Taguig
City of Taguig
Clockwise from top: Bonifacio Global City, Saint Anne Parish Church, Arca South, Mercado del Lago Lakeshore, Taguig City Hall, Napindan Parola
Nickname(s): 
Metro Manila's Probinsyudad
Motto(s): 
"I Love Taguig"
Anthem: Martsa ng Taguig ("Taguig March")
Map of Metro Manila with Taguig highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Taguig
Taguig
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°31′N 121°03′E / 14.52°N 121.05°E / 14.52; 121.05Coordinates: 14°31′N 121°03′E / 14.52°N 121.05°E / 14.52; 121.05
CountryPhilippines
RegionNational Capital Region
Provincenone
District 1st district (shared with Pateros) and 2nd district
EstablishedApril 25, 1587
CityhoodDecember 8, 2004
Barangays28 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorLino Edgardo Cayetano (Nacionalista)
 • Vice MayorRicardo S. Cruz Jr. (Nacionalista)
 • Representatives
 • City Council
Members
 • Electorate440,300 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total53.67 km2 (20.72 sq mi)
Elevation
13 m (43 ft)
Highest elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
 • Total886,722
 • Density17,000/km2 (43,000/sq mi)
 • Households
192,862
Demonym(s)Taguigeño = Taguigeña
Economy
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence0.76% (2018)[4]
 • Revenue₱12,754,692,842.00 (2020)
 • Assets₱30,660,884,676.00 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱12,572,174,071.00 (2020)
Utilities
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
 • WaterManila Water
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
1630–1638
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
CurrencyPhilippine peso (₱)
Websitewww.taguig.gov.ph

Taguig ([taˈɡiɡ]), officially the City of Taguig (Tagalog: Lungsod ng Taguig), is a 1st class highly urbanized city in Metro Manila, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 886,722 people. [3] Located in the western shores of Laguna de Bay, the city is known for Bonifacio Global City, one of the leading financial centers of the Philippines. Originally a fishing village during the Spanish and American colonial periods, it experienced rapid growth when former military reservations were converted by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) into mixed-use planned communities. Taguig became a highly urbanized city with the passage of Republic Act No. 8487 in 2004.

The city is politically subdivided into 28 barangays: Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada, Central Bicutan, Central Signal Village, Fort Bonifacio, Hagonoy, Ibayo Tipas, Katuparan, Ligid Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika Village, Napindan, New Lower Bicutan, North Daang Hari, North Signal Village, Palingon Tipas, Pinagsama, San Miguel, Santa Ana, South Daang Hari, South Signal Village, Tanyag, Tuktukan, Ususan, Upper Bicutan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan. The city is also divided into two legislative districts: Pateros & Taguig (which includes the Municipality of Pateros) and Taguig, for its representation in the Congress and the election of city council members.

Etymology

The original farmer-fishermen of the area, about 800 in number, were good at threshing rice after harvest. Hence they were referred to as "mga taga-giik," (Tagalog for "rice thresher") and the settlement as "pook ng mga taga-giik." Spanish friar Fray Alonso de Alvarado, together with conquistador Ruy López de Villalobos who crossed Pasig River to reach the city's present site in 1571, found "taga-giik" difficult to pronounce. "Tagui-ig" was later shortened to its current form "Taguig".[5]

History

Before the Spaniards came, Taguig was a part of Namayan and Tondo ruled by Lakandula. There were also accounts that Chinese settlements were once present in the area as revealed by the recent archaeological diggings of various artifacts like cups, plates and other utensils, which bear Chinese characters. This was believed to have originated from China's Ming dynasty.

Taguig was one of the earliest known territories to have been Christianized when the Spaniards succeeded in subjugating mainland Luzon through the Legazpi expedition in 1571. Between the years 1582 and 1583, Taguig was part of the encomienda of Tondo headed by an alcalde mayor, Captain Vergara. It was in 1587 when Taguig was established as a separate "pueblo" (town) of the then province of Manila. Captain Juan Basi was its Kapitan from 1587 to 1588. According to records, Taguig had nine barrios then namely, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Hagonoy, Palingon, Santa Ana, Tipas, Tuktukan, Ususan, and Wawa. Records show that Tipas had once petitioned to become an independent town but was denied by the Spanish government.

During that time, Taguig was accessible via the Pasig River, which was connected to two large bodies of water, the Manila Bay and Laguna de Bay. The population then was estimated to be 800 tributes. The town produced more than enough rice for consumption but had less sugar cane to mill. The men lived through fishing while women wove cotton cloth and "sawali" from bamboo strips. The people of Taguig were known to have resisted both Spanish and American colonial rule. During that early period of Spanish colonization. Don Juan Basi, "Kapitan" of Taguig from 1587 to 1588, took part in the Tondo Conspiracy, an attempt to overthrow the Spanish government which failed. Basi was exiled for two years as punishment. When the Katipunan was on its early years, many from Taguig became followers and later joined the uprising. The people of Taguig also joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898.

During the American occupation, they struggled against the forces of General Wheaton under the command of General Pio del Pilar. It was recorded that on February 6, 1899, Filipino forces including Taguig "revolutionarios" dislodged an American position in the hills of Taguig, now a portion of Pateros and Fort Bonifacio. They were defeated eventually by the Americans with superiority in the armaments and training. Taguig finally fell to the contingent of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry led by Col. Wholly.

The defeat of the Filipinos after two years of struggle against the American forces subsequently subjected the Philippines to another system of governance. On August 14, 1898, United States occupied the islands and established a military government with General Wesley Meritt as the First Military Governor. He exercised legislative powers until September 1, 1900. At the start of American occupation, Taguig was proclaimed as an independent municipality with the promulgation of General Order No. 4 on March 29, 1900. The town was subsequently incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal when the Philippine Commission promulgated Act. No. 137 on June 11, 1901. On October 12, 1903, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Pateros were merged by the virtue of Act. No. 942 with Pateros hosting the seat of the municipal government. The merger did not last long as a month later Muntinlupa was segregated from it and made part of Biñan when Act. No. 1008 was enacted on November 25, 1903. However it was returned to Taguig on March 22, 1905, with the promulgation Act. No. 1308. On February 29, 1908, Taguig was again declared an independent municipality through Executive Order No. 20. Eventually, Pateros separated from Taguig and both became independent municipalities of Rizal province on January 1, 1918.

It was also during the American Colonial Period that the US government acquired a 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi) property of Taguig for military purposes. This large piece of land, which had a TCT dated 1902, was turned into a camp that became known as Fort McKinley (named after William McKinley, 25th president of the U.S.). When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, Fort McKinley was taken over by the Japanese Imperial Army. They occupied the military camp until the end of the war in 1945. After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US surrendered the Republic of the Philippines all right of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of the military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort William McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of the US Embassy Note No. 0570. Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio.

The town's political subdivision was changed to barangays following the nationwide implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) in the 1970s when the country was under Martial Law. The IRP has increased its subdivisions into 18 barangays, namely, Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada, Hagonoy, Ibayo-Tipas, Ligid-Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika, Napindan, Palingon, Signal Village, Santa Ana, Tuktukan, Upper Bicutan, Ususan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan. On November 7, 1975, Taguig seceded from the province of Rizal to form the National Capital Region through Presidential Decree No. 824.

Cityhood

In 1998, a bill was passed in Congress pushing for the cityhood of Taguig. The resulting plebiscite in April showed that the citizens were against cityhood. A recent petition to the Supreme Court sought a recount of the plebiscite and the Supreme Court on February 19, 2004, ordered the Commission on Elections to conduct a recount. The recount showed that the residents did want the municipality of Taguig to become a city (21,105 'yes' and 19,460 'no'). Subsequently, Taguig became a city on December 8, 2004.

Present

In 2008, the City Council created 10 new barangays, carving them out from the initial 18 barangays. Hence, in December 2008, after a successful plebiscite, the numbers of barangays in the city increased from 10 to 28 barangays. The 10 newly created barangays were Central Bicutan, New Lower Bicutan, Fort Bonifacio, Katuparan, North Signal Village, South Signal Village, South Daanghari, North Daanghari, Pinagsama, San Miguel, and Tanyag.

In 2011, during 424th foundation day of Taguig, former Mayor (now Congresswoman) Lani Cayetano takes pride in calling the city a “ProbinSyudad” because it is the only remaining city in Metro Manila which has the amenities of a highly urbanized city, yet has the feel and relaxing atmosphere of a province plus its people exude the values and magandang asal of the probinsyano, what with its more than 10 kilometers of lakeshore, with farmers, fishermen, old churches, a historic lighthouse, and with people whose virtue of pagtutulungan is still very much alive.

A new, "state-of-the-art" 17-storey Taguig City Hall is currently being built in Barangay Ususan along Cayetano Boulevard and is expected to be completed in 2021.[6] This will replace the current city hall in Barangay Tuktukan that was built in 1959 and was renovated thrice.[7]

Geography

Taguig is located on the western shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines. Taguig River, a tributary of the Pasig River, runs through the northern half of the city, while the Napindan River, another tributary of Pasig, forms the natural border between Taguig in Pasig. A relatively small area of the city called Ibayo Napindan is located north of the river, adjoining the disputed territories between Pasig, Taguig and Taytay in Rizal Province. The city has an area of 53.67 square kilometers.

Climate

The climate of Taguig is characterized by two types of season: dry season from November to April, and wet season from May to October. Rainfall is less evenly distributed.

Climate data for Taguig City
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
34
(93)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
31
(87)
Average low °C (°F) 20
(68)
20
(68)
21
(70)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
25
(77)
24
(75)
23
(73)
22
(72)
21
(70)
23
(73)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
9
(0.4)
21
(0.8)
101
(4.0)
152
(6.0)
188
(7.4)
170
(6.7)
159
(6.3)
115
(4.5)
47
(1.9)
29
(1.1)
1,005
(39.7)
Average rainy days 3.3 3.5 11.1 8.1 18.9 23.5 26.4 25.5 24.5 19.6 10.4 6.4 181.2
Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[8]

Territorial disputes

See also: Fort Bonifacio boundary dispute

Contested territories between Makati, Pateros and Taguig.
Contested territories between Makati, Pateros and Taguig.

Taguig, Makati and Pateros have fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio and nearby places. In 2003, the Pasig Regional Trial Court (RTC) ruled that Fort Bonifacio and Pinagsama Village belongs to Taguig. In 2011, the Pasig RTC also ruled that the "embo" barangays (Cembo, South Cembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Comembo, Pembo), as well as Rizal and Pitogo, are part of Taguig since they were formerly part of the military reservation. Pateros also claims the "embo" barangays, parts of Taguig and Fort Bonifacio, but the municipality's petition were dismissed by the Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the Court of Appeals stopped Taguig from exercising jurisdiction in the said areas in 2013. On 2017, the Court of Appeals upheld its final decision that Fort Bonifacio belongs to Taguig.

Taguig is also involved in a dispute between Pasig and Taytay, Rizal over a large area which covers Ibayo Napindan, Pinagbuhatan, and Lupang Arendra.

Demographics

Population Census of Taguig
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,829—    
1918 8,423+1.41%
1939 12,087+1.73%
1948 15,340+2.68%
1960 21,856+2.99%
1970 55,257+9.71%
1975 73,702+5.95%
1980 134,137+12.72%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 266,637+7.11%
1995 381,350+6.93%
2000 467,375+4.46%
2007 613,343+3.82%
2010 644,473+1.82%
2015 804,915+4.32%
2020 886,722+1.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[9][10][11][12]

According to the 2020 census, the population of the city was 886,722, making it the seventh most populous city in the Philippines, and the fourth most populous city in Luzon. [13]

Housing

Economy

Taguig's center of trade and commerce are at the Bonifacio Global City, Uptown district, McKinley Hills and McKinley West, and Arca South. The Philippine Stock Exchange main office and trading floor is located in Taguig.

Local government

Taguig City Hall
Taguig City Hall

See also: Cities of the Philippines

Like other cities in the Philippines, Taguig is governed by a mayor and vice mayor who are elected to three-year terms. The mayor is the executive head and leads the city's departments in executing the city ordinances and improving public services. The city mayor is restricted to three consecutive terms, totaling nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 18 members: 8 councilors from the First District, 8 councilors from the Second District, the president of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Federation, representing the youth sector, and the president of the Association of Barangay Chairmen (ABC) as barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of Ordinances and Resolutions.[21]

City officials

The current mayor for the 2019–2022 term is Lino Cayetano. Ricardo Cruz, former councilor and Barangay Chairman of Lower Bicutan is the city's incumbent vice mayor. Current district representatives of the city are Alan Peter Cayetano, representing the 1st district and former House Speaker of the congress and Lani Cayetano, representing the 2nd district.

Representatives, officials and members of the city council
Designation First district Second district
Representatives Alan Peter S. Cayetano (NP) Ma. Laarni L. Cayetano (NP)
Mayor Lino Edgardo S. Cayetano (NP)
Vice Mayor Ricardo Cruz Jr. (NP)
Councilors Raul T. Cruz (NP) Arvin Ian V. Alit (NP)
Allan Paul C. Cruz (NP) Marisse Balina-Eron (NP)
Darwin B. Icay (NP) Noel R. Dizon (NP)
Jaime R. Labampa (NP) Jaime R. Garcia (NP)
Baby Gloria V. Mesa (NP) Erwin G. Manalili (NP)
Ferdinand B. Santos (NP) Yasser G. Pangandaman (NP)
Rommel B. Tanyag (NP) Maria Mher C. Supan (NP)
vacant[a] Amparo Maria J. Zamora (NP)
ABC President Jorge Daniel S. Bocobo
SK President Maryruth "Beng" R. Maximo

Barangays

Map showing the barangays of Taguig
Map showing the barangays of Taguig

Taguig is politically subdivided into 28 barangays. In December 2008, ten new barangays were created in the city after a successful plebiscite by virtue of City Ordinance Nos. 24–27, 57–61, 67–69, and 78, Series of 2008.[22]

First District
Barangay Barangay Chairman Population (2020)[23]
Bagumbayan Sergio B. Cruz 49,319
Bambang Jaime T. Cruz Jr. 13,949
Calzada Marilyn R. Tanyag 28,660
Hagonoy Renato O. Gutierrez 21,693
Ibayo Tipas Erwin C. Mendiola 25,808
Ligid Tipas Lamberto Mañosca 10,361
Lower Bicutan Roel Pacayra 60,376
New Lower Bicutan Gregorio S. Franco Jr. 55,928
Napindan Virgilio C. Dela Paz 24,437
Palingon Jerome M. Mendiola 16,119
San Miguel Vicente G. Espital 10,528
Santa Ana Roberto M. Flogen 22,581
Tuktukan Suranie G. Ulunday 11,614
Ususan Marilyn F. Marcelino 53,956
Wawa Phillip E. Buenaflor 14,350
Second District
Barangay Barangay Chairman Population (2020)[23]
Central Bicutan Jennifer F. Alit 33,851
Central Signal Village Henry A. Duenas III 44,126
Fort Bonifacio Jorge Daniel S. Bocobo 11,912
Katuparan Edgar Victor S. Baptista 27,228
Maharlika Village Hareem P. Pautin 23,470
North Daang Hari Lorenzo O. Fortuno 13,673
North Signal Village Jesus J. Pullente 34,634
Pinagsama Nomie S.Veloria 56,835
South Daang Hari Velerado D. Hernandez 22,448
South Signal Village Michelle Anne M. Odivilas 43,047
Bagong Tanyag Cecilia C. Teodoro 23,719
Upper Bicutan Alexander S. Penolio 44,592
Western Bicutan Pedrito Bermas 87,508

Past mayors of Taguig

Main article: Mayor of Taguig

Education

See also: List of schools in Taguig

International School Manila
International School Manila
Technological University of the Philippines
Technological University of the Philippines

Taguig City[24] is home to several prestigious international schools which provide international education to Metro Manila residents, such as the British School Manila, Everest Academy Manila, International School Manila, and Manila Japanese School, which are all located in the University Parkway of Bonifacio Global City. The Chinese International School Manila, Enderun Colleges, and Korean International School Philippines are in the nearby area of McKinley Hill, while The Beacon School is located along the nearby Chino Roces Avenue.

The Taguig City University is the prime university run and managed by the city. Established in 2004 through Ordinance No. 29, Series of 2004 (enacted 6 September 2004, Municipal Government of Taguig. The university main campus is located inside the Taguig City Hall of Justice Compound.[25]

Other schools in Fort Bonifacio are the STI College Global City, Global City Innovative College, Leaders International Christian School of Manila (Christian-based curriculum), Victory Leadership Institute, and MGC-New Life Christian Academy.

Two of the top state universities are also in Taguig—the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and the Technological University of the Philippines. Both universities are located within the city in Central Bicutan and Western Bicutan.

The University of Santo Tomas in 2015 offered an offsite Masters in Business Administration (MBA) class of its Graduate School at the PCCI Building at McKinley Hills.[26]

In 2016, the University of the Philippines inaugurated its campus in Bonifacio Global City for its law programs.[27] Following that year in 2017, the De La Salle University College of Law opened its Rufino Campus at Bonifacio Global City's University Parkway Drive.[28]

Enderun Colleges, an affiliate of Les Roches International School of Hotel Management-Switzerland is an undergraduate college and management school in the Philippines that offers a full range of bachelor's degree and non-degree courses in the fields of international hospitality management and business administration.[29] Likewise, The Meridian International College or MINT, a tertiary educational institution of arts, business and technology are both located in McKinley Hill, Barangay Pinagsama, Taguig City.[30]

Taguig City University, the city's local state university located in Central Bicutan started operations in November 2006.[31]

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) was established through the enactment of "Technical Education and Skills Development Act of 1994", which was signed into law by President Fidel V. Ramos. This Act aims to encourage the full participation of and mobilize the industry, labor, local government units, and technical-vocational institutions in the skills development of the country's human resource. The TESDA complex and facilities are located at the East Service Road of the South Luzon Expressway in Taguig.

The Philippine Public Safety College in Fort Bonifacio is an educational institution offering undergraduate and graduate programs for the training, human resource development, and continuing education of police, fire and jail personnel.

Taguig has two Islamic educational institutions located in Maharlika Village—the Maharlika Bandara-Inged Integrated School and the Maharlika Village Islamic Madrasa.

Other notable schools in Taguig include the city's Science High Schools Taguig Science High School in Barangay San Miguel, Senator Renato "Compañero" Cayetano Memorial Science and Technology High School in Ususan, Taguig National High School, a state-owned secondary institution in New Lower Bicutan, the Catholic Church-owned Colegio de Santa Ana (formerly Santa Ana Parochial School), The Fisher Valley College, a Christian school in Hagonoy and Pinagsama and Saint Francis of Assisi College System, a Catholic school in Bagumbayan.

Taguig is set to become the new "university city" of Metro Manila as new campuses of University of the Philippines Professional Schools and De La Salle University are located in Bonifacio Global City.[32][33]

Notable people

Groups

International relations

Diplomatic missions

Countries that have set up permanent missions or offices in the city include:

Sister cities

The local government of Taguig maintains relations with other cities in the Philippines.

Local
Bacolod[34]
Iloilo City[35]
Tabaco[36]
Vigan[37]
International
Blacktown, Australia[38]

Notes

  1. ^ Former councilor Ryanne R. Gutierrez died on November 15, 2019, the position is still vacant.

References

  1. ^ City of Taguig | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  4. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  5. ^ "History". Official Website of The City of Taguig. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  6. ^ https://www.taguig.gov.ph/soon-to-rise-new-taguig-city-hall Soon to rise: New Taguig City Hall (City Government of Taguig)
  7. ^ https://newsinfo.inquirer.net/1146513/new-17-story-taguig-city-hall-to-be-completed-in-2021 New 17-story Taguig city hall to be completed in 2021 (Inquirer.net)
  8. ^ "Taguig: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved May 13, 2020.
  9. ^ Census of Population (2015). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  10. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "National Capital Region (NCR)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Metro Manila, 4th (Not a Province)". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  13. ^ Census of Population (2015). Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population. PSA. Retrieved June 20, 2016.
  14. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  15. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/Table%202a.%20Updated%20Annual%20Per%20Capita%20Poverty%20Threshold%2C%20Poverty%20Incidence%20and%20Magnitude%20of%20Poor%20Population%20with%20Measures%20of%20Precision%2C%20%20by%20Region%2C%20Province%20and%20HUC_2018.xlsx; publication date: 4 June 2020; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "R.A. 7160". The LawPhil Project. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  22. ^ Villanueva, Rhodina (May 10, 2009). "Taguig names heads of city's 10 new barangays". The Philippine Star. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  23. ^ a b "2020 Census of Population and Housing (2020 CPH) Population Counts Declared Official by the President | Philippine Statistics Authority". psa.gov.ph. Retrieved July 12, 2021.
  24. ^ Taguig city book
  25. ^ https://www.facebook.com/officialtcu/
  26. ^ http://graduateschool.ust.edu.ph/announcement/now-accepting-applicants-for-its-mba-extension-class-at-the-bonifacio-global-city-bgc/
  27. ^ [1],
  28. ^ Yee, Jovic. "DLSU inaugurates law campus in Bonifacio Global City". Philippine Daily Inquirer.
  29. ^ https://www.enderuncolleges.com/about/
  30. ^ "Our Story". MINT College.
  31. ^ Taguig University will have own campus in 2009 Archived February 22, 2008, at the Wayback Machine, newsinfo.inquirer.net; accessed August 10, 2015.
  32. ^ Frialde, Mike (July 21, 2015). "Taguig to become 'university city' with new UP, DLSU campuses". The Philippine Star. Archived from the original on January 14, 2016. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  33. ^ "Taguig becoming a 'University City'". Official Website of The City of Taguig. Retrieved February 1, 2016.
  34. ^ "Council approves sisterhood, twinning with Taguig". SunStar. May 11, 2012. Archived from the original on June 16, 2013.
  35. ^ "Iloilo honors sister cities". Manila Bulletin. August 26, 2018.
  36. ^ "RESOLUTION EXPRESSING INTENTION FOR SISTERHOOD AND TWINNING WITH TAGUIG CITY". Tabaco City.com. March 21, 2011. Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  37. ^ "A RESOLUTION EXTENDING AN INVITATION TO THE CITY OF TAGUIG TO BECOME A SISTER CITY OF VIGAN, ILOCOS SUR" (PDF). City of Vigan. February 18, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  38. ^ "Taguig Mayor Lani Cayetano Forges Links with Mayor Stephen Bali of Blacktown City in Australia". DFA.gov.ph. March 28, 2018.