Garcia (NP)
Rodil Marcelino (NP) Marisse Balina-Eron (NP)
Fanella Joy Panga-Cruz (NP) Yasser Pangandaman (NP)
Gamaliel San Pedro (NP) Jomil Bryan Serna (NP)
Carlito Ogalinola (NP) Eduardo Prado (NP)
Raul Aquino (NP) Edgar Baptista (NP)
Lamberto Mañosca (NP) Alexander Penolio (NP)
ABC President Jorge Daniel Bocobo (Fort Bonifacio)
SK President Joana Mae Pagkalinawan (Santa Ana)

National government offices

Technical Education and Skills Development Authority building in Western Bicutan

Taguig will become the new home of the Senate through the New Senate Building, which is currently under construction in Fort Bonifacio.[57] A study is also being pushed by the House of Representatives to move their chamber from Quezon City to the same general area as the new Senate Complex.[58]

Another key government office that will rise in Taguig will be the new Supreme Court of the Philippines building, inside McKinley Hill near the McKinley Hill Stadium.[59]

The current major government offices and headquarters in Taguig are:

  1. Department of Science and Technology is headquartered along General Santos Ave., Central Bicutan.
  2. Department of Energy, Philippine Army and Philippine Marine Corps Headquarters, a Philippine Navy Naval Station, Southern Police District Headquarters, and National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA) are all located in Barangay Fort Bonifacio.
  3. Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines is located at McKinley Hill, Pinagsama.
  4. Technical Education and Skills Development Authority or TESDA is headquartered along East Service Road, Western Bicutan.
  5. Food Terminal Inc. is inside the Arca South Complex in Western Bicutan.
  6. A Philippine Coast Guard Base is also located in New Lower Bicutan.
  7. National Capital Region Police Office is headquartered at Camp Bagong Diwa in Lower Bicutan.
  8. National Mapping and Resource Information Authority is located in Barangay Fort Bonifacio.

Education

See also: List of schools in Taguig

International School Manila
Technological University of the Philippines

Taguig City[60] is home to several prestigious international schools which provide international education to Metro Manila residents, such as the British School Manila, Everest Academy Manila, International School Manila, and Manila Japanese School, which are all located in the University Parkway of Bonifacio Global City. The Chinese International School Manila, Enderun Colleges, and Korean International School Philippines are in the nearby area of McKinley Hill, while The Beacon School is located along the nearby Chino Roces Avenue.

The Taguig City University is the prime university run and managed by the city. Established in 2004 through Ordinance No. 29, Series of 2004 (enacted September 6, 2004, Municipal Government of Taguig. The university main campus is located inside the Taguig City Hall of Justice Compound.[61]

Other schools in Fort Bonifacio are the STI College Global City, Leaders International Christian School of Manila (Christian-based curriculum), Victory Leadership Institute, and MGC-New Life Christian Academy.

Enderun Colleges, an affiliate of Les Roches International School of Hotel Management-Switzerland is an undergraduate college and management school in the Philippines that offers a full range of bachelor's degree and non-degree courses in the fields of international hospitality management and business administration.[62] Likewise, the Meridian International College (MINT), a tertiary educational institution of arts, business and technology are both located in McKinley Hill, Barangay Pinagsama, Taguig City.[63]

Taguig City University, the city's local state university located in Central Bicutan, began operations in November 2006.[64]

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was established through the enactment of "Technical Education and Skills Development Act of 1994", which was signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos. This Act aims to encourage the full participation of and mobilize the industry, labor, local government units, and technical-vocational institutions in the skills development of the country's human resource. The TESDA complex and facilities are located at the East Service Road of the South Luzon Expressway in Taguig.

The Philippine Public Safety College in Fort Bonifacio is an educational institution offering undergraduate and graduate programs for the training, human resource development, and continuing education of police, fire and jail personnel.

Taguig has two Islamic educational institutions located in Maharlika Village—the Maharlika Bandara-Inged Integrated School and the Maharlika Village Islamic Madrasa.

Other notable schools in Taguig include the city's Science High Schools Taguig Science High School in Barangay San Miguel, Senator Renato "Compañero" Cayetano Memorial Science and Technology High School in Ususan, Taguig National High School, a state-owned secondary institution in New Lower Bicutan, Western Bicutan National High School, a public national high school situated in both Bareangays Western Bicutan and Pinagsama, the Catholic Church-owned Colegio de Santa Ana (formerly Santa Ana Parochial School), The Fisher Valley College, a Christian school in Hagonoy and Pinagsama and Saint Francis of Assisi College System, a Catholic school in Bagumbayan.

In addition, the University of Makati, which is owned and operated by the City Government of Makati, is situated in Barangay West Rembo that is now part of Taguig following the Makati–Taguig boundary dispute. The 14 public elementary and high schools of Makati in the Embo barangays, including the Makati Science High School, were also transferred to the territorial jurisdiction of Taguig in 2023.[65][66]

The University of the Philippines Diliman and De La Salle University has established satellite campuses in Taguig, which are both located in University Park, Bonifacio Global City.[67][68] The latter also has a microcampus in McKinley Hill.[69]

There are two state universities in the city, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Taguig in Lower Bicutan, and the Technological University of the Philippines Taguig in Western Bicutan.

The Schools Division of Taguig City and Pateros, also known as DEPED-TAPAT, administers all the public elementary and high schools within the city. The division is under the supervision of the Department of Education.

Notable personalities

Groups

International relations

Embassy of the Republic of Korea in McKinley Hill

Diplomatic missions

Countries that have set up permanent missions or offices in the city include:

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Metro Manila

Asia

Australia

Notes

References

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