Taguig City Hall
Mercado del Lago Lakeshore
Flag of Taguig
Official seal of Taguig
Etymology: Taga-giik (rice thresher)
Metro Manila's Probinsyudad
"I Love Taguig" "Think Big. Dream Big. Love Taguig."
Anthem: Martsa ng Taguig ("Taguig March")
  • Map of Metro Manila with Taguig highlighted
Taguig is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°31′N 121°03′E / 14.52°N 121.05°E / 14.52; 121.05
RegionNational Capital Region
District 1st district (shared with Pateros) and 2nd district
EstablishedApril 25, 1587
Municipal corporationJanuary 31, 1901[1]
City charterDecember 8, 2004
Recent territorial changeNovember 9, 2023
Barangays38 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Panlungsod
 • MayorMa. Laarni L. Cayetano (Nacionalista)
 • Vice MayorArvin Ian V. Alit (Nacionalista)
 • Representatives
 • City Council
 • Electorate894,648 voters (2022)
 • Total54.048 km2 (20.868 sq mi)
13 m (43 ft)
Highest elevation
179 m (587 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
 (2020 census)[4]
 • Total1,223,595
 • Rank5th
 • Density23,000/km2 (59,000/sq mi)
 • Households
DemonymTaguigeño / Taguigeña
Economy (excluding Embo)
 • Income class1st city income class
 • Poverty incidence
% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱15.994 billion (2022)
 • Assets₱ 40,608 million (2022)
 • Expenditure₱ 11,880 million (2022)
 • Liabilities₱ 20,495 million (2022)
 • ElectricityManila Electric Company (Meralco)
 • WaterManila Water
 • TelecommunicationsGlobe Telecom
Smart Communications
Dito Telecommunity
 • Cable TVSky Cable
Cignal TV
 • InternetSky Fiber
Converge ICT
PLDT Fiber
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)02
Native languagesTagalog
CurrencyPhilippine peso (₱)
Feast dateJuly 26
Catholic dioceseRoman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila (Embo barangays)
Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig (rest of Taguig)
Patron saintSaint Anne

Taguig (Tagalog: [taˈɡiɡ] ), officially the City of Taguig (Filipino: Lungsod ng Taguig), is the fifth-most populous city in the Philippines with a population of 1.2 million people.[4] The city is one of the Philippines' cultural, financial, high-tech, entertainment and media centers with significant influence on commerce, health care, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, dining, art, fashion, and sports. Taguig is also an important center for the country's international diplomacy, hosting several embassies. It is also home to the headquarters of several major multinational corporations.

The city is located alongside the northwestern shores of Laguna de Bay in Metro Manila, Philippines. The city is widely known for Bonifacio Global City, one of the leading financial centers of the Philippines. Originally a fishing village during the Spanish and American colonial periods, it experienced rapid growth when former military reservations were converted by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) into financial centers and mixed-use planned communities. Taguig became a highly urbanized city with the passage of Republic Act No. 8487 in 2004, which was ratified by a plebiscite.

The city covers about 54.04 square kilometers (20.86 sq mi). It is located in the southeastern portion of Metro Manila and bordered by Pasig and Pateros to the north, Makati and Mandaluyong to the northwest, Pasay and Parañaque to the west, Taytay, Rizal to the northeast and Muntinlupa to the south.


The original farmer-fishermen of the area, about 800 in number, were good at threshing rice after harvest. Hence, they were referred to as "mga taga-giik" (Tagalog for "rice thresher") and the settlement as "pook ng mga taga-giik" (lit. transl. place of the rice threshers). Spanish friar Fray Alonso de Alvarado, together with conquistador Ruy López de Villalobos who crossed the Pasig River to reach the city's present site in 1571, found "taga-giik" difficult to pronounce. "Tagui-ig" was later shortened to its current form "Taguig".[6] It is also spelled as "Tagig" or "Tagui".


Early history

Map of the Union of Tondo and Pasig, circa 1450, with Tagig on the southeast

Before the Spaniards came, Taguig was a stablished Tagalog settlement with Moro and Chinese present in the area as revealed by the recent archaeological diggings of various artifacts like cups, plates and other utensils, which bear Chinese characters. This was believed to have originated from China's Ming dynasty.[7] Duck culture was practiced by the Tagalogs, particularly in the areas where the city and the Municipality of Pateros stands today.

Spanish rule (1571-1898)

Simborio at Taguig Cemetery

Taguig was one of the earliest known territories of the Provincia de Tondo, that became the Provincia de Maynila to have been Christianized when the Spaniards succeeded in subjugating mainland Luzon through the Legazpi expedition in 1571. Between the years 1573 and 1587, Taguig was an encomienda under Captain Cervantes y Vergara with 3,200 inhabitants paying 1,879 and 1/2 tax.[8][9] On September 04, 1584, Melchor De Ribera of the Augustian Order became the 1st non-resident Vicar of Taguig.[10] Taguig was established as a separate "pueblo" (town) on April 4, 1587, "Tomamos de nuevo la casa de Tagui", when the Augustinian Order reaccepted the vote of the convent of Taguig during a meeting of the Augustinian Chapter in Intramuros according to Friar Gaspar de San Agustin.[11] This is after the local Chinese community burned the old church made out of sawali in 1586. Juan Basi,[12] a nephew of Lakan Dula and son-in-law of the Sultan of Brunei, was the Lakan of Taguig from 1587 to 1588 who participated in the Tondo Conspiracy of 1587, an attempt to overthrow the Spanish government which failed. Basi was exiled for two years as punishment. According to records, Taguig had nine barrios then, namely: Bagumbayan, Bambang, Hagonoy (Hagunoy), Palingon (Palingong), Santa Ana, Tipas, Tuktukan (Toctocan), Ususan, and Wawa (Uaua). Santa Ana was then the municipal center (poblacion) of Taguig.[13] [14]

There was an attempt to transfers Tipas from Taguig to Pasig because the residents of that barrio dislike the Cura or Parish Priest stationed at Taguig during that time. They raised it to the Gobernadorcillo (Leader and Judge) at that time, he said for the issue to be resolve the bells from Taguig and Pasig will be ring simultaneously. Which of these bells should be heard in Tipas will be town where it belongs to. The Bells of Taguig prevailed, that's why Tipas remained to be within the Jurisdiction of Taguig.[15] Records also shows that Tipas had several attempts petitioning to become an independent town but was denied during the Spanish and American governments.[16]

During that time, Taguig was accessible via the Pasig River, which was connected to two large bodies of water, Manila Bay and Laguna de Bay. The town produced more than enough rice for consumption but had less sugar cane to mill. The men lived through fishing while women wove cotton cloth and "sawali" from bamboo strips. The people of Taguig were known to have resisted both Spanish and American colonial rule. When the Katipunan was on its early years, many from Taguig became followers and later joined the uprising. The people of Taguig also joined the revolutionary government of General Emilio Aguinaldo on August 6, 1898.

Santiago Bonifacio, the father of revolutionary Andres Bonifacio, hailed from Ligid Tipas.[17] Barrio Tipas, specifically the Napindan Lighthouse in Barrio Napindan became a meeting place and staging point of some revolutionary attacks against Spanish forces by the Katipunan.[18]

Attempted transfer of town center

In the 1880 up to 1919, flood water submerged almost all the lower portion of Taguig from Napindan to Bagumbayan during the months of August up to October. The Hacenderos of Maysapan and Taguig proposed to transfer the Town center and church to a higher place now part of Fort Bonifacio. The Parish Priest also supported the move and ordered to ready a parcel of land to be ready to build a new church to house the convent. However, since the local population of Taguig, during that time, are farmers and fishermen, the decision to move the town center and church was not that popular to them. They don't want move out away from their farmland and to the river leading them to the bay. The remnant of the church are still visible until the 1970's. The place was called "Bahay Pari" (Priest House).[19]

American rule (1898-1946)

During the American occupation, Taguig natives fought against the forces of General Wheaton under the command of General Pio del Pilar. It was recorded that on February 6, 1899, Filipino forces including Taguig "revolutionarios" dislodged an American position in the hills of Taguig, now a portion of Pateros and Fort Bonifacio. They were defeated eventually by the Americans with superiority in the armaments and training. Taguig finally fell to the contingent of the First Washington Volunteer Infantry led by Col. Wholly.

The defeat of the Filipinos after two years of struggle against the American forces subsequently subjected the Philippines to another system of governance. On August 14, 1898, United States occupied the islands and established a military government with General Wesley Merritt as the First Military Governor. He exercised legislative powers until September 1, 1900. At the start of American occupation, Taguig was proclaimed as an independent municipality with the promulgation of General Order No. 4 on March 29, 1900. The town was subsequently incorporated to the newly created province of Rizal when the Philippine Commission promulgated Act No. 137 on June 11, 1901.[20] On October 12, 1903, Taguig, Muntinlupa and Pateros were merged by the virtue of Act. No. 942 with Pateros hosting the seat of the municipal government.[21] The merger did not last long as a month later Muntinlupa was segregated from it and made part of Biñan, La Laguna when Act. No. 1008 was enacted on November 25, 1903.[22] However, it was returned to Taguig on March 22, 1905, with the promulgation Act No. 1308.[23] Eventually, Pateros separated from Taguig by January 1, 1909 and Muntinlupa was granted an independent municipality status on December 17, 1917.[24]

It was also during the American Colonial Period that the United States government acquired a 25.78 km2 (9.95 sq mi) property of Taguig for military purposes. This large piece of land, which had a TCT dated 1902, was turned into a camp that became known as Fort William McKinley, named after the 25th president of the U.S. who was responsible for the American colonization of the Philippines.

Japanese occupation (1942-1945)

When the Japanese occupied the Philippines in 1942, Fort McKinley was taken over by the Japanese Imperial Army. They occupied the military camp until the end of World War II in 1945.

20th century (1945-1986)

Fort William McKinley, now Fort Bonifacio, was surrendered by the United States to the Philippines in 1946

After the Philippines gained its political independence from the United States on July 4, 1946, the US relinquished to the Republic of the Philippines all right of possession, jurisdiction, supervision and control over the Philippine territory except the use of the military bases. On May 14, 1949, Fort William McKinley was turned over to the Philippine government by virtue of the US Embassy Note No. 0570. Fort McKinley was made the permanent headquarters of the Philippine Army in 1957 and was subsequently renamed Fort Bonifacio after the Father of the Philippine Revolution against Spain, Andres Bonifacio.

Martial law era (1972-1986)

When President Ferdinand Marcos placed the Philippines under martial law in 1972, Taguig, which contained Fort Bonifacio, became the host of two detention centers full of political prisoners - the Maximum Security Unit (where Senators Jose W. Diokno and Benigno Aquino Jr. were detained)[25] and the Ipil Reception Center (sometimes called the Ipil Detention Center).[26] A third facility, the Youth Rehabilitation Center (YRC), was still treated as part of Fort Bonifacio but was later turned into the Makati City Jail.[26][27] These detention centers became infamous for the numerous human rights abuses of the Marcos dictatorship, including warrantless detention and torture.[26] Ipil was the largest prison facility for political prisoners during martial law. Among the prisoners held there were some of the country's leading academics, creative writers, journalists, and historians including Butch Dalisay, Ricky Lee, Bienvenido Lumbera, Jo Ann Maglipon, Ninotchka Rosca, Zeus Salazar, and William Henry Scott. After Fort Bonifacio was privatized, the area in which Ipil was located became the area near S&R Membership Shopping - BGC and MC Home Depot, near 32nd Street and 8th Avenue in Bonifacio Global City.[28]

Creation of the National Capital Region (1975)

In 1974, the name of Taguig's political subdivisions was changed from "barrios" to "barangays" following the nationwide implementation of the Integrated Reorganization Plan (IRP) under Presidential Decree No. 557.[29] The IRP increased Taguig's administrative divisions to 18 barangays, namely: Bagong Tanyag, Bagumbayan, Bambang, Calzada Tipas, Hagonoy, Ibayo Tipas, Ligid Tipas, Lower Bicutan, Maharlika, Napindan, Palingon Tipas, Signal Village, Santa Ana, Tuktukan, Upper Bicutan, Ususan, Wawa, and Western Bicutan. On November 7, 1975, Taguig seceded from the province of Rizal to become part of the newly formed the National Capital Region through Presidential Decree No. 824.[30]

Late 20th and early 21st centuries (1986-present)

Fort Bonifacio territorial dispute (1986)

View of the skyline of Bonifacio Global City from the Manila American Cemetery in Fort Bonifacio

In 1986, President Ferdinand Marcos issued Proclamation No. 2475, which transferred control of the Fort Bonifacio area to Makati and reserved the area for military personnel and their dependents.[31] The Municipality of Taguig then contested the presidential proclamation, which resulted in a territorial dispute with Makati.[32]

Cityhood (1998)

In 1998, Republic Act No. 8487 was enacted, pushing for the cityhood of Taguig.[33] The resulting plebiscite on April 25, 1998 showed that the citizens were against the cityhood. A recent petition to the Supreme Court sought a recount of the plebiscite and on February 19, 2004, the Supreme Court ordered the Commission on Elections to conduct a recount. The recount showed that the majority of residents did want the municipality of Taguig to become a city, with 21,105 “yes” and 19,460 “no”. Subsequently, Taguig became a city on December 8, 2004.[34]

Contemporary history

The Philippine Stock Exchange headquarters in Taguig

In 2008, the Taguig City Council created ten new barangays – Central Bicutan, New Lower Bicutan, Fort Bonifacio, Katuparan, North Signal Village, South Signal Village, South Daanghari, North Daanghari, Pinagsama, San Miguel, and Tanyag – by virtue of City Ordinance Nos. 24–27, 57–61, 67–69, and 78, Series of 2008, carving them out from the initial 18 barangays. After a successful plebiscite in December 2008, the creation was approve, thus the number of barangays in the city was increased from 10 to 28.[35][36]

The city's slogan with the word “Probinsyudad”, a registered trademark since 2024

In 2011, during 424th foundation day, Mayor Lani Cayetano took pride in calling the city a “Probinsyudad” (a portmanteau of Tagalog words of Spanish origin probinsya and syudad) because it is the only remaining city in Metro Manila which has the amenities of a highly urbanized city and of a province, what with its more than 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) of lakeshore, with farmers, fishermen, old churches, a historic lighthouse, and with people whose virtue of pagtutulungan (transl. cooperation) is still very much alive.[37] The word "Probinsyudad" was registered as the city's trademark with the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines (IPOPHL) on March 2024.[38]

By the turn of the 21st century, former military reservations in the Fort Bonifacio area were developed by the Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) into central business districts and mixed-use townships. These give rise to one of the Philippines' leading financial centers, the Bonifacio Global City (BGC). The BCDA also developed other townships in Fort Bonifacio area such as the Bonifacio Capital District and the McKinley Hill. Other mixed-developments within the city include the Acacia Estate and Scala Estate by Vista Land in the central part of the city, and Arca South by Ayala Land in Western Bicutan. In February 2018, the Philippine Stock Exchange moved its corporate office from Makati to BGC.[39]

In March 2020, the city recorded its first case of COVID-19, a lawyer who works at BGC and has a history abroad of travelling to Japan.[40] The city’s response was widely regarded as successful, as it attained one of the lowest active cases per 100,000 population. It is also one of the local government units with the lowest case fatality rates in the country. Furthermore, the city focused on helping businesses when the economy reopens.[41]

The decades-long territorial dispute with Makati was ruled with finality in favor of Taguig in April 2023.[42] The jurisdiction over ten Embo barangays were transferred from Makati to Taguig later that year. The city gained an increase in territory and in population. However, ownership issues regarding public facilities such as schools, health centers, parks, etc. still persists.


Taguig is located on the northwestern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the Philippines. The Pasig River and its tributary, the Taguig River, run through the northern half of the city, while the Napindan River, another tributary of Pasig, forms the natural border between Taguig in Pasig. A relatively small area of the city called Ibayo Napindan is located north of the river, adjoining the disputed territories between Pasig, Taguig, and Taytay in Rizal Province.

The West Valley fault of the Marikina Valley Fault System traverses the barangay of Comembo, East Rembo, Pembo, Post Proper Southside, Rizal, Pinagsama, South Signal Village, North Signal Village, South Daang Hari, Central Bicutan, Ususan, Upper Bicutan, Central Signal Village, Maharlika Village, Lower Bicutan, Bagumbayan and Bagong Tanyag.

According to the cadastral map of Taguig, the boundary and jurisdiction limit of Taguig is the Rio del Pueblo now called Tapayan River, a tributary of the Pasig River from Barangay Pinagbuhatan, Pasig to Barangay Santa Ana, Taytay, Rizal.[43] The city has an area of 54.048 square kilometers (20.868 sq mi), now including the Embo barangays previously under Makati.

Barangays and congressional districts

Political maps of Taguig
Barangays under Taguig's jurisdiction since 2023[a]
Barangays under Taguig's jurisdiction from 2008 to 2023

Taguig is politically subdivided into 38 barangays. These barangays were group into two congressional districts, with each district being represented by a congressman in the House of Representatives. The ten Embo barangays are the latest addition to its jurisdiction after the city won against its territorial dispute with Makati, increasing the city's territory and population. Those barangays, however, still remain with Makati's 2nd congressional district.

Barangay Punong Barangay Population (2020)[4] Area[a] ZIP Code
/km2 /sq mi
Bagumbayan Delio J. Santos 4.0% 49,319 3.62 1.40 1630
Bambang Ryan C. Esteban 1.1% 13,949 0.92 0.36 1637
Calzada-Tipas Rommel B. Tanyag 2.3% 28,660 1.07 0.41 1630
Cembo Romeo B. Millo 2.0% 25,049 0.22 0.085 1640
Central Bicutan Rodolfo E. Tangpuz II 2.8% 33,851 1631
Central Signal Village Henry A. Dueñas III 3.6% 44,126 1633
Comembo Edgardo P. Cleofas 1.3% 15,805 0.27 0.10 1641
East Rembo Thelma P. Ramirez 2.2% 26,450 0.44 0.17 1643
Fort Bonifacio Jorge Daniel S. Bocobo 1.0% 11,912 16.26 6.28 1635
Hagonoy Rommel R. Olazo 1.8% 21,693 1.62 0.63 1630
Ibayo-Tipas Wilfredo D. Flores 2.1% 25,808 1.56 0.60 1630
Katuparan Mario R. Hernandez 2.2% 27,228 1630
Ligid-Tipas John U. Lontoc 0.8% 10,361 0.68 0.26 1638
Lower Bicutan Roel O. Pacayra 4.9% 60,376 2.35 0.91 1632
Maharlika Village Hareem P. Pautin 1.9% 23,470 0.51 0.20 1636
Napindan Gerome Michael R. San Pedro 2.0% 24,437 2.70 1.04 1630
New Lower Bicutan Ernesto A. Rafael, Jr. 4.6% 55,928 1632
North Daang Hari Lhorelyn L. Fortuno 1.1% 13,673 1632
North Signal Village Danilo G. Castro 2.8% 34,634 1630
Palingon-Tipas Charlie M. Mendiola 1.3% 16,119 1.17 0.45 1630
Pembo Kim M. Abbang 3.6% 44,506 0.64 0.25 1642
Pinagsama Maria Victoria M. Mortel 4.6% 56,835 1630
Pitogo Ives M. Ebrada 1.2% 14,654 0.14 0.054 1646
Post Proper Northside Richard C. Pasadilla 4.7% 57,940 2.37 0.92 1647
Post Proper Southside Quirino V. Sarono 5.2% 63,308 3.41 1.32 1648
Rizal Arnold J. Cruz 3.6% 44,536 0.59 0.23 1649
San Miguel Arnold M. Fabian 0.9% 10,528 1630
Santa Ana Roberto M. Flogen 1.8% 22,581 1.92 0.74 1630
South Cembo Eva Dian M. Omar 1.2% 14,978 0.20 0.077 1645
South Daang Hari Benjie D. Hernandez 1.8% 22,448 1632
South Signal Village Jesus S. Laurel 3.5% 43,047 1633
Tanyag Cecilia C. Teodoro 1.9% 23,719 1630
Tuktukan Suranie U. Benamir 0.9% 11,614 0.31 0.12 1637
Upper Bicutan Francis P. Sunga 3.6% 44,592 1.44 0.56 1633
Ususan Marilyn F. Marcelino 4.4% 53,956 1.45 0.56 1639
Wawa Rosaley A. Buenaflor 1.2% 14,350 1.38 0.53 1630
West Rembo Niño B. Cunanan 2.4% 29,649 0.55 0.21 1644
Western Bicutan Pedrito B. Bermas 7.2% 87,508 3.55 1.37 1630
Total 1,223,595 54.22 20.93

Territorial disputes

Main article: Makati–Taguig boundary dispute

Contested territories between Makati, Pateros and Taguig.

Taguig, Makati and Pateros have fought over the jurisdiction of Fort Bonifacio and nearby places. In 2003, the Pasig Regional Trial Court (RTC) ruled that Fort Bonifacio and Pinagsama belong to Taguig. In 2011, it also ruled that the Embo barangays (i.e., Cembo, South Cembo, East Rembo, West Rembo, Comembo, Pembo, Rizal, Pitogo, Post Proper Northside, and Post Proper Southside) are part of Taguig since they were formerly part of the military reservation. Pateros also claims such barangays, parts of Taguig and Fort Bonifacio, but the municipality's petition were dismissed by the Supreme Court. Meanwhile, the Court of Appeals stopped Taguig from exercising jurisdiction in the said areas in 2013. In 2017, the Court of Appeals upheld its final decision that Fort Bonifacio belongs to Taguig; it was later upheld by the Supreme Court in 2022. The Supreme Court junked the motion for reconsideration that was filed by the Makati city government to override the court's earlier decision, siding with Taguig a year later.

Taguig is also involved in a dispute with Pasig and Taytay, Rizal over a large area which covers Ibayo Napindan in Napindan, barangay Pinagbuhatan in Pasig, and Lupang Arenda area in Taytay.[citation needed]


Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Under the Köppen climate classification system, Manila has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am), closely bordering on a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw). The climate of Taguig is characterized by two types of season: dry season from November to April, and wet season from May to October. Rainfall is less evenly distributed. Together with the rest of the Philippines, Taguig lies entirely within the tropics.

Tropical cyclones are relatively common, which resulted in flashfloods in low-lying areas of the city, especially those near major rivers and the Laguna de Bay. In 2009, Typhoon Ketsana hit Metro Manila, and the City of Taguig is one of the worst hit areas in the capital region when flood water inundate almost the whole city.[48]

Climate data for Taguig
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 30
Daily mean °C (°F) 26
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9.5
Average rainy days 0 0 0 0 3 5 9 10 8 7 4 3 49
Mean daily daylight hours 11.5 11.5 12 12.5 13 13 13 12.5 12 12 11.5 11.5 12.2
Source 1: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally)[49]
Source 2: NOAA

Natural hazards

The West Valley Fault runs through the central part of the city, from north to south. It is capable of producing large scale earthquakes on its active phases with a magnitude of 7 or higher.[50] The lowland areas along the coasts of Laguna de Bay and areas adjacent to the city's major rivers are susceptible to flooding.[51]


Population Census of Taguig
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 6,829—    
1918 8,423+1.41%
1939 12,087+1.73%
1948 15,340+2.68%
1960 21,856+2.99%
1970 55,257+9.71%
1975 73,702+5.95%
1980 134,137+12.72%
1990 266,637+7.11%
1995 381,350+6.93%
2000 467,375+4.46%
2007 613,343+3.82%
2010 644,473+1.82%
2015 804,915+4.32%
2020 886,722+1.92%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][52][53][54][55]

According to the 2020 census, the population of the Taguig was 886,722, making it the seventh most populous city in the Philippines, and the fourth most populous city in Luzon. Following the Makati–Taguig territorial dispute, the city gained ten additional barangays from Makati, thus increasing its population to 1,223,595 as of the 2020 census, making it the fifth most populous city in the Philippines, surpassing Zamboanga City and Cebu City.[56]

Taguig has 246,873 households.[57] The city’s average household size of five (5), while 43.3% of its population are married.[58]


The Taguig Church is a minor basilica and a declared historic site and cultural property

Majority of the city's residents are Roman Catholics. All Roman Catholic churches in the city are under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Pasig, with the exception of the five parishes of the Embo barangays, which are under the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila due to having been previously under the civil jurisdiction of Makati.[59] Catholicism in the military and police areas of the city is under the jurisdiction of the Military Ordinariate of the Philippines. The headquarters of Victory, an Evangelical Christian church, is located in Bonifacio Global City. The city is notable for being the birthplace of Felix Manalo, the founder of Iglesia ni Cristo. Maharlika Village is known for having the largest Muslim population in Metro Manila.[60]


Bonifacio Global City is the central business district of Taguig
The Metrobank Center is the tallest building in the Philippines, standing at 318 m (1,043 ft)

Taguig is a national hub of business and commerce. The city is a center for banking and finance, health care and life sciences, medical technology and research, retailing, trade, tourism, real estate, new media, traditional media, advertising, legal services, accountancy, insurance, and the arts. Bonifacio Global City is the central business district of Taguig and is one of the five major central business districts (CBDs) of Metro Manila, as the other four being the Makati CBD, Ortigas Center, Bay City, and Binondo.

The office market in Metro Manila is dominated by three major cities with CBDs: Makati, Taguig, and Pasig. The city has an office space supply of 2.7 million square meters (29 million square feet) as of end-2021, behind Makati's 2.8 million square meters (30 million square feet).[69] As of 2021, the registered number of total employment in the city was 212,818.[70] As of 2023, Taguig had the highest share of existing office supply in Metro Manila at 26 percent. This was followed by the City of Makati at 20 percent.[71]

Despite the rapid urbanization of Taguig, aquaculture and fishing still exist in the city's coastal communities located along Laguna de Bay.[72][73]


The Taguig City Agricultural Office is responsible for the planning and implementation of agricultural programs and policies. The office has setup several urban farms in various places within the city including one in Bonifacio Global City, and its urban farming programs were lauded by the national government.[74] The Taguig City Government, in partnership with the Department of Agriculture and the Laguna Lake Development Authority (LLDA), is planning to setup the first agri-industrial corridor dedicated to freshwater aquaculture and urban farming.[75]

The Santa Ana Bukid is a 113 hectares (280 acres) melon farm located in Barangay Wawa. It can harvest up to 30,000 kilograms (66,000 lb) of the fruit per hectare, with different varieties such as honeydew and cantaloupe. Taguig also celebrates its annual "Melon Festival" near Laguna Lake Highway.[76]


Taguig has several industrial areas scattered throughout the city, most of which are located in barangays Ibayo-Tipas, Palingon, Calzada, Napindan, Western Bicutan, and Tanyag. The Food Terminal Inc. (FTI) in Western Bicutan is a national government-owned agro-industrial hub. Its goal is to supply Metro Manila with affordable agricultural products. Mañalac Industrial Estate, located in Bagumbayan, is another industrial hub based in southern Taguig.


SM Aura is one of the city's high-end malls.

Taguig is a major shopping destination where shopping malls, department stores, markets, supermarkets, and bazaars are located, catering mostly to the middle and high-end class. Numerous high-end malls can be found in or near Bonifacio Global City such as the mixed-use Bonifacio High Street, Mitsukoshi BGC, SM Aura, Uptown Mall, Venice Grand Canal Mall in McKinley Hill, and the upcoming Ayala Malls Park Triangle. Shopping malls that cater to the middle-class market are the Market! Market!, Gate 3 Plaza, Sunshine Mall (Taguig's first shopping mall),[77] Vista Mall Taguig and the upcoming Ayala Malls Arca South.


See also: Tourism in Metro Manila

The Mind Museum, a science museum in Bonifacio Global City

Taguig boasts of numerous destinations that caters to both local and foreign tourist. The Mind Museum is a science museum with more than 250 exhibits. The Manila American Cemetery, a military cemetery that honors US personnel killed during World War II in the Philippines and other allied nations, is managed and operated by the American Battle Monuments Commission. The Libingan ng mga Bayani (LMB), is the national cemetery of the Philippines.

The Napindan Lighthouse is a historic lighthouse that served as a meeting point Katipunan, a revolutionary group that led the Philippine Independence movement.

Diplomacy and international relations

Embassy of the Republic of Korea in McKinley Hill

Diplomatic missions to Manila by foreign countries in the Philippines have their embassies located in Taguig:

Several international schools are located within the city such as the British School Manila, International School Manila, Korean International School Philippines, Leaders International Christian School of Manila, and the Manila Japanese School.


Local government

Further information: Mayor of Taguig and Sangguniang Panglungsod

Taguig City Hall in Tuktukan is the city's seat of government

Taguig is classified as a highly urbanized city (HUC).

The Taguig City Hall, located in Barangay Tuktukan, serves as the seat of the city government. Constructed in 1959, it underwent three renovations. It also maintains a satellite office at SM Aura Tower.[78] A new 17-storey city hall is currently under-construction along Cayetano Boulevard in Barangay Ususan and will replace the current city hall.[79]

As of May 2022, the Mayor of Taguig is Lani Cayetano. Arvin Alit, a former councilor, is the city's incumbent vice mayor. The mayor and the vice mayor are limited to up-to three terms, each term lasting for three years. They are both restricted to three consecutive terms, totaling nine years, although a mayor can be elected again after an interruption of one term. The vice mayor heads a legislative council consisting of 18 members: 8 councilors from the 1st district, 8 councilors from the 2nd district, the president of the Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Federation as sectoral representative of the youth, and the president of the Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) as barangay sectoral representative. The council is in charge of creating the city's policies in the form of ordinances and resolutions.[80] The current district representatives of the city are Ricardo "Ading" Cruz Jr. for 1st district and Amparo Maria "Pammy" Zamora for 2nd district.

National government

The New Senate Building being constructed as of 2023

As part of the National Capital Region (NCR), the city is the home to numerous national government bodies such as the Senate of the Philippines.[81] A study is also being pushed by the House of Representatives to move their chamber from Quezon City to Taguig within the same complex as the Senate.[82] The Supreme Court of the Philippines is also planning to relocate to Taguig from Manila.[83]

Several national government agencies calls the city home, such as the Departments of Science and Technology, and Energy, as well as the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines, National Mapping and Resource Information Authority, and the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority. Since large tracts of the city's land was reserved for military use since the American colonial period, some of these became the headquarters for the Philippine Army and Philippine Marine Corps. A Philippine Navy Naval Station, as well as a Philippine Coast Guard Base can be found within the city.

Regional government agencies in the city include the National Capital Region Police Office and the Southern Police District Headquarters, both headquartered at Camp Bagong Diwa.


In the 2022 Annual Audit Report published by the Commission on Audit, the City of Taguig has a revenue of 15.994 billion, with assets worth ₱41.817 billion, and has a liability of ₱20.113 billion.[84] As of 2023, Taguig is the fifth wealthiest city in the Philippines, with ₱40.84 billion (US$731.7 million) worth of assets.[85] It is also ranked fourth in the top cities with the highest locally sourced revenues (LSR) in 2021, collecting ₱10.75 billion.[86] The city's budget for 2023 is ₱18.769 billion.[87]



The central courtyard of the Fort Bonifacio Tenement

The Fort Bonifacio Tenement, constructed in 1963, is known for its basketball culture and its central courtyard basketball court often serves as a medium for murals and exhibitions. The Bases Conversion and Development Authority (BCDA) and the Taguig City government signed an agreement that declares two properties of the BCDA within Fort Bonifacio to be used for socialized housing, as identified by the National Housing Authority (NHA).[88]

The city government of Taguig has undertaken socialized housing projects such as the Family Townhomes, which won the 2009 Galing Pook Awards.[89]



Lawton Avenue looking north from McKinley Hill, Bonifacio Capital District

The main modes of transportation around the city are jeepneys, buses, and tricycles. Several national roads, such as Kalayaan Avenue, Lawton Avenue, Circumferential Road 5 (C-5), and Circumferential Road 6 (C-6) runs through the city. The Southeast Metro Manila Expressway, which is currently under-construction, will traverse parts of the city. The proposed Taguig Integrated Terminal Exchange, is conceptualized as the primary bus station for buses going to and from Southern Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. It is planned to be connected to the under-construction North–South Commuter Railway (NSCR). Taguig has banned e-bikes and e-trikes on its national roads.[90]


The city is served by the PNR Metro Commuter Line, which will be superseded by the under-construction North–South Commuter Railway (NSCR). Also, the Metro Manila Subway, with planned five stations within the city limits plus one station near the city's border, will have a common alignment with the NSCR, and there are two common stations planned to be constructed in the city. The DOST-developed Bicutan Automated Guideway Transit System is planned to have its services extended along C-6 (Laguna Lake Highway).


Guadalupe Ferry Station

The city is served by one terminal of the Pasig River Ferry Service, the Guadalupe Ferry Station located in Cembo. The Pinagbuhatan Ferry Station in Pinagbuhatan, Pasig serves the area of Napindan.

Cycling network

The Active Transport Office of the Taguig City Government is mandated to promote active transport in the city. The City Government of Taguig has set up bike lanes along Cayetano Boulevard and Bayani Road, and has renovated the bike lane along Laguna Lake Highway (C-6 Road).[91]


Electricity services are provided by Meralco, the sole electricity distributor in Metro Manila. Manila Water provides the supply and delivery of potable water, and sewerage system in Taguig.

Human resources


See also: List of schools in Taguig and List of universities and colleges in Metro Manila

Makati Science High School is one of the three science high schools of the city. Management and administration of the school was transferred from Makati to Taguig starting January 2024.
International School Manila in Bonifacio Global City

The Schools Division Office of Taguig City and Pateros (SDO-TAPAT), also known as DEPED-TAPAT, administers all the public elementary and high schools within the city. The division is under the supervision of the Department of Education. Following the Makati–Taguig boundary dispute, the city gained 14 public elementary and high schools of Makati in the Embo barangays, whose management and administration was transferred from Makati to Taguig starting January 1, 2024.[92][93] There are three science high schools in the city: Taguig Science High School in San Miguel, Senator Renato "Compañero" Cayetano Memorial Science and Technology High School in Ususan, and the Makati Science High School in Cembo. Notable public schools within the city are the Taguig Integrated School, Taguig National High School, Western Bicutan National High School, among others.

There are numerous religious-affiliated schools in Taguig. Catholic schools within the city include the Colegio de Santa Ana (formerly Santa Ana Parochial School), and the Saint Francis of Assisi College System. Notable Christian institutions in the city are The Fisher Valley College in Hagonoy, and the Victory Leadership Institute in Bonifacio Global City. Taguig is also the home to several Islamic schools, such as the Maharlika Bandara-Inged Integrated School and the Maharlika Village Islamic Madrasa. Most of the Islamic schools are located in or near Maharlika Village.

Several international schools can be found in Taguig, such as The Beacon School, British School Manila, Chinese International School, Everest Academy Manila, International School Manila, Korean International School Philippines, Leaders International Christian School of Manila, and the Manila Japanese School.

Higher education

Main building of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Taguig

The University of the Philippines Diliman and De La Salle University has established satellite campuses in Taguig, which are both located in University Park, Bonifacio Global City.[94][95] The latter also has a microcampus in McKinley Hill.[96] Other prominent higher educational institutions in the city include Enderun Colleges, the Meridian International College, and The Fisher Valley College.

There are two state universities in the city, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines Taguig, and the Technological University of the Philippines - Taguig Campus. The city-run Taguig City University, established through Ordinance No. 29, Series of 2004, operates its main campus on General Santos Avenue in Central Bicutan. In addition, the University of Makati (UMak), which is managed by the City Government of Makati, is situated in Barangay West Rembo that is now part of Taguig following the resolution of the territorial dispute between Makati and Taguig, which favors the latter.

The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA) manages and supervises the technical and vocational education and training programs in the Philippines. Its headquarters is located along East Service Road in Western Bicutan.

Public health

See also: List of hospitals in Metro Manila

St. Luke's Medical Center – Global City is one of the most prominent hospitals in the city

The Taguig City Heath Office is responsible for the planning and implementation of the healthcare programs of the city government. The city has 31 health centers, 7 primary care facilities, three super health centers, three main laboratories, 29 community-based laboratories, a dialysis center and 5 Animal Bite Treatment Centers.[97] There are two city-run hospitals, the Taguig-Pateros District Hospital (TPDH) and the Taguig General Hospital.[98] TPDH was recently expanded in 2022, with the construction of a new building that focuses on women and children's health, including chemotherapy and breast clinics, as well as a center for social hygiene.[98]

The Army General Hospital (AGH) caters to the health and medical needs of the Philippine Army.[99] Meanwhile, the Ospital ng Makati, which is currently being managed by Makati, is subject to management and ownership dispute following the resolution of the territorial dispute between Makati and Taguig, which favors the latter.

Notable private hospitals in the city are the Bicutan Medical Center, Cruz-Rabe Maternity and General Hospital, Medical Center Taguig, St. Luke's Medical Center – Global City, and the Taguig Doctors Hospital. The Healthway Cancer Care Center in Arca South is the first dedicated cancer care hospital in the Philippines.[100] It was inaugurated in November 2023 by President Bongbong Marcos.[101]

Taguig city government provides Home Health for bedridden patients and Doctor on Call services, which is a 24/7 medical and emergency hotline, for the residents of the city.[102]

Notable people

Main article: List of people from Taguig

Sister cities

See also: List of sister cities in Metro Manila




  1. ^ Barangays Post Proper Northside and Post Proper Southside are omitted due to unclear boundaries, with overlap mostly with Fort Bonifacio, Pinagsama, and Western Bicutan, resulting from Makati's previous claim disputes.


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